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Article
Retroperitoneal Tumors: Types and Presentations

Authors: Saad Ali RAshed,MBCHB.*** --- Munthir Alobaidi,FRCS منذر العبيدي --- Hadi M.A.AL•Aubaidi,FRCS,CABS,D.GS.* هادي العبيدي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2006 Volume: 48 Issue: 3 Pages: 228-232
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background :The retroperitoneal tumors is usually confined to lesions arising from tissues (muscles, fat, lymph nodes, nerves, and, developmental remnant) of this compartment but excluding origin from the retroperitoneal organs (panaceas, kidney, ureters and adrenals). The aim of the study is to focus a light on the types of retroperitoneal tumors, ways of the investigations and the presentations.Methods :A prospective review study of 25 patients with retroperitoneal tumors has been collected in the Medical City Teaching Hospitals During the period between Jan 2001 to Mar 2004. The data included age, gender, risks factors, clinical presentations, diagnostic modalities and results of histopathology.Results :14 males (56%) and 11 females (44%_ patients. The highest incidence of patients were in the (51- 60 years) age group (10/25, 40%). The most common presenting feature was abdominal mass (20/25, 80%). u/s and CT scan were the most reliable investigations in the diagnosis. The most common tumors were sarcomas (15/25, 60%) and lymphomas (5/25, 20%). Conclusion :Although retroperitoneal neoplasms account for 0.1 - 0.2% of all malignancies (s), it seems that from our findings most of the tumors were malignant, where the sarcoma represents the common tumor among them, the presentations and the diagnostic modalities especially u/s and CT have a similarity with most of the studies reviewed.Key words :Retroperitoneal tumors, types, presentations.


Article
Prevalence of bacterial types in Wagner grade three of diabetic foot ulcer
انتشار انواع البكتريا في قروح الدرجه الثالثه لاقدام مرضى السكري

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Diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) is one of the chronic wound infection and leads to non-traumatic lower limb amputation. Advances in diabetes research are significant and much needed because diabetes is on the rise worldwide and is considered by some experts already to be at an epidemic level. Among diabetic patients 70% were males and 30% were females. Aerobic bacteria 104(82%) were the most frequently isolated than anaerobic bacteria 23(18%). Among aerobes Gram negative bacteria 67(64.4%) were more commonly isolated than Gram positive 37(35.5%). The three most frequently found that S. aureus 28(22%) followed by P. mirabilis 22(17.3%) then E. coli 14(11%). Among anaerobic bacteria Gram negative bacteria 16(69.5%) were predominantly isolated than Gram positive bacteria 7(30.4%). The most probably isolated Veilonella spp. 10(7.9%) followed by Peptostreptococcus anaerobius 6(4.7%).

قرحه قدم السكري هي واحده من الاصابات المزمنه وتؤدي الى بتر العضو المصاب. التقدم في بحوث السكري مهمه وضروريه لان مرض السكري اصبح منتشر عالميا وبعض الخبراء يعتبرونه وبائي. من بين مرضى السكري عدد الذكور (70%) اكثر من عدد الاناث (30%). البكتريا الهوائيه 104(82%) هي الاكثر شيوعا من البكتريا اللاهوائيه 23(18%). من بين البكتريا الهوائيه البكتريا السالبه 67(64.4%) هي الاكثر شيوعا من البكتريا الموجبه 37(35.5%). البكتريا السائده ثلاثه وهيS. aureus (22%)28, ويليها P. mirabilis 22(17.3%) ثم E. coli 14(11%). من بين البكتريا اللاهوائيه البكتريا السالبه هي الاكثر سياده 16(69.5%) من البكتريا الموجبه 7(30.4%). اكثر البكتريا المعزوله هي .Veilonella spp 10(7.9%) وتليها Peptostreptococcus anaerobius 6(4.7%).


