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CLINICAL AND LABORATORY EVALUATION OF VITAMIN A AND BETA CAROTENE IN LOCAL SHEEP BREED OF BASRA, BASRA_ IRAQ
التقييم السريري والمختبري لنقص فيتامين (ا) و البيتا كاروتين في الضأن المحلي لمحافظة البصرة ,البصرة, العــــــراق

Author: Samar Hussain M. , Mohammed A. Y. Al-Amery
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 81-87
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The study was conducted on (96) local sheep breeds of different ages and both gender reared in Basrah, Iraq. Suspected animals show signs of night blindness, abortion of pregnant ewes, diarrhea with passing of normal small fecal materials ,nervous sings (such as paralysis of skeletal muscles, blindness due to constriction of the optic nerve canal, convulsions encephalopathy). Moreover diseased animals were also show panting and changing of skin .The levels of vitamin A and Beta carotene were estimated by ELISA test and results showed that local sheep suffer from hypo vitaminosis A with mean level of( 1.8 nmol/l). However according to regions of Basrah deficiency of vitamin A and carotenes respectively were indicated of center of Basra (1.7nmol/land 11.2 ng/ml). AlQurna (1.7 nmol/l and 15.9 ng/ml) .Azzubair (2.1 nmol/l and 26.3 ng/ml). Shateelarab (1.2nmol/l and 17.7 ng/ml).and Abulkhaseeb (2.0 nmol/l and 16.8ng/ml) It have been concluded that local sheep breeds of Basra province were suffer from hypovitaminosis A, therefore animals reared in those area should be screened periodically.

Keywords

Sheep --- Skeletal Muscles --- Diarrhea


Article
Study on Skeletal muscles during myotoxicity induced by (Bupivacaine) in experimental rats ( Rattus norvegicus).

Authors: Mohammed k. Hassani --- Maha K. Ibrahim
Journal: Misan Journal of Acodemic Studies مجلة ميسان للدراسات الاكاديمية ISSN: 1994697X Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 29 Pages: 173-199
Publisher: Misan University جامعة ميسان

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Abstract

Summary Recent study was aimed to identified the effect of local anaesthetic drugs , Bupivacaine ( Bpvc) injection into the skeletal muscles to induced myotoxicity , So muscles degeneration and latter the regeneration of the damaged muscles was established , also histopathological changes on ( 2h , 2d , 5d , 10d , 15d ) post injection was clarified in Triceps brachii and Gastronemius muscles , in addition biochemical parameters which associated with muscles toxicity was evaluated.Total number ( 90 ) rats male (Rattus norvegicus ) was used in this study as experimental animals , all animals with weight ( 250 – 300 ) gm and ( 12 -14 ) weeks old . The rats divided into two group , first group regarded as control which injected intramuscularly with ( 0.6) ml of normal saline into each triceps and gastronemius muscle,second group injected with (0.6) ml of ( 0.5% Bpvc ) mixed with same volume of normal saline to induced myotoxicity .Rats were anaesthetic and muscles were excised from each rat at ( 2h ,2d , 5d, 10d , 15d ) post injection , these muscles prepared for light microscopy exam, Blood Samples were collected and serum separated ,stored for determined the biochemical tests ( Protein content , Calcium concentration , Alkaline phosphatase level ) in both control and treated rats.Histopathological changes after ( 2h ) in muscles injected with ( Bpvc ) included degeneration ,necrosis ,hypercontracted flber ,the damage extend to the deeper layer while normal nerves and blood vessel's were noticed . After ( 2d ) post injection the histological exam showed myonecrosis , dense inflammatory cells most of macrophages and polymorphonuclear cells ( PMN) , the muscle

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