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Article
Settlement and Collapse of Gypseous Soils

Authors: Ahmed A. H. Al-Obaidi --- Ibtihal H. S. Al-Mafragei
Journal: Tikrit Journal of Engineering Sciences مجلة تكريت للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 1813162X 23127589 Year: 2016 Volume: 23 Issue: 1 Pages: 20-31
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The work in this research presents an experimental, theoretical and field study in order to investigate the settlement of Gypseous soils and the effect of water percolation on collapsibility of this soil. In this research, more than five sites where chosen to extract the gypseous soil samples with different gypsum content; the sites located in different regions in Salah Aldeen Governorate. In order to estimate the settlement and collapse of gypseous soils, field tests consist of standard penetration test for depths (1m to 5m) for each site and plate load test were conducted in dry and soaked cases.The results show that the settlement of gypseous soils in dry condition is less than the same soils that have low values of gypsum in its formation, the settlement value of lightly gypseous soils can be evaluated from the basic equations depending on data of SPT.In soaking case with short term flooding, gypseous soils shows compressible and they are sufficiently reliable soil base, while in the case of long term flooding settlement develops due to dissolution of salts and gypsum. The magnitude and the rate of the settlement depend on initial gypsum content, relative amount of leached salts, the mineralogy and type of soil and soil properties and acting load. The standard penetration test does not use in calculating the settlement for the soils that have gypsum in its formation in soaking condition.

Keywords

Gypseous soils --- Settlement --- Collapsibility --- SPT --- PLT


Article
A Comparative Study of Hematological,Renaland Liver Function Criteria in Type I and Type II Diabetes Mellitus

Author: Zainab Hadi Kamil
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 3 Pages: 763-773
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic syndrome resulting from a deficiency in insulin secretion leading to disorders of carbohydrate metabolism.Two distinguish types of DM are found (type I; insulin dependent, and type II; insulin independent).The chronic, long period complications of diabetes, associate withvascular diseases and dysfunction of kidney and liver.The current study was considered to comparebetweentype I and type II Diabetes Mellitus (DM) and healthy adults insomehematological and biochemicalcriteria.The study was carried out at laboratories of Merjan Hospital and involved 80Diabetic patients (33 type I diabetes mellitus; 14 males and 19 females, and 47 type II diabetes mellitus; 19 males and 28 females) aged between 30-65 years and 35 healthy subjects (10 males and 25 females) aged between 33-60 years.The study included three groups; healthy subjects, type I DM and type II DM.Hematological criteria including red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin concentration (Hb), hematocrit (Hct), mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC),red cell distribution width (RDW), white blood cell count (WBC), platelet count (PLT) and mean platelet volume (MPV) were determined by using hemato-analyzer.Serum glucose, serum urea and serum creatinine were measured.Additionally the liver enzymes Glutamic pyruvate Transaminase (GPT) and Glutamic Oxalatetransaminase (GOT) were obtained.The results of this study revealed significant differences (p<0.01) in serum glucose concentration, MCH (in males), RDW (in females) and MPV between the three groups involving in the study. Significant differences (p<0.05) in MCV, RDW (in males), MCHC (in females), serum creatinine, S.GPT and S.GOT within the three groups of the study.Diabetes mellitus is a high prevalent metabolic disease resulting in many health complications. RDW and MPV represent appropriate indicator for vascular complication due to DM.Serum creatinine is more sensitive test for renal dysfunction rather than serum urea in diabetic patients.Elevation in liver enzyme (GPT and GOT) levels is higher in type II DM as compared with type I DM. Hence non-insulin diabetic patient should be examine annually

Keywords

Diabetes Mellitus --- renaldysfunction --- liver dysfunction --- RBC --- WBC --- PLT --- urea --- creatinine --- GPT --- GOT


Article
Evaluating LFWD Testing for Characterizing Subgrade Layers Using Regression Analysis and Artificial Neural Network Model
تقييم فحص LFWD لخصائص طبقات التربة باستخدام التحليل الاحصائي الانحداري ونموذج الشبكة العصبية الاصطناعية