Article
Personality Types in Relation to the Periodontal Health Status and Salivary Dehydroepiandrosterone among Teachers in Baghdad City

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Abstract

Background: The individual differences in emotional and behavioral style can be examined through personality instruments. These differences may explain the health status of the individuals. The purpose of the present study was to assess the influence of Personality Types on gingival and periodontal health status among teachers in Baghdad city in relation to selected salivary hormone (Dehydroepiandrosterone).Materials and methods: Females teachers 534 of randomly selected schools were subjected to personality questionnaire using The Riso-Hudson Enneagram Type Indicator. Teachers were examined to estimate the periodontal status according to the Community Periodontal Index (CPI). A group of teachers were selected for salivary analysis of Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA).Results: Data analysis showed that the higher mean of scores was reported for the Helper personality Type among the sample. According to the maximum (CPI) code, significant difference was found in the mean values of Individualist Personality Type scores between the healthy periodontium (code 0) and calculus (code 2) of Community periodontal index. No significant correlation was found between salivary DHEA concentration (pg /ml) and the scores of the Nine Personality Types. No significant correlation was found between salivary DHEA concentration(pg/ml) and number of sextants for CPI codes.Conclusions: Personality Types could influence gingival and periodontal health status of the subjectsso that psychological interventions may be carried out to improve the oral hygiene condition of the population


Article
Clinical types and possible etiologies of neonatal seizures:A hospital based study

Authors: Meisloon J. Kadum محجوب النداوي --- Numan N.Hameed --- Mahjoob N.AL-Naddawi محجوب النداوي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2011 Volume: 53 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-5
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Background: Seizures in the neonatal period are common. They can present asfocal clonic, focal tonic, myoclonic, generalized tonic and subtle seizures.They can be caused by a variety of conditions, ranging from benign self-limited illnesses to severe life-threatening disorders.Patients and methods: A prospective study included 75 neonates with seizures in the first 28 days of life were admitted to neonatal care unit in Children Welfare Teaching Hospital from January 15th 2009 to August 15th 2009.A Full history was obtained and patients were examined by a specialist in the neonatal care unit and the researcher. Laboratory investigations and neuroimaging studies were done for all patients.Results:Out of 75 neonates,(55%) were males and (45%) were females with a male: female ratio of 1.2:1, (76%) of them was delivered at term. The onset of seizures was reported in the first 72 hours of life in(42.6%) of neonates. The most common type of seizure was tonic type (48%) followed by subtle type (24%), focal clonic 16% and multifocal clonic(12%).Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) was the commonest etiology (25.34%) then sepsis (24%), hypocalcaemia (14.67%), pyogenic meningitis (13.33%), hypoglycemia (9.33%),Kernicetrus(8%), IVH 4%and TORCH (1.33%).The consanguinity was detected in (26.7%) of patients. A response to Phenobarbitone alone was found in (42.1%) and to a combination of bothphenobarbitone and phenytoin in(19.1%).The case fatality was (8%), (50%)of themwere due to IVH.Conclusions: Neonatal seizures occurred mainly in full term neonates with male sex preponderance with the majority reported in their first 72 hours of life and the tonic seizures were the commonest pattern. Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy is the main etiologic factor of neonatal seizures followed by sepsis. Intraventricular hemorrhage occurs mainly in preterm infants and it was a major cause of death.Keywords: Neonatal seizures, etiology, clinical types.


Article
Diabetes mellitus and lung function tests

Authors: Afraa M. Al-Ameen عفراء الامين --- Dhaher J. S. Al-Habbo ظاهر جميل صالح الحبو
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2012 Volume: 38 Issue: 1 Pages: 27-32
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Objective: To measure the effects of type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus on the various spirometric pulmonary function tests Methods: This study involved 70 diabetic patients, 25 type 1 and 45 type 2 diabetes mellitus, and 45 control group. Type 1 diabetic patients included 14 males and 11 females, their ages ranging from 17-63 years with their mean was 47.12, with SD12.83. Type 2 diabetic patients included 26 males and 19 females; their ages ranging from 19-63 years with their mean 46.67, with SD 9.50. The control group involved 24 males and 21 females, their ages ranging from 13-68 years with their mean 38.78, with SD13.3. The study was conducted in Ibn Sena Teaching Hospital- Medical Outpatient Clinic, Al-wafa Medical Center in Mosul, and Mosul University-Medical Center. Results: There were statistically significant differences between the control group and type 1 diabetes mellitus during the measurements of FVC%, FEV1/FVC% and MMFR%, with statistically significant reductions in their values when compared to controls. Furthermore, type 2 diabetes mellitus has significant effects on FVC%, FEV1 and FEV1/FVC% when compared with the controls, with statistically significant differences from the control group. There were no much differences between them apart from the FVC% which favors type 1 diabetes mellitus over type 2 diabetes mellitus with highly significant P-value. Conclusion: The present study clearly indicates that both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus adversely affects the various pulmonary function tests, and the results are in accord with other previous studies.Keywords: Spirometry, diabetes mellitus various types.

