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Article
Relationship Between Hemoglobin Level and Feeding Pattern in Apparently Healthy Children Below Two Years
العلاقة بين مستوى الهيموغلوبين ونمط التغذية لدى الأطفال الأصحاء على ما يبدو دون عامين

Authors: Abdulkadir A. Alnakshabandi --- Abbas A. Al-Rabaty --- Ahmed A. Ahmed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2010 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 9-15
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: Anemia is still one of the most common problems in the world even in developed countries, but its evaluation is still underestimated especially in developing countries like our, so it needs further planning, screening and management. This study was done in 12 primary health care centers PHCC in Erbil city – Kurdistan re-gion/Iraq during period fro 1st Feb - 31st Jul 2008. The main objectives were to determine the hemoglobin value in our children , to estimate the prevalence of anemia and correlating it with feeding pattern .Methods: This prospective study was conducted in 500 apparently healthy children col-lected randomly, visiting the vaccination centers routinely during 5 months period. Feeding. pattern were studied in relation to hemoglobin (Hb) level only.Results: From total 500 children conducted in this study, the mean Hb. of them was 10.4 g/dl. Those with normal Hb were 196 (39.2%), while 304 (60.4%) of them were anemic. Those with mild anemia were 145 (29.0%) and 159 (31.8%) of them had moderate anemia. The sex had no effect on Hb level. The anemia was lesser in children below one year Children on breast feeding had lower percent of anemia (51.9%),those on exclusive breast feeding only 6 (33.4%) while those on adult milk (74.9%) of them were anemic.Conclusions: There was a high prevalence of anemia among the investigated children and less common in children with breast feedin.


Article
ANEMIA IN DIABETIC PATIENTS WITHOUT MICROALBUMINURIA; IN RELATION TO TYPE OF DIABETES, GLYCEMIC CONTROL AND hs-C REACTIVE PROTEIN LEVELS

Authors: Adeeb Abbas Al-Shami --- Abbas M. Rahma --- Shatha H. Ali --- Ali Mohammed Ali Hussein
Journal: Al-Nahrain Journal of Science مجلة النهرين للعلوم ISSN: (print)26635453,(online)26635461 Year: 2010 Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 110-119
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Recent studies have highlighted on association between anemia and the development andprogression of diabetic nephropathy. There is also an increased cardiovascular risk in patients withdiabetic nephropathy and a clear association between anemia and abnormal cardiac function,although most patients in the previous studies have type 2 diabetes mellitus. The present studyfocused on the possible variations in hematological parameters as well as hs-CRP levels in anemictype 1 and type 2 diabetics without microalbuminuria, in relation to their glycemic indices.The study groups compromised of 50 diabetic patients (25 with type 1 and 25 with type 2) whohad been selected to have haemoglobin levels below the gender specific normal range with negativemicroalbuminurea, in comparism to two control groups of 16 and 18 healthy subjects,respectively,whom are age and sex matching of type 1 and type 2 patients.For this the patientsblood specimens were taken for testing blood levels of haemoglobin, red blood cellscount,reticulocyte count, Hb A1C levels; as well as fasting serum glucose, serum insulin, C-reactiveprotein levels.The results indicated that anemia in both types of diabetes was not related to any of the RBCindices(MCV, MCH, MCHC), results are not shown, but it s related to lowered total number ofRBC as compared to their controls. Meanwhile,their was no evidence of an increased reticulocyte inthe studied groups of either types of diabetes, indicating a defective erythropoiesis rate, although theselected patients were without detectable nephropathy (ve testing for microalbuminuria).Furthermore, the reduction in RBC count was not significantly correlated with glycemic indices(FPG, FPI, HbA1C, QUICKI). However, hs-CRP levels were significantly elevated in diabeticpatients, but CRP levels were significantly correlated with fasting serum insulin in type 2diabetics,but not in type1. Which may indicate a role for inflammation in type 2 diabetes incontribution to insulin resistance that may provide an additional risk factor for cardiovasculardiseases in this type of diabetic whom have anemia as well.

