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Article
CLINICAL AND LABORATORY EVALUATION OF VITAMIN A AND BETA CAROTENE IN LOCAL SHEEP BREED OF BASRA, BASRA_ IRAQ
التقييم السريري والمختبري لنقص فيتامين (ا) و البيتا كاروتين في الضأن المحلي لمحافظة البصرة ,البصرة, العــــــراق

Author: Samar Hussain M. , Mohammed A. Y. Al-Amery
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 81-87
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The study was conducted on (96) local sheep breeds of different ages and both gender reared in Basrah, Iraq. Suspected animals show signs of night blindness, abortion of pregnant ewes, diarrhea with passing of normal small fecal materials ,nervous sings (such as paralysis of skeletal muscles, blindness due to constriction of the optic nerve canal, convulsions encephalopathy). Moreover diseased animals were also show panting and changing of skin .The levels of vitamin A and Beta carotene were estimated by ELISA test and results showed that local sheep suffer from hypo vitaminosis A with mean level of( 1.8 nmol/l). However according to regions of Basrah deficiency of vitamin A and carotenes respectively were indicated of center of Basra (1.7nmol/land 11.2 ng/ml). AlQurna (1.7 nmol/l and 15.9 ng/ml) .Azzubair (2.1 nmol/l and 26.3 ng/ml). Shateelarab (1.2nmol/l and 17.7 ng/ml).and Abulkhaseeb (2.0 nmol/l and 16.8ng/ml) It have been concluded that local sheep breeds of Basra province were suffer from hypovitaminosis A, therefore animals reared in those area should be screened periodically.

Keywords

Sheep --- Skeletal Muscles --- Diarrhea


Article
MICROSPECTROPHOTOMETRIC QUANTIFICATION OF THE SKELETAL MUSCLE GLYCOGEN CONTENTS WITH AGING

Author: Huda R Kareem هدى رشيد كريم
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2012 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 27-35
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

BackgroundSkeletal muscle fibers contain about 2% of its weight is glycogen, this glycogen used to keep the muscle functioning if it fails to receive sufficient oxygen. PAS stain is useful in detecting cytoplasmic accumulation of glycogen. Glycogen had been studied in skeletal muscles under various state of muscle activities and nutritional states but glycogen quantification with aging is not clearly defined till now.ObjectivesQuantification of the mean glycogen concentration in skeletal muscles fibers stained with PAS stain in various age groups by microspectrophotometry.MethodsThe tibialis anterior muscle of 20 Albino male rats (rattus rattus norvegious) of neonate, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 18- months were selected. Paraffin blocks were performed, sectioned and stained with PAS stain.Analysis of the PAS stained sections by microspectrophotometry at 510 nm wave length. For the test group, mean absorbance, standard deviation, maximum, minimum, and mode values were estimated and compared with the control groups.ResultsA significant difference in PAS absorbtion between test and control groups, and among different age groups, being increased with age.ConclusionThe variation in PAS absorbtion with aging indicates that the glycogen content in skeletal muscle increase with aging, this could be due to the influence of age on skeletal muscle glucose transport and glycogen metabolism.Key wordsSkeletal muscle, PAS, Glycogen, Microspectrophotometry


Article
Digital lateral cephalometric assessment of maxillary sinus dimensions in different skeletal classes

Authors: Ayman H. Urabi ايمن عرابي --- Lamia H. Al-Nakib لمياء النقيب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 1 Pages: 35-38
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Maxillary sinus is the largest of the four paranasl sinus, among the paranasal sinus its plays an importantrole in the formation of facial contours. Therefore, knowledge of the development and size of the maxillary sinus maybe crucial for diagnosing and treating various cases of malocclusion. The purpose of this study is to evaluate theeffect of malocclusion in three skeletal classes on maxillary sinus dimensions.Material and methods: Total of 120 lateral cephalograms were derived from subjects with skeletal Class I, Class II, andClass III malocclusions, classified on the basis of the A-N-B angle. Each malocclusion group consisted of 20 males and20 females ranging in age from 12 to 16 years. Two linear measurements and three area measurements were madeto evaluate maxillary sinus size. The procedure was accomplished by mean of computer and Auto Cad program.Results: it had been found that maxillary sinus dimensions were significantly Larger in male than in females in differentskeletal malocclusion classes, skeletal malocclusion classes has no effect on dimensions of maxillary sinus except inmale class II skeletal malocclusion.Conclusion: Skeletal classes malocclusion has no effect on dimension of maxillary sinus except in male class II skeletalmalocclusion, male showed significantly greater maxillary sinus length, maxillary sinus height, and maxillary sinus areathan that of female in all skeletal classes.