الأهداف: لقياس تأثير داء السكري المعتمد في المعالجة على الأنسولين وكذلك داء السكري المعتمد على الحبوب عن طريق الفم على الفحوصات المختلفة لوظائف الرئة.طريقة البحث: تَضمّنتْ هذه الدراسة 70 من مرضى السكر، 25 منهم يعتمدون في المعالجة على الأنسولين و 45 يعتمدون في العلاج على الحبوب، و45 مريض المجموعة الضابطة. مرضى السكر المعتمدون في المعالجة على الأنسولين يَتضمّنون 14 ذكر و11 أنثى، تتَرَاوُح أعمارهم من 17-63 سنوات ومعدل أعمارهم (47,12) سنة. اما مرضى السكر اللذين يعتمدون على الحبوب في المعالجة يتكونون من 26 ذكر و19 أنثى، تتَرَاوُح أعمارهم بين 19-63 سنَة ومعدل أعمارهم (46,67) سنة. تَضم المجموعة الضابطة 24 ذكر و21 أنثى، تتَرَاوُح أعمارهم بين 13-68 سنَة ومعدل أعمارهم (38,78) سنة.مكان إجراء البحث: جرى البحث في مستشفى ابن سينا التعليمي- العيادة الاستشارية، مركز الوفاء لمعالجة السكر وكذلك المركز الاستشاري لكلية الطب - جامعة الموصل.النتائج: كانت هناك فروقات معنوية بين المرضى للنوع الأول والنوع الثاني من مرضى السكر والمجموعة الضابطة عند قياس FVC%, FEV1/FVC% and MMF مع انخفاض في القيم الاحصائية لهذه الفحوصات. لم يكن هنالك فروقات معنوية بين نتائج قياسات وظائف الرئة بين النوع الأول والنوع الثاني ماعدا قياس FVC% حيث كانت هنالك فروقات معنوية في النوع الأول لداء السكر. الاستنتاج: هذه الدراسة أكدت بوضوح ان هنالك آثار لداء السكر بنوعية الأول والثاني على قياسات اختبار وظائف الرئة، وتشابه دراسات سابقة في دول أخرى.


Article
Serum zinc in psoriatic patients

Author: Adnan Abd Oun Hashim Al-Jebory
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 20-23
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Psoriasis is a common skin disorder affecting 1% to 3% of thepopulation all over the world. Many etiological factors have beenimplicated but trace elements, especially zinc, may play an importantrole.Aims: This study was done to evaluate the serum level of zinc in patientswith psoriasis and it's relation to clinical types, duration and surface areaof the disease.Patients and Methods: Fifty patients (25 males & 25 females) withdifferent ages and different types of psoriasis were chosen for thisstudy. Also 50 non-psoriatic volunteers, sex and age matched wereserved as controls, evaluated for serum zinc level.Results: The result of this study has shown that 49 (98%) of psoriaticpatients have low serum zinc compared with 2 (4 %) among controls(P=0.0001). The type of psoriasis may have an effect on serum zinc, thelowest mean serum zinc is found in palmo-planter (plaque) psoriasis (14%of patients) (P=0.025).Conclusions: From this study we can conclude that zinc deficiency mayplay a role in psoriasis since most patients (98%) have low serum level.


Article
Dental arches dimensions, forms and the relation to facial types in a sample of Iraqi adults with skeletal and dental class I normal occlusion

