research centers


Search results: Found 9

Listing 1 - 9 of 9
Sort by

Article
Assessment of Lung Function among Wool Textile Workers in Al-Nassiriya Industry
تقييم وظيفة الرئتين للعاملين في مصنع الناصرية للمنسوجات الصوفية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Chronic exposure to wool dust is related to specific respiratory symptoms, due to high ambient dust concentration and the observed adverse effects on lung function.Objective: to assess the pulmonary function of wool textile workers.Methodology: A cross-section study which included 689 workers was studied at departments of Al-Nassiriya wool industry south of Iraq. Spirometric assessment was done by measuring forced expiratory volume during first second, forced vital capacity and forced expiratory volume during first second / forced vital capacity ratio for each workers by simple spirometry.Results: pulmonary function test was abnormal for 16.6% of the sample, and 74.5% of workers with abnormal lung function were above 40 years of age.Conclusion: The percentage of workers with abnormal lung functions is significantly related to the duration of employment.Abbreviations: FVC: Forced expiratory Volume, FEV1: Forced expiratory Volume in 1 second, COPD: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. Key words: pulmonary function test, spirometry

الخلفية:التعرض المزمن لغبار الصوف له علاقة بعلامات الجهاز التنفسي ، بسبب التركيز العالي للغبا ر بمحيط العمل والتأثيرالمعاكس على وظائف الرئة هدف الدراسة: تقييم وظائف الرئة لعمال النسيج الصوفي.طريقة البحث: دراسه مقطعية شملت 689 عاملا في أقسام معمل النسيج الصوفي في الناصرية. تم تقييم وظائف الرئة بقياس حجم الزفير المدفوع خلال الثانية الأولى, والسعة الحيوية لكل عامل بواسطة جهاز كفاءة الرئة. نتيجة البحث:أظهرت الدراسة ان 16.5% من العمال لديهم أختلال وظيفي في الرئتين,منهم 74.5% فوق الأربعين من العمرالأستنتاج: ان هناك علاقة معنوية بين مدة العمل ونسبة العمال اللذين لديهم أختلال وظيفي في الرئتين


Article
Evaluations of vertical P‐wave axis in the diagnosis of

Author: Abdul Hameed Al-Qaseer
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 46-52
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Emphysema is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease thatresult in an abnormal permanent enlargement of air spaces distal to theterminal bronchioles. This leads to presence of increased air between theheart and the ECG recording electrodes that may alter ECG findings inpatient with emphysema.Aims: To evaluate the vertical P‐wave axis in the diagnosis of emphysemaand assessment of its severity.Patients and Methods: This is a case ‐ control study conducted at AlYarmouk Teaching Hospital and The Medical City in Baghdad during theperiod from the 1 st of February 2012 to 31 st of January 2013. A total of 100emphysematous patients compared with other well matched 100 nonemphysematous patients as a control group.The diagnosis of pulmonary emphysema was based on clinical history ,physical examination , chest radiographs finding, High resolution chest CTscan and pulmonary function test. Full history including age, sex,occupation, history of smoking was taken and complete physicalexamination was done on both groups, ECG and PFT done for allemphysema patient and control group and P‐wave axis calculated.Results: Demographic characteristics of emphysema patients & nonemphysema controls were comparable apart from significant associationbetween smoking and emphysema (P < 0.001). Our emphysematouspatients show that mean P‐wave axis were significantly (P < 0.01) higherthan that of control group. There is 86% of emphysema patient withvertical (>60 °) P‐wave axis in comparison to 9% of control group.There isa significant inverse correlation between P wave axis and FEV1 thatdecrease in FEV1 is associated with increase in P wave axis and vice versa.Those with FEV1 less than 50% significantly have higher P wave axis meanConclusions: This study revealed clearly that p‐wave axis deviation to theright is the most characteristic ECG change that occur in emphysema.Moreover, There is a significant inverse correlation between P wave axisand FEV1.


