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Article
The shear bond strength of moisture insensitive orthodontic bonding.

Author: Ne’am R. Al–Saleem
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 9 Pages: 61-65
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To assess the effect of water contamination on the shear bond strength of moisture insensitive Fuji Lc. glass ionomer and to compare it with the shear bond strength of (transbond) light cure composite. Materials and methods: Sixty extracted human premolar were cleaned and dried and embedded in cylinders filled with dental stone and the teeth were divided into three groups (20 teeth of each) which were etched and washed and dried the teeth in group 3 were slightly moistened in a cotton pellet and then the brackets were bonded to the teeth according to the manufacture instructions. Group1: using light cure composite (transbond); Group2: using glass ionomer cement (Fuji Lc.) in dry condition; Group3: using glass ionomer cement (Fuji Lc.) in moist condition. The shear bond strength was measured using instron mechanical test machine. Statistical analysis including descriptive statistics were applied to the results and then the findings were compared among the three groups using ANOVA and Duncan tests. Results: Light cure composite (transbond) had the highest shear bond strength followed by Fuji Ortho. Lc. (moist condition) and then Fuji Lc. (dry condition), which had the significant lowest shearbond strength. Conclusions: Transbond light cure composite had the highest shear bond strength. The presence of moisture enhances the shear bond strength of light cure glass ionomer cement (Fuji Lc.).


Article
Thermal change assessment in the pulp chamber during orthodontic bonding with different light curing sources (An in vitro study)
تقييم التغير الحراري في غرفة اللب أثناء ربط تقويم الأسنان بمصادر علاج مختلفة للضوء (دراسة في المختبر)

Authors: Sazan Sh. Saleem --- Diyar Kh. Bakr --- Omar Fawzi Abduljabbar
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2017 Volume: 21 Issue: 1 Pages: 1659-1663
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Thermal change in pulp chamber with the use of light cured adhesives is one of the contemporary concerns for orthodontists. This study aimed to evaluate intra pulpal temperature rises during bracket bonding using three different light sources.Methods: Sixty intact-extracted mandibular premolars were divided into three groups of twenty teeth for each. Orthodontic brackets were bonded to the buccal surface of all the teeth with Transbond XT adhesive applying a constant force, first group light cured with halogen light, in second group light emitting diode was used, in third group plasma, arc light was used. The measurements were taken with a J-type thermocouple wire, placed in the center of the pulp chamber and connected to a data plugger.Results: Statistical analysis showed that temperatures of pulp chamber change were influenced by a type of light source. The intra pulpal temperature changes for halogen was higher than a light emitting diode and both were higher than plasma arc. All the groups revealed a significant difference between each other.Conclusion: Orthodontic bonding with using different light source did not exceed the critical 5.5° C temperature rise that may induce a thermal change in the pulp.


Article
The Effect of Enamel Protective Agent on Shear and Tensile Bond Strength of Stainless Steel Brackets by Using Different Adhesive Agents (In Vitro Study)

Authors: Dhuha Abdul-Qader ضحى عبدالقادر --- Sami K. Al-Joubori
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 75-79
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Decalcification of enamel surface adjacent to fixed orthodontic appliances, in the form of white spot lesions, is a wide spread and familiar well-known side effect of orthodontic treatment. The present study was carried out to evaluate the effect of enamel protective agent (Clinpro white varnish) on shear and tensile bond strength of Dentaurum orthodontic stainless steel brackets by using 3M Unitek and Ormco as orthodontic adhesive agents.Materials and methods: Sixty-four extracted human upper first premolar teeth were selected and randomly divided into two groups with 32 teeth each, representing the shear and tensile bond strength testing groups. Then according to the type of bonding adhesive and the addition of Clinpro before bonding (3M, Clinpro + 3M, Ormco, Clinpro + Ormco) each group was subdivided into four equal subgroups each with 8 teeth. After passing twenty-four hours of bonding procedure, where the samples were kept at 37˚C the brackets were debonded by using Tinius-Olsen universal testing machine to record the shear and tensile bond strength value. The difference in bond strength was analyzed by using ANOVA test at p≤0.05.Results: The use of Clinpro with 3M Unitek orthodontic bonding agent shows higher shear and tensile bond strength than Clinpro with Ormco orthodontic bonding agent.Conclusions: Using Clinpro white varnish before bonding can be successfully used with 3M Unitek orthodontic bonding agent.

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