Authors: Haider M.A. Ahmed حيدر احمد --- Fakhri A. Ali فخري عبد علي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 99-107
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The face is a three dimensional object, facial structures are arranged to give the face its normal form.The teeth are arranged in an arch that’s based on the jaw which is a part of the facial structure. The dental arch hascertain forms depending on several factors including the skeletal form of the jaw and it is calculated in terms ofdifferent ratios of several arch dimensions. The aim of this study is to establish normative values for the Maxillary andMandibular Dental arches dimensions represented by dental arch width, length and to find out the most frequentdental arch form and facial type and the role of gender differences and to find out if there is a the relationshipbetween the facial type and dental arches form and which is the most frequent facial type and dental arch form.Materials and methods: The sample was selected from Baghdad University, college of Dentistry. A total of 72 Iraqiadult Dental students fit the criteria of this research with an age range between 18 and 25 years. The samplecomposed of one hundred forty four Dental casts, seventy two frontal photographs, seventy two profile photographsand One hundred forty four Dental casts’ photographs six linear measurements for Maxillary dental cast and six linearmeasurements for Mandibular Dental cast and two liner measurements for frontal and profile facial photographs.Orthodontics is one of the fields that took advantage of high speed personal computers such as Pentiums by utilizingspecialized orthodontic programs (software) which have automated some of the more laborious tasks in diagnosisand treatment planning, storage and sorting of information. So the use of computers is obligatory in our modern lifethat’s why it was used in almost everything in this study from obtaining the record and analyzing them for typing anddirecting this thesis. Specialized computer software for orthodontic record analysis (AUTO CAD 2007) were used,which simplified the analyzing process and reduced the time and effort spent on taking measurements directly fromthe records to facilitate work and to gain more accurate results.Results: It had been found that all of the maxillary dental arch dimensions are greater than mandibular dental archdimensions in the total sample and both genders and all of the measured dental arch dimensions have asignificantly greater mean value in males than in females also in general facial measurements were higher in femalesthan males with a high significant difference except in the nasion gnathion distance in which it was not significantdifferences between both genders. The most frequent facial type in males and females is the Mesoprosopic one,followed by the Euryprosopic while the least frequent is the Leptoprosopic face type while the mid arch form is themost frequent arch form and it is usually associated with Mesoprosopic face type in both genders followed by thewide dental arch form and the narrow dental arch form.Conclusions: It was concluded that the relation between facial type and dental arch form is a perfect positivecorrelation and as the facial type graduated from Leptoprosopic to Mesoprosopic to Euryprosopic then the MaxillaryDental arch form increases from narrow to mid to wide


Article
Effect of atorvastatin in combination with different oral antidiabetic medications on lipid parameters and glucose level

Author: Mohammed N. Abed
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Pharmacy المجلة العراقية للصيدلة ISSN: 16802594 Year: 2013 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 62-69
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Background: Dyslipidemia is common in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and is regarded as independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of atorvastatin for the treatment of dyslipidemia in type 2 diabetics using either metformin or glibenclamide as oral hypoglycemic agents.Materials and methods: Fourty five type 2 diabetic patients diagnosed with dyslipidemia met the study criteria and received 20 mg/day atorvastatin, then followed after 2 months. The various biochemical parameters studied included glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), fasting serum glucose levels (FSG), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol and atherogenic index (AI).Results showed that atorvastatin in both studied groups caused significant reduction in all measured parameters with an elevation in HDL, but this effect was obvious and more significant in patients using metformin than those using glibenclamide.Conclusion: This study concluded that the combination of atorvastatin and metformin was more effective on lipid profile and glucose level than atorvastatin plus glibenclamide in type 2 diabetic patients with dyslipidemia.

اعتلال الدهون يعتبر حالة شائعة في المرضى الذين يعانون من داء السكري من النوع 2، ويعتبر عامل خطر مستقل لأمراض القلب والأوعية الدموية. وكان الهدف من هذه الدراسة لتقييم فعالية وسلامة عقار أتورفاستاتين لعلاج اعتلال الدهون في مرضى السكري من النوع 2 المستخدمين إما ميتفورمين أو غليبينكلاميد كعقارات عن طريق الفم لخفض سكر الدم. تم جمع خمسة وأربعون مريضا بداء السكري نوع 2 شخصوا حديثا بالاصابة باعتلال الدهون واعطوا 20 ملغ / يوم أتورفاستاتين، ثم تلتها معاينة بعد شهرين. مختلف المعايير البيوكيميائية تم دراستها وشملت خضاب الدم المسكر، ومستويات السكر في الدم (FSG)، الكولسترول الكلي (TC)، الشحوم الثلاثية (TG)، البروتين الدهني منخفض الكثافة (LDL) ، البروتين الدهني عالي الكثافة (HDL) ، البروتين الدهني منخفض الكثافة جدا (VLDL) الكوليسترول في الدم ومؤشر تصلب الشرايين. وأظهرت النتائج أن أتورفاستاتين في كل من المجموعتين المشاركتين في الدراسة تسبب بانخفاض معنوي في جميع الفحوصات المقاسة مع ارتفاع في HDL، ولكن هذا التأثير كان واضحا وأكثر أهمية في المرضى الذين يستخدمون الميتفورمين من تلك التي تستخدم غليبينكلاميد. استنتجت هذه الدراسة أن الجمع بين أتورفاستاتين وميتفورمين كان أكثر فعالية على الدهون ومستوى السكر من أتورفاستاتين مع غليبينكلاميد في مرضى السكري من النوع 2 الذين يعانون من اعتلال الدهون.


