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Article
Effect of alcoholic extract of Achillea millefolium consumption by pregnant mice on the uterus and reproductive hormones in the female offsprings
تاثير استهلاك الفئران الحوامل للمستخلص الكحولي لنبات القيصوم على رحم والهرمونات التكاثرية للمواليد الاناث

Author: نسرين خزعل فليح
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Embryos and Infertility Researches المجلة العراقية لبحوث الأجنة والعقم ISSN: eISSN: 26166984 / pISSN: 22180265 Year: 2011 Volume: 1 Issue: 2 Pages: 53-56
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

backgroundAchillea millefolium, (Asteraceae) is flowering plant which is popularly known as yarrow. It has been used in folk medicine to (neat complaints such as inflammation, pain, wounds, hemorrhages and gastrointestinal disturbances. To study the histological changes in uterus and reproductive hormones in female mice delivered to mothers heated with Achillea extract during pregnancy.Material* and methods;Seventy pregnant female mice at age of six weeks were used as a model for this study. The animals were divided into two groups: control (C) (35), and experimental(G){35) groups, The experimental group was given 1.5 mg/kg alcohol extract of Achillea millefolium dissolved in 1ml distilled water orally for the whole pregnancy, while the (C )was given distilled water only in the same amount and for the same period of time. The number and the body weight of the delivered offspring was recorded, in addition (he endometrial thickness, the number and diameter of the uterine glands was measured in the histological sections at puberty In addition evaluation of FSH, LH and E2 hormones levelswere done.The results of this study showed highly significant [pO,G1} decrease in the litter size of the experimental compared to the control group, as well as significant decrease (p<0.05) in the weight of the offspring, the endometrial thickness, the number and diameter of the uteri ne glands in the (G)compared to the (C).conclusionConsumption of low dose Achillea millefolium causes significant decrease in number and weight of the offspring, in addition to its effect on the uterus of the delivered female offspring.


Article
Hemolytic Activity of Acacia nilotica & Achillea millefolium on Human Red Blood Cells (in vitro Study)

Author: Faten Rashid Hameed
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2017 Volume: 14 Issue: 4 Pages: 738 -742
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

In this study, five concentrations of methanolic extraction of Acacia nilotica (10, 20, 50, 100, 250 mg) and six concentrations of Achillea millefolium (25, 50, 75, 100, 150, 200 mg) were used to study the extent of their effect on the damage of Red blood cells walls, the study were tested for replicates of blood samples for each concentration matched by controlled blood samples which were not used with the alcohol extract. The absorbance was obtained using a spectral device of a wavelength of 540 nm. The results indicated that there was a marked increase in red blood cell decomposition with the increasing of the concentration for both plants extractions.


Article
The Inhibition Effect for Growth of the Fungus Rhizoctonia solani Using Alcoholic Extract for some Plants
التأثير المثبط لنمو الفطر Rhizoctonia solani باستخدام المستخلص الكحولي لبعض النباتات

Authors: Maha A . Al-Rijabo مها أكرم الرجبو --- Nadia Q. Mahmood نادية قحطان محمود
Journal: Rafidain journal of science مجلة علوم الرافدين ISSN: 16089391 Year: 2013 Volume: 24 Issue: 2A Pages: 13-23
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The fungus Rhizoctonia solani was isolated from rice, this fungus causes many diseases for plant and crops damage. To control this fungus by a safe method without causing any damage to environment, animal and human, we prefer using the alcoholic extract of some plants. The effect of alcoholic extract for leaves of Cassia spp., Salvia officinalis and Achillea millefolium was tested by using four concentrations for each extract 5,10,15,20 mg /ml these results were compared with antifungal Trichoderma harzianum and Trichoderma viride and it was noticed that these extracts have a high inhibiting effect against this fungus. The percentage of inhibition was 100% for all extracts and all concentrations that used in this study except the concentration 5 mg / ml of alcoholic extract for the leaf of Cassia spp. the percentage of inhibition was 90.3%. This proves that the alcoholic extract of the leaves has a high ability for inhibition similar to the biocontrol agent that was used.

تم عزل الفطر Rhizoctonia solani من الرز وهذا الفطر يسبب العديد من الأمراض للنبات وكذلك تلف المحاصيل ولكي نكافح هذا الفطر بطريقة أمينة ولاتسبب أية أضرار للبيئة والحيوان والإنسان ارتأينا استخدام المستخلص الكحولي لبعض النباتات فتم اختبار تأثير المستخلص الكحولي لأوراق نبات السنامكي والميرامية والاخيلية الألفية وبمعدل أربعة تراكيز لكل مستخلص وهي 5، 10، 15، 20 ملغم / مل وقورنت النتائج مع الفطر المضاد Trichoderma harzianum و viride Trichoderma فلوحظ ان لهذه المستخلصات تأثيراً تثبيطياً عالياً تجاه هذا الفطر إذ ان نسب التثبيط كانت 100 % ولجميع المستخلصات وبجميع التراكيز المستخدمة في الدراسة ماعدا التركيز 5 ملغم /مل للمستخلص الكحولي لأوراق السنامكي كانت نسبة التثبيط 90.3 % وهذا دليل على ان المستخلصات الكحولية لأوراق هذه النباتات كانت ذات فاعلية عالية في التثبيط مشابهة للمكافحين الحيويين المستخدمين.


