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Article
Evaluation of the Apical Seal in Root Canals Prepared with Rotary ProTaper Files and Obturated by Different Methods

Authors: Raghad A Al-Askary --- Wiaam M O Al-Ashou --- Sabah A Ismail
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2011 Volume: 11 Issue: 18 Pages: 390-396
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the apical sealing ability of matched-taper Single-cone, Thermafil, and Cold lateral condensation obturations. Materials and Methods: Thirty-six ex-tracted human lower canine teeth were instrumented to size (F3) with ProTaper rotary instruments after cutting of their crowns to the cement-enamel junction CEJ. The working length was determined for each tooth. The teeth were divided into (3) groups (10) of each and (6) teeth were used as a positive and negative control groups. The teeth were obturated with matched-taper Single-cone, Thermafil, and lateral condensation techniques. Tgadseal was used as a root sealer in this study. A die penetration method was used to evaluate the apical seal using a stereomicroscope at 40X magnification. One-way analysis of variance and Duncan's tests were used for statistical analysis. Results: The statistical anal-ysis of the results demonstrated that there was no statistically significant difference in microleakage between the lateral condensation and Thermafil groups. The matched taper single cone showed the least microleakage with a significant difference than the other two groups. Conclusions: The apical sealing ability of Matched-taper Single-cone obturation was better than the lateral condensation and Thermafil techniques when the root canal was prepared using a ProTaper rotary instrumentation.


Article
Fracture Resistance of Roots After Canal Preparation by Two Methods and Obturated by Different Techniques ISSN

Author: Wiaam M.O. AL-Ashou
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2014 Volume: 14 Issue: 25 Pages: 212-219
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: The purposes of this in vitro study are to investigate the effect of instrumentation types ( hand and rotary instrumentations) and obturation techniques (Cold lateral, and Thermafil) on vertical root fracture. Materials and Methods: The crown of the 100 single rooted teeth were removed leaving 12mm of the roots length, then the root randomly divided into four groups. Control –ve Group(n=10), Hand Group(n=30), ProTaper Group(n=30) and Helix Group(n=30) according to the type of the instrument used to prepared the root canals. After that, the last three groups subdivided into subgroups according to the obturation technique either by using Cold Lateral condensation technique or Thermafil obturation technique. After the sealer set, the roots were embedded in acrylic moulds and subjected to compressive loading, the load at which the fracture occurred was recorded and statically analysis. Results: the fracture resistance of the root prepared by Helix and ProTaper files were significantly greater than that obtained for the root canals prepared with hand K-files. The results of this study also demonstrated that when root canals obturated with Thermafil the roots resist the fracture load greater than that of the canals obturated with Cold Lateral condensation obturation but the difference is not statistically significant between them. Conclusions: the use of rotary nickel titanium files in endodontic treatment provides higher fracture resistance for the roots, and the use of the Cold Lateral condensation obturation technique may weaken the roots, so that the roots become more susceptible to the vertical root fracture.

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