research centers


Search results: Found 9

Listing 1 - 9 of 9
Sort by

Article
Nature of Soil-Water Characteristics Curves (SWCC)for Soils from Anbar Governorate
طبيعة منحنيات خصائص التربة – الماء لترب من محافظة الانبار

Authors: Ahmed H. Abdul Kareem احمد حازم عبدالكريم --- Khalid R. Mahmood خالد راسم محمود
Journal: Anbar Journal of Engineering Sciences مجلة الأنبار للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 19979428 Year: 2010 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 61-80
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Determinations of unsaturated soil parameters using experimental procedures are time consuming and difficult. In recent years, the soil–water characteristic curve (SWCC) has become an important tool in the interpretation of the engineering behavior of unsaturated soils. Difficulties associated with determining such parameters have justified the use of indirect determination. This paper presents the general nature of the SWCC for soils with different plasticity limits, index and gradation, in terms of gravimetric water content and degree of saturation versus soil matric suction from Anbar governorate. In order to investigate possible relationships between the plasticity limits, index, percent passing no.200 and SWCC, 7 type of soils were tested to find its SWCC experimentally and compared the result with the curves obtained from different model presented in the literature. The objectives of the paper were to check the validity of these models with the experimental results. The results shows a good agreement and to present a simple method for inferring the SWCC for soils, taking into account the liquid limit, plastic limit, plasticity index and percent of fines passing sieve no.200.

ان حساب معاملات الترب الغير مشبعة باستخدام الطرق التجريبية يستعمل لغرض اختصار الزمن والصعوبات. وفي السنوات الحديثة ، فان منحني خصائص التربة- الماء اصبح وسيلة مهمة في تمثيل التصرف الهندسي للترب غير مشبعة. الصعوبات المصاحبة لحساب مثل هذه المعاملات يتم فقط باستخدام الحسابات غير مباشرة. هذا البحث يمثل ايجاد الطبيعة العامة للـ SWCC لترب لها حد اللدونة، معامل اللدونة، والتدرج تحت مصطلحات المحتوى الرطوبي الجاذبي ودرجة التشبع متغيرةً مع قوة الامتصاص لانواع مختلفة من الترب في محافظة الانبار. لغرض التحري عن العلاقات المحتملة بين حد اللدونة ، معامل اللدونة ، المار من منخل رقم 200 ، وSWCC هناك سبع انواع من الترب استخدمت في الفحوصات لايجاد SWCC مختبريا ومقارنتها مع نتائج المنحنيات التي تم الحصول عليها من موديلات مختلفة موضحة في البحث. الهدف من البحث هو تدقيق مدى ملائمة الموديلات المستخدمة مع النتائج المختبرية المستحصلة التي اظهرت نتائجها ان هناك توافق جيد وكذلك اوجدت طريقة بسيطة لحساب SWCC لانواع الترب مع الاخذ بنظر الاعتبار حساب حد السيولة ، حد اللدونة ، معامل اللدونة ، ونسبة المار من منخل رقم 200 .


Article
مساهمة في دراسة العلاقة بين التداعي والانتفاخ مع اجهادات مص التربة

Authors: خولة احمد خليل الجواري --- صلاح وديع إبراهيم بحي --- سهيل إدريس عبدالقادر
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2007 Volume: 25 Issue: 5 Pages: 207-224
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This research aims to study the role of soil suction and clay mineralson volumetric changes of a collapsible soil selected from Hawy Al-Kanissaarea in Mosul city. The effect of low and highly plastic clayey soil as anadditive to this soil has been investigated. The main results show the optimumclay content for soil to collapse decreases with the increase in the plasticity ofsoil. Swelling percent and pressure increase with the clay content, plasticity ofsoil and dry unit weight.Soil suction was also studied for collapsible soil with different claycontents. The results show linear relationships for all types of soil. Soil suctionalso increases with plasticity. Thus soil (CH) gave more suction than soil (CL).However, dry unit weight had little effect on soil suction, which was frequentlynegligible. Addition to that, statistical models between soil suction withcollapse and swelling potential were obtained with an acceptable correlationcoefficient.

