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Article
ABNORMALITIES OF REPRODUCTIVE ORGANS IN EWES:A PROSPECTIVE HISTOPATHOLOGICAL STUDY
افات الجهاز التناسلي لاناث الخراف- دراسة نسيجية امراضية مستقبلية

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Abstract

This study was conducted on the genital tract of 214 ewes in Basrah province. Thespecimens were randomly collected from Basrah slaughter house within the period from' December 2003 to April 2004. lThe study aimed to evaluate and describe the different types of abnormalities affectingthe genital tract of ewes both grossly and microscopically. - ‘' The gross examination of collected specimens was confirmed by histological examination.Pathological changes were found in 46% of the total cases.Uterine abnormalities comprised (70%) whereas ovarian abnormalities comprised(24%) and oviduct abnormalities were (6%).The commonest pathological conditions of theuterus was endometritislwhich comprised (24.76%) of pathological conditions. followed byendometrial hyperplasiai (2.33%) and pyometra (1:86 %). V IT The commonest abnormalities of the ovary are ovarian cysts (4.2%), followed by Paraovarian cysts (3.27%) and ovarobursal adhesion (2.8%). _The abnormalities of the oviduct were less common and hydrosalpinx was the- commonest lesion (0.93 %). _ .2 _ Neither congenital nor neoplastic abnormalities were detected in this study. . 'The study concluded that acquired pathological conditions are the major causes ofabnormalities of the genital tract, of which endometritis is the most common. Thus,‘ the lowreproductive rate of ewes may be attributed to that fact.

Keywords

Ewes --- Province --- Illterine


Article
Epidemiological Study of Foot and Mouth Disease and Evaluation of Vaccination Method for Controlling Disease in Waset Province
دراسة وبائية مرض الحمى القلاعية في الابقار والاغنام في محافظة واسط وتقييم كفاءة اللقاحات المستخدمة للسيطرة على المرض

Authors: Mohammed A. Sameer --- Basim A. Jarullah
Journal: Univesity of Thi-Qar Journal مجلة جامعة ذي قار العلمية ISSN: 66291818 Year: 2014 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-6
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

Foot and mouth disease (FMD) distributed all over the world except of some sporadic countries. This study included epidemiology survey of disease in cattle and sheep in Waset province and evaluation of vaccination method for control of disease for years (2011, 2012, 2013) in 17 different cities. Diagnosis of virus depend on clinical signs and symptoms by veterinarians in hospitals. Results showed that highest morbidity occur in Alzybiayah city (142 case in cattle and 2860 case in sheep) in year 2011, while in 2012 number of infected animals were (35 in cattle in Alheay city and 60 sheep in Almowefqah city), in year 2013 values of morbidity were 30 head of cattle in Alheay city and 43 sheep in Sheikh Saeid area. Vaccine types which used in immunization of animals were O1 Monisa, Asia1 shamir, these types used in Asia countries mainly because of serotypes of virus distribution. After statistical analysis of results we demonstrated that there were significance difference in the infected animals after vaccination between year 2011 and 2012, 2013 (p<0.05). Percentages of mortalities for three years were 2011(0.6%, 1.6%), 2012 (0.07%, 0.02) and for 2013 (0.02%, 0.008%) for cattle and sheep respectively.

يعتبر مرض الحمى القلاعية من الامراض الاوسع انتشاراً في كل انحاء العالم عدا بعض الدول. شملت الدراسة وبائية المرض في محافظة واسط وللسنوات 2011, 2012 و 2013 في الابقار والاغنام في 17 مستشفى ومستوصف بيطري في مختلف اقضية ونواحي المحافظة, تم تشخيص الاصابات اعتماداً على العلامات السريرية والاعراض الخاصة بالمرض. سجلت اعلى نسبة اصابة في قضاء الزبيدية حيث وصل عدد الابقار المصابة الى 142 والاغنام 2860 في العام 2011, بينما ظهرت اعلى الاصابات في قضاء الحي حيث كانت اصابات الابقار 35 وفي الاغنام كانت الاصابات 60 في ناحية الموفقية. في العام 2013 سجل قضاء الحي اعلى اصابة بالأبقار (30) وفي الاغنام سجلت ناحية شيخ سعد اعلى اصابات 43. اللقاحات المستخدمة في السنوات الثلاثة هي O1 Monisa و Asia1 shamir حيث تستخدم بصوره اساسية في البلدان الاسيوية بسبب انتشار عترات الفايروس نفسها في تلك المناطق. بعد التحليل الاحصائي تبين وجود فروقات معنوية بين نسبة الاصابات بين العام 2011 والعامين 2012 و 2013 على مستوى احتمالية (p<0.05). فقد بلغت نسبة الاصابات للأبقار والاغنام للعام 2011 (0.6% و1.6%) وللعام 2012 ( 0.07% و 0.02%) وللعام 2013 (0.02% و0.008%).

