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Article
Measurement Height of Mandible Body in Male and Female of Iraqi Sample Using Panoramic Radiograph

Authors: Alaa Salman Mahdi --- Omar Basheer Taha Al-Tekreeti --- Farah Abdul Salam Hadi --- Areej Najm --- et al.
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2017 Volume: 14 Issue: 2 Pages: 374 -381
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

The maxillary and mandibular bones can reflect the status of all of the skeletal bones , any bone lose in the mandible is not due to local factors only such as previous extraction of teeth can be considered as the first sign of osteoporosis in the other skeletal bones and future bone fracture. To obtain statistical data on the alveolar bone height at different regions of the body of the mandible by panoramic radiograph in different age groups of Iraqi males and females. The study include the diagnostic panoramic radiograph of 40 images of randomly selected patients from males and females without sign and symptoms for any systemic diseases affecting the bone. There was a significant high difference between males and females in midline and mental foramen areas.Dentist should pay greater attention to older females patients because they are prone to rapid alveolar bone resorption.


Article
Comparison between direct digital and conventional intraoral radiographs in detecting alveolar bone lose in Iraqi male cigarette smokers.

Author: Dr. Amal Raouf S. Mohammed, B.D.S., H.DD, M.Sc د. امل رؤوف
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 87-91
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The role of smoking in periodontal disease has been extensively studied for many years. Many studies build up an increasing amount of scientific data which support the concept that tobacco use is an important risk factor for increasing of periodontal diseases.Intraoral radiographs are important for diagnosis of periodontal problems. The aim of this study is to estimate bone loss by using direct digital and conventional radiographs in smokers. One hundred eighty sites (for molar region except third molar) in cigarette smoking patients were examined by digital and conventional periapical radiograph for detection of alveolar bone loss according to sextants and severity of bone loss. All images were examined by measuring mesial and distal bone loss of molars. The study shows that the differences between the conventional and the digital images in estimation of alveolar bone loss were not the same in all mouth sextants, so more bone loss was indicated by digital image in the mandibular right and left sextants than conventional image while there was little differences in maxillary right and left sextants in both images. Also this study shows those highly significant differences in digital image than the conventional image in early bone loss but no significant differences in both moderate and severs bone loss.

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