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Article
Rh Incompatibility: Prevalence, Knowledge and Attitude for Premarital Test Couples.
المعارف والمواقف اتجاه عدم تطابق صنف الدم بين المقبلين على الزواج

Authors: Wisam Shaker Selman --- Hadi Jabor Suhail --- Ali Hassan Hayyawi
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2014 Volume: 4 Issue: 3 Pages: 123-130
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Objectives of the study: The study aims to determine the extent of the spread of knowledge, attitudes direction of blood group mismatch between couples Methodology:Conducted cross-sectional on 550 couple study in Rusafain Baghdad, for the period from 15th of January through April 2012 in the three specialized centers for screening couples before marriage which is Alawite,July 14, and Jamal al-Moussawi. The examinations before marriage include the examination of immune deficiency, and examination Special syphilis in addition to the screening of blood type for married couples. The study included all couples who reviewed during this period, voluntarily and without exception, giving them a copy of the questions prepared in advance to find out some details about the subjects included age, sex , educational attainment , and blood type for each pair.Data was analyzed by using percentage and chi square. Result: The highest prevalence rate among the holders of blood group (A) as it was 30.1 %, followed by holders of blood group (f) was 29.6 %, then the holders of blood type (b ) 27.2 % , and finally the holders of blood type ( AB ) it was 13.1 % The study found that the proportion of negative blood type was 4.2 % , including 3.6 % among females and 4.75 % for males. Also found that 41.7 % of the subjects knew about the nature of the tests performed as explained to them. Study that there is a relationship between the level of academic achievement for the pair and conviction Balmarjah examination , as was found to respond more educated couples ( 27.2 % ) while the least are illiterate ( 0.5% ).Conclusions: Less than half of the study group knew about the blood test done for them.Subjects with higher education gave the highest rate of true response,the illiterate on other hand gave the lowest true response about which case results in incompatibility.young age group attends their families and relatives for counseling about incompatibility , while the older age group attend medical advice at a higher rate .Recommendations: There is a great demand for a large sample to elevate the knowledge level aboutthe Rh incompatibility. Premarital test should :be emphasized on for screening and education.

أهداف الدراسة : تهدف الدراسة إلى تحديد مدى انتشار المعرفة والمواقف تجاه عدم تطابق فصيلة الدم بين المقبلين على الزواجالمنهجية: أجريت دراسة مقطعيةعلى 550( زوج وزوجة ) في جانب الرصافة في مدينة بغداد للفترة من 15 كانون الثانيإلى نهاية شهر نيسان 2012 في ثلاث مراكز تخصصية لفحص الأزواج ما قبل الزواج وهي العلوية , 14 تموز , وجمال الموسوي. وكانت فحوصات ما قبل الزواج تشتمل على فحص العوز المناعي , والفحص الخاص بالزهري بالإضافة الى فحص فصيلة الدم للمتزوجين. شملت الدراسة كافة الأزواج الذين راجعوا خلال هذه الفترة طوعا وبدون استثناء , بإعطائهم نسخة من أسئلة مهيأة سلفا لمعرفة بعض التفاصيل عن المفحوصين شملت العمر ,الجنس ,التحصيل الدراسي ,وفصيلة الدم الخاصة بكل زوج .وتمتحليل النتائج باستخدام الوسائل الاحصائية الوصفية كالنسبة المئوية والاستنتاجية كمربع كاي بواسطة10Spssالنتائج: كان أعلى معدل انتشار بين حاملي فصيلة دم ( ِA )اذ كان 30.1% , يليه حاملي فصيلة دم ( O ) وكان 29.6% , ثم حاملي فصيلة دم (B ) 27.2% , وأخيرا حاملي فصيلة دم (AB ) 13.1%. وجد من خلال الدراسة أن نسبة فصيلة الدم السالبة كانت 4.2 % منها 3.6% بين الإناث و 4.75% بين الذكور. كما وجد أن 41.7% من المفحوصين يعرفون عن ماهية الفحوص التي تجرى لها.كما أوضحت الدراسة أن هناك علاقة بين مستوى التحصيل الدراسي للزوج والقناعة بالمراجعة للفحص, أذ وجد ان الازواج المثقفين يستجيبون أكثر ( 27.2% ) بينما كان الأقل هم ألاميون ( 0.5 % ) الاستنتاجات: اقل من نصف مجموعة الدراسة عرف عن اختبار الدم الذي اجري لهم. كما وأعطى الأشخاصذوي التعليم العالي أعلى معدل للاستجابة الحقيقية، وأعطى الأميون على الجانب الآخر أقل استجابة حقيقية عن هذه الحالة التي تؤدي إلى عدم التطابق. 3. يطلب الفئة العمرية من الشباب من أسرهم وأقاربهم لتقديم المشورة حول عدم التوافق، في حين تطلب الفئة العمرية الأكبر سنا المشورة الطبية بمعدل أعلى.التوصيات: رفع مستوى المعرفة حول عدم تطابق فصيلة الدم والاستفادة من قنوات و سائل الإعلام المختلفة؛ وتدريس الموضوع في مناهج المدارس الثانوية التقليدية؛ وبرنامج التثقيف الصحي كما ينبغي التأكيد على الاختبار قبل الزواج