Keywords

FMD --- epidemiology --- vaccine --- Waset province


Article
Effect of Maternal Hypertension on Neonatal Outcome in Diyala Province, Iraq

Authors: Kareem Assi Obaid كريم عاصي عبيد --- Maan Baker Kadoori معن بكر قدوري --- Ghasaq Maan Baker غسق معن بكر
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2013 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 69-74
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: Maternal hypertension and preeclampsia are a multisystem, highly variable disorder unique to pregnancy and a leading cause of maternal and fetal/neonatal morbidity and mortality. Given the progressive nature of the disorder, delivery is often necessary to minimize maternal morbidity and mortality; obstetricians must balance the need for achieving in utero fetal maturation with the maternal and fetal risks of continuing pregnancy.Objectives: To evaluate the maternal burden and neonatal outcomes of infants delivered to mothers with preeclampsia, to review the outcomes of late-preterm infants, and potential strategies to optimize fetal outcomes in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia.Materials and Methods: A cohort prospective study done in Albatool Maternity Teaching Hospital from October 2011 to April 2012 for 55 mothers coming for antenatal follow up how hypertension and preeclampsia had been followed till delivery with their delivered neonates looking for the maternal hypertension, medication, liver function, complete blood picture, complications of preeclampsia and neonatal condition at birth, weight, respiratory function, feeding, complete blood picture and liver function, small for gestational age (SGA), respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and neonatal death (NND) . Results: Infants of women with preeclampsia were more likely to be SGA 27(49% ) and have RDS 6 (10.1%); Frequency of preterm delivery at <37 weeks' gestation rose greatly with increasing severity of maternal hypertension 16 (29%). Fetal distress was seen in 12 cases (21.8%) with meconium staining of liquor in 8 cases 14.5% ,33 neonates (60%) required admission for many reasons. Mothers with hypertension have high risk of ante partum hemorrhage 40(72%), 17 delivered normally (30%) while 38 delivered by caesarean section (70%).Conclusion: Compared with neonates delivered prematurely because of other etiologies, neonates born to preeclamptic mothers were more likely to be SGA and have less RDS, but had a decrease in mortality. This may be a reflection of the differences in the underlying pathophysiology behind indicated preterm birth due to preeclampsia.


Article
Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infection in Children Under Five-Year in Hilla, Babylon Province

Author: Maani Seher Abid Al-Kahfaji
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 744-748
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Out of 349 stool samples, 138 (39.5%) were infected with intestinal parasites. The prevalence rate was 82 (34.4%) for male and 56 (50.1%) for female. The prevalence of intestinal parasites was high in bottle feeding children58(52.2%) compared to children with breast feeding 32(31.4%).The predominantnt intestinal parasite was Entamoeba histolytica(13.2%), followed by Giardia lamblia(8.3%),Hymenolepis nana(7.2%),Entrobus vermicularis(6.0%) and Entamoeba coli(5.2%).

من ما مجموعه) 349) عينه 138 (39.5%) كانوا مصابين بالطفيليات المعوية بنسبة انتشار 82 (34.4% ) للذكور و56 (50.1%) للإناث . نسبة انتشار الطفيليات المعوية في الأطفال اللذين يعتمدون على الرضاعة الاصطناعية كانت أعلى 58 ( 52.2%)مقارنة مع الأطفال المعتمدين على الرضاعة الطبيعية 32 (31.4 % ) .كما إن طفيلي الاميبا الحالة للنسيج هو الأكثر انتشارا حيث بانت نسبة الإصابة 13.2%ثم تبعتها الجيارديا لامبليا بنسبة 8.3% والدودة الشريطية القزمة بنسبة 7.2% والدودة الدبوسية 6.0% واميبا القولون 5.2% .