يهدف البحث إلى دراسة دور المعاد ن الطينية واجهادات المص على التغير الحجميلتربة متداعية من مدينة الموصل . تطرقت هذه الدراسة إلى تأثير كمية الترب الطينية المضافةالى التربة المتداعية ونوعها بالإضافة إلى المحتوى الرطوبي ووحدة الوزن الجاف الأوليينالتي سبكت عندها النماذج . أظهرت النتائج إن المحتوى الطيني الأمثل لتداعي التربة يقل عندزيادة لدونة التربة، كما لوحظ زيادة نسب وضغط الانتفاخ عند زيادة كل من المحتوى الطيني،لدونة التربة الطينية المضافة ووحدة الوزن الجاف الأولية.من جهة أخرى، تم قياس اجهادات مص التربة المتداعية والمضاف اليها نسبمختلفة من الترب الطينية، بينت الدراسة إن العلاقة بين اجهادات المص والمحتوى الرطوبيهي علاقة خطية دائماً، كما أن اجهادات المص تزداد تبعاً لزيادة لدونة التربة .اتضح ان تاثيروحدة الوزن الجاف على اجهادات المص قلي لة وغالبا ما تكون مهملة . اخيراً، تم التوصل إلىعلاقات رياضية بين اجهادات المص وكل من قابلية التداعي والانتفاخ للتربة.الكلمات الدالة: التربة المتداعية، التغير الحجمي، التربة الانتفاخية، مص التربة.


Article
Behavior of Single Pile in Unsaturated Clayey Soils
تصرف ركيزة مفردة في الترب الطينية غير المشبعة

Authors: Mohammed Y. Fattah --- Nahla M. Salim --- Isra'a Mohammed Mohsin
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2014 Volume: 32 Issue: 3 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 763-787
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The mechanical behavior of partially saturated soils can be different from that of fully saturated soils. It has been found that for such soils, changes in suction do not have the same effect as changes in the applied stresses, and consequently the effective stress principles is not applicable. A finite element analysis was carried out on a single pile with a diameter (0.6 m) and (12) m length embedded in fully and partially saturated clayey Iraqi soils within Baghdad city. The partially saturated parameters were calculated using laboratory methods; the filter paper method was utilized to estimate the soil water characteristic curve (SWCC) from which the H-Modulus function was obtained. The program (SoilVision) was used to make a fit of the SWCC. The finite element programs SIGMA/W and SEEP/W are then used in the analysis. A parametric study is carried out and different parameters are changed to study their effects on the behavior of partially saturated clay. These parameters include the degree of saturation, depth of water table and shear strength of clay. The study reveals that when the soil becomes partially saturated by dropping water table at different depths with different degrees of saturation, the pile capacity increases. It is concluded that the change in the water table level and the degree of saturation has a great effect on the behavior of partially saturated clay. In this work, it is found that due to dropping of water table and contribution of matric suction (i.e. negative pore water pressure), the pile capacity in partially saturated soil is approximately (3-5) times higher than the capacity of piles in the same soil under saturated conditions

التصرف الميكانيكي للترب غير المشبعة يختلف بدرجة كبيرة عن تصرفها في الحالة المشبعة وقد وجد أن التغيير في تصرف التربة نتيجة التغير في ضغط الماء السالب للتربة له تأثير مختلف عن التغيير الناتج عن تسليط الاجهادات وبالتالي فأن مبدأ الاجهاد الفعال غير قابل للتطبيق في الترب غير المشبعة. استخدمت مبادئ ميكانيك التربة غير المشبعة في تحليل ركائز بقطر (0.6 م) و طول (12 م) في ترب أخذت نماذجها من مدينة بغداد , اعتبرت مشبعة مرة وغير مشبعة مرة أخرى اثناء التحليل بطريقة العناصر المحددة , حيث أن خصاص التربة والدوال المتعلقة بالحالة غير المشبعة تم قياسها مختبريا وذلك للحصول على المعامل(H) من منحني خصائص الرطوبة الذي تم الحصول عليه بطريقة ورقة الترشيح. ومن خلال برنامج (Soil Vision) بعد تحديد الخصائص الرئيسية للتربة, ثم تحويل علاقة منحني خصائص الرطوبة الى علاقة نسبة الفجوات وضغط الماء السالب وبعد تعيين مماسات العلاقة, استخدمت قيمة الميل لهذه المماسات في أيجاد (H-Modulus) .استخدم في التحليل برنامج العناصر المحددة SIGMA/W)) و (SEEP/W)حيث تم استخدام عناصر رباعية بثماني عقد لتمثيل هيكل التربة وضغط ماء المسام وقد تم تغيير عدة معاملات لدراسة تأثيرها على سلوك التربة غير المشبعة, من هذه المعاملات درجة التشبع و عمق منسوب الماء و مقاومة القص. تضمنت هذه الدراسة تأثير درجة التشبع الجزئي على قيمة أقصى مقاومة احتكاك بين التربة والركيزة, قيم αمعامل الالتصاق بين التربة والركيزة لكل عمق منسوب ماء ولكل درجة تشبع . أثبتت الدراسة أنه عندما تصبح التربة مشبعة جزئيا بمناسيب مياه بعيدة عن سطح التربة يحدث أختلاف كبير في تصرف التربة, حيث وجد أن انخفاض منسوب المياه الجوفية يؤدي الى زياده بقابلية التحمل للركائز3-5 مرات عن قابلية التحمل للركائز بترب مشبعة كليا.


