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Article
Inconsistencies in evaluation of different facial profiles by dental professionals and lay Iraqi sample for attractiveness
التناقضات في تقييم ملامح الوجه المختلفة من قبل أطباء الأسنان ووضع عينة عراقية لجاذبية

Author: Anfal Abdul- Majeed AL-Ani
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 456-462
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Facial appearance is fundamental for communication and interaction with the environment. Attractiveness nowadays reported increasing interest and attention among different ethnicities and varying education level groups. Aim: To study the perception of facial profile attractiveness among Iraqi Orthodontists and Maxillofacial surgeons (as concerned dental professionals) compared to Iraqi lay-individuals.Methods: Digital facial profile images were taken for a young male and female, altered in 2 degrees of prognathism and retrognathism in 4, 8 mm for each jaw, and combinations, collecting 12 images each, which were “E-mailed”to a sample of 80 Iraqis (from the pool of Baghdad society): 40 dental professionals (20 orthodontists, 20 maxillofacial surgeons), and 40 lay individuals, with equally distributed genders. Ratting was carried out for 24 images, scoring each on a numerical scale of 1-10 as the least to the most attractive profile.Results: Significant difference in perception facial profile was found between genders (P<0.05) and among the groups with different dental education (P<0.001). General agreement was established in all the sample groups on average facial profile to be the most attractive and on the most retrognathicmandibular profile to be the least attractive.


Article
Lipid Profile and Menopausal Status

Authors: Ahlam Disher --- Lamia M. Al - Naama --- Fouad Hamad Al - Dahhan
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 8-12
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Dyslipidemia is a major cause of cardiovascular disease, which in turn, is the most common cause of female morbidity and mortality. Postmenopausal women (natural and surgical) are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease, especially coronary artery atherosclerosis.
Objective: To observe the relationship between blood lipids: total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), triglycerides (TGs), and very low density lipoprotein- cholesterol (VLDL-C), LDL-C/ HDL-C ratio (atherogenic index) and menopausal status, and to determine the co-factors that may explain this relationship
Methods: A prospective, cross-sectional study, which includes 279 women, age range from 35-55 years agreed to participate in this study. They were divided into 4 groups according to their menopausal status. These were pre-, peri post- natural and surgical post- menopausal. Data were collected from participants in a pre-coded questionnaire and an overnight fasting blood sample was collected for biochemical analysis.
Results: Postmenopausal women had higher levels of lipids than pre or peri-menopausal. TC concentration and LDL-cholesterol levels were higher in natural and surgical menopause than in pre and pri-menopausal women (p<0.01 and p<0.05 respectively). While LDL/HDL-C ratio (atherogenic index) were higher in the surgical postmenopausal women than in pre-menopausal group (p<0.05). No significant inter-group differences were found in HDL-C. Triglycerides, and VLDL levels were higher in surgical menopause group than in both pre- and peri-menopause groups (p<0.05). No significant differences were demonstrated in pre-, peri-, and natural menopausal women with regard to triglyceride and VLDL levels and LDL/HDL-C ratio.
Conclusion: Dyslipidemia is more frequent among women with natural and surgical menopause groups than in the other groups. This makes those women more susceptible to CVD. Certain co factors appear to have direct associations with lipid levels in each group and those were discussed.
KeyWords: Menapause, Lipid profile

Keywords

menapause --- lipid profile


Article
Profile of breast disease in patients with mastalgia audit of breast clinic in Mosul

Authors: Hisham A. Al-Atrakchi هشام احمد الاطرقجي --- Khalaf R. Jadoa خلف رشيد جدوع --- Karam K. Younis كرم كمال يونس
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2008 Volume: 34 Issue: 2 Pages: 93-99
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Objective: In the medical encyclopedia ;Mastodynia, mastalgia or mammalgia are names for a medical symptom that means - pain in the breast .This common problem seen in the west, finds little mention in our country and our literature. The purpose of this study is to report the pattern of various breast diseases amongst women presenting with mastalgia (breast pain) in Mosul breast clinic emphasizing their assessment and hoping to initiate further studies on their natural profile.
Patients and methods: A retrospective study of 682 female patients with mastalgia. From the Breast Clinic in Al Jamhoory Teaching Hospital in Mosul between Aug 2002 - March 2004. Records of six hundred eighty two patients with breast pain with or without lumpiness utilizing Cardiff daily breast pain chart filled by the patients were reviewed. Their mean age was about 38 years. All patients were examined clinically and by ultrasound (probe7.5MHz). Mammography and histopathological examination were done to those with equivocal and suspicious clinical and ultrasonographic results.
Results: Cyclical breast pain was reported in 422 patients (62%), normal breast nodularity in 154 (22%), inflammatory lesions in 40 (6%), benign breast pathology in 56 (8%), benign tumours in 6(less than 1%) and malignant tumours in 4 (less than 1%).
Conclusions: Breast pain is a common problem in the breast clinic. This study showed that cyclical breast pain and nodularity represent the commonest conditions followed by benign and inflammatory lesions. Breast pain needs to be evaluated as with many other medical problems, by good history (including breast pain chart) and examination. This to be followed by imaging (as the age implies) and histopathological assessments. Surgeons evaluating breast pain should have more rational criteria in using further sophisticated, expensive and invasive tests.
Key words: breast; mastalgia; profile.