Article
SELECTING OF AN EFFECTIVE ADSORBENT FOR TREATING PHOSPHATE CONTAMINATION
اختيار ماده ممتزه فعالة لإزالة تلوث الفوسفات

Authors: Ahmed Hassoon Ali --- Younis Swadi Tlaiaa --- Lahieb Faisal M. Ali --- Ali Qasim Rdhaiwi
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 5 Pages: 136-155
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

: Experimental researches on adsorptive capacity of: Granular Activated Carbon GAC, Phosphate Rock PR, Saw Dust SD and Rice Husk RH for phosphate removal from simulated wastewater were conducted. Results showed that removal efficiency of four adsorbents were in the consequence as: RR (82.6%) ˃ SD (43.72%) ˃ GAC (41.28%) ˃ RH (34.4%). To understand the action of phosphate uptake, factors influencing the adsorption process using best adsorbent (PR) including pH, mixing speed, contact time, weight of the adsorbent, initial phosphate concentration and temperature were investigated. It was found that the equilibrium data fitted very well to the Langmuir model with high determination coefficient (R2). The maximum uptake capacity (qmax) was 24.716 mg/g. Adsorption data were modeled using the pseudo-first, pseudo-second-order, Intraparticle diffusion and Elovich models. It was found that, the pseudo- second-order kinetic equation could best describe the adsorption kinetics. Thermodynamic parameters showed that the adsorption of investigated phosphate onto PR was exothermic, spontaneous in nature and the process is physiosorption. It was found that sodium hydroxide (0.1 M NaOH) was efficient desorbent solution in recovery of phosphate pollutant among different desorbents: HCl, H2SO4, NaOH, Na2CO3, EDTA and deionized distilled water (DDW) from PR. The breakthrough curves for the adsorption column test was obtained in a continuous adsorption fixed-bed experiment, The measured breakthrough times for RH, GAC, SD and PR were found to be 10, 30, 40 and 60 min, respectively.

