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Article
Effect of Additives Types and Contents on the Properties of Stone Matrix Asphalt Mixtures
تأثیر أنواع المضافات والمحتوى على خصائصمزیج الإسفلت ذو الصنف الفجوي

Authors: Qais S. Kareem --- Ahmed I. Ahmed --- Noor M. Asmael
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2010 Volume: 28 Issue: 21 Pages: 6414-6426
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

Stone Matrix Asphalt (SMA) is a gap-graded mix that is gaining popularity worldwide. SMA does not application in Iraq; in order for adopt the use of SMA mixtures particularly on high volume roads such as highways and urban intersections in Iraq. So, the new methodology has to be evaluated using Iraq materials and conventional laboratory methods to insure good performance in the Iraq's highway. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of additives type and content on the performance of stone matrix asphalt mixtures. A detailedlaboratory study is carried out by preparing asphalt mixtures specimens using aggregate from Al-Nibaay, (40-50) grade asphalt from dourah refinery and two types of fiber (carbon fiber and polypropylene fiber) with percentages (0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5%) by weight of total mix and two types of polymer (phenol and polyethylene) with percentages (7.5, 10, 12.5, 15%) by weight of total mix were tested in the laboratory. Compacted mixtures were tested to evaluate the effects on SMA bulk specific gravity, maximum specific gravity, void content, MarshallStability, Indirect Tensile Strength (ITS) and permanent deformation. Three different tests temperatures (20, 40,60C°) were employed in the creep test and two temperatures (5, 25 C°) were used in indirect tensile test to investigate the susceptibility of these mixes to change in temperature. The results clearly indicate the importance of using the proper type of stabilizing additive. According to the study results, polymers additives were found to be more effective than fibersadditives. SMA Mix modified with phenol additives can be used in cold and normal temperature area, whereas SMA Mix modified with polyethylene additive can be used in high temperature area.


Article
PREPARATION OF INSULATOR MATERIAL AND STUDY ITS THERMAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
تحضير عازل حراري ودراسة خواصه الحرارية والميكانيكية

Author: د. علي هوبي حليم
Journal: Iraqi journal of mechanical and material engineering المجلة العراقية للهندسة الميكانيكية وهندسة المواد ISSN: 20761819 Year: 2009 Volume: 9 Issue: 1 Pages: 119-124
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Due to increasing the importance of search about materials which have the capability to resistance generated flame from fires and in the same time acts as an insulator material so, this research introduced a material combined between these characteristics. In the present research, the preparation method of an insulator material, which composed of phenol – formaldehyde reinforced by carbon fibers up to 40% weight percentages, was expressed, as well as described thermal and mechanical properties. Thermal erosion test was indicated the performance of the insulator material efficiency to thermal insulation and flame retardancy. Thermal Erosion rate is 0.166mm /Sec. Mechanical properties (compression test, impact test, flexural test) indicated high toughness of insulator material.

نتيجة للأهمية المتزايدة في البحث عن مواد لها القدرة على مقاومة اللهب الناجم عن الاشتعال وفي نفس الوقت تعمل كمادة عازلة , لذلك جاء هذا البحث لتصنيع ماده تجمع بين هاتين الصفتين . استخدم في هذا البحث راتنج الفينول فورمالديهايد وتقويته بألياف الكاربون بحيث تصل نسبتها إلى 40% نسبة وزنيه . كما تم تحديد خواصه الحرارية والميكانيكية . ولتقييم كفاءة العازل الحراري وإعاقة اللهب فقد تم إجراء عدة اختبارات ميكانيكية و حرارية. لقد أظهرت النتائج التي تم الحصول عليها من اختبار ألشعله الحرارية الذي تم قي درجات حرارية عالية كفاءة راتنج الفينول فورمالديهايد المقوى بألياف الكاربون كمادة معيقة للهب وفي الوقت نفسه كفاءته في العزل الحراري عند هذه الدرجات العالية. إذ كان معدل التعرية الحراري ( Erosion Rate ) sec. 0.166 mm ∕. كما بينت نتائج الفحوصات الميكانيكية ( مقاومة الانضغاط , مقاومة الصدمة , مقاومة الانحناء ) تمتع هذا العازل بمتانة عالية .

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