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Measurement of the Palatal Depth for Completely Edentulous Patient

Authors: Munther N Kazanje --- Saad Y INoori
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 11 Pages: 23-25
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aim: To measure the depth of the palate for completely edentulous patients and relate this parameter to the type of reflection of the soft palate. Materials and methods: Fixed reference point was determinedin the hard palate of a hundred upper edentulous casts made by pouring impressions of completely edentulous patients attending the prosthodontic clinic in College of Dentistry, University of Mosul.This reference point was determined by drawing two lines, the first line from the center of incisive papilla to the fovea palatinae, and the second line crossing the first line exactly in its middle. Thecrossing point of these two lines was considered the point of measurement. A depth measuring digital vernia (Lezaco art, 2406 China) measuring to the nearest of 0.01 mm recorded the measurement. Thecurvature of soft palate was determined by measuring the angle formed by the highest point of the palate and a point one centimeter posterior to fovea palatinae. Results: The results showed that 65% of the measurements of the palatal depth fall in the moderate category of palatal depth and 79% of soft palate reflections were of gradual type. Conclusion: There is an acceptable success rate of completedenture could be achieved in cases of moderate palatal depth with gradual reflection of soft palate


Article
A Cephalometric Comparison of Pharynx and Soft Palate in Iraqi Adolescents and Adults Population

Author: Nada M Al-Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2012 Volume: 12 Issue: 19 Pages: 32-42
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: This paper aims to estimate and compare the pharynx and soft palatal dimensions of Iraqi ado-lescent and adults with class I normal occlusion at Mosul City and to identify any gender dimorphism within each group. Materials and Methods: Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 160 normal Iraqis what were separated into two groups (80 adolescents and 80 adults). Each group was additionallydi-vided into two subgroups according to gender (40 of each gender). Twelve linear measurements were made in all subjects; gender dimorphism and comparison between two age groups were analysed by students t test.Results:No gender differences in all variables except in retropalatal airway space (U-MPW) in the adolescents group. While, in the adults the only significant gender differences were found in the thickness of posterior nasopharyngeal wall (ad1-Ba)and in the vertical airway space (Pm-Eb).The adults had significantly larger values for superior nasopharyngeal(pm-ad2) and inferior naso-pharyngeal depth (pm-ad1) than adolescents .While ,adolescents had larger value for superior nasopha-ryngeal thickness (ad2-s) and posterior nasopharyngeal thickness(ad1-Ba) than adults in both genders .The adult male had a higher value for (Pm-Eb) than adolescent male .While ,adolescent female had a higher value for soft palate thickness (SPT) than adult female. Conclusions: Data derived from this study should be a useful reference for assessment of sleep apnea and other conditions in the Iraqi popu-lation.Developmental changes were found in all nasopharyngeal parameters except the Pm-ba(sagittal depth of the bony nasopharynx).

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