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Article
Oral hygiene and gingival health among adult population (21–80) years in Thamar– Yemen

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Rayia J Al–Naimi --- Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 3 Pages: 49-53
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the study is to evaluate the oral hygiene and gingival health and to find if there is any variation between sex and age groups among adults aged 21–80 years in Thamar–Yemen. A sample of 224 individuals aged 21– 80 years (177 males and 47 females) were examined using plaque index by Silness and Löe (1964) and gingival index by Löe and Silness (1963). The results showed that the mean plaque score for the total sample was 1.15; the plaque index was increasing with age significantly. Males reported higher means than females with statistical significant difference in the 3rd, and 5th age groups; while at the 4th age group the females reported significantly higher plaque scores than males. The mean gingival score for the total sample was low (0.84) and it was increasing with age significantly. The mean gingival score was slightly better in males than females with statistical significant difference in all age groups except the 5th age group where the females showed better gingival health. Therefore, the objective of dental health education to those adults is to improve the effectiveness of oral hygiene practice by tooth brushing and interdental aids.


Article
Assessment of Personal Hygiene for Adults with Diabetic Foot

Author: Hussein H. Atia
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2008 Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Abstract:Objective: The aim of the study is to assess the personal hygiene of adult patients with diabetic foot.Methodology: A descriptive study was carried out in Baghdad teaching hospital, Al-Karama teaching hospital and Al-Kindey teaching hospital for the period of 10/1/2006 to 1/9/2006. A purposive "non probability" sample of (100) patient.Questionnaire was constructed for achieving the purpose of the study. Data were collected through the application of the questionnaire and interview technique. Data were analyzed through descriptive statistical approach (frequency & percentage) and inferential statistical approach (chi-square & correlation) by using of SPSS.Results: The study results indicated that the range of age was between (56-60) year and most of them was male, married, read and write and the majority was smoking since (15) year ago and there is effect from personal hygiene on diabetic foot.Recommendation: The study recommended that educational programs should be constructed or designed for personal hygiene of patient newly diagnosed with diabetes, need for specialized nurses in the diabetic center and quit or reduce smoking.

الخلاصــة الهـدف: تهدف الدراسة لتقييم النظافة الشخصية للبالغين المصابين بالقدم السكرية. المنهجيـة: دراسة وصفية أقيمت في مستشفى بغداد التعليمي مستشفى الكرامة التعليمي ومستشفى الكندي التعليمي واستغرقت الدراسة الفترة من 10/1/2006 إلى 1/9/2006 وشملت عينة البحث (100) مريضاً، أختيرت بطريقة غرضية (غير احتمالية). صممت استبانة البحث لغرض تحقيق أهداف الدراسة، وجمعت المعلومات من خلال هذه الاستبانة وبطريقة المقابلة وتمّ تحليل البيانات من خلال تطبيق أسلوب الإحصاء الوصفي (التكرار، النسبة المئوية) والأسلوب الإحصائي الاستنتاجي (معامل الارتباط ومربع كاي) باستخدام حقيبة التحليل الإحصائي ( (SPSS 10.0. النتائـج: أظهرت الدراسة أنّ معدل العمر يتراوح بين (56-60) سنة وأغلبهم من الذكور المتزوجين، يقرؤون ويكتبون ويدخنون منذ (15) سنة وهناك تأثير للنظافة الشخصية على مرضى سكر القدم.التوصيـات: أوصت الدراسة بتصميم أو بناء برامج تثقيفية في النظافة الشخصية للمرضى المشخصين حديثاً بالسكري والحاجة إلى ممرض/ ممرضة اختصاص في مراكز مرضى السكري والإقلاع عن أو تقليل التدخين إن أمكن.


Article
TYPES OF TOOTH DISCOLORATION IN ADULTS OF RAMADI CITY, AL-ANBAR PROVINCE, IRAQ: STATISTICAL STUDY
دراسة تغير لون الأسنان عند البالغين في مدينة الرمادي بمحافظة الانبار – العراق: دراسة إحصائية

Author: Hamid Hammad Anizy حامد حماد عنزي
Journal: Journal of university of Anbar for Pure science مجلة جامعة الانبار للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: ISSN: 19918941 Year: 2008 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 107-110
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

:During the period June 2005 to June 2006, 158 patients with teeth discoloration were interviewed regarding the causes of discoloration. Most common cause of discoloration teeth in females was the caries, whereas trauma and dentin development problems were the most common two causes of teeth discoloration in males.

خلال الفترة الممتدة من حزيران ٢٠٠٥ الى حزيران ٢٠٠٦ ، تمت مقابلة ١٥٨ مريضا يعانونمن تغير لون اسنانهم بهدف معرفة السبب الذي يؤدي الى حدوث هذه الحالة. لقد وجد ان السبب الشائعفي هذه الحالة عند الاناث هو تسوس الاسنان ، بينما وجد ان التروما و الدينتن هما السببين الاكثر شيوعاعند الذكور.


