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Article
Chest Radiographic Finding in Neonatal Dyspnea

Authors: Raed Haleem Al-Saad --- Falah Diab Salih
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2008 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 40-44
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Respiratory distress is one of the commonest disorders within the firs 48 - 72 hours of live and any sign of postnatal respiratory distress is an indication for roentgenogram of the chest.
Objectives: Is to show the range of chest radiographic findings in full term newborn babies suffering from respiratory distress, at or soon after birth.
Method: This is a prospective study that was conducted in the special care baby units in Baghdad teaching hospital and Children welfare teaching hospital during 2002. Anteroposterior chest radiograph in supine position of (129) full term newborn babies, presented with a chief complaint of respiratory distress were examined.
Results: The commonest cause of respiratory distress was transient tachypnea of newborn (41.8%), most of these showed hyperinflation (77%) and prominent pulmonary markings (68%) .Normal chest films seen in (16%). Pulmonary infection seen in (17.8%) of cases, with findings of bronchopneumonia (43%), and lobar consolidation affecting mostly the right upper lobe (34%). Other causes were respiratory distress syndrome (13.1%), meconium aspiration (13.1%), congenital heart disease (9.3%). Less frequent causes were pneumothorax, congenital lobar emphysema, congenital diaphragmatic hernia and pleural effusion.
Conclusion: Any sign of post– natal respiratory distress is an indication for roentgenogram of the chest which should be taken as early as possible. In addition, chest radiograph should be read by an expert radiologist.
Key words: chest radiography neonatal dyspnea


Article
Ultrasound versus Plain Radiography in the Detection of Pneumoperitoneum
الأمواج فوق الصوتية مقابــل الأشعة البسيطة في اكتشاف استرواح البطن الهوائي

Author: Ibtesam K.S. Al-Shadydy د.ابتسام الشديدي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2006 Volume: 19 Issue: 1 Pages: 65-68
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Abstract:Objective: To compare plain radiography with ultrasonography in the detection of pneumoperitoneum.Methods: A total of 72 patients with suspected hollow viscus perforation were studied. All patients had ultrasonography, upright chest radiography and left lateral decubitus abdominal radiography examination. The sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value, and accuracy of upright chest and abdominal radiography were compared with that of abdominal ultrasonography.Results: Sixty eight patients underwent laparotomy; 66 patients had hollow viscus perforations, (if we include four patients had perforated appendicitis) and two had acute cholecystitis. In the diagnosis of pneumoperitoneum, ultrasonography had improved sensitivity (90 versus 75 percent), negative predictive value (36 versus 18 percent), and accuracy (88 versus 74 percent), and similar specificity (both 50 percent), and positive predictive value (95 versus 93 percent) compared with plain radiography.Conclusion: Ultrasonography is more sensitive than plain radiography in the diagnosis of pneumoperitoneum.Key words: Ultrasonography, Radiography, Pneumoperitoneum.

الملخص:الهدف : لمقارنة الأشعة البسيطة مع الأمواج فوق الصوتية (السونار) في اكتشاف استرواح البطن الهوائي.الطرق: أثنان وسبعون مريضاً محتمل اصابتهم بأضرار في الأمعاء تم دراستهم. جميع المرضى اجريت لهم الأمواج فوق الصوتية للبطن وإشعة الصدر في وضع الوقوف وأشعة البطن الجانبية في وضع النوم. نسبة الحساسية والتخصص، نسبة التنبؤ الإيجابي والسلبي ونسبة الدقة في أشعة البطن قورنت بنتائج الأمواج فوق الصوتية للبطن. النتائج: ثمان وستون مريضاً تم إجراء التداخل الجراحي عليهم، اثنان وستون كانت النتائج بسبب أضرار في الأمعاء ، أربعة مرضى بسبب انثقاب الزائدة الدودية واثنان بسبب التهاب المرارة الحاد. في حالة تشخيص استرواح البطن الهوائي، الأمواج فوق الصوتية لها درجة أفضل من ناحية الحساسية [ (90) إلى (75) بالمائة] التنبؤ السلبي [ (36) إلى (18) بالمائة] نفس درجة التخصص [ (50) بالمائة] والتنبؤ الإيجابي [ (95) إلى (93) بالمائة] مقارنة بالأشعة البسيطة للبطن.الاستنتاج: الأشعة فوق الصوتية للبطن أكثر حساسية من الأشعة البسيطة في تشخيص استرواح البطن الهوائي.


Article
GROSSLY AND MICROSCOPIC STUDY OF THE TRACHEA AND BRONCHIAL TREE IN THE LOCAL SHEEP ( OVIS ARIS).

