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Article
Estimation of thyroid hormone for diabetes mellitus type 2 patients in Al-Nasserya city
تقدير هرمونات الغدة الدرقية في مرضى داء السكري النوع الثاني في مدينة الناصرية

Authors: Huda Abdul Hameed Jassim هدى عبد الحميد جاسم --- Hiba Abid Al-Hussein Hassan هبا عبد الحسين حسن --- Reghad Salih Mahdi رغد مهدي صالح
Journal: Al-Ma'mon College Journal مجلة كلية المامون ISSN: 19924453 Year: 2014 Issue: 24 Pages: 240-246
Publisher: AlMamon University College كلية المامون الجامعة

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus type 2 and thyroid disease are common endocrine disorders in the general population. Seventy of Diabetic patients' type 2 and forty two healthy control group , where were taken from Al-Nasserya hospital of Al-Nasserya city, during the period between November /2013 until March/2014. Blood samples were collected to estimate fasting blood sugar enzymatically and TSH,T3 andT4 hormone detected by VIDAS .The aim of this study is to find the effect of hyperglycemia on thyroid hormones. The results showed higher percentage (30.4% and 28.6 % ) at the age group (30-39 and 40-50 years) than other age group . It was also observed that female patients have a higher percentage (51.8%) than male patients (10.7%), while there was a highly significant increased (P<0.01) in the mean concentration of fasting blood sugar and TSH (241.57mg/dl and10.22 µlu/ml) in the patients compared with control (97.6mg/dl and 1.70 µlu/ml) respectively .It was non significant (P>0.01) in the mean concentration of T4 and T3 (84.25 and.41 nmol/l) in patients compared with control (86.28 and.28 nmol/l) .It is concluded that TSH is increases among Type 2 diabetic patients, especially in female gender.

إن داء السكري من النوع الثاني و أمراض الغدة الدرقية و اضطرابات الغدد الصماء هي الاكثر شيوعا في عموم السكان سبعون من مرضى السكري من النوع الثاني واثنين وأربعين مجموعة سيطرة ، حيث اخذت من مستشفى الناصرية في مدينة الناصرية ، خلال المدة بين تشرين الثاني /2013 حتى اذار /2014 تم جمع عينات الدم لتقدير تركيز السكرالصيامي في الدم التي اعتمدت بقياسها على الانزيمات وهرمون المحفز للدرقية وهرمون الثايروكسين وهرمون الثالث يود الثايرونين الكشف عنها بواسطة فيداس، الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو إيجاد تأثير ارتفاع السكر في الدم على هرمونات الغدة الدرقية. وأظهرت النتائج أن نسبة عالية ( 30.4 ٪ و 28.6 ٪ ) في الفئة العمرية ( 30-39 و 40-50 عاما ) من الفئة العمرية الأخرى . ولوحظ أيضا المرضى من النساء لديهم نسبة عالية ( 51.8 ٪ ) من المرضى الذكور( 10.7 ٪ . في حين أن زيادة كبيرة للغاية ( P < 0.01 ) في متوسط تركيز السكر في الدم الصيام و وهرمون المحفز للدرقية(97.6mg/dl and 1.70 µlu/ml) في المرضى مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة(97.6mg/dl and 1.70 µlu/ml) على التوالي . بينما متوسط تركيز غير معنوي (P > 0.01 ) هرمون الثايروكسين وهرمون الثالث يود الثايرونين(84.25 and.41 nmol/l) مقارنة مع السيطرة (86.28 and.28 nmol/l) وقد تم استنتاج ان الهرمون المحفز للدرقية يزيد في مرضى السكري النوع الثاني في الاناث .