: تم في هذه الدراسة بحث القابلية الامتزازية لكل من : الكاربون المنشط الحبيبي (GAC)، الصخور الفوسفاتية (PR)، نشارة الخشب (SD) وقشور الرز (RH) لإزالة الفوسفات من المياه الملوثة المصنعة. لقد بينت النتائج ان كفاءه الازالة لكل من المواد الممتزة الاربعة هي على النحو التالي: الصخور الفوسفاتية (82.6%) ˂ نشارة الخشب (43.72%) ˂ الكاربون المنشط الحبيبي ˂ (41.28%) ˂ قشور الرز (34.4%). ولفهم آليه أزاله الفوسفات فان العوامل المؤثرة على عمليه الامتزاز باستخدام أفضل مادة ممتزة (الصخور الفوسفاتية) متضمنه كل من : الرقم الهيدروجيني ، سرعة المزج، وقت التلامس، وزن المادة الممتزة، التركيز الابتدائي ودرجة الحرارة سوف يتم اختبارها. لقد تم اكتشاف ان النتائج العملية تنطبق بصورة جيدة جداَ مع النموذج الرياضي لانكَمير وبمعامل ارتباط عالي وكانت أكبر سعة امتزاز (qmax) 24.716 ملغم/غم .نتائج الامتزاز تم تطبيقها على موديلات الحركة من الدرجة الاولى، الثانية، الانتشار الداخلي وموديل أيلوفج حيث بينت النتائج ان موديل الحركة من الدرجة الثانية يمثل نتائج الامتزاز بصورة جيدة. محددات الحرارة التي تم ايجادها لعملية امتزاز الفوسفات على الصخور الفوسفاتية بينت ان العملية تلقائية وفيزيائية بطبيعتها. لقد تم ايجاد ان هيدروكسيد الصوديوم (0.1M) هو الأكفأ في استعاده الفوسفات من الصخور الفوسفاتية من بين عده محاليل اعاد امتزاز هي HCl, H2SO4, NaOH, Na2CO3, EDTA ، DDW. منحنيات الانكسار لعمود الامتزاز تم الحصول عليها من تجارب الامتزاز ذات النمط المستمر. اوقات منحنيات الانكسار تم ايجادها لكل من RH, GAC, SD and PR لتكون 10، 30، 40 و 60 دقيقة على التوالي.

Keywords

Adsorption --- Phosphate --- GAC --- PR --- RH.


Article
Study The Relationship Between ABO Blood Groups And Gingivitis Disease
دراسة العلاقة بين فصائل الدم ABO ومرض التهاب اللثة

Authors: Tamara Ala`a --- Hayfa`a Jaber --- Bushra Habeeb
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2014 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 18-23
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Objectives : Design this study to determine whether there was a relationship between gingival diseases and ABO blood groups .Methods : Data were collected from 129 subjects who were randomly selected from students referred to the Faculty of Dentistry .The study based on periodontal condition, blood group, and medical history. The effects of blood subgroups on periodontal health, gingivitis and periodontitis were investigated separately.Results : In the present study, all the cases were first segregated into groups based on Loe and Silness index as: group I (mild (initial) gingivitis), group II (moderate( early) gingivitis), and group III (sever (established) gingivitis), and were further divided into four grades based on Ramfjord's Periodontal Index. Blood samples were analyzed to determine blood group and Rhesus factor.Conclusions : ABO blood subgroups and Rh factor may constitute a risk factor on the development of periodontal disease. However, long-term studies are needed to make a more comprehensive assessment of the effects of ABO group on periodontal diseases.

الأهداف: تصميم هذه الدراسة لتحديد ما إذا كانت هناك علاقة بين أمراض اللثة وفصائل الدم ABO.الطرق: تم جمع البيانات من 129 شخص الذين تم اختيارهم بشكل عشوائي من الطلاب المشار إليهم في كلية طب الأسنان. اعتمدت هذه الدراسة على حالة اللثة، فصيلة الدم، والتاريخ الطبي. وقد تمت دراسة تأثيرات مجموعات الدم الفرعية على صحة اللثة، التهاب اللثة والتهابات اللثة بشكل منفصل.النتائج: في هذه الدراسة، تم فصل جميع الحالات الأولى إلى مجموعات على أساس مؤشر Loe و Silness على النحو التالي: المجموعة الأولى (خفيفة ( ابتدائي) التهاب اللثة)، المجموعة الثانية (معتدلة(مبكر) التهاب اللثة)، والمجموعة الثالثة (حادة (الثابتة)التهاب اللثة)، وقسمت إلى أربع درجات على أساس مؤشر Ramfjord في اللثة. وقد تم تحليل عينات الدم لتحديد فصيلة الدم وعامل Rh .الاستنتاجات: مجموعات الدم الفرعية ABO وعامل Rh قد يشكلا عاملا خطرا على تطوير التهاب اللثة. ومع ذلك، هناك حاجة لدراسات على المدى الطويل لإجراء تقييم أكثر شمولا لتأثيرات مجموعة ABO على أمراض اللثة.