Article
Cephalometric analysis of craniofacial deformity of β- thalassemic major by using computed tomography

Authors: Alia T. Thajeel --- Jamal Ali Al-Taei جمال علي الطائي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 4 Pages: 39-43
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Thalassemia is a hereditary anemia resulting from defects in hemoglobin production. β- thalassemiacaused by decrease in the production of β- globin chains affect multiple organs and is associated with cranio-orofacialdeformity which include prominent cheek bones and protrusive premaxilla with depression of the nasal bridgeoften referred to as “rodent or chip-munk face” with small mandible and Cl.II skeletal relationship. This study aimed toinvestigate cephalometric craniofacial parameters (skeletal) of β- thalassemic major patients by using computedtomography and to compare findings with a group of healthy patients in the same age group.Subject, Materials and Method: The study included (40) patients with β- thalassemic major (20 female and 20 male)with age 8-15years compared with (40) healthy controls (20 female and 20 male) with the same age, who admittedto spiral computed tomography scan unit in X-ray institute in AL-KARKH general hospital to have computedtomography scan for the brain, paranasal and for orthodontic purpose from October 2011 to June 2012.Cephalometric analysis of the selected four skeletal linear measurements and four skeletal angular measurements,by using direct analysis with software programs in a computer which is part of the computed tomography machine.Results: There was no statistically significant difference between thalassemic males and females in all selectedskeletal linear and angular measurements, Thalassemic patients have a highly significant large ANB angle and cl IIskeletal relationship, significant larger gonial angle, Mandibular base length (Me-Go) is significantly shorter,Retrognathic mandible (SNB) is significantly decreased, highly significant shorter in total anterior facial height (N-Me)and total posterior facial height (S-Go), and also the Ramus height is highly significant decreased.Conclusion: In thalassemic patients, the skeletal morphology is recognizable and mandible is retrognathism and theyhave skeletal cl. II pattern and Computed tomography is useful tool for assessment of the cranio facialmeasurement.


Article
Biochemical Risk Determinants of Osteoporosis in Overweight and Obese Postmenopausal Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Author: Ikhlass . H . Ibrahem* , Abdulkader . A . Al-Shakour ** , Nazar .S. Haddad**
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2018 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 33-36
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Several studies suggested that skeletal system is adversely affected by diabetes and is associated with increased risk of osteoporosis and fragility fractures Objectives: The study was a case-control study that designed to assess the level of bone turnover markers (BTMs) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and to investigate the effect of body weight and diabetic control on the level of bone turnover Type of the study: Cross- sectional study.Methods: The present study included 100 postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Sixty-six non-diabetic postmenopausal women were enrolled as a control. Fasting blood samples were collected to measure Alkaline phosphatase (ALP),stoeocalcin(OC), fasting blood sugar (FBS)and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c). Urine samples were collected to measure deoxypyridinolin(DPD). The results were expressed as a ratio to urine creatinine Results: The mean level of serum osteocalcin was significantly lower in the diabetic group than in the control group,while the level of urinary deoxypyridinolin was significantly higher in the diabetic group than in the control group . There was no significant difference in the level of Alkaline phosphatase between diabetic patients and control. An inverse association was found between osteocalcin with body mass index(BMI), glycated hemoglobin and fasting blood sugar. On the other hand appositive association was found between the level of deoxypyridinolin with body mass index Conclusions: Altered bone metabolic markers in patients with T2DM with more significant alterations in those who hsd poor glycemic control . Decrease in formation marker osteocalcin and increased resorption markers such as (DPD) has been found.