Article
The effect of thyroid hormones on pregnant women who get abortion
تأثير هرمونات الغدة الدرقية على النساء الحوامل اللاتي قد تعرضن لحالات الإجهاض

Author: Inas Sattar Abd ايناس ستار عبد
Journal: journal of al-qadisiyah for pure science(quarterly) مجلة القادسية للعلوم الصرفة (فصلية). ISSN: 19972490 Year: 2015 Volume: 3 Issue: 20 Pages: 1-6
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

This study was performed during 2013 in Al-Batool hospital / Baquba, for fifty pregnant women. The ages were between (17-50) years who had been getting abortion as compared with (24) healthy women as control group (same age) . When the activity of thyroid hormones ( Triiodothyronine , Tetraiodothyronine - thyroxine and Thyroid stimulate hormone) were measured for both cases. Results showed that high rates of abortion had been occurred in the first trimester of pregnancy period while the low rates were in the second trimester of pregnancy period. The results also showed no significant relationship with respect to age among women who had undergone abortion, compared with control group. The study also showed that there was significant correlation between high rates Thyroid stimulate hormone with the number of women get abortion.

أجريت هذه الدراسة سنة 2013 في مستشفى البتول في بعقوبة لخمسين امرأة حامل تتراوح أعمارهن ما بين (17-50)سنة قد تعرضن لحالات الإجهاض مقارنة مع (24) امراءة كمجموعة ضابطة )من نفس الفئة العمرية( حيث تم قياس فعالية هرمونات الغدة الدرقية(T3,T4) و(TSH) لكلا الحالتين. أظهرت النتائج بان النسبة العالية من حالات الإجهاض كانت قد حدثت في الثلث الأول من فترة الحمل بينما اقل نسبة كانت في الثلث الثاني من فترة الحمل كما بينت النتائج عدم وجود علاقة معنوية فيما يخص العمر بين النساء اللاتي قد تعرضن لحالات الإجهاض بالمقارنة مع النساء اللاتي استخدمن كمجموعة الضابطة وكذلك أظهرت الدراسة إن هناك علاقة معنوية بين ارتفاع هرمون (TSH) وبين إعداد النساء تعرضن لحالات الإجهاض (p=0.001).


Article
The frequency of autoimmune thyroid disorders in patients with thyroid dysfunction in Erbil city
تواتر اضطرابات الغدة الدرقية الذاتية المناعة في مرضى الغدة الدرقية في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Sanar Ilyas Kamal --- Rawaz Dalzar Tawfeeq --- Zahra Abdulqader Amin
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2018 Volume: 22 Issue: 3 Pages: 372-376
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Thyroid disorders are one of the most frequent pathologies found in the general population, but identifying thyroid disease can be clinically challenging because subclinical thyroid dysfunction and autoimmune thyroiditis are often asymptomatic and usually diagnosed biochemically. This study aimed to distinguish the autoimmune thyroid diseases from other forms of thyroid dysfunctions in patients admitted to PAR hospital in Erbil city.Methods: blood was withdrawn from healthy subjects, and unhealthy patients suffer from thyroid dysfunction, their age and gender were recorded, and their blood serum were subjected to test the thyroid function antibodies including triiodothyronine T3, thyroxin T4, and thyroid stimulating hormone TSH. Also, autoimmune antibodies were tested including anti-thyroglobulin antibody (anti-TGA) and thyroperoxidase antibody (TPO antibodies).Results: no significant differences were shown in T3 levels while contrary highly significant differences were shown in T4, TSH anti-TGA and anti-TPO levels between healthy subjects and unhealthy patients groups. The percentages of autoimmune thyroid diseases were (45.2%) as compared to the other forms of thyroid dysfunctions (54.8%). Most of the patients were females in the age group 30-39 years.Conclusion: In Erbil city population/PAR hospital the prevalence of autoimmune thyroid diseases were more frequent among other thyroid diseases collectively. It is mostly found in females rather than males within the age group 30-39 years.


