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Article
Oral Tori In Edentulous Patients
توري عن طريق الفم المرضى

Authors: Omed I. Shihab --- Hoshang Khalid Abdel-rahman --- Ali F. Alzubaidee
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2012 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 241-247
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence, size, shape and location of tori in partially and completely edentulous patients attending the College of Dentistry/ Hawler Medical University from 2009-2011.Methods: In a retrospective study four hundred and fifty patients case file from Erbil city were examined for the presence of oral tori in prosthodontic department, College of Den-tistry, Hawler Medical University. The size, shape and location of tori were recorded and related with the age and sex of patients.Results: The overall prevalence of tori was 14.2% (64 cases). The prevalence of torus palatinus was 60.9% (39/64), while that of torus mandibularis was significantly lesser 23.5 % (15/64).Both types of tori were associated with each other in 15.62% of cases (10/64).Conclusion: There was no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of tori be-tween males and females. There was a significant relationship between the presence of mandibular and palatal tori.


Article
The Relationship of Tempromandibular joint disorders with Bony Exostosis in the Oral Cavity

Authors: Dr. Thikra I .Hamad. B.D.S., M.Sc. Lecturer د. ذكرى حامد --- Dr. Intisar J .Ismail. B.D.S., M.Sc. Lecturer د. انتصار اسماعيل
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 164-171
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) may be affected by inflammatory, traumatic, infectious, congenital, and developmental, as seen in other joints. However, the most common affliction of the TMJ and masticatory apparatus is a group of functional disorders with associated pain that occurs predominantly in women and was previously known as the TMJ pain dysfunction syndrome. Since 1978, there have been substantial changes in the study of etiologic factors, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of what are now called temporomandibular disorders (TMD).(1)The general perception that all symptoms in the head, face, and jaw region without an identifiable cause constitute a "TMJ" problem is clearly unfounded.Although some oral lesions, such as torus palatinus and torus mandibularis are normal variants, but require prompt diagnosis and sometime treatment to reduce the potential for serious complication and enhance prosthodontic treatment. The purpose of this study is to inspect the relation of TMJ dysfunction syndrome to the presence of oral exostosis, and find the prevalence of torus palatinus (TP) and torus mandibularis (TM)The sample consisted of 932 teachers, 301 males and 631 females were examined for the presence of TMD, TP and / or TM. Analysis was carried out according to age, gender, TMJ dysfunction and the presence of TP and TM.Results indicated that 123(16.1%) had at least one symptoms of TMD, where as 49 (5.3%) had TP; and 67 (7.2) had TM. The male: female prevalence ratios of TP and TM were 1: 3.42 and 1: 1.81 respectively. The results revealed that significant relationship between TMD and tori, and increase in percentage of mandibular tori with the presence of TMJ dysfunctional syndrome more than maxillary tori were found.TP and TM were more frequent in females and there is significant relation between the TP and TM with presence of TMJ dysfunction syndrome ( P< 0.05 ) especially TM , the presence of TM might be useful to look for sign of dysfunction.(TP),

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