الهدف: الم الثدي الذي يعتبر حاله شائعة في الغرب قلما نجد دراسة عنه في بلدنا. الغرض من هذه الدراسة هو عرض شكل أمراض الثدي المختلفة بين المريضات اللواتي تشكين من الم الثدي لدى مراجعتهن عيادة أمراض الثدي في الموصل بالاعتماد على الشكل السريري والمرضي أملا أن تكون الدراسة حافزا لدراسات أخرى عن الموضوع.التصميم: دراسة تراجعية على 682 مريضة تشكين من الم الثدي.المكان والزمان: تمت الدراسة في المستشفى الجمهوري التعليمي بالموصل في الفترة بين آب 2002 إلى آذار 2004 .المرضى والطريقة: تمت مراجعة سجلات 682 مريضة تشكين من الم الثدي معدل أعمارهن 38 سنه. تم الاستعانة بجدول الم الثدي اليومي والذي يملا من قبل المريضات وتم فحص المريضات سريرياً و باستخدام أجهزة الفحص بالأمواج فوق الصوتية .خصصت أشعة الثدي والفحوص النسيجية للمريضات اللواتي كانت لديهن نتائج الفحص السريري وفحص الأمواج فوق الصوتية غير واضحة أو مشتبه بها.النتائج: كان عدد المريضات المصابات بألم الثدي الدوري 422 (62% ) , وعقيدات الثدي الطبيعية في (22%), واخماج الثدي في 40 ( 6%) , وأمراض الثدي الحميدة في 58 (8%) , وأورام الثدي الحميدة في 6 (اقل من 1%) , وأورام الثدي الخبيثة في 4 ( اقل من 1%). الاستنتاج : أن الم الثدي هو مشكله شائعة في العيادات التخصصية للثدي. لوحظ في الدراسة أن الم الثدي الدوري و عقيدات الثدي الطبيعية يشكلان النسبة العظمى من المرضى يعقبها أمراض الثدي الحميدة واخماج الثدي.يمكن أن توفر هذه الدراسة منهجا للأطباء الجراحين في عيادات الثدي التخصصية عن كيفية التعامل مع الم الثدي واستخدام مفيد للفحوصات الطبية البسيطة والمتوفرة ذات الدقة في التشخيص.

Keywords

breast --- mastalgia --- profile


Article
Effect of amlodipine on serum lipid profilein hypertensive patients

Authors: Rami M. A. Al-Hayali رامي محمد عادل الحيالي --- Ashraf H. Ahmed اشرف هاشم احمد
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2009 Volume: 35 Issue: 1 Pages: 8-12
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Objectives: To assess the effect of amlodipine, as monotherapy, in hypertensive patients, on serum lipid profile, as assessed by serum cholesterol, serum triglyceride, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC), and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC).
Subjects and methods: Thirty three hypertensive patients were included in the study, 25 of them were males and 8 were females. Serum cholesterol, triglyceride, HDLC and LDLC were measured before and after 2 months of starting treatment with amlodipine.
Results: No significant difference could be found between the pre and post treatment levels of all measured parameters.
Conclusion: Treatment with amlodipine does not produce deleterious effect on lipid profile, so it may be a suitable therapy in a hypertensive patient with underlying hyperlipidaemia.

الخلاصةأهداف البحث: أجريت هذه الدراسة لتقييم تأثير عقار الاملودبين كعلاج أحادي لمرضى ارتفاع ضغط الدم الشرياني على مستوى الكولسترول، الدهون الثلاثية، البروتين الشحمي عالي الكثافة، والبروتين الشحمي منخفض الكثافة. المشاركون وطرق العمل: أجريت الدراسة على 33 مريضا مصابا بارتفاع ضغط الدم الشرياني، 25 مريضا منهم من الذكور و 8 من الإناث. تم قياس مستوى الكولسترول، الدهون الثلاثية، البروتين الشحمي عالي الكثافة، والبروتين الشحمي منخفض الكثافة قبل وبعد شهرين من بدء العلاج بعقار الاملودبين.النتائــــج: أظهرت نتائج الدراسة عدم وجود فرق معنوي في مستوى القيم المقاسة قبل وبعد العلاج.الاستنتاج: العلاج بواسطة عقار الاملودبين لايؤثر على مستوى الدهون في الدم وقد يكون علاجا مناسبا لمرضى ارتفاع ضغط الدم اللذين يعانون من اضطرابات في مستوى الدهون.