Article
Estimation of thyroid hormones concentrations and some related hormones in normal and threatened abortion pregnancy in women in Tikrit city

Author: Zaid Mohammad Al-Mahdawi زيد محمد مبارك المهداوي
Journal: Tikrit Journal of Pure Science مجلة تكريت للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 18131662 Year: 2011 Volume: 16 Issue: 2 Pages: 153-162
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

This study goaled to show the relationship between thyroid gland hormone concentrations Triiodothyronine (T3), Thyroxine (T4) and the incidence of threatened abortion pregnancy. the changes in Estrogen (E), Prolactin (PRL) and Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) were also investigated. The work performed through using 280 blood samples taken from women (15---36 years age) , attended Tikrit Teaching Hospital and some private medical clinc s. The results revealed a significant increase (p < 0.01) in the concentration of thyroid hormones ( T3, T4 ) in the normal pregnant women ,for all the pregnant months, when compared with the control group. A significant decrease ( p < 0.01) was also detected in the abortive threatened pregnancy women (ATPW), when compared with control group women , regarding T3 and T4 hormones concentration for the first four months of pregnancy. Non significant difference between the normal pregnant women group and the control group. It was evident that TSH concentration increase significantly ( p < 0.01 ) in the (ATPW) for the first four pregnancy months when compared with the control group women. Estrogen hormone concentration was found to be higher significantly ( p < 0.01) in the normal pregnant women for all pregnancy months as compared with the control group women. On the contrary a significant decrease in the estrogen hormone concentration in (ATPW) for the first four pregnancy months was found when compared with the control group. Prolactin was found to be higher significantly (p < 0.01) in both the normal pregnant women and the (ATPW)for all the pregnancy months pregnant women when compared with the control group.

هدفت هذه الدراسة إلى إظهار العلاقة ما بين تراكيز هرمونات الغدة الدرقية Thyroid hormones (الثايرونين ثلاثي اليود ,T3 الثايروكسين T4) وبين حدوث حالات الحمل المهدد بالإجهاض threatened abortion pregnancy ، بالإضافة إلى دراسة التغيرات الحاصلة في تراكيز هرموني الأستروجين E2 والبرولاكتين PRL و الهرمون المحفز للدرقية TSH أثناء الحمل الطبيعي والحمل المهدد بالإجهاض , وقد شملت الدراسة 280 عينة دم تم أخذها من النساء اللاتي تتراوح أعمارهن بين 15-36 سنة و ممن راجعن مستشفى تكريت التعليمي والعيادات الخارجية لبعض الأطباء.أظهرت نتائج هذه الدراسة ارتفاعاً معنوياً في تركيز هرمونات الدرقية T3 و T4 في مجموعة النساء ذوات الحمل الطبيعي (ولجميع أشهر الحمل) عند مستوى معنوية (p < 0.01 ) مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة ، و كذلك حصول انخفاض معنوي في تركيز هرمونات الدرقية T3 و T4 في مجموعة النساء ذوات الحمل المهدد بالإجهاض (وللأشهر الأربعة الأولى من الحمل) عند مستوى معنوية (p < 0.01 ) مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة ، بينما لم تسجل النتائج وجود فروقٍ معنوية بين مجموعة النساء ذوات الحمل الطبيعي (ولجميع أشهر الحمل) ومجموعة السيطرة في تركيز هرمون TSH إذ كانت ضمن الحدود الطبيعية , في حين تم تسجيل ارتفاع معنوي في تركيز هرمون TSH في مجموعة النساء ذوات الحمل المهدد بالإجهاض ( للأشهر الأربعة الأولى من الحمل) عند مستوى معنوية ( p < 0.01) مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة .وبينت النتائج ارتفاعاً معنوياً في تركيز هرمون الاستروجين E2 في مجموعة النساء ذوات الحمل الطبيعي ( ولجميع أشهر الحمل ) مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة وعند مستوى معنوية (p < 0.01 ) وعلى خلاف ذلك أظهر تركيز هرمون الاستروجين E2 انخفاضاً معنوياً في مجموعة النساء ذوات الحمل المهدد بالإجهاض ( للأشهر الأربعة الأولى من الحمل ) مقارنةً مع مجموعة السيطرة وعلى مستوى معنوية (p < 0.01 ) , وسجلت النتائج ارتفاعاً معنوياً في تركيز هرمون البرولاكتين PRL في مجموعتي النساء ذوات الحمل الطبيعي والنساء ذوات الحمل المهدد بالإجهاض (ولجميع أشهر الحمل) عند مستوى معنوية (p< 0.01 ) مقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة.