Author: Ahmed H. Abdulkareem احمد حازم عبدالكريم
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Civil Engineering المجلة العراقية للهندسة المدنية ISSN: 19927428 Year: 2017 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 21-31
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

The Light Falling Weight Deflectometer (LFWD) was developed to estimate the in-situ elastic modulus directly to the layers near the base as subgrade and subbase layers. The field tests were carried out on selected sections from landfill project within Anbar Province. Furthermore, Forty test sections have been constructed and tested at the Civil Engineering Department- University of Anbar. All sections were tested using the ZFG 3000 model - LFWD in companion with the Plate Load Test (PLT) which were used as reference measures. Regression analyzes were performed to determine the best correlation between the elastic modulus obtained from LFWD and PLT tests. ANN model was used to calculate Evd and compare the regression statistical model. It was found that the ANN model showed a higher performance than regression analysis in predicting Evd. Satisfactory correlations were obtained, which showed that LFWD could be a promising device for in-situ characterizing of subsurface and subgrade layers.

LFWD هو جهاز تم تطويره لايجاد معامل المرونة الحقلي مباشرتا للطبقات القريبة من سطح الارض كطبقات الاساس وتحت الاساس. اجريت الفحوص الحقلية مقاطع مختارة من مشروع مكب نفايات يقع في محافظة الانبار. تم اجراء الفحوصات الحقلية على 40 مقطع تم اختياره موقعيا من قبل المختبر الحلقي التابع لقسم الهندسة المدنية في جامعة الانبار. جميع المقاطع تم فحصها باستخدام جهاز ( ZFG300 ). LFWD استخدم مع فحص تحمل الصفيحة ( PLT ) كمرجع للفحوصات الحقلية. اجري التحليل الاحصائي للانحدار لحساب افضل علاقة بين معاملات المرونة التي يمكن الحصول عليها من فحص LFWD و PLT . استخدم نموذج الشبكة العصبية لحساب Evd ومقارنة ادائه مع نموذج الحليل الاحصائي الانحداري. حيث اظهرت النتائج بأن نموذج الشبكة العصبية اداءه افضل من نموذج التحليل الاحصائي الانحداري في التنبؤ بقيمة Evd . العلاقات الاحصائية التي انجزت كانت مرضية والتي اظهرت بأن فحص LWFD يمكن ان يكون فحصا موقعيا يستخدم لايجاد الخصائص لطبقات الاساس وتحت الاساس بسهولة وسرعة ودقة.


Article
A study of the Biochemical and Haematological parameters in Patients of Typhoid Fever
دراسة العلاقة بين الدالات الكيميائية الحيوية والدموية عند مرضى حمى التايفويد

Authors: Firas Shawki Abd- Alrazaq فراس شوقي عبدالرزاق --- Susan Jameel Ali سوزان جميل علي
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2017 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 - part 2 Pages: 1-9
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Many studies have indicated several biochemical and/ or haematological parameters that are involved in developing the risk of typhoid fever such as hepatic dysfunction, central nervous system complications, cardiovascular complications, leucopenia and neutrophils leukocytosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relation between biochemical and haematological parameters. Total 47 subjects were studied, 19 healthy individuals and 28 typhoid patients (aged 15-60 years old). Levels of Monocyte, Lymphocytes, total White Blood Cells (WBC), Haemoglobin concentration (Hb), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Platelet count (PLT), Red Blood Cells (RBC), Uric acid, total Serum Bilirubin (TSB) , Blood Urea (B.Urea) and serum enzyme activity: Aspartate transaminase (AST), Alanine transaminase (ALT), Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and Creatine Kinase (CK). Results showed that ALT, AST, ALP, TSB, S.Uric acid, B.Urea and RBC were higher in patients compared with control while CK, Hb, PCV, WBC, Monocyte, Lymphocyte and PLT were lower in patients compared with control. Conclusion: correlation between haematological and biochemical parameters could be afford and thereby serves as indications for more reliable and diagnosis aid of the infection with typhoid fever which could changes the necessary antibiotic therapy .