Article
Study of Lipid Profile in Patients with Uterine Fibroid

Author: Lilyan W. Sersam
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 274-279
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Leiomyomas are the most common gynaecological neoplasms. Despite the major public health impact of leiomyomas, little is known about their cause. As fibroids are hormone-dependent tumours and their development can be promoted by estrogens, an inverse association between hypercholesterolemia and fibroids should be observed as well as direct association between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels and the presence of fibroids.OBJECTIVE:To investigate the lipid profile in patients with uterine fibroids and to compare it with the lipid profile of women without fibroids.METHODS:A case-control study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at Al-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital during the period from May 2008 to May 2009. Participants were one-hundred twenty pre-menopausal women aged between 18 and 45 years who were recruited during their visit to the gynaecological outpatient clinic and were not taking hormonal therapy. Cases consisted of 60 women with uterine fibroids, and controls were 60 women visiting the same gynaecological outpatient clinic for routine reasons. Thorough history and examination was done for each participant. Body Mass Index (BMI) was measured in kg/m2. All patients underwent a baseline ultrasound examination and classified into two groups according to the presence or absence of uterine fibroids. All women where scheduled to undergo blood test at the beginning (2nd -5th day) of their next menstrual cycle. Fasting venous blood glucose and lipid profile were determined in blood samples taken for each patient. Atherogenic index was also calculated.RESULTS:Women with uterine fibroids were found to have significantly higher levels of serum HDL-C compared to the controls (P=0.0001). A significantly lower levels of total serum cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) were also found in women with uterine fibroids compared to the controls (P=0.0001). Atherogenic index was significantly lower in fibroid group compared with controls (P=0.0001). There was a significant positive correlation between largest fibroid volume and HDL-C level (P<0.0001).CONCLUSION:Women with uterine fibroid have lower atherogenic index compared to women without uterine fibroid. Larger volume of fibroid is associated with higher level of HDL-C.


Article
Juvenile Delinquency in Iraq : A Psychosocial Profile

Author: Abdul Rasoul Alyasiri
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 121-128
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Juvenile delinquency is a sort of crimes that is committed by young persons under the age of 18 years.OBJECTIVE:Is to determine the psychosocial profile of juvenile offenders in Iraq.METHODS:This phenomenon was studied in Iraq from2003 -2005, to acquire a better understanding of it, 400 accused were assessed in the personality assessment bureau [P.A.B] using ICD -10 clinical based interview sorted down with descriptive data.RESULTS:The highest age for the accused was 17 years, predominantly males with a socioeconomic history of deprivation, premature labor, illiteracy, and limited primary education. Their families were living in rather more or less similar conditions. Theft as a crime was on the top of the list.CONCLUSION:According to the [P.A.B], the majorities of the accused were not mentally ill, and before the juvenile court were fully responsible. Half of the sample was recommended to juvenile rehabilitation centers, and about one fifth of the accused were able to be released on legal bailing.


Article
The Effect of Obesity on Serum Leptin and Lipid Profile

Author: Kismat Mohammad Turki
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2009 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 27-32
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Obesity has become a leading health concern; this condition is a chronic, complex, multifactorial disease in which a person's weight is ≥ 20% of the ideal weight for a given height.OBJECTIVE:To measure serum leptin level and lipid profiles levels in Iraqi obese individuals comparing the results with matching non obese subjects.METHODS:The study was carried on 30 individuals divided into two groups:1. Obese subjects group (n=20).2. Non-obese subjects group (n=10).For all subjects studied measurements of fasting serum leptin and lipid profile have been done.RESULT:Our study showed that mean serum leptin level was significantly higher in obese than non-obese individuals (P<0.001). In addition serum leptin correlates positively and strongly with body mass index (BMI) ( r=0.765,P<0.01). Serum leptin also correlates positively with both triglyceride (TC)(r =0.394, P<0.05) and low density lipoprotein (LDL) (r=0.366,P<0.05) but correlates negatively with high density lipoprotein (HDL)(r=-0.408,P<0.05).CONCLUSION:circulating leptin levels appear to be one of the best biological markers of obesity and hyperleptinemia is closely associated with several risk factors related to obesity syndrome.

Keywords

obesity --- leptin --- lipid profile.