Article
Antibacterial Activity of Water and Alcoholic Crude Extract of Flower Achillea millefolium
الفعالية المضادة للجراثيم للمستخلص المائي والكحولي الخام لأزهار الاخيلية (ام الف ورقة)

Author: Rasha N. Hasson رشا نزار حسون
Journal: Rafidain journal of science مجلة علوم الرافدين ISSN: 16089391 Year: 2011 Volume: 22 Issue: 3E Pages: 11-20
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the antimicrobial effect of yarrow and it is flower extract on certain microorganisms. The ethanolic (alcoholic) extract of the flower and aqueous (water) extract was tested against: Pseudomonasa aeruginosa, Salmonella enterica enterica (Typhimurium), Shigella flexneri, Micrococcus luteus, Staphylococcus aureus and Enterococcus faecalis. Using the diffusion test, the alcoholic and aqueous flower extract at 200 mg /ml possessed abroad spectrum of antimicrobial activity against all tested microorganisms at different conc., alcoholic extract had the greatest inhibitory effect (diameter of inhibition zone) against Pseudo. aeruginosa 30 mm, Staph. aureus 24 mm and Micro. lutues 23 mm, While the aqueous extract slightly inhibited Pseudomonasa aeruginosa and Micrococcus luteus 12mm and 10 mm respectively compared with standard antibiotic Ciprofloxacin 26 mm, 22mm and 22mm but Entero. faecalis, S. enterica enterica (Typhimurium) and Shig. flexneri show high resistance for both extract 8 mm, 0 mm, 9 mm, 12 mm and 8 mm, 10 mm but sensitivity for Ciprofloxacin 23 mm, 30 mm and 31 mm. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) were determined for alcoholic extract against sensitivite microorganisms: Pseudo. aeruginosa 50 mg/ml, Staph. aureus 100 mg/ ml and Micro. luteus 100mg/ ml. It could be concluded that the alcoholic extract of yarrow flower have considerable antimicrobial effect on some pathogenic which cause infection.

هدفت الدراسة إلى إظهار فعالية الاخيلية بوصفها مضاداً للجراثيم وتحديد تأثير مستخلصات الأزهار في تثبيط نمو جراثيم معينة اذ أختبر المستخلص الكحولي والمائي لأزهار النبات المضاد للجراثيم:Pseudomonasa aeruginosa، Salmonella enterica enterica(typhimurium)، Shigella flexneri ،Micrococcus luteus، Staphylococcus aureus و Enterococcus faecalis بطريقة الانتشاربالاقراص، أظهر المستخلص الكحولي والمائي بتركيز 200 ملغم/سم3 طيفاً واسعاً من الفعالية المضادة لنمو جميع الجراثيم المستخدمة في الاختبار وبشكل متفاوت فكان المستخلص الكحولي الأكثر تاثيرا اذ كان (قطر منطقة التثبيط) لكل من الجراثيم :Pseudo. aeruginosa 30ملم، Staph. aureus 24ملم و Micro. luteus 23ملم أما المستخلص المائي فقد أظهر تأثيرا" أقل و بشكل ملحوظ على الجراثيم Pseudomonasa aeruginosa و Micrococcus luteus 12ملم و10ملم على التوالي مقارنة بالمضاد الحيوي القياسي Ciprofloxacin: 26ملم، 22ملم و 22ملم ولكن الجراثيم Entero. faecalis ، S. enterica enterica (Typhimurium) و Shig. flexneri أظهرت مقاومة عالية لكل من المستخلصين اذ كانت اقطار التثبيط 8ملم و0ملم، 9ملم و12ملم و 8ملم و10ملم فيما أظهرت هذه الجراثيم حساسية عالية للمضاد الحيوي Ciprofloxacin وباقطارتثبيط بلغت 30ملم ، 30ملم و 31ملم لهذه الجراثيم على التوالي. تمّ تحديد التركيز المثبط الأدنى (MIC) للمستخلص الكحولي ضد الجراثيم Pseudo. aeruginosa وكان 50مليغرام / سم3 ،Staph. aureus 100مليغرام/ سم3 وMicro. luteus 100 مليغرام / سم3. يمكن الاستنتاج بان المستخلص الكحولي لازهارالاخيلية كان له تأثير فعال مضاد لنمو بعض الممرضات التي تسبب التهابات.

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