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The Prevalence of Oral Protozoa Trichomona Stenax in some Patients with Gingivitis

Author: Fadia Abd Al-Muhsin Al-Khayat فادية عبد المحسن الخياط
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2016 Volume: 28 Issue: 1 Pages: 179-182
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background:As arelationshipbetween gingivitis disease and the presence of the oral protozoa Trichomonastenax hasbeen represented byconsiderable differences among various study population.The purpose of present study isdetermining the prevalence of T.tenax in patients with gingivitis and healthy subjects.Subjects,Materials and Methods:The presence of the parasite has been diagnosed with 58 patients withgingivitisand58 healthy persons during the period of the study(April and May 2015) by taken two swabs for each one,microscopicexamination was done using saline wet mount method and stained method. Age, sex and brushing teeth habitwere in a count. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS program.Results:Gingivitis disease was observed in 58patients among the total 163 examined subjects(35.58%)with a highlysignificant differences P<0.01 recorded between males and females(40.22%,30.26% respectively).The prevalence ofT.tenax in gingivitis patients was higher than healthy(56.89%,6.89%)respectively. According to gender and age thehighly prevalence rate was demonstrated in males (62.85%)and in the age category 51-60 years old (92.8%). Dataanalysis showed that a highly significant differences P<0.01was demonstrated in the prevalence rate betweenbrushing teeth users 29.1% and non-brushing teeth users 11.9%.Conclusion:The study confirmed the existence of a relationship between parasite infection and gingivitis diseasewhere the higher prevalence of T.tenaxwas found in gingivitis patients compared with healthy controls. Peopleshould receive dental care togain high hygiene oral cavity and have low infection to T.tenax

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