Article
Rh incompatibility Among Newly Married Couples in Diyal
عدم تطابق العامل الريسوسي بين الأزواج الجدد في محافظة ديالى

Authors: Abdul-Razak Sh.Hasan عبد الرزاق شفيق --- Ahmed Samir Al-Naaimi احمد سمير --- Firas A. Jabbar فراس عطا
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2005 Volume: 18 Issue: 3 Pages: 248-253
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract:Objectives: The present study aims to explore the rate of ABO and Rh incompatibility among newly married couples in Diyala province, and assess their awareness of the medical consequences of this problem.Materials & methods: A cross sectional study was carried out on a sample of 2272 subjects (1136 couples) attending the public health laboratory in Baquba for pre-marital investigations. The ABO and Rh blood groups were recorded and data were taken by personal interview from Rh incompatible couples.Results: Rh-incompatiblity (Rh-positive husband and Rh-negative wife) was demonstrated in 42 out of 1136 examined couples with a prevalence rate of 3.7%. Among those 42 Rh-incompatible couples 27 (64.3%) of the husbands had no prior knowledge about their wife ABO and Rh blood group. Furthermore, 35 (83.3%) of those husbands, again had no awareness about the health consequences that might arises due to Rh-incompatibility. The previous knowledge of housewife ABO and Rh blood group had significantly increased the risk of having prior knowledge about the complications of Rh-incompatibility 17.3 times more than that of those with no previous knowledge about the blood group. Conclusion: Premarriage education toward the health consequences of Rh incompatibility may improve the quality of life for those who are Rh incompatible.

الملخص: أجريت هذه الدراسة على 2272 من المتقدمين للزواج لمعرفة نسبة عدم التطابق في العامل الريسوسي بينهم (الزوجة سالب والزوج موجب) 0 أظهرت الدراسة عدم وجود تطابق ريسوسي بين 1,8% منهم، وان 63,3% و 83,3% من الأزواج الذكور ليس لديهم معرفة مسبقة بفصيلة دم زوجته وليس لديهم معرفة حول الآثار الصحية قد تحدث بسبب عدم تطابق ا لعامل الريسوسي على التوالي0 اتضح أيضا أن 50,3% من الزيجات هي بين الأقارب، وان هذه النوع من الزيجات لا يزيد من معرفة الزوج بفصيلة دم زوجيه ولا بمع26رفته بالآثار الصحية للعامل الريسوسي0 من جانب أخر فان معرفة ألا زواج باختلاف العامل الريسوسي لزوجانهم قد أدى إلى زيادة معنوية في معرفتهم بالآثار السلبية لهذه الحالة0 تقترح الدراسة زيادة تثقيف المقبلين على الزواج حول هذا الموضوع تجنبا لمضاعفاتة0


Article
Distribution of Blood Groups and Rhesus factor among selected sample of Iraqi Students