Article
The Role of Forced Expiratory Flow at 25-75 Measurement as A Predictor of Positive Reversibility Test in Asthmatic Patients with Normal Pulmonary Function Test

Author: Safaa Jawad Kadhem
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 59-65
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In the mild asthmatic attacks, partially treated asthma, early stages of bronchial asthma and in between the asthmatic attacks, sometimes we find patients with a history suggestive of asthma and normal PFT (FEV1 +FEV1/FVC > 80% of the predicted value).This study investigated the value of FEF 25-75 measurement as a predictor of the presence of a reversible airway obstruction (RAO) in adult patients with clinical features of asthma and normal pulmonary function test.64 patients with clinical features suggestive of asthma and normal pulmonary function test were included in the study. These patients were subdivided into three groups, group 1 were those with normal pulmonary function test and FEF 25-75>70%, group 2 were those with normal pulmonary function test and FEF 25-75< 70%>55% and group 3 are those with normal pulmonary function test and FEF 25-75<55%.each of the study group was compared with 35 sex and age matched healthy volunteers. Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), FEV1/FVC and FEF25 – 75 were measured before and 10-20 minutes after salbutamol administration (by nebulizer).Of the 64 subjects, the percentage of subjects with RAO (FEV1 increase after bronchodilator >12 %) was lower (11%) in the group 1 (27 subjects) and higher (44%) in the subjects of the group 2 (23 subjects) and highest (52%) in the subject of group 3 (14 subjects ). FEF25-75 percent predicted is a good predictor of the presence of reversible airways obstruction in asthmatic patient with normal PFT.


Article
STUDY THE EFFECTS OF OBESITY AND BODY FAT DISTRIBUTION ON THE SPIROMETRIC PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTS

Authors: Walaa M. Mejbel ولاء محمد مججبل --- Abbas F. Abdul-Wahab عباس فاضل عبد الوهاب
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2016 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 50-55
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background:Obesity is one of the most frequently found health risks with increasing in its prevalence all over the world. Several measures of obesity like body mass index, waist circumference and percent of body fat had been used in many studies as predictor of pulmonary function tests.Objectives:To evaluate the effect of anthropometric measurements on pulmonary function tests, and explore the association between body fat percent and pulmonary function tests.Methods:A total of one hundred subjects were recruited from both sexes (fifty with normal and fifty with high body mass index). Body mass index, waist circumference and percent of body fat were measured for each subject.Results:This study shows a significant reduction in spirometric parameters (except for FEV1/FVC ratio) in high body mass index groups compared to those with normal body mass index in both sexes, with a significant negative correlation between percent of body fat and waist circumference with spirometric parameters in high body mass index groups had been identified.Conclusion:Obesity has a restrictive rather than obstructive pattern of lung impairment. Excess body fat and abdominal obesity have anadverse affect on lung function.Keywords:Pulmonary function test, BMI, WC, BF%

Keywords

Pulmonary function test --- BMI --- WC --- BF%


Article
Assessment of Asthma Severity by History and Lung Function Study in School Age Children

Authors: Zuhair M. Al Musawi --- Akeel Mahdi --- Majeed Matrood --- Haidar A. N. Abood
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2017 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 2607-2612
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: The assessment of childhood asthma severity is important for the diagnosis and determining the initial level or step of the treatment of childhood asthma. It can be performed either by history alone for children less than five years old or by history and pulmonary function test for older children.Objective: to evaluate and compare the utility of history and lung function test in the assessment of asthma severity in childrenPatients and Method: Across-sectional study was conducted in Karbala teaching hospital of pediatrics, during the period from October 1, 2013 - April 30, 2014. The study included 50 children of both genders diagnosed with asthma (diagnosis made by consultant pediatrician). A questionnaire was designed for the assessment of asthma severity by history which included symptoms frequency over the preceding 4 weeks respectively. The lung function test was only done in children 6-year-old and more. All children in our study had performed lung function test.Results: The mean age of studied group was 9.6 ± 2.5. The result of asthma severity assessment based on history was as follow: 14/50 patients (28%) had intermittent asthma, 36/50 (72%) had persistent asthma of different degrees, mild in 11/50 (22%), moderate in 19/50 (38%) and severe persistent asthma in 6/50 (12%). While according to lung function test, 12/50 patients (24%) had intermittent asthma, 15/50 (30%) had mild persistent, 19/50 (38%) had moderate persistent and the remaining 4/50 patients (8%) had severe persistent asthma. There was no significant statistical difference in severity assessment between the two methods (P > 0.05).Conclusions: Our study shows good correlation between history and lung function test regarding classification of childhood asthma severity. History is an excellent tool for the assessment of childhood asthma severity when lung functions test is unavailable or difficult to be done in younger children.