Article
Experimental Study on Compressibility, Volume Changes, Strength and Permeability Characteristics of Unsaturated Bentonite-Sand Mixtures

Authors: Mohammed Y. Fattah --- Nahla M. Salim --- Entesar J. Irshayyid
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2016 Volume: 34 Issue: 7 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 1308-1323
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Expansive soils are generally found in arid and semiarid regions. These soils undergo volumetric changes upon wetting and drying, thereby causing ground heave and settlement problems. This characteristic causes considerable construction defects if not adequately taken care of. Solving the unsaturated soil problems needs the assessment of suction variation in time and space as a response to the variation of environmental factors such as rainfall and evaporation.To investigate the effect of the changes of the soil suction on the volume changes, expansion index, swelling pressure, shear strength and the coefficient of permeability, small scale experiments were conducted using pure bentonite and the bentonite mixed with sand in proportion of: 30%, 40% and 50% at different initial water contents and dry unit weights was chosen from the compaction curves. The study shows that the swelling-potential, swelling-pressure, the soil-suction, the soil-strength and the coefficient of permeability are affected by the initial-conditions (water-content and dry-unit weight), where all these parameters except the permeability-coefficient marginally decrease with the increase in soil-water content, while the coefficient-of permeability increases with increasing the water-content.


Article
Plug Length Developed in Pipe Pile Embedded Within Partially Saturated Cohesionless Soils (Part 1)

Authors: Ali M. AL-Gharbawee --- Karim H. Ibrahim Al -Helo --- Mahmood Rashid Mahmood
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2016 Volume: 34 Issue: 7 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 1335-1346
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This paper presents an experimental study to investigate the change of plug length for pipe pile under different state of saturation and investigate the effect of number of pipe piles on plug length. The influence of matric suction (i.e., capillary stresses) in unsaturated zone is typically considered on the plug length of pipe piles.The experimental work consist of testing 20 models of pipe piles, these models divided into 4 different configuration of pipe piles; single pipe pile, group of double pipe piles, group of triple pipe piles and group of six pipe piles. All these models are loaded and tested under three different states; dry condition, fully saturated condition (i.e., matric suction equals to 0 kPa) and unsaturated conditions with three different matric suction values (6, 8 and 10 kPa), which are achieved by predetermined lowering of water table. The relationship between matric suction and depth of ground water table was measured in suction profile set by using three Tensiometers (IRROMETER). The soil, water characteristic curve (SWCC) was estimated by applying fitting methods through the program (Soil Vision).The results of experimental work demonstrate that the values of plug length decreased with increase in value of matric suction for the same configuration of pipe piles, and the values of plug length decreased with increase in number of pipe piles.