Authors: Salwa Sh. Abdulwahid --- Karim Al- Jashamy
Journal: Iraq Joural of Hematology المجلة العراقية لامراض الدم ISSN: 20728069/25432702 Year: 2015 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 59-63
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Background: There exists ignorance of blood groups among many people and surprisinglyeven among the literates. Despite the importance of this health parameter in blood transfusion,it is also one of the requirement of obtaining driving license and national identity card.Objectives: The objectives of this study were to determine the frequency of the bloodgrouping (ABO) and Rhesus (Rh) factor of the blood groups and to determine the awarenesson the importance of blood grouping among the study's populationSubjects and methods: The total number of sample size of this study was 278 students wereselected randomly. The study was carried out among two cohort of student's population. Firstcohort was 168 medical students from Faculty of Medicine, while second cohort included 110non-medical students from Baquba Technical Institute' students. The study samples have theirblood groups determined according to that documented before. While those who don’t knowtheir ABO & Rh blood grouping marked as DK.Results: The result of this study shows that the rate of blood grouping were 25.5%, 22.3%,32.0%, 6.1%, and 16.9 %, for blood group A, B, O, AB, and DK respectively ;while forRhesus factor blood grouping the results revealed that the rates were 77.0%, 6.1% and 16.9%,for positive, negative and DK respectively.Conclusion: The blood group O with Rh positive was the most common prevalent among theselected groups, Knowledge of blood group distribution is important for clinical studies, forreliable geographical information and for forensic studies in the population.

Keywords

ABO --- blood groups --- Rhesus --- Rh factor --- students


Article
Theoretical test for chirality's in negative parity states of Rhodium (Rh)-105
أختبار نظري للتماثل اليدوي لمستويات البرم السالب في نواة إل 105Rh

Author: Nabeil I. Fawaz نبيل ابراهيم فواز
Journal: Journal of university of Anbar for Pure science مجلة جامعة الانبار للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: ISSN: 19918941 Year: 2011 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 41-48
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

The chirality in the negative-parity levels in 105Rh nucleus has been examined by the theoretical model Interacting Boson-Fermion Model (IBFM). The IBFM succeed in prediction the negative parity excitation energy in the 105Rh nucleus. Including high-j orbits in the IBFM calculations or not gave nearly the same behavior. This nucleus could have static chirality but not vibration chirality. The negative parity bands dose not show the ideal chiral symmetry.

105 تم اختبارها بأستخدام نموذج تفاعل البوزون – فرمیون. نجح نموذج Rh الخلاصة :التماثل الیدوي لمستویات البرم السالب في نواة التفاعل البوزون – فرمیون في تحدید مستویات الطاقه ذات البرم السالب. أضافة المدا ا رت العلیا في حسابات نموذج تفاعل البوزون – فرمیون لایغیر من تصرف المستویات. یمكن تصنیف هذه النواة على انها تمتلك تماثل یدوي ساكن ولیس تماثل اهت ا ززي . حزم التماثل السالب لا تظهرتماثل یدوي مثالي .


Article
Atypical Presentaion of Abruptio Placentae, A Case Report

Author: Yosra Tahir Jarjees
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2010 Volume: 9 Issue: 3 Pages: 342-344
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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ABSTRACT:Abruptio placentae is a severe pregnancy complication that occurs in about 1% of gestations. This pregnancy complication has been found to increase maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality considerably. The purpose of presenting this case report is to show that abruptio placentae can be presented in a different way apart from the classical presentation, and to show the association between Rh-isoimmunization and abruption placentae. The way to reach the diagnosis and how to manage the case has been also discussed thoroughly.


Article
Prevalence of Anti-Rh (D) Antibody in Karbala

Author: Mohammed Shnain Ali
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2013 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 1644-1647
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: Neither Rh(D) positive individuals nor Rh (D) negative individualsnormally have anti-Rh(D) antibody in their blood; however, Rh (D) negativeindividuals have the ability to form such antibody when they are transfused withRh(D) positive blood.Objective: To determine the prevalence of anti-Rh (D) antibody in Karbala.Patients and methods: From January 2012 to March 2013, 226 patients (127 males and 99females with age range of 20-49 years) were studied after their consent. For each patient, 4ml of venous blood sample was obtained and investigated as follows:Two ml of blood were transferred to EDTA tube for ABO and Rh(D) grouping using thecommercially available kit (monoclonal anti-A, anti-B and anti-D) by doing the ordinary tilemethod (equal volumes of blood and reagent were mixed on tile looking visually for theagglutination for positive reaction and positive result. Absence of agglutination meansnegative reaction and negative result). The other 2 ml of blood were transferred to plain tube,centrifuged and serum is investigated for anti-Rh(D) antibody in Rh(D) negative individualsby double dilutions of each serum and antibody titration method.Results: Out of 226 individuals, 186 (82.3%) were Rh(D) positive, 40 (17.7%) were Rh(D)negative, and 2 were found to be positive for anti-Rh(D) antibody. The prevalence of anti-Rh(D) antibody is 0.88%.Conclusion: The study showed that the prevalence of anti-Rh(D) antibody in Karbala is0.88%.