Article
Salivary antioxidants and physicochemical characteristics related to periodontal disease among a group of old adults

Authors: Baydaa A. Yas --- Ban S. Diab
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2009 Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 103-107
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Old adults experienced pronounced oral changes. Saliva composition particularly the antioxidantsshowed significant changes with advancing age. The aims of this study were to assess salivary antioxidants and lipidperoxidation biomarker (malondialdehyde) levels in addition to salivary physicochemical characteristics and theireffect on periodontal disease among a group of old adults in comparison with middle-aged.Materials and methods: The study group consisted of all old adults (35 subjects) aged 55-65 years in comparison withall middle-aged (35 subjects) aged 30-40 years at the Textile factory in Mosul city who fitted the criteria of the study.Periodontal disease was evaluated by using the gingival index, periodontal pocket depth and clinical attachmentlevel. Unstimulated salivary samples were collected and salivary flow rate and pH were determined. Salivary samplesthen were chemically analyzed for the detection of salivary antioxidants (total protein, albumin, vitamin E, vitamin Cand uric acid) and lipid peroxidation biomarker (malondialdehyde) in addition to salivary constituents as urea,calcium, phosphorous and magnesium.Results: Antioxidants level (total protein, albumin, vitamin E, and vitamin C) was lower among old adults comparedto middle-aged ones with significant difference for vitamin C only. Malondialdehyde was slightly higher among oldadults with no significant difference. Statistically no significant difference could be found regarding salivary flow rateand pH between the two age groups. Salivary constituents (urea, calcium, phosphorous and magnesium) showedno significant difference between the two age groups. Mean gingival index was highly significantly higher amongold adults. The extent of pocket depth was higher among old adults at ≥4 and ≥5 mm thresholds but ≥7 mm thresholdwas absent among them. Clinical attachment level extent was higher among old adults at all thresholds of severity.Salivary albumin revealed inverse significant correlation with severe thresholds of clinical attachment level (i.e. ≥7, ≥8,≥9 mm). Lipid peroxidation (malondialdehyde) showed positive highly significant correlation with ≥9 mm attachmentlevel threshold among old adults. Salivary flow rate revealed inverse correlation with almost all clinical attachmentlevel thresholds among old adults.Conclusions: Periodontal disease revealed higher severity among old adults. Salivary antioxidants andphysicochemical characteristics were found to affect periodontal health status among old adults


Article
Salivary antioxidants and physicochemical characteristics related to dental caries experience among a group of old adults

Authors: Baydaa A. Yas --- Ban S. Diab
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2009 Volume: 21 Issue: 3 Pages: 108-112
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Old adults are regarded as an important target group with special oral health needs. Salivary glandstructure and saliva composition particularly the antioxidants are subjected to significant changes with advancingage. The aims of this study were to assess salivary antioxidants and lipid peroxidation biomarker (malondialdehyde)levels in addition to salivary physicochemical characteristics and their effect on dental caries among a group of oldadults in comparison with middle-aged.Materials and methods: The study group consisted of all old adults (35 subjects) aged 55-65 years in comparison withall middle-aged (35 subjects) aged 30-40 years at the Textile factory in Mosul city who fitted the criteria of the study.Dental caries was recorded through the application of D1-4 MFS index. Plaque and calculus indices were used forrecording oral cleanliness. Unstimulated salivary samples were collected and salivary flow rate and pH weredetermined. Salivary samples then were chemically analyzed for the detection of salivary antioxidants (total protein,albumin, vitamin E, vitamin C and uric acid) and lipid peroxidation biomarker (malondialdehyde) in addition tosalivary constituents as urea, calcium, phosphorous and magnesium.Results: Salivary antioxidants level (total protein, albumin, vitamin E, and vitamin C) was lower among old adultscompared to middle-aged ones with significant difference for vitamin C only. Malondialdehyde was slightly higheramong old adults with no significant difference. Statistically no significant difference could be found regardingsalivary flow rate and pH between the two age groups. Also salivary constituents (urea, calcium, phosphorous andmagnesium) showed no significant difference between the two age groups. Caries experience (DMFS) was highlysignificantly higher among old adults (28.71±9.15) compared with middle-aged (20.68±8.53). Multiple linear regressionanalysis revealed inverse highly significant β coefficient for vitamin E and salivary flow rate on DS among old adults.Conclusion: Dental caries revealed higher severity among old adults. Salivary antioxidants and physicochemicalcharacteristics were found to affect dental caries experience among old adults


Article
A Cephalometric Comparison of Pharynx and Soft Palate in Iraqi Adolescents and Adults Population