Article
Detection of BRCA1/2 Gene Mutation Rate Among Women in Hilla Province

Authors: Wala'a Nori Bearem --- Mohammad Sabri A. Razzak --- Mohammed Abbod Muhsin --- Ifad Kerim Alshibly
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 869-876
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Background: breast cancer is one of the leading causes of death among women. one-fourth of women will be affected with cancer at some point in their lives. Breast cancer is the most prevalent malignancy in women. Mutations in breast cancer susceptibility genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 account for the majority of breast cancer cases. BRCA1 and BRCA2 are tumor suppressor genes that repair and correct errors in DNA, act as sensors of DNA damage and participate in the DNA repair processes.Aim: to illustrate the role of and analyzing the types and frequencies of the most common BRCA1, BRCA2 mutations in different groups of local Iraqi women. Materials and methods: This is a case-control study design. A total of forty women were chosen for the genetic study which was performed to detect BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations, DNA was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), exon 2 and 20 of BRCA1 and exon 11 of BRCA2 genes, using a specific primer pairs and PCR conditions in four groups of Babylonian populations, including patients with breast cancer , healthy control people , first degree relatives, and patients with benign breast tumors.Results: The overall frequency of BRCA genes mutation was more often detected among breast cancer patients than other groups in the study(P=0.05). Conclusions: There was a surprising high degree of BRCA gene mutation carriage rate, BRCA gene mutations were found to have a relatively high frequency (up to 75%) among breast cancer patients in the study.


Article
The Second Amendment for the Law of the Non-regionally Organized Provinces No.19 of 2013 (Analytic & Critic Study)
التعديل الثاني لقانون المحافظات غير المنتظمة بإقليم رقم (19) لسنة 2013 (دراسة نقدية تحليلية)

Author: Lecturer. Dr. Ahmed Yahya Hadi Al-Zuhairi م. د. أحمد يحيى هادي الزهيري
Journal: Journal of Juridical and Political Science مجلة العلوم القانونية والسياسية ISSN: 2225 2509 Year: 2016 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 153-175
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

The law No. (21) of 2008 was stated to determine the legal status for the non- regionally organized provinces and their legal powers whether it's on the executive or legislative level. However, most of the political powers did not like such law at the national and local level. So, many claims aroused to amend this law. After a long argument over that amendment which was lasted for about four years, the second amendment , No. (19) of 2013, of the non- regionally organized provinces. Yet, this amendment came up with wide powers violating the traditions of administrative decentralized systems which stipulate that the central government has to be authorized with some powers for administrative units to be run by the control of central government provided that those powers should be on the administrative level but not on the political one.Thus, the research is divided into two topics. The first is related to differentiate between the administrative decentralization and the political and federal decentralization and the elements of each of these concepts.While the second is the essence of the research dealt with the legal provisions of the second amendment of the law of non- regionally organized provinces including several items, most notably are:1. The legislative point of view.2. Censorship and its effectiveness.3. In terms of conflicts of competences between the central and the local government.4. Provinces' invitation for holding new provincial council.5. Drawing public policy.6. Type of censorship.7. Assigning higher grades in the province.8. Allocating lands for projects investment and services.9. Reduplication the powers of the executive bodies within the province.10. The local government resources' point of view

وضع قانون رقم (21) لسنة 2008 لتحديد الوضع القانوني للمحافظات غير المنتظمة بإقليم والمسار القانوني لصلاحياتها سواء كان ذلك على المستوى التنفيذي أو التشريعي، إلا أن ذلك القانون لم يرق لأغلب القوى السياسية على المستوى القومي والمحلي، لذلك برزت مطالبات عديدة بتعديل هذا القانون وبعد سجال طويل حول ذلك التعديل دام قرابة أربع سنوات صدر التعديل الثاني للمحافظات غير المنتظمة بإقليم رقم (19) لسنة 2013، إلا أن هذا التعديل جاء بصلاحيات واسعه خالف فيها تقاليد نظم اللامركزية الإدارية والتي تقضي بان تفوض الحكومة المركزية بعض الصلاحيات للوحدات الإدارية لإدارة نفسها برقابة الحكومة المركزية وعلى أن تكون تلك الصلاحيات على المستوى الإداري لا السياسي. لذلك قسم البحث إلى محورين فكان الأول منها يتعلق بالتميز ما بين اللامركزية الإدارية واللامركزية السياسية و الفدرالية وعناصر كل من هذه المفاهيم.أما المحور الثاني فكان جوهر البحث فقد تناول المواد القانونية للتعديل الثاني لقانون المحافظات غير المنتظمة بإقليم وقد تضمن هذا المحور عده فقراتابرزها :1.من الناحية التشريعية. 2.من ناحية الرقابة وفعاليتها.3.من ناحية تنازع الاختصاصات بين الحكومة المركزية والحكومة المحلية.4.من ناحية دعوة المحافظ لانعقاد مجلس المحافظة الجديد.5.من جانب رسم السياسة العامة.6.من ناحية جنس الرقابة.7.تعيين الدرجات العليا في المحافظة.8.تخصيص اراضي للمشاريع الاستثمارية والخدمية.9.مضاعفة صلاحيات الاجهزة التنفيذية داخل المحافظة.10.من ناحية موارد الحكومة المحلية.