Article
Comparison of Pulmonary Function Test between Smokers and Nonsmokers at Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq

Author: Media Qader Hasan, Karwan Hawez Sulaiman
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2019 Volume: 16 Issue: 2 Pages: 123-127
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Introduction: Cigarette smoking has extensive effects on pulmonary function. Pulmonary function testing is a routine procedure for theassessment and monitoring of respiratory diseases. The pulmonary functions were compared between apparently healthy smoker and nonsmokerpersons in this study. Materials and Methods: This case–control study was conducted among apparently healthy smoker and nonsmokerstudents and staff of the university between the first of April and the end of June 2018. A total number of 131 persons were taken, in which71 of them were nonsmokers (controls) and 60 were smokers (cases). The reference ranges for the pulmonary functions were used followingthe below criteria: forced vital capacity (FVC): normal (80%–120%) and reduced (<80%); FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in one second):normal (≥75) and reduced (<75); FEV1/FVC: normal ≥80 and reduced <80. Results: The study showed that smoker persons had a lower levelof FVC (84.38 vs. 94.75; P = 0.026) and peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) (67.08 vs. 84.18; P < 0.0001) compared to nonsmoker persons.Whereas, there was no significant difference in FEV1 (the first second of forced expiration) (80.42 vs. 86.86; P = 0.139) and the FEV1/FVCratio (96.13 vs. 94.48; P = 0.589) between smokers and nonsmokers, respectively. The mean pack‑year smoked by the smokers was 34.89.Conclusions: Cigarette smoking has a significant adverse effect on FVC and peak expiratory flow rate, while it was not confirmed to have anadverse effect on other pulmonary function tests.


Article
Pulmonary Function Test in Asthmatic Pregnant Women at Different Trimesters

Authors: Ahmed Abdullah Ajrash Al-Khafaji --- Yesar Mohammed Hassan Al-Shamma
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 4 Pages: 1044 -1052
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A cross sectional study carried out in Gynecological consultancy department of AL-Zahraa Teaching Hospital for Gynecology and Pediatrics in AL-Najaf city for period from 1st of November, 2014 to end of May, 2015 on convenient sample two hundred pregnant women. The data were collected through direct interview (in private room) and fulfilling of prepared questionnaire. Pulmonary function test parameters (FEV1, FVC, FEV1% and PEFR) changes were estimated by using Spirolab III tool. A significant lower means of FEV1% and PEFR were observed among asthmatic pregnant women than non – asthmatic (p˂ 0.001), there is a statistically significant lower means of BMI and FEV1% of pregnant women in 2nd trimester than 3rd trimester (p˂ 0.001). A significant higher means of FVC, FEV1 and PEFR for pregnant women were observed in 2nd trimester than 3rd trimester (p˂ 0.001).


Article
Pattern of pulmonary function test in rheumatoid arthritis patients
انماط فحص وظائف الرئة لدى المرضى المصابين بالتهاب المفاصل الروماتزمي