Author: Nada M Al-Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2012 Volume: 12 Issue: 19 Pages: 32-42
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: This paper aims to estimate and compare the pharynx and soft palatal dimensions of Iraqi ado-lescent and adults with class I normal occlusion at Mosul City and to identify any gender dimorphism within each group. Materials and Methods: Lateral cephalometric radiographs of 160 normal Iraqis what were separated into two groups (80 adolescents and 80 adults). Each group was additionallydi-vided into two subgroups according to gender (40 of each gender). Twelve linear measurements were made in all subjects; gender dimorphism and comparison between two age groups were analysed by students t test.Results:No gender differences in all variables except in retropalatal airway space (U-MPW) in the adolescents group. While, in the adults the only significant gender differences were found in the thickness of posterior nasopharyngeal wall (ad1-Ba)and in the vertical airway space (Pm-Eb).The adults had significantly larger values for superior nasopharyngeal(pm-ad2) and inferior naso-pharyngeal depth (pm-ad1) than adolescents .While ,adolescents had larger value for superior nasopha-ryngeal thickness (ad2-s) and posterior nasopharyngeal thickness(ad1-Ba) than adults in both genders .The adult male had a higher value for (Pm-Eb) than adolescent male .While ,adolescent female had a higher value for soft palate thickness (SPT) than adult female. Conclusions: Data derived from this study should be a useful reference for assessment of sleep apnea and other conditions in the Iraqi popu-lation.Developmental changes were found in all nasopharyngeal parameters except the Pm-ba(sagittal depth of the bony nasopharynx).


Article
Evaluation of Eating Disorders In Elderly With Metabolic Syndrome

Author: Hadeel Fadhil Farhood
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2017 Volume: 14 Issue: 2 Pages: 290 -299
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Eating disorders are a heterogeneous group of complicated psychological disorders that manifested by abnormal ingestion behaviors like bulimia nervosa and bing eating disorder which result in increased risk of morbidity, or maybe mortality. Metabolic syndrome frequently increase with age, creating its diagnosis is necessary due to increased risk of many diseases. Certain eating behaviors were related to metabolic syndrome. To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in elderly and to explore eating disorders in elderly persons with metabolic syndrome.Crosssectional study including (175) patients over 60 years old in Babylon province , Iraq , from August 2016 to February 2017.Data collection tools included: Structured questionnaires, anthropometric measurement and Biochemical investigations.From a total sample (175), 81(46%)of the elderly has been diagnosed as metabolic syndrome, 28 out of 81(35%) of them had eating disorders ,11 (39%) met criteria of bulimia nervosa and 17(61%) reported Bing eating. There was significant association between two groups "with and without eating disorders " regarding age ,gender , marital state and educational levelPrevalence of Eating Disorders in elderly with metabolic syndrome is high . binge eating is more common than bulimia nervosa.


Article
Dental Caries Experience and Salivary Elements Among A Group of Young Adults In Relation to Age and Gender

Authors: Samara Faris Abdel Aziz --- Wesal Ali Al-Obaidi وصال علي العبيدي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 1 Pages: 188-192
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Dental caries is a most common social and intractable infectious disease in human. Saliva is critical for preserving and maintaining oral health and salivary elements had many effects on caries experience.Aim of study: This study was conducted to assess dental caries severity by age and gender and their relation to salivary zinc and copper among a group of adults aged (19-22) years.Materials and methods: After examination eighty persons aged 19-22 years of both gender. Caries severity was documented according to DMFS index. Stimulated salivary samples were collected and chemically analyzed under standardized condition to detect salivary elements zinc and copper. Concentrations of Zinc and copper were measured by using atomic absorption spectrophotometry.Results: The finding revealed that the total males had higher mean value of DMFS and DS fraction than that of the total females with statistically non-significant differences at p> 0.05 regarding of DMFS, while significant difference was found regarding DS fraction. Frist age group (19-20) had a lower mean value of DMFS than that of the second age group (21-22), while it had a higher mean value of DS fraction with statistically non-significant differences. There were statistically non-significant differences at p> 0.05 between males and females regarding salivary zinc and copper concentrations.Non-significant positive weak correlation between DMFS index and salivary zinc and copper.Conclusion: Saliva is the one of important factors in prevention of dental caries. Therefore, chemical changes in salivary composition play an important role in development and progression of caries


Article
Seroepidemiological study of kala azar among adults in Al- Anbar governorate

Author: Mohammed Jasim Shaker
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2011 Volume: 7 Issue: 4 Pages: 80-86
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Kala azar is endemic in parts of Iraq. Aseroprevalence study was carried out in the adultsin AL-Anbar governorate Serum samples were taken form 202 adult from both sexbetween 18-73 year old from different areas in AL- Anbar in the period from January toDecember 2008 and by using immune chromatographic strip test . There was no significantcant difference in sero positivity between the sexes(9.9% males & 11.9% females ) . thehighest rate of infection ( 3.46 % )was in the age group 24-30 years,among all seroposivityvisceral leish maniasis cases included in this study , the highest frequency of visceralleishmaniasis was reported in july 7cases(2.9% ).Further studies are needed explore thereservoirs and vectors of the disease in this region.