Article
Epidemiological Characteristics of Mumps Outbreak in the South Districts of Babylon province During the Years 2016-2017

Authors: Hasan Alwan Baiee --- Weli Hatif
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2017 Volume: 14 Issue: 3 Pages: 585 -592
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Mumps virus is a highly infectious pathological agent, despite the use of vaccination, outbreaks continue to occur worldwide and affects all age groups. There is no specific treatment for mumps. The study aimed to investigate the epidemiologic features of a mumps outbreak in two districts located in the southern region of Babylon Governorate. The study was a cross sectional descriptive epidemiologic survey that included all notified cases of mumps reported by the primary health care authorities in southern region of Babylon Governorate during the year 2016–February 2017, a total of 693 clinically diagnosed mumps cases were studied from the records during this period in 4 primary health care centers (two in Al-Qasim district and two in AL-Showmaly district).Person Place Time epidemiologic model was applied to describe the occurrences of the disease. The Study results revealed that the male to female ratio of patients was 2:1 and most of the cases 26.4% occurred in January more than two thirds of cases were living in the city district (71%), about half of the patients (56%) were vaccinated against the disease. In conclusion Mumps occurs more among males and the frequency of this viral disease is high during January. The role of vaccination was limited in protection of patients against this disease, third booster dose of mumps vaccine is recommended after serological monitoring to evaluate the levels of antibodies to prevent future epidemics.


Article
The Role of Hepatitis E Virus Infection among Patients with Sporadic Acute Viral Hepatitis in Diyala Province
(دور فيروس التهاب الكبد نمط (E) في حالات التهاب الكبد الفيروسي الحاد المنفردة في محافظة ديالى)

Authors: Wala Abood Al-Samaraie عبود نجم --- Abbas Abood Al-Duliami عباس عبود --- Abdul-Razak Shafiq Hasan عبدالرزاق شفيق
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2007 Volume: 20 Issue: 4 Pages: 436-441
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract:Objective: To explore the role of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection in sporadic cases of acute viral hepatitis in Diyala province.Materials and Methods: 163 patients with clinically and biochemically evident acute viral hepatitis. 96 (58.9%) were males with mean age (27 ± 18) years, and 67 females (41.1%) with mean age (24.3 ± 15.6) years. They were referred from outpatient clinic of Baquba General Hospital and other district hospitals in Diyala province during the period from October 2003 to August 004. Patient’s sera were submitted for the detection of anti-HEV IgM, anti-hepatitis A virus (HAV) IgM, anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody, and hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), using Enzyme linked immunosorbant assays (ELISA), and determination of liver function tests using standard biochemical procedures.Results: The Total positivity rate of seromarkers was 69.3 %, while 30.7% of sera were negative for all viral markers. The rate of anti-HEV IgM was (30.1%) which was significantly higher (P < 0.001) than anti-HCV antibody (11.6%), HBsAg (6.1%), but insignificantly higher than anti-HAV IgM (21.5%). The rate of coinfection of HEV with HAV was 3.1%, with HBsAg was 1.2 % and with HCV was 0.6%. The anti-HEV IgM positivity rate was significantly higher (P< 0.05) among the age group (10-49) years compared to other age groups. There was insignificant difference in the infectivity rate between males and females (31.3% vs 28.4%). Similarly there was insignificant effect of residence (rural, urban) on the anti-HEV IgM positivity rate (26% and 33.3%) respectively. The source of water supply has insignificant effect (P>0.05) on the anti-HEV IgM positivity rate. The difference in the mean of liver function tests among patients with different types of viral hepatitis was statistically insignificant.Conclusion: Infection by HEV constitutes the highest proportion of sporadic acute viral hepatitis in Diyala province.