اوضحت االعديد من الدراسات ان الاصابة بحمى التايفويد تؤدي الى تغيرات في الدالات الكيميائية الحيوية و (او) الدموية على سبيل المثال اعتلال وظائف الكبد, تعقيدات في الجهاز العصبي المركزي, تعقيدات في الجهاز الوعائي القلبي, نقصان في عدد كريات الدم البيض و ارتفاع مستويات كريات الدم البيض العدلة . هدفت الدراسة الحالية الى تقييم العلاقة بين الدالات الكيميائية الحيوية والدموية. تضمنت الدراسة 47 عينة منها 28 مريضا بحمى التايفويد (بعمر 15-60سنة) وكذلك 19 عينة من الاصحاء بوصفهم المجموعة الضابطة. قيست مستويات الخلايا الاحادية Monocytes)), الخلايا اللمفاوية (Lymphocytes), العدد الكلي لكريات الدم البيضاء WBC) ), تركيز الهيموكلوبين ( (Hb,حجم الخلايا المرصوصة ( PCV) ,عدد الصفيحات (PLT ), كريات الدم الحمراء ( RBC)، حامض اليوريك, بيلروبين المصلي الكلي (TSB ) وانزيمات المصل: اسبارتيت ترانس امينيز(AST )، الانين ترانس امينيز(ALT )، الفوسفاتيز القاعدي( ALP) والكرياتين كاينيز(CK ). بينت النتائج ان مستويات AST, ALT ,ALP , TSB,GOT, S. Uric acid, B. Urea و RBC في المرضى كانت عالية مقارنة بالاصحاء بينما كانت مستويات CK ، Hb ، PCV ،WBC ،Monocytes LymphocytesوPLT كانت اوطأ عند المرضى مقارنة بالاصحاء.الاستنتاج:العلاقة التراطية بين الدالات الكيميائية الحيوية والدموية يمكن ان تعطي دلالات تساعد في تشخيص موثوق به لللاصابة بحمى التايفويد والتي يمكن ان تغير ضرورة العلاج بالمضادات الحيوية.


Article
Platelets Count As A Predictor For Portal Hypertension in Patients With Ascites

Authors: Sadiq J. Almuhana --- Ali Kadim Radi --- Lath Abdulhussein --- Abbas Al-dabbagh
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 851-857
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: Serum Ascetic Albumin Gradient is a good biochemical marker and a better discriminator of portal hypertension. Patients with gradients of >1.1 g/dL have portal hypertension, while those with gradients of <1.1 g/dL do not, with accuracy rate 97% and sensitivity of 100%. Thrombocytopenia is a frequent and challenging clinical disorder in patients with portal hypertension. The most sensitive and specific laboratory finding suggestive of cirrhosis in the setting of chronic liver disease is a low platelet count (<150×109/L), which occurs as a result of portal hypertension and hypersplenism. Aim of Study:To predict the presence of portal hypertension in patient with ascites by measuring the platelets count.Patients and Methods: Fifty patients with ascites were sent for complete blood picture, serum albumin, echo study, abdominal ultrasound and albumin in ascites fluid along with thorough medical history and examination. we calculate the SAAG for all patients and classified into two groups , the first has SAAG> 1.1 g/dl and considered to have portal hypertension, the second has SAAG <1.1 g/dl. Results: In this study, 50 patients with ascites their ages ranges from (34-60) years ,25 of them had SAAG more than 1.1g/dl , 20 of them had platelet count <150×109/L. while 25 patients with SAAG less than 1.1g/dl, 7 of them had platelet count <150×109/L. this indicate significant correlation between low platelet count and portal hypertension(p value 0.0002)(the measured sensitivity=84%, specificity=76%, P.P.V=77%, N.P.V=82%) . Another significant correlation was seen between splenomegaly detected by U/S and portal hypertension, 25 patient had SAAG more than 1.1g/dl, of them 12 had splenomegaly ( p value 0.00039)(the measured sensitivity=48%, specificity=96%, P.P.V=92%, N.P.V=64%)Conclusion: Thrombocytopenia in patient with ascites may predict portal hypertension.

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