Author: Saffia Kareem Wally Al- Umeri
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: 18138497 Year: 2015 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 145-155
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The trachea of the local sheep is a tubular structure that begins at the cricoid cartilage of the larynx and ends when it bifurcates to form the principle bronchi, composed of series of incomplete rings that were incomplete dorsally present between of them longitudinal folds. The study include twelve specimens divided into four groups grossly, histological study, cast and radiography. The anatomical study include the mean total tracheal length from the first ring to the bifurcation about (25.9 cm) , mean number of cartilaginous rings (48.6), mean number of folds (45), measured the length of trachea from the cricoids cartilage to the trachealis bronchus which enter to the cranial lobe of lung which branches from the trachea in last third before divided into two bronchi right and left each of one enter the lung for respiration also measure diameters of each tracheal ring which deference according the position of rings, which decrease of diameters when direction caudally to the root of lung the rings have different shape in the three parts of the trachea cervical, middle and thoracic the histological study showed the trachea lining pseudo stratified ciliated columnar epithelium with goblet cells, the wall of trachea consist of mucosa, submuosa, hyaline cartilage and adventitia and have large amount of tracheal gland,the trachealis muscle composed of elastic fibers interupted with smooth fibers.The cast of trachea showed the bronchial tree and radiography explain the trachea , bronchi and bronchioles.

Keywords

Trachea --- Radiography --- Rings.


Article
Reliability of Soft Tissue Analysis in Conventional and Digital Cephalographs

Author: Ruba J Mohammed
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2013 Volume: 13 Issue: 21 Pages: 108-115
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: This study compared the reliability of measurements of soft tissue cephalometric analysis be-tween the direct digital and conventional cephalometric images using computerized cephalometric pro-gram and hand tracing. Materials and Methods: The adult sample consisted of (30) Iraqi subjects (females and males) with age ranged 18 – 25 years old, the samples satisfied the criteria of this study. Nine soft tissue measurements were recorded from lateral cephalometric radiographs using either hand tracing or digitally directly on the monitor. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistic and stu-dent’s t–test. Results: No significant differences were found between the conventional or hand tracing and digital cephalometric analysis. Conclusions: The analysis of soft tissue profile using digital cepha-lometric analysis is reliable as using the conventional method. Yet, the digital method had more benefit than the conventional method, such as reduction of the radiation dose and the image enhancement.


Article
Prevalence of Dental Anomalies among Iraqi Dental Students

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Abstract

Background: Dental anomalies are abnormal tooth condition occurs due to certain genes or environmental factor disturb tooth development during morphodifferentiation stages, affecting group of teeth or entire dentition. The aim of the study is to evaluate the frequency of occurrence of dental anomalies among dental student.Materials and Methods: Three hundred dental students with age ranged (18-23 years) were examined clinically and radiographically searching for dental anomalies in shape, number and position.Results: Only 25 students (8.3 %) from the total sample (300) had dental anomalies, female form the higher percentage of anomalies (about 68%) compared to male (32%). The age group (22 years) which was the larger group had a higher percentage of dental anomalies (about 40%). Regarding the type of anomalies found, disturbance in number of teeth represent the higher percentage (48%); but impacted third molar represent the most common subtype of positional anomalies found in the study (20%).Conclusion: Higher percentage of dental anomalies detected in female and larger age group, study of dental anomalies was of great importance especially prior to orthodontic and surgical intervention


Article
Panoramic Radiography, Diagnosis and Abnormalities.

Author: Amera K Khalil
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 12 Pages: 205-212
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aim: To find the importance of panoramic radiograph as aid in iagnosis, prognosis and determination of treatment complexity.Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among (132) panoramic radiographs of males and females which were nearly equal in numbers.The mean age of males was (36.73) years and the mean age of the females was ( 29.82) years. Result: Among these radiographs (0.75%) showed edentulous upper and lower ridges, ( 0.75%) showed multiple dental implants, (1.51%) showed fixative appliance, ( 8.33%) showed fixed bridges, ( 9.84%) showed retained roots, (16.66%) showed endodonticallytreated teeth, (5.3%) showed radiopaque lesions. The dental caries experience of the total patients were (6.92) for D3MFT and (4.07) for D3FS. The majority of caries experience was found in permanent molars. The percentage of radiograph that showed microdontia and congenitalmissing teeth were (4.54%) and (10.6%) respectively, the number of males was higher than that of females and mostly related to third molars. The percentage of hyperdontia (0.75%), dilacerations (4.54%), concrescence (0.75%). The number of impacted teeth in femaleswas higher than that in males with statistically significant difference. Conclusion:The panoramic survey is necessary for all patients.