Article
Measles among Adolescents and Young Adults Hospitalized in Merjan Teaching Hospital-Babylon during the 2008-2009 Epidemic
الحصبة عند المراهقين و البالغين الذين أدخلوا مستشفى مرجان التعليمي خلال وباء الحصبة عام 2008-2009

Author: Hasan Alwan Baiee د. حسن علوان بيعي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2013 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 7-12
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract Background: Despite the launch of the national plan for measles elimination, in Iraq, immunization coverage remains suboptimal and outbreaks continue to occur. Objectives: To study the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of measles adolescents and adult patients admitted to Medical Merjan City Babylon, Iraq. Patients and Methods: This is a cross sectional study carried out during the last epidemic that took place in Babylon during the year2008- 2009. The study included all patients aged 11 years and above from the first of May 2008, through the end of April, 2009, interviewing of patients were carried out by trained medical staff using a structured questionnaire to collect demographic and clinical data about the cases . Diagnosis was done according to WHO criteria. Results: This study reveals that the overall incidence rate of measles was (59per100000 persons) and the highest incidence (71/100000 persons) was among dwellers in Al-Hilla city (urban area). Most of the cases occurred in winter and spring seasons. The highest proportion of cases was in the age group 21-25 years of age (31.8%). Male to female ratio was 1.1: 1. The most common signs and symptoms among the studied patients were rash, fever and cough which constituted100%, 99, 94%, respectively. Pneumonia and diarrhea were the main complications, 2 pregnant females died with a case fatality rate during pregnancy (1.5%). Among 130 pregnant women three abortions (2.3%) and five women delivered prematurely (3.8%). Conclusions: These cases underline the potential severity of this infection and the difficulty to diagnose measles at the early phase the successful elimination of measles in our country will require additional efforts to immunize low vaccine coverage population groups, including hard-to-reach individuals, adolescents, and young adults and an enhanced surveillance system.Keywords: Epidemiology, measles, Adolescents, young adults, outbreak, Babylon, Iraq.

الخلاصة :خلفية البحث: بالرغم من بدء حملة الحد من ألحصبة في ألعراق لكن التغطية بالتحصين لاتزال غير فعالة لتستمر معها حدوث فوعات أوبئة للمرض الأهداف: دراسة الصفات الوبائية والسريرية للمراهقين والبالغين من مرضى الحصبة الذين ادخلوا مستشفى مرجان ألتعليمي في محافظة بابل – العراقالمرضى وطرائق العمل: دراسة مقطعية لجميع المرضى فوق الحادية عشر من العمر المصابين بمرض الحصبة والذين ادخلوا مستشفى مرجان التعليمي في الوباء ألأخير للمرض للفترة من مايس 2008 لنهاية مايس2009 حيث تم مقابلة المرضى الراقدين من قبل عاملين صحيين تم تدريبهم لهذا الغرض باستعمال ورقة استبانه مهيكلة أعدت لجمع بيانات وبائية ديموغرافية وسريريه عن المرض, وتم التشخيص سريريا وبالفحوص المختبرية وفق معايير منظمة الصحة العالمية المعتمدة .النتائج : أظهرت الدراسة إن معدل وقوع الحصبة الشديدة للمراهقين والبالغين كان (59 لكل 100000 نسمة) و إن سكنه الريف (القرى) هم الأكثر إصابة وبنسبة (69%) مقارنة بسكان مراكز المدن، ان حالات دخول الحصبة كانت الأكثر في موسمي الشتاء والربيع, وكان البالغون من الفئة العمرية 21-25 سنة هم الأكثرية بين المرضى(83,31%), وكان المرضى الذكور هم الأعلى نسبيا حيث كانت النسبة ألإناث: الذكور1:1,1 أهم العلامات والأعراض السريرية للمرض هي الطفح الجلدي وارتفاع درجة الحرارة والسعال وبنسبة 100%، 99% و 94% وكانت اهم مضاعفات المرض هي التهاب الرئة الحاد و الإسهال، توفى اثنان من المرضى الحوامل بمعدل إماتة (1,5%) من بين 130 امرأة حامل مصابة بالحصبة كانت هناك 3 حالات إجهاض (3, 2%) وخمس ولادات مبكرة (8, 3 %). الاستنتاج: دراسة هذه الحالات يؤشر الخطورة الكامنة للعدوى وصعوبة التشخيص المبكر للحالات ,للسيطرة على هذا المرض في بلدنا لابد من زيادة التغطية بلقاح الحصبة وخاصة للجماعات العالية الخطورة والهامشية من الشباب إضافة لتفعيل نظام الترصد الوبائي

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