Article
Studying the Effect of Water on Electrical Conductivity of Carbon Reinforced Aluminum Composite Material
دراسة تأثير الماء على التوصيلية الكهربائية للالمنيوم المدعم بانواع مختلفة من الكاربون

Author: Walaa W. Jameel ولاء وديع جميل
Journal: Baghdad Science Journal مجلة بغداد للعلوم ISSN: 20788665 24117986 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 3 Pages: 1261-1266
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to understand the effect of addition carbon types on aluminum electrical conductivity which used three fillers of carbon reinforced aluminum at different weight fractions. The experimental results showed that electrical conductivity of aluminum was decreased by the addition all carbon types, also at low weight fraction of carbon black; it reached (4.53S/cm), whereas it was appeared highly increasing for each carbon fiber and synthetic graphite. At (45%) weight fraction the electrical conductivity was decreased to (4.36Scm) and (4.27Scm) for each carbon fiber and synthetic graphite, respectively. While it was reached to maximum value with carbon black. Hybrid composites were investigated also; the results exhibit that minimum value of the electrical conductivity at combination of (45%) weight fraction of fillers, it was (3.49S/cm).The maximum value of electrical conductivity was recorded at 3.5% NaCl solution, it reached (8.82 S/cm) with (45% C. F) for 7 week.

تهدف الدراسة لمعرفة تأثير اضافة انواع الكاربون على التوصيلية الكهربائية للالمنيوم . اظهرت النتائج العملية ان التوصيلية الكهربائية للالمنيوم قلت عند اضافة كل انواع الكاربونوكذلك عند الكسور الوزنية القليلة لاسود الكاربون, حيث وصلت الى (4.53S/cm) في حين وصلت الى قيم عالية لكل من الياف الكاربون والكرافيت. اما عند الكسر الوزني(45%) فنجد ان التوصيلية الكهربائية قلت الى (4.36Scm) و (4.27Scm) لكل من الياف الكاربون والكرافيت بينما وصلت الى اعلى قيمة عند التدعيم باسود الكاربون. كذلك تم دراسة المواد المتراكبة الهجينة, اظهرت النتائج ان اقل قيم للتوصيلية الكهربائية كانت عند التدعيم ب (45%) من الحشوات, حيث كانت (3.49S/cm). سجلت اعلى قيم للتوصيلية الكهربائية عند المحاليل الملحية حيث وصلت (8.82 S/cm) عند النسب الوزنية (45% C. F) لمدة 7 اسابيع.


Article
Prevalence of Dental Anomalies among Iraqi Dental Students

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Abstract

Background: Dental anomalies are abnormal tooth condition occurs due to certain genes or environmental factor disturb tooth development during morphodifferentiation stages, affecting group of teeth or entire dentition. The aim of the study is to evaluate the frequency of occurrence of dental anomalies among dental student.Materials and Methods: Three hundred dental students with age ranged (18-23 years) were examined clinically and radiographically searching for dental anomalies in shape, number and position.Results: Only 25 students (8.3 %) from the total sample (300) had dental anomalies, female form the higher percentage of anomalies (about 68%) compared to male (32%). The age group (22 years) which was the larger group had a higher percentage of dental anomalies (about 40%). Regarding the type of anomalies found, disturbance in number of teeth represent the higher percentage (48%); but impacted third molar represent the most common subtype of positional anomalies found in the study (20%).Conclusion: Higher percentage of dental anomalies detected in female and larger age group, study of dental anomalies was of great importance especially prior to orthodontic and surgical intervention

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