Article
Relationship between permanent maxillary canine and floor of the maxillary sinus through aging

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Abstract

AbstractThe maxillary sinus are pyramidal shaped cavities in the mid-facial aspect of theskull; they are bilateral structures, located beside each nasal fossa. Knowledge of therelationship between the root apex and the inferior wall of the maxillary sinus iscrucial for diagnosis and treating a sinus pathosis as well as in assisting dentalimplantation, endodontic procedures and orthodontic treatment. Thirty patientsattending Al-Ma’amoon dental centre were selected in this study according to aspecial criteria. Four digital periapical x –rays were taken for each patient using dentalx – ray machine two views demonstrated both right and left permanent canines tomeasure the length of each tooth by direct double click technique, the other two viewswere taking with concentration on the apical area of each tooth, to measure the exactdistance between the apex of the tooth and the floor of the maxillary sinus. Results ofthis study found that the distance between the apices of right permanent maxillarycanines and the base of maxillary sinus was greater than that of left side and thedistance between the canine apex and the floor of maxillary sinus increasing with increasing age.


Article
Evaluation of dental health and thickness of mandibular inferior cortex among menopaused Iraqi cigarette smokers sample by the aid of using digitapanoramic radiography

Authors: Dr. Dujanah S. Al-Abboushi, B.D.S., M.Sc.** د. دجانة العبوسي --- Assist. Prof. Dr. Lamia H. Al-Nakib, B.D.S., M.Sc د. لمياء النقيب
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2010 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 235-244
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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AbstractSmoking is linked to osteoporosis through its anti-estrogenic effect in womenwhich results in premature menopause in smokers and increased bone resorption iscorrelated with estrogen loss in menopause women. The aim of this study is toevaluate the effects of smoking and hormonal changes on the thickness of mandibularinferior cortex and the dentition status in both maxilla and mandible (DMFT) inmenopausal females and to estimate the value of panoramic radiographic findings inassessing the possibility of latent osteoporosis. Panoramic images for 80 healthy,median stature, smokers and non-smokers Iraqi female subjects aged (20-35) yearspremenopausal and (45-60) years menopause was done, then the thickness ofmandibular inferior cortex and (DMFT) was evaluated. The results showed thatpanoramic radiographic measurements are considered as indicator of bone turnoverand the dentist is able to identify smokers and non-smokers postmenopausal femaleswith increase risk of osteopenia and osteoporosis by using dental panoramicradiography which is a simple valuable screening tool.


Article
An Analysis of Digital Panoramic Radiographs for the Shape Appearance and Position of Mental Foramen (A Comparative Study Betmeew Dentate and Edentulous Patients) Assit prof.

Authors: Dr. Aqeel Ibraheem Lazem B.D.S MSC. د.عقيل ابراهيم --- Dr. Ahlam A.Fattah B.D.S MSC. د. احلام فتاح
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2007 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 22-29
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Digital panoramic radiographs were analyzed to study the shape, appearance, relative vertical and horizontal position of mental foramen in both dentate and edentulous patientsDigital panoramic radiographs were made to 144 patients, 76 dentate, (38 female and 38 male) and 68 edentulous, (30 female and 38 male). The age distribution of them was ranging between (24 – 73) years old. Mental foramen was unidentified on both sides ( right and left ) on 8 radiographs , so these 8 radiographs were excluded from the sample , which are consisting 5.5 % of the total sample . While mental foramen was unidentified on only one side ( either right or left ) of a radiograph , was included within the sample , which means that 136 radiographs (272 sides ) were included in this study 72 dentate (144 sides ) and 64 edentulous (128 sides ) radiographs . Chi – square test was used to compare the shape and the appearance of mental foramen between the two groups (dentate and edentulous), while Student t – test was used to compare the relative vertical and horizontal position of mental foramen between them.The comparison between dentate and edentulous groups showed no significant difference in the shape and appearance of mental foramen when Chi- square test was used. While the comparison using Student t- test showed a highly significant difference between the two groups in relative vertical position , and a significant difference in relative horizontal position of mental foramen .No significant difference was found in the shape and appearance of mental foramen on the digital panoramic radiograph, for both dentate and edentulous patients, while the vertical and horizontal positions of mental foramen were not constant between them.


Article
Assessment of the subjective image quality in the digital panoramic radiography at a reduced tube current level

Author: Dr. Ahlam A. Fattah B.D.S M.Sc. ( Ass. Prof.) د.احلام فتاح
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2006 Volume: 3 Issue: 4 Pages: 346-350
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

To assess the subjective image quality in digital panoramic radiograph, when thetube current level (mA) is reduced.By Dimax 3 digital planmeca x-ray machine two digital panoramic projections canobtained for a dry skull , the first projections was performed at standard exposuresetting , the tube current level (mA) was reduced in the second exposure by 25% ,50% , and 75% respectively . 10 observers evaluated both projections for theanatomical landmarks which are commonly appearing in the panoramic radiograph.Radiographs taken at the reduced (mA) level of 75% had highly statisticallysignificant inferior score P<0.0001 for anatomical details.At reduced tube current level (mA), radiographs had inferior subjective image quality,but a reduction in tube current level (mA) of approximately 50% is accepted.

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