Author: Haithem J. kadhum, Ali N. Al hamza & Ahmed B Abdualwahid
Journal: The Medical Journal of Basrah University المجلة الطبية لجامعة البصرة ISSN: 02530759 Year: 2017 Volume: 35 Issue: 2 Pages: 109-115
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by a painful symmetrical peripheral polyarthritis. Extra-articular involvement in RA is a common condition. Pulmonary involvement occurs in 20 to 67 % of RA patients and it is responsible for about 10-20 % of mortality in RA patients.Objectives: To evaluate the extent and pattern of pulmonary involvement in RA patients by using spirometry. Methods: A case control study conducted at the rheumatology unit of Al Sader teaching hospital, forty RA patients [33(82.5%) female and 7(17.5%) male] and sixty apparently healthy subjects {50(83.3%) female and 10(16.7 %) male} were included in the study. All subjects had subjected to a pulmonary function test (PFT) for pulmonary function evaluation using MIR spirolab III. Measured and predicted forced vital capacities (FVC), forced expiratory volume in the first second (FEV1) and FEV1 / FVC ratio were considered as the parameters in this study for both groups.Results: Nine patients were found to have a restrictive pattern of pulmonary function test, while obstructive pattern was found in only one patient. On the other hand, the pulmonary function tests were normal in all of sixty healthy control. The mean of FEV1 in patient group (2.07 ± 0.56L) and of FEV1% (95.8%  25.2) are significantly lower than those in the control group (2.46 ± 0.65 L; 105.3%  13.09). In addition, mean FVC in the patient group (2.35 ± 0.62L) and its mean percentage (92%  22.68) showed a clear significant reduction compared to those in control group (2.71 ± 0.67 L; 100.53  12.12). No significant difference (P = 0.173) has been observed in FEV1 / FVC ratio between patient (88.17  7.47) and control group (89.87  4.99).Conclusions: Different pattern of pulmonary function abnormalities could be manifested in RA patients and the restrictive pattern represents the most common feature. Spirometry is indicated as a baseline assessment and for follow up of RA patient to enhance early detection and management of the pulmonary involvement.

التهاب المفاصل الروماتزمي هو مرض التهابي مزمن يسبب التهاب المفاصل الطرفية المتناظرة المؤلم. اصابة اعضاء اخرى في الجسم غير المفاصل يعتبر حالة شائعة لدى المصابين بهذا المرض. حيث ان الإصابة الرئوية تحدث في 20 إلى 67٪ من مرضى التهاب المفاصل الروماتزمي، وهي مسؤولة عن حوالي 10-20٪ من الوفيات لمرضى التهاب المفاصل الروماتزمي .الأهداف: لتقييم مدى ونمط الاصابات الرئوية في مرضى التهاب المفاصل الروماتزمي في مدينة بصرة عن طريق فحص وظائف الرئة .الطريقة: الدراسة هي دراسة مقارنة بين الحالات المرضية والاصحاء واجريت في وحدة الروماتزم في مستشفى الصدر التعليمي في مدينة البصرة وشملت اربعون مريضا بالتهاب المفاصل الروماتزمي }33 (82,5%) أنثى و 7(17،5%) ذكور{ و ستون شخصا اصحاء }50(83،3%) أنثى و 10(16،7%) ذكور{. وقد خضع جميع الاشخاص المشمولين بالدراسة لاختبار فحص وظائف الرئة لتقييم وظيفة الرئة باستخدام جهاز سبايرولاب حيث تم قياس حجم هواء الزفير الكلي القسري ((FVC، وحجم الزفير القسري في الثانية الأولى (FEV1)، ونسبة القيمتين FEV1/FVC)) لكلا المجموعتين.النتائج: وجدان تسعة مرضى لديهم نمط تحددي في اختبار وظيفة الرئة، في حين تم العثور على نمط انسدادي في اختبار وظيفة الرئة في مريضة واحدة. من ناحية أخرى، كان اختبار وظيفة الرئة طبيعيا في كل الاشخاص الاصحاء. وكانت قيمة متوسط FEV1 في مجموعة المرضى (2,07 ± 0.55) لتر ومتوسط نسبةFEV1% (95،8±25،2%) وهو اقل من المجموعة المقارنة للأشخاص الاصحاء (2.46 ± 0.65 لتر) بمتوسط نسبة FEV1٪ (105,3± 13,9٪). بالإضافة إلى ذلك، أظهر متوسطFVC في مجموعة المرضى (2,35± 0,62) لتر بمتوسط نسبة 92٪ بانخفاض واضح مقارنة مع مجموعة المقارنة للأشخاص الاصحاء الذين كان متوسط قيمة FVC (2.7 ± 0.67 لتر) ومتوسط نسبة FVC٪ عند (100،53٪). هناك اختلافات طفيفة (غير معنوية) في نسبة FEV1 / FVC بمتوسط قيمة 88.17٪ في مرضى التهاب المفاصل الروماتزمي و 89.87٪ في المجموعة المقارنة للأشخاص الاصحاء.الاستنتاجات: انماط مختلفة من اصابات الرئة يمكن أن تظهر لدى مرضى التهاب المفاصل الروماتزمي ويمثل النمط المحدد الاصابة الأكثر شيوعا. ونتيجة لذلك يوصى بأجراء فحص وضائف الرئة باعتباره فحص اساسي لمرضى التهاب المفاصل الراتزمي لتعزيز الكشف المبكر للإصابات الرئوية.الكلمات المفتاحية: التهاب المفاصل الروماتزمي، فحص وظائف الرئة


