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Article
Seropidemiology Of Human Hydatidosis InKirkuk And Tikrit/ Iraq

Authors: Suhela Shams AL-Den --- Suzan Adil --- Mohammed Abdul- Aziz Kadir
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2006 Volume: 48 Issue: 4 Pages: 397-401
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Hydatid disease is a serious infection of man caused by larval stage (hydatid) of the small dog tapeworm. Serological tests are important in the diagnosis of hydatid disease.
Objectives: The study was carried out to detect the rate of seropositivity of hydatid cysts in Kirkuk and Tikrit cities.
Materials and Methods: The retrospective hospital based and seroepidemiological studies were carried out in Kirkuk and Tikrit cities, during the period from beginning of January 2000 until the end of October 2003. The hospital based study included 125-hydatid cyst operations in hospitals of Kirkuk (82) and Tikrit (43). The serological tests used for detection of hydatid cysts antibody were latex agglutination test (LA) and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The seroepidemiological study included 288 individuals from different groups of populations: veterinarians (42), animal breeders (36), butchers (78), housewives (45), children (30) and other occupations (57).
Results: The rate of hydatid cysts operation in males (41.6%) was lower than females (58.4%). The highest rate of operation was at the age group between 21-30 years old (26.4%) and the lowest was among 51-60 years (12.8%). The highest rate of operation was sited in liver 91 (72.8%) followed by lung 19 (15.2%) and other sites 15 (12%).
The rate of seropositivity among different groups of occupation by using ELISA and LA tests were as follows: veterinarians (78.5% & 57.14%), animal breeders (58.3% & 22.22%), butchers (57.6% & 43.58%), housewives (60.0% & 48.8%), children (60.0% & 33.33%) and other occupations (38.6% & 21.05%) respectively. The rate of seropositivity in females was higher than males in both tests. In ELISA the rate in females and males was 74.1% and 51.20%, while in LA test the rate in females and males was 49.38% and 33.8 % respectively.
The distribution of seropositivity varied in different age groups. The highest rate was among the age group 31-40 years in both ELISA (74.07%) and LA (55.5%) tests.
Conclusions: The prevalence of hydatid disease in man was high in Kirkuk and Tikrit cities. The highest rate of seropositivity was among veterinarians followed by house wives, children and animal breeders. The ELISA test was more sensitive than LA for detection of seropositive cases of hydatid disease.


Article
Seroepidemiological study for the prevalence of Neospora caninum in Dairy & Beef cattle in some Iraqi provinces
دراسة وبائية مصلية لانتشار طفيلي Neospora caninum في أبقار الحليب واللحم في بعض محافظات العراق

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Abstract

A Seroepidemiological study of Neospora caninum was conducted in Al-Muthana and Al-Nasseria provinces, Iraq on 800 cows serum sample by using commercial Elisa kit. the overall seroprevalence ratio of Neospora caninum was 17.5%, on provincial basis Neospora caninum infection was present in these provinces that was 16 %, 18.4% in Al-Muthana, and Al-Nasseria provinces respectively,which non significant differences between provinces (P<0.05), Comparisons of N.caninum serological status with age groups (5-8 y) showed seropositive rate 21.32% that higher thanother groups with significant differences (P<0.05). antibodies of N.caninum showed in aborted cows 32.29% higher than non aborted cows 7.53% with significant differences (P<0.05). Also the infection rate in dairy cows 19.17% higher than beef cows 12.5% with significant differences (P<0.05).

تم إجراء دراسة مصلية وبائية في انتشار البوغية الكلبية الجديدة N.caninum في محافظتي المثنى والناصرية, على 800عينة مصل للأبقار باستخدام اختبار الاليزا التجارية وكانت نسبة الإصابة الكلية17.5%وكانت نسبة الإصابة في محافظة المثنى والناصرية 16 % ,18.4% على التوالي وبدون فرق معنوي ذو دلالة إحصائية (P>0.05). وأظهرت نتائج الدراسة مقارنة للأعمار إن اعلي الفئات العمرية إصابة هي الفئة (5-8 y) وبنسبة 21.32% وكانت أعلى من المجاميع الأخرى وبفرق معنوي (P<0.05).كذلك أظهرت نتائج الدراسة إن معدل الإصابة في الأبقار المجهضة 32.29% أعلى من الأبقار الغير مجهضة 7.53% وكذلك نسبة إصابة أبقار الحليب 19.17% أعلى من أبقار اللحم 12.5% وبفرق معنوي ذو دلالة إحصائية (P<0.05), نتائج الدراسة تشير إلى انتشار الطفيلي في محافظات العراق.


Article
Seroepidemiology of PPR in goats in Basrah province
دراسة وبائية مصلية لل PPP في الماعز في محافظة البصرة

Author: R. K. Muhsen رحمن كاظم محسن
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences مجلة القادسية لعلوم الطب البيطري ISSN: 18185746 23134429 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 139-143
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

This study was conducted in Basrah at period from March throughout the September 2011. 1175 blood samples were collected from goats in five regions of Basrah province that have no signs of disease and no any history of vaccination to estimate the seroprevalence of PPR in goats and undergoes to the cELISA test. The results of the study revealed that , the seroprevalence of the disease was 27.6 % . There were no significant differences in the seroprevalence in relation to sex and regions of the study (P ˃ 0.05 ). On other hand, the prevalence of PPR was higher significantly in the goats between 1 – 3 years of age compared with other age groups.

أجريت هذه الدراسة في البصرة للفترة من اذار الى أيلول 2011 . تم جمع 1175 نموذج دم من الماعز غير الملقح سابقا في خمس مناطق جغرافية من محافظة البصرة و خضعت نماذج الدم لاختبار الاليزا للتحري عن الاضداد . أظهرت النتائج ان نسبة انتشار طاعون المجترات الصغيرة في الماعز كانت 27.6 % , ولم تسجل فروقات معنوية في نسبة انتشار المرض بين الاناث و الذكور وكذلك بين مناطق الدراسة المختلفة . كما أظهرت الدراسة ان نسبة انتشار المرض كانت أعلى معنويا في الماعز بعمر 1 – 3 سنوات مقارنة بالفئات العمرية الاخرى .

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