Article
Study the Relationship between Helicobacter pylori Infection and ABO Blood Groups and Rh Status

Author: Hasan Abd Ali Khudhair
Journal: Journal of Education for Pure Science مجلة التربية للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 20736592 Year: 2017 Volume: 7 Issue: 3 Pages: 48-56
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

AbstractThis paper was aimed to investigate the association between the ABO blood groups and H.pylori infection and to determine how much endoscopic findings are predict for the presence ofactive H. pylori infection. One hundred and twenty dyspeptic patients (as diagnosed by endoscopyand confirmed by histopathology) and sixty apparently healthy individuals were enrolled in thisstudy. All subjects were underwent ABO blood grouping and Rhesus (Rh) systems determination.The results reveals higher frequency present of blood type O and the lowest frequency present ofblood types A and AB among H. pylori patients compared to positive control group. The endoscopicfindings showed low sensitivity in the diagnosis of H. pylori associated gastritis. In conclusion, thereare considerable positive relationship between H. pylori infection and blood type O.


Article
Distribution of red cell antigens according to ABO, Rh and other rare blood group systems in Kurdish ethnicity

Authors: Hisham A. Getta --- Shaema S.Amin --- Najmaddin Khoshnaw --- Belal A. Muhammad
Journal: Iraq Joural of Hematology المجلة العراقية لامراض الدم ISSN: 20728069/25432702 Year: 2016 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 55-80
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Background: Among more than 30 blood group systems, nine of them namely ABO, Rh, Kell, Kidd,Duffy, MNS, P, Lewis and Lutheran are considered to be clinically significant. The distributions of theseblood groups are different between populations across the world. Studies about the frequency of bloodgroups in Kurdish ethnicity are very limited in the literature.Objectives: to explore the distribution of red cell antigens and phenotypes of various blood groupsamong Kurdish population using different systems.Materials and Methods: five thousand blood donors attending the central blood bank of Sulaymaniyahprovince were randomly selected and tested for ABO and Rh antigens (D, C, c, E, & e) by using tubemethod. 500 donors were randomly selected and further analyzed using other blood group systems.Results: In the ABO system, the most common phenotype was O (37%), followed by A (32.6%), B(22.8%) and AB (7.6%). Among the Rh blood group antigens, e was the most common (95.2%) followedby D (91.3%), C (74.8%), c (69.4%), and E (30.6%) with DCe/DCe(R1R1) and dce/dce(rr) being themost common phenotypes among Rh-D+ve and Rh-D-ve groups, respectively. The most commonphenotypes for other blood systems were as follow; Kell(K-k+,94%), Kidd(jk a+b+,44.5%), Duffy(fya+b+,45%), Lutheran(Lu a-b+,92%), Lewis(Le a-b+,54.5%), P(P1,76%), MNS(M+N+S-s+,40%)Conclusion: the various red cell antigens recorded by different blood grouping systems in this study wasintermediate between the European and Asian countries with some specificity to the Kurds populationreflecting the distinct geographical area and preserved ethnic background of the Kurds in the region.Keywords: ABO, Rhesus (Rh), red cell antigen, Kurdish ethnicity.

Keywords

ABO --- Rhesus --- Rh --- red cell antigen --- Kurdish ethnicity

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