Article
Correlation Between Helicobacter Pylori Infection and Severity of Asthma
العلاقة بین الإصابة بالملویات البوابیة وشدة الربو القصبي

Authors: Sadiq J. Ali Almuhana --- Ammar Jabbar Majeed --- Abdul-Razzaq Hassan Alkaaby --- Sabah Ali Jaber Alhelu
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2015 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 130-137
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Microbial exposures have been suggested to confer protection from allergic disorders, and reduced exposures to gastrointestinal microbes have been proposed as an explanation for the increase in asthma severity and prevalence. Since the general prevalence of Helicobacter pylori has been decreasing, we hypothesized that H. pylori serostatus may be inversely related to the severity of asthma. Objective: The aim of this study is to find whether infection with H.pylori reduces the probability of development of severe asthma in patients with persistent asthma.Patients and methods: In this study fifty patients with persistent asthma includes 19 males and 31 females their ages range from (17 – 66) years For all those patients, full history and complete physical examination have been done, then after, the patients subjected to pulmonary function test. After that, two milliliters sample of venous blood have been drawn, then, the sample centrifuged and sent to assess for H.pylori infection serology. Data was analyzed by using SPSS.Results: There is significant association between severity of asthma and result of H.pylori so with increase severity of asthma there is decrease in percentage of positive H.pylori serology. And there is no statistical significant are noted between patients sex or age and results of H.pylori infection test. Conclusion: There is significant inverse association between severity of asthma and result of H.pylori infection serology. This association not affected by ages and sex of patients.Recommendations: Since the exact mechanism by which H.pylori affect asthma is not clear, there is need for further studies to explore it.

خلفية الدراسة: طالما كان يعتقد إن الإصابات الجرثومية توفر حماية من إمراض الحساسية,وقلة التعرض للجراثيم المعوية أعطت تفسير لزيادة انتشار الربو وزيادة شدته,ولذلك بما إن الانتشار العام للإصابة بالملويات البوابية بدأ بالانحسار, لذلك وجدنا أن نتيجة الفحص المناعي للإصابة بالملويات البوابية تتناسب عكسيا مع شدة الإصابة بالربو المزمن.الهدف :الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو تحديد هل أن الإصابة السابقة بالملويات البوابية تقلل من احتمالية حدوث حالة الربو الشديد عند مرضى الربو المزمن.المنهجية : شارك في هذه الدراسة خمسون مريض مصابون بالربو المزمن , يتكونون من 19 ذكر و31 أنثى تتراوح أعمارهم بين 17 و 66 سنة , من كل هؤلاء المرضى تم اخذ تاريخ مرضي شامل وخضعوا لفحص سريري كامل, بعد ذلك اجري لهم فحص وظائف الرئة , من ثم سحب من كل مريض عينة بمقدار 2 مليليتر من الدم الوريدي,من ثم تم إجراء الطرد المركزي للعينة وأرسلت لغرض إجراء فحص الملويات البوابية المناعي.النتائج: تم إيجاد علاقة إحصائية معتبرة بين شدة الربو والنتائج الموجبة لفحص الملويات البوابية المناعي ,حيث كلما زادت شدة الربو كلما قلت نسبة النتائج الموجبة للفحص المناعي,كذلك تم إثبات عدم وجود علاقة إحصائية معتبرة تربط أعمار المرضى أو أجناسهم بنتائج الفحص المناعي.الاستنتاج : هناك علاقة عكسية بين شدة الربو القصبي ونتائج فحص الملويات البوابية المناعي.التوصيات: نظرا لعدم وضوح العلاقة المباشرة بين الملويات البوابية والربو القصبي نوصي بالمزيد من الدراسات لاكتشاف تلك العلاقة .

Listing 1 - 9 of 9
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (9)


Language

English (7)

Arabic and English (1)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (1)

2017 (2)

2016 (2)

2015 (2)

2014 (1)

More...