الملخصأهداف الدراسة: تحديد دور فيروس التهاب الكبد نمط (E) في حالات التهاب الكبد الفيروسي الحاد المنفردة في محافظة ديالى0المواد وطرق العمل: مائة وثلاثة وستون مريضا بالتهاب الكبد الفيروسي الحاد المعززة بالشواهد السريرية والفحوص الكيموحيوية0 96 (% 58.9 ) من الذكور بمعدل عمر (27 ± 18) سنة، و 67 (41.1 % ) من الإناث بمعدل عمر (± 24.3 15.6)0 هولاء المرضى أحيلوا من العيادة الخارجية لمستشفى بعقوبة العام وكذلك مستشفيات الاقضية في محافظة ديالى للفترة من تشرين الأول 2003 إلى آب 2004 أمصال هولاء المرضى أخضعت للتحري عن الضدات النوعيةIgM لفيروس التهاب الكبد نمط (E)، الضدات النوعية IgMلفيروس التهاب الكبد نمط ( A )، الضدات النوعية لفيروس التهاب الكبد نمط (C)، المستضد السطحي لفيروس HBsAgالتهاب الكبد نمط (B)، باستخدام تقنيات الاليزا 0فحوصات وظائف الكبد أجريت باتباع الطرق الكيموحياتية القياسية0 النتائج:المعدل الكلي للأمصال الموجبة لواحد أو اكثر من المعلمات الفيروسية كانت (69.3% )،أما الأمصال السالبة لجميع المعلمات الفيروسية فقد شكلت (30.7%)0 معدل التهاب الكبد الفيروسي نمط ( E ) كان (30.1%) حيث كان أعلى بشكل معنوي ( P< 0.001 ) من معدل التهاب الكبد الفيروسي نمط C(11.6 % ) و معدل التهاب الكبد الفيروسي نمط B ( 6.1%)ولكنه غير معنوي مقارنة بمعدل التهاب الكبد الفيروسي نمط A (21.5 %)0 معدل الإصابات المتزامنة بفيروس التهاب الكبد نمط E مع نمط A (3.1% ) ، مع نمط B (1.2%) ومع نمط C (0.6% )0 معدل إيجابية الضدات النوعية لفيروس التهاب الكبد نمط (E) كانت عالية بشكل معنوي (P <0.05 ) لدى الفئة العمرية (49-10 ) سنة مقارنة بالفئات العمرية الاخرى0 لم يظهر اختلافا معنويا في معدل إيجابية الضدات النوعية لفيروس التهاب الكبد نمط (E) بين الذكور والإناث(31.3% مقابل % 28.4 )0و بالمثل لم يكن لعامل السكن (ريف، حضر) تأثير على معدل إيجابية الضدات النوعية لفيروس التهاب الكبد نمط (E) (% 26 و% 33.3 ) على التوالي 0مصدر مياه الشرب لم يكن هو الآخر ذو تأثير معنوي على معدل إيجابية الضدات النوعية لفيروس التهاب الكبد نمط (E)0الاختلافات في الوسط الحسابي لفحوص وظائف الكبد بين المرضى المصابين بالأنماط المختلفة لفيروسات التهاب الكبد لم تكن ذي مغزى احصائي0الاستنتاج: الإصابة بالتهاب الكبد نمط(E) شكلت النسبة الأعلى بين الفيروسات المسببة لحالات التهاب الكبد الفيروسي الحاد المنفردة في محافظة ديالى0


Article
Environmental factors of malnutrition diseases among children less than five years old in Babylon province

Author: Kahtan Hadi Hussein
Journal: Mesopotamia Environmental Journal بيئة وادي الرافدين ISSN: 24102598 Year: 2016 Volume: 2 Issue: 3 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

The present study reports the association between environmental factors and malnutrition diseases (underweight –low-weight for age). A sample of 1000 children aged less than five years old were randomly selected from urban and rural areas of Babylon province the middle - south of Iraq. In order to achieve objectives of the present study, the investigator used questionnaire which was conducted through extensive review of literature. The questionnaire was comprised of different items regarding to general information about their mothers and children, as well as the several environmental factors was studied in this study.The result of this study revealed that were strongly associated between environmental factor and malnutrition diseases. Health education messages can be forwarded to mothers of children under five years old through mass media or a direct program.


Article
Estimation of Radioactive Concentrations of Sediment Samples in Baghdad Province

Authors: Hadi J.M Al-agealy --- Mohsin A. Hassooni --- Ahmed M.Ashweik --- Abbas K. Sadoon --- et al.
Journal: Mesopotamia Environmental Journal بيئة وادي الرافدين ISSN: 24102598 Year: 2018 Issue: Special Issue E Pages: 87-96
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

This paper has been conducted to assess the concentrations of radioactive namely K Ra, and Th in sediment, and Fish using using a higher purity germanium spectrophotometer in ten of the most common sediments samples were collected from the edge and bottom of the site in Baghdad city and there in Tiger river during 2015-2016 .The results obtained of sedament sample showed that the the concentration of

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