Article
Burning Mouth Syndrome in an Iraqi Sample of Patients: a preliminary study of 52 Cases

Author: Dr. Munir Y. AL – Kotany. د.منير كوتاني
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2011 Volume: 8 Issue: 3 Pages: 310-321
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

AbstractEvaluation of the clinical characteristics of burning mouth syndrome in a sampleof Iraqi patients referred to a large teaching dental clinic in Baghdad.Fifty two patients with burning mouth syndrome were followed up through aprospective study ,investigating the clinical characteristics of using pre- establishedcriteria’s and tests for each feature .Forty four women and 8 men with burning mouth syndrome ranging in age from46 – 72 years. Their cause of attendance was disturbed sleep (46.1%), fear of seriousdisease (44.2%) and anxiety (36.5%). The pain duration since it started ranged from3 – 48 months (Mean 18.17 ± 12.78) months.Twenty six patients (50%) reported precipitating event and 32 (61.9%) reported achange in taste sensation of which (56.25%) had a bitter taste. VAS pain levels were(6.13±0.02 for females and 6± 0.91for males). 25%of the patients had medicalcomorbidities that were under control.The location of pain was mostly on the tongue (76.9%) and mainly on its margins(57.7%) unilaterally. And only 25% of the patients had subjective xerostomia withstimulated parotid salivary flow rate less than 0.5 ml/ min.Estradiol levels among females were (68.18%) below 15 pg/ml and (31.72%)above that in spite of 75% of them were post–menopause. And these patients weresubject to stress ranging from 35-146 (L. c. u's) with a mean of 2.73 ± 1.28 events perpatient and about 7.69% of them had one severe stress accident .The classification of psychiatric comorbidities occurring among the patientssample were (17.3% = free), (40.38% = Depressive neurosis) and (20.08% = Anxietyneurosis) and none of the patients reached the level of psychosis.Burning mouth syndrome is possibly of high prevalence and with high range ofetiologies that should be more investigated including its relation with psychologicalstress and neurosis.


Article
Evaluation of using some medical herbs seeds as feed supplementation and their effects on the activity of some enzymes and hormones on male Awassi lambs

Authors: Qussay Zaki Shams Al-dain --- Essam Abdal-wahaid Jarjeis
Journal: Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية ISSN: 20779798 Year: 2015 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 97-108
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Twenty four male Awassi lambs aged 3.5-4 months were assigned into four main treatment groups .The 1st treatment was fed on control ration only, while 2nd,3rd and 4th treatments were fed ad libitum on control ration and supplemented with 600 mg/kg.B.W. /day of black cumin or fenugreek or rocket seeds respectively, for four months.The blood samples were collected to measurement the activities of ALT, AST and ALP enzymes and Triiodothyronine,Thyroxin and Testosterone hormones.The Results indicated that activities of ALT and AST enzymes were increased significantly(P≤0.05) in T2 and T3,respectively,while the activity of ALP enzyme was increased significantly(P≤0.05) in T4 as compared to those in T1. The activities of Triiodothyronine and Thyroxin hormones were increased significantly(P≤0.05) in T2 ,T3 and T4, respectively, also the activity of Testosterone hormone was increased significantly(P≤0.05) in T2 and T4 ,respectively, as compared to those in T1.Also the activities of ALT, ALP and Testosterone were increased significantly (P≤0.05), while the activities of Triiodothyronine and Thyroxin was decreased significantly (P≤0.05) as lambs get older. The present study was carried out to determine the effect of supplementation of black cumin or fenugreek or rocket seeds to the rations on the activity of some enzymes and hormones in blood of male Awassi lambs.

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