Article
EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF MODEL PILED RAFT FOUNDATION EMBEDDED WITHIN PARTIALLY SATURATED COHESIONLESS SOILS

Authors: Mahmood Rashid Al-Qayssi --- . Saad Faik Al-Wakel --- Ahmed Khairalla Abdlazez Kando
Journal: Journal of Engineering and Sustainable Development مجلة الهندسة والتنمية المستدامة ISSN: 25200917 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 62-75
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This paper presents an experimental study conducted on model piled rafts in partially saturated sandy soil. The aim of the experimental program is to study the effect of matric suction on the load carrying capacity of piled rafts embedded within partially saturated sandy soil .The influence of number of piles are presented and discussed in this study. The piled raft is arranged in different configurations of piles (single, double and triple piled raft with spacing 3.5D c/c) with the same area ratio (raft area to the cross section area of piles) to avoid different contact pressure area and to show the effect of different piles number and its group action. The influence of matric suction (i.e., capillary stresses) in partially saturated zone is typically not taken into account in the conventional design of both shallow and deep foundations so that the present research study the determination and contribution of matric suction towards the load carrying capacity of piled raft. The experimental work consist of 3 models of footing "single piled raft (8.3 x 5) cm, double piled (16.6 x 5) cm and triple piled raft (25 x 5) cm". All these models are loaded and tested under both of fully saturated condition (i.e., matric suction equals to 0kPa) and unsaturated conditions (i.e., matric suction value equals to 6kPa , 8kPa and 10kPa), which are achieved by predetermined lowering of water table. The relationship between matric suction and depth of ground water table was measured in suction profile set by using three Tensiometers (IRROMETER). The soil, water characteristic curve (SWCC) estimated by applying fitting methods through the program (SoilVision). The results of experimental work demonstrate that the load carrying capacity of piled raft increases with increasing all values of matric suction as the number of piles supporting the raft increases. And the matric suction has a significant influence on the load carrying capacity of all tested models. The increasing value of the ultimate bearing capacity for single, double and triple piled raft under unsaturated conditions is approximately (2.1-4.47), (2-4.44) and (1.5-3.54) times higher than that at saturated condition respectively


Article
Behaviour of Unsaturated Subgrade Soil Under Highway Load

Authors: Hanan Adnan Hassan Afaj --- Hadeel Amaar Mohammed --- Ghassan Nasser Jaffer
Journal: DIYALA JOURNAL OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES مجلة ديالى للعلوم الهندسية ISSN: 19998716/26166909 Year: 2019 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 23-33
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This paper studied the application of 2-D Plaxis (v8.6, 2011) software on a pavement layer structure set on unsaturated subgrade soil. An axisymmetric finite element (FE) model was used to analyze the behavior of pavement layers subjected to dynamic loadings. The model was loaded with an incremental contact pressure from 50 to 550 kPa with different variable such as water table level (1,2 and 3m), suction of soil and degree of saturation (100, 90, 80, 70 and 20%). The results indicated that during loading on pavement layer with increases water table level and different degree of saturation the vertical settlement was decreased by about (11, 15, and 18%) for water table level= 1m, (9, 13, 16%) for water table level= 2m and (28%) for water table level= 3m (dry soil) respectively. The effect of degree of saturation on the vertical settlement is apparent at the lower value for water table level (1 and 2m) and the vertical settlement is decreased with increasing soil suction. The results also show the negative pore water pressure decreased with decreased of degree of saturation and development increases with depth and beginning of dynamic load. The effect of unsaturation greater at the center line of pavement layer and limited far away the center line.


Article
Studying of the Gypsiferous Soil Suction Using Filter Paper Technique
دراسة إجهادات المص للترب الجبسية باستخدام تقنية ورق الترشيح

Author: Asaad M. A. AL-Omary أسعد محمد أزهر العمري
Journal: AL Rafdain Engineering Journal مجلة هندسة الرافدين ISSN: 18130526 Year: 2011 Volume: 19 Issue: 3 Pages: 26-36
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Gypsiferous soils have specific feature under its suction studying. These soils contain salt solution that affects on the suction components at high water content levels. This paper investigates soil suction of three types of gypsiferous soils namely: Al-Muhallabeia, Al-Jarin, and Al-Slmanii using filter paper technique. The investigated soils were located in Nineveh province (400 Km north Baghdad capital) and found to have a gypsum content of about 35, 23, and 6%, respectively.This study includes some factors (water content, gypsum content, and clay content) that affect the soil suction for gypsiforous soils. The effect of gypsum content on slope of the relationship between soil suction with pF unit and water content was examined.The results revealed that there is a linear relationship between soil suction and its water content for three studied soils. Both total and matric suction values increase as soil water content decrease. On the other hand, the difference between total and matric suction values increase with soil samples water content. The soil clay content has more effect on gypsiferous soil suction than its gypsum content.Key words: Gypsiferous soil, Soil suction, Total suction, Matric suction, Gypsum content