Article
The occupational hazards and diseases among dentists in Mosul City: Musculo– skeletal pain, eye problem and hepatitis

Author: Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 136-145
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the distribution of the health hazards and diseases among dentists in Mosul Cityaccording to age, sex and number of working hours per week. It also stated the usage of personalprotective measures among dentists. Materials and Methods: The study of population consisted ofone hundred and thirty dentists. The target population comprised dentists who worked in Mosul City.The study was conducted within form of questionnaire. Dentists were asked whether they suffered anyoccupational disease related to a musculo–skeletal pain and its location whether in the back, upperlimbs or lower limbs. Also location of back pain as in the neck, shoulder, thoracic, lumber and sacralregions. Additionally, dentists were asked about eye problem, infectious diseases and if they arewearing medical gloves and masks. Results: The musculo–skeletal pain was the most frequent complaint of the total dentists (63.08%). Back–pain was the most prevalent of the musculo–skeletal disorders among dentists (81.54%) of the total sample and more frequently in the cervical area; i.e., neck and shoulder (66.15%). There was a significant difference between the prevalence of differentmusculo–skeletal pain and the weekly working hours among dentists (p = 0.01). There was asignificant difference between dentists with and without eye problems (p = 0.033). Higher prevalenceof dentists from the total sample did not complain of infectious diseases (82.31%). Dentists whomnever wearing gloves and masks comprised the higher percentages of the total sample (46.15% and 19.23%, respectively). Conclusions: Carrying out their professional work, dentists are exposed to a number of occupational hazards. The study revealed that musculo–skeletal pain was the frequent complaint of dentists and more frequently in the cervical area (neck and shoulders) with a significant association between the number of working hours per week and musculo–skeletal pain in all locations (back, upper limb, lower limb). The majority of the examined dentists complain of eye problem during their practice, whereas most of them never complain any infectious disease. No significant association between dentists wearing gloves but significant association between those wearing masks with the age.


Article
Age differences for Class I open bite malocclusion among adolescence (Lateral cephalometric study)

Author: Hind T Jarjees
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 145-153
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The purpose of this study is to determine the age differencesfor open bite malocclusion concerning facial skeletaland dentoalveolar height.The study was carried out on a sample of 50 students (24males and 26 females) aged 12–15 years with Class I occlusionselected according to certain criteria among the students ofsecondary schools in the center of Mosul City. The samplewas divided into two age groups: 12–13 years old, and 14–15years old.Lateral cephalometric radiograph was taken for each subject.Twenty one cephalometric measurements (nine angularand twelve linear) and five ratios had been determined. Thedata were statistically analyzed using Statistical Package forSocial Sciences.The results revealed that males showed significant increasein total posterior facial height, upper posterior facial heightand ramus height with increasing age, while females showedincrease of upper anterior dental height and decrease theratio between upper posterior dental height and upper anteriordental height with increasing age.Concerning angles, females approved significant increaseof the angle formed by the intersection between occlusalplane and palatal plane (OP–PP), while males showed a slightdecrease of the angle of palatal plane inclination in relation toanterior cranial base (SN–PP angle) with increasing age.


Article
Detection of skeletal maturity using periapical radiographs (A study on Iraqi growing sample)