Article
The flaring efficiency of the Profile and Protaper on resin simulated root canals

Author: Qussay A. Al-Jawhar , M.Sc د. قصي الجهار
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 173-182
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Forty resin simulated root canals with standardized curvature prepared for thisstudy, divided into four groups ten canals for each group. Thirty canals were preparedwith rotary endodontic instruments, profile 04, profile 04, 06 and protaper, ten canalsfor each type, with slow speed contra angle hand piece (300 rpm) using crown — downtechnique the other l0 canals were prepared with stainless steel k-flexo handinstrument using step — back technique. The total time required for preparation wascalculated. The resin blocks were scanned; the pre-instrumented and post -instrumented images were stored in the computer and superimposed for twodimensional evaluation of canals preparation using Adobe photoshope 8.0 and Coreldraw 9. For the coronal portion the amount of canal substance removed wascalculated at 7mm, 9mm, llmm levels from the working length. For the apicalcurvature the centering ratio was calculated at 2mm and 4mm level from the workinglength. The results showed that the amount of canal substance removed from thecoronal portion by protaper was statistically higher than other groups with statisticallyless ability to stay center in the canal than profile rotary instruments but more abilityto preserve apical curvature than k-flexo hand instruments with less time required forpreparation. K-flexo files showed statistically less amount of canal substance removalat coronal portion and statistically higher centering ratio than other groups, andrequire more time for canals preparation .


Article
Effect of Nigella Sativa (Black seed) on the serum lipids of healthy individuals

Authors: Nazar M. Qibi --- Rami M. A. Al-Hayali --- Hazim A. Mohammad
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 10-15
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Black seed (Nigella Sativa) is a common dietary element and has bean traditionally used as a treatment for a variety of health complains over centuries. Dyslipidaemia is an important and common medical problem.Objective: To assess the effect of N. sativa on the serum lipids of normal individuals.Design: Prospective study.Setting: Domain of the College of Medicine and IbnSina Teaching Hospital.Patients and methods: 10 healthy volunteers (8 males and 2 females) received 750 mg of powdered grains of Nigella sativa enclosed in a capsule twice daily for 28 days. Their fasting lipid profile, including triglycerides, total, LDL and HDL cholesterol were measured, before and after treatment.Results: Serum triglycerides, total and LDL cholesterol decreased significantly after treatment with Nigella sativa, P. value <0.0001. While HDL cholesterol increased significantly, P. value <0.0001.Conclusion: N. sativa exerts a favorable effect on lipid profile of healthy individual.


Article
Dill Effected on lipid profile of mice
تأثير الشبنت على مرتسم الدهون في الفئران

Authors: Suhad A. Ahmed --- Abbas A. Mohammed --- Sallal A. Abdullah --- Ali H. Saadoon
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2013 Volume: 31 Issue: 4 Part (B) Scientific Pages: 431-435
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

The present study was carried out to determine the effect of methanol extract of Anethumgraveolens(Dill) on serum lipoproteins in hypercholesterolaemic mice.A total of 24 male mice (average 25gm body weight) were used in this study. Mice were divided into four groups was injected with 100mg/kg ofalloxan to induce hyperglycemic in mice, the first group (1) was used as control (+ve) group (6 mice) which fed on basal diet only and the other three groups fed on basal diet containing 0.5, 1 and 2mg/ml of methanol extract (single daily dose of 1 ml). The experimental feeding period was 21 days.The changes in serum triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) and low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) were measured by using enzymatic kits.However, the HDL-Cconcentrate decreased relative to control mice. Treatment of hyperlipidaemic mice with dill extract in concentration 1 and 2mg/ml up to 21 days reversed the serum lipid levels compared to mice which were fed basal diet only.

الدراسة الحالية أجريت لتحديد تأثير المستخلص الميثانولي لنبات الشبنت Anethumgraveolensعلى عملية تمثيل الدهون في مصل الفئران المصابة بـhypercholesterolaemic حيث تم استعمال مجموعة من الفئران (24 فأر ذكر) متوسط وزن الجسم 25 غم. وقد قسمت هذه الفئران إلى أربعة مجاميع حيت تم حقنها بمادة alloxan100ملغم/كغم للحث على زيادة مستوى السكر في الدم. المجموعة الأولى من الفئران تم تغذيتها على الغذاء العادي فقط في حين المجاميع الثلاثة المتبقية تغذت على الغذاء العادي أضافة إلى 0.5 ، 1 و 2 ملغم/مل من المستخلص الميثانولي لنبات الشبت بمعدل جرعة واحدة يوميا وبمقدار 1مل لكل تركيز ولمدة 21 يوميا. تم قياس التغيرات في الدهون الثلاثية في الدم (TG) ، الكولسترول الكلي (TC) ، الكثافة العالية للكوليسترول (HDL-C) والكثافة المنخفضة للكوليسترول (LDL-C). لوحظ انخفاض مستويات HDL-C للفئران المجرعة بالتراكيز 1 و2 ملغم/مل بعد 21 يوما مقارنة مع الفئران غير المجرعة (مجموعة السيطرة).

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