الخلاصةتمتلك الترب الجبسية ميزات خاصة عند دراسة اجهادات المص لها، بسبب امتلاك تلك الترب على محاليل ملحية والتي تؤثر على مكونات إجهادات المص عند المستويات العالية من المحتوى المائي للتربة. هذه الدراسة تأخذ بنظر الاعتبار دراسة إجهادات المص لثلاث انواع من الترب الجبسية الواقعة في محافظة نينوى (400 كم شمال العاصمة بغداد): المحلبية، والجرن، والسلماني، والتي لها محتوى جبسي تقريباً (35، 23, 6) % على التوالي. تتضمن هذه الدراسة بعض العوامل (المحتوى المائي، المحتوى الجبسي، المحتوى الطيني) التي تؤثر على إجهادات المص للترب الجبسية باستخدام تقنية ورق الترشيح. أخيرا، درس تأثير المحتوى الجبسي على ميل العلاقة التي تربط بين مص التربة بوحدة pF والمحتوى المائي.أظهرت النتائج بان هناك علاقة خطية بين مص التربة ومحتواها الرطوبي للترب الثلاث المدروسة. وان قيم المص الكلي والنسيجي تزداد مع نقصان المحتوى المائي، من الناحية الاخرى ،التغاير بين قيم المص الكلي والنسيجي تزداد مع زيادة المحتوى المائي وان تاثير المحتوى الطيني اكبر من تاثير المحتوى الجبسي على قيم مص الترب الجبسية.


Article
Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Piled Raft Foundation Embedded within Partially Saturated Soil

Authors: M.R. Mahmood --- S.F.A. Al-Wakel --- A.A. Hani
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2017 Volume: 35 Issue: 2 Part (A) Engineering Pages: 97-105
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This paper presents an experimental and numerical study to investigate the load carrying capacity of piled raft foundation embedded within partially saturated sandy soil. The effect of matric suction on the bearing capacity of the foundation system was investigated. The experimental work consists of two models of foundation, circular raft foundation and circular piled raft foundation. The circular raft foundation has dimensions of 10cm in diameter, and 2.5cm thickness, while the piled raft foundation has the same dimensions of the circular raft model but with a single pile of 2.0cm in diameter and 40.0cm in length fixed at the center of the raft. Both models are loaded and tested under both fully saturated condition and unsaturated conditions, which are achieved by, predetermined lowering of water table. The lowering of water table below the soil surface was achieved in to two different depths to get different values of matric suction and the relationship between matric suction and depth of ground water table was measured in suction profile set by using three Tensiometers (IRROMETER). The soil water characteristic curve (SWCC) estimated by applying fitting methods through the software (SoilVision). A validation process then was carried out for the case of circular piled raft foundation with lowering the water table 45cm bellow soil surface in the aid of a sufficient finite element computer program ABAQUS 6.12. An eight-node axisymmetric quadrilateral element CAX8RP and CAX8R were used to simulate the soil continuum and piled raft respectively. The interaction method used to simulate the intersect surfaces of the system (pile-raft-soil) is a surface-to-surface discretization method under the concept of master and slave theory. The behavior of piled raft material is simulated by using a linear elastic model while the behavior of soil is simulated by an elasto-plastic model by the use of the Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion. The results of the experimental work demonstrate that the matric suction has a significant role on the bearing capacity of all tested models. It shows that the ultimate bearing capacity of circular raft foundation under a partially saturated condition is increases by about (7.0-8.0) times than the ultimate bearing capacity of fully saturated condition when lowering the water table 45 cm below the soil surface. While the ultimate bearing of circular piled raft foundation under partially saturated condition increases by about (8.0-9.0) times than the ultimate bearing capacity of fully saturated condition when lowering the water table 45 cm below the soil surface. The results of the ultimate bearing capacity of piled raft foundation that obtained from the experimental model and from the numerical modelling for the same soil condition and same matric suction indicate that a successful validation is achieved for the simulation process.

Listing 1 - 9 of 9
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (9)


Language

English (8)

Arabic (1)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (1)

2018 (1)

2017 (1)

2016 (2)

2014 (1)

More...