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Article
Postcolonial Binary Oppositions in Spivak's "Can the Subaltern Speak?"

Author: Dr. Hanaa Al-Bayyati ؛Researcher. Tamara Alattiya
Journal: Journal of Historical studies مجلة دراسات تاريخية ISSN: 18180346 Year: 2016 Issue: 21 كانون الاول Pages: 343-385
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The Binary Opposition is defined as a pair of related terms or concepts that are opposite in meaning. In structuralism, a binary opposition is seen as a fundamental organizer of human philosophy, culture, and language.Claude Lévi-Strauss adopted the Binary Opposition Theory. He was influenced by several leading theorists including Saussure, Jakobson, Boas, Mauss, Trubetzkoy, Rousseau and Marx(Swan, 2011). According to Francesca Marinaro, Binary Opposition is "a key concept in structuralism, a theory of sociology, anthropology and linguistics that states that all elements of human culture can only be understood in relation to one another and how they function within a larger system or the overall environment"(Marinaro, n.d.). Binary oppositions in cultural studies explore the relationships between different groups of people, for instance: upper-class and lower-class boundaries between groups of people lead to prejudice and discrimination. One group may regard the opposite group (the other) a threat. The binary opposition in literature is a system that writers employ to discover differences between groups of individuals, like cultural, class or gender differences(Marinaro, n.d.).


Article
Women identity in the novel a house for Mr. Biswas by V.S.Naipaul
الهوية النسائية في رواية نابول (بيت للسيد بزواز)

Author: Assist. Lecturer. Abdullah Jassim Muhamed
Journal: journal of the college of basic education مجلة كلية التربية الاساسية ISSN: 18157467(print) 27068536(online) Year: 2018 Volume: 24 Issue: 102 / انساني Pages: 19-28
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

For as long as few decades, the anecdotal journalists have started portraying the presence of females' experience which was previously anonymous and unimagined. Different basic attempts have been propelled, centering the eyes of the users, merging upon the universe of women. The authors began to investigate females' battle for freedom in their works. The present article tackles the women characters and their identity. Further, this paper will try to answer the question wither V.S. Naipaul was a feminist or antifeminist? It highlights the position of female characters in the novel A House for Mr.Biswas by V.S. Naipaul.

قبل عقود قليلة، بدأ الباحثون يصورون تجربة الإناث التي كانت في السابق مجهولة الهوية. وقد جرت محاولات مختلفة في هذه المجال، وكان موضع اهتمام الكتاب في مجال عالم النساء.وقد بدأ الكتاب بالبحث في معركة الإناث من أجل الحصول على الحرية في أعمالهن.تتناول هذه المقالة الشخصيات النسائية وهويتها و تحاول الاجابةعلى التساؤل ما اذا كان الكاتب من مناصري الحركة النسويه ام لا؟ وكذلك سوف تسلط الضوء على مكانة الشخصيات النسوية في رواية الكاتب ناوبول.


Article
Postcolonial Reading of George Packer's Betrayed
قراءة ما بعد الاستعمارية لمسرحية المخذولون للكاتب جورج باكر

Author: Instructor: Majeed Ismail Fayadh مجيد اسماعيل فياض
Journal: Journal of Al_Anbar University for Language and Literature مجلة جامعة الانبار للغات والاداب ISSN: 20736614 Year: 2014 Issue: 13 Pages: 127-140
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

George Packer's play Betrayed (2008) is considered as an anti-war play which depicts the betrayal of the Americans for the Iraqis who collaborate with its forces especially the translators. A Post-colonial reading of the play also shows the recurrent image of the Oriental man in the Western literature ( of course here the Iraqi people who are depicted as either naïve, simple, and stupid or extremists, fundamentalists or terrorists). The study also shows the contradictions in the text. the play is , on the one hand, a propaganda and a justification of the war and on the other hand it reveals the false claims of the Americans of liberating the country and reconstructing it making it a democratic country.

ذعذ مسشحيح المخزولىن ) 2008 ( للكاذة الامشيكي جىسج تاكش مه المسشحياخ المعاديح للحشب الريذظىس خزلان الامشيكان للعشالييه الزيه ذعاووى معها وتالخظىص المرشجميه. أن دساسح المسشحيح وفكوظشيح الىمذ الادتي ) ما تعذ الاسرعماسيح ( يظهش ايضا ان المسشحيح ذثيه الظىسج المركشسج للاوسانالششلي في الادب الغشتي ) وتالطثع هىا طىسج الاوسان العشالي الري ظهشخ اما شخظيح سارجح , تسيطح,وغثيح او اوها شخظيح مدطشفح, او اسهاتيح. وذظهش الذساسح الرىالضاخ المىجىدج في الىض فمه واحيحفأن المسشحيه ذعرثش دعايح وذثشيش للحشب ومه واحيه اخشي الىض يفضح صيف الادعاءاخ الامشيكيحترحشيش العشاق واعادج تىاءج ليكىن تلذا ديممشاطيا.


Article
Postcolonial Philosophy and Culture in Joseph Conrad's Heart of Darkness

Author: Tewfeek Muslim Haran
Journal: hawlyat al_montada حولية المنتدى ISSN: 19980841 Year: 2014 Volume: 1 Issue: 19 Pages: 1-13
Publisher: nati for forum onal and ideology researches culture المنتدى الوطني لابحاث الفكر والثقافة

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