Author: Hayder F. Saloom حيدر فاضل سلوم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2011 Volume: 23 Issue: special issue Pages: 155-161
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Among different treatment modalities of skeletal malocclusion, growth modification is the interceptiveprocedure undertaken in a growing child. For the growth modification to be successful it is absolutely essential that itshould be initiated at the right time. This study aimed to verify the possibility of clinical employment of thedevelopmental stage of middle phalanx of the middle finger and that of mandibular second molar in thedetermination of maturity in both genders.Materials and method: The sample consists of 216 Iraqi subjects, 108 males and 108 females, for each subject twoperiapical radiographical films were used, one for mandibular left second molar and the other for the middlephalanx of the middle finger, to determine their developmental stage according to the method described byDemirjian et al (1973) for ossification of teeth, and Hagg and Taranger (1982) that later modified by adding E ¾ stagegiven by Leite et al (1987) to describe the relation of epiphysis to metaphysis in the middle phalanx of the middlefinger.Results: A high significant correlations were found among chronological age, in years, calcification stages ofmandibular left second molar , and developmental stages of middle finger (P<0.000), with a higher puberty stage infemale than in male within the same dental calcification stage.Conclusion: The maturity stage of growing subject can be detected depending on calcification stage of mandibular2nd molar using periapical radiograph.


Article
Clinical significance of sella turcica morphologies and dimensions in relation to different skeletal patterns and skeletal maturity assessment

Authors: Kasim A. Obayis قاسم عبيس --- Ali I. Al-Bustani علي اسماعيل البستاني
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 120-126
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Sella turcica is a saddle-like structure based on the roof of the sphenoid bone and has an importantrole in orthodontic diagnosis and treatment planning. The aims of the study were to assess sella shape and size in anadolescent Iraqi sample in different skeletal classes and to verify the possibility of clinical application of sella turcicain skeletal maturity estimation.Materials and Methods: The study sample composed of (140) Iraqi adolescent subjects aged 10-16 years (91 females,49 males); every subject had true lateral cephalometric radiograph. The sample was subjected to 2 classifications:the 1st included three skeletal classes according to ANB angle, and the 2nd included accelerative and decelerativegroups according to maturity indicators of cervical vertebrae seen radiographically. In each classification, sella sizewas measured using three linear measurements (S.length, S.depth, and S. diameter).Results: Most of sella turcica measurements were not different statistically among the skeletal classes, and thatspecific sella turcica linear measurements can not be obtained for each specific skeletal class throughout thepubertal period. Normal sella was the predominant over the other morphological aberrations in both classificationsystems, while these morphologies occurred more frequently in class II and III. Sella depth and diameter weresignificantly higher in the decelerative than accelerative group, while non significant difference was foundconcerning sella shapes between the two groups.Conclusions: It was concluded that Sella depth and sella diameter measurements can be utilized clinically forpubertal growth phase determination, while sella morphology can not be diagnostic for the accelerative anddecelerative pubertal growth phases


Article
The characteristics of profile facial types and its relation with mandibular rotation in a sample of Iraqi adults with different skeletal relations

Authors: Sara M. Al-Mashhadany سارة المشهداني --- Nagham M.J. Al- Mothaffar نغم المظفر
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 135-139
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Facial type plays an important role in the information of an orthodontic treatment plan and prognosisthat is whether an individual has long, short or average face and it is not possible to apply the same norms andtreatment objective to cases with different facial patterns. This study aims to determine the characteristics of Bimler'sfacial types (dolichoprosopic, mesoprosopic, leptoprosopic) and their relationship with mandibular rotation in Iraqiadults with different skeletal relations.Materials and methods: The sample consisted of 230 digital true lateral cephalometric radiographs of age rangebetween 18-30years (104 males and 126 females), the sample was classified according to ANB angle into threeskeletal classes (class I, class II and class III) and each class was classified depended on PP-MP angle into three faces.Thirteen cephalometric measurements (five angular, seven linear and one ratio) were measured for each individualradiograph using AutoCAD program 2006.Results: The mean values of all measurements for males were significantly higher than females, except for the GA,UGA and LGA, The mean values of GA, LGA, AFH and LAFH were high in leptoprosopic face, while their valuesdecreased in dolichoprosopic face and the reversed were found with JR, PFH, RL and MAXL, moreover all thesemeasurements revealed a highly significant difference between the three facial types.Conclusions: The mandibular rotation was not changed in all skeletal classes that belong to the same facial type asit did not affected by the anteroposterior relation within the same profile

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