أشارت الدراسات الحديثة على وجود علاقة بين كلمن فقر الدم وظهور وتطور أمراض الكلى لدى المصابينبداء السكري. إضافة إلى زيادة نسبة الخطورة في مرضىالسكري الذين يعانون من اعتلال الكلى نتيجة السكريبسبب وجود علاقة واضحة بين كل من فقر الدم واختلالوظيفة القلب، على الرغم من إن معظم هذه الدراسات تمتعلى النوع الثاني من السكري. ان هذه الدراسة التي تركزعلى احتمالية ظهور اختلافات في بعض مؤشرات الدم وكذلك بمستوى البروتين – سي الفعال في مصل المرضىلكلا النوعين الاول والثاني من السكري من المصابين بفقرالدم بدون اعتلال الكلى (عدم وجود آثار للألبومين فيالادرار).تضمنت الدراسة 50 شخصا من المصابين بالسكري25 منهم من النوع الاول و 25 من النوع الثاني) تم )اختيارهم ليكون مستوى خضاب الدم لديهم اقل من مستواهالطبيعي حسب جنس المريض، من الذين اظهروا نتائجسلبية في فحص وجود آثار للألبومين في الادرار. تماستحصال نماذج الدم بعد الصيام لقياس مستويات كل من خضاب الدم وعدد الكريات الحمر وعدد الخلايا الشبكية فيالدم اضافة الى مستوى الخضاب المرتبط بالسكر وكذلكمستويات كل من السكر والانسولين والبروتين – سي الفعالعالي الحساسية.أظهرت النتائج ان فقر الدم في المجاميع المدروسة لمتبين اي اختلال في معايير الكريات الحمر (معدل حجمالكرية، معدل الخضاب فيها، معدل تركيز الخضاب فيها) –لم تبين النتائج هنا. ولكن كان فقر الدم يعزى بالدرجةالاساس الى انخفاض في تعداد الكريات الحمر لدىالمرضى من كلا النوعين عند المقارنة بالاصحاء.على الغممن عدم وجود اي مؤشر لزيادة مستوى الخلايا الشبكية فيالدم في اي من المجاميع المدروسة من مرضىالسكري.مما قد يؤشر وجود خللا في عملية صنع الخلاياالحمر، على الرغم من اختيار المرضى غير المصابينباعتلال الكلي حسب الفحص السلبي لأثار الالبومين فيالادرار. كما ان تناقص اعداد الكريات الحمر لم يكنمرتبطا احصائيا بأي من المؤشرات علي درجة سكرية الدم(فحص السكر، مستوى الانسولين،مستوى الخضاب المرتبطبالسكر، معدل التحسس للانسولين). في حين كان مستوىسي- بروتين الفعال عالي الحساسية شديد الارتفاع فيالمرضى حين المقارنة بالاصحاء، وكان ايضا مرتبطابمستوى الانسولين في حالة الصيام لدى مرضى النوعالثاني من السكري فقط مشيرا الى احتمالية وجود دورلعملية الالتهاب في مقاومة الانسولين والتي قد تزيدعاملخطورة اومؤشرا اضافيا للاصابة بامراض القلب فيمرضى النوع الثاني من السكري المصابين بفقر الدم


Article
Total Serum Bilirubin and Related Anemia in Thalassemic Patients
البيليروبين الكلي في المصل وصلته بفقر الدم في مرضى الثلاسيميا

Authors: Isam Noori Salman AL-Karawi --- Sura Muhsin Abood --- Najlaa Qassim Muftin
Journal: Journal of College of Education مجلة كلية التربية ISSN: 18120380 Year: 2011 Issue: 6 Pages: 70-83
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The aim of present study was to evaluate total serum bilirubin TSB (direct and indirect SB) for thalassemic patients and to verify the correlation between Hb level, age and TSB level (direct and indirect) for the same patients. To achieve this aim, Forty-three thalassemic patients (19 females & 24 male) with mean ages of 12.61±4.54 with a range of 4-22 years were enrolled. Thirty one healthy individuals (12 females & 19 males) of ages 11.55± 5.36 were enrolled as control group. The total serum bilirubin, (direct and indirect) levels in sera of patients and control group were measured by a colorimetric method. The results show a highly significant increase for TSB (P<0.001), for patients in compared with healthy control while Hb levels were decreased significantly (P<0.01) for the same patients. The linear regression analysis exhibited strong positive significant correlations for direct SB (r= 0.48, P< 0.01), indirect SB(r= 0.53, P< 0.01) with age while its negative significant relationship for direct SB (r= -0.33, P< 0.05), indirect SB(r= -0.75, P< 0.0001) with Hb levels in thalassemic patients. Conclusion, elevation of TSB in thalassemic patients and its inverse correlation with Hb consider the best indicator of the presence of anemia.

المباشر TSB هدفت الدراسة الحالية لتقييم مستوى البيليروبين الكلي(بنوعيه المباشر وغير المباشر) في المصل ودراسة نوع العلاقة بين مستوى الهيموغلوبين مرضى الثلاسيميا لدى Indirect SB وغير المباشر Direct SB غير المباشر) ) والعمر لنفس المرضى لتحقيق هذا الغرض SB المباشر و SB) TSB والبليروبين الكلي Hb تم دراسة 43 من مرضى الثلاسيميا (19 اناث و24 ذكور) معدل اعمارهم 4.54±12.61وبمدى عمر 4-22 سنة تضمنت الدراسة ايضا 31 شخصا من الاصحاء ( 12 اناث و19 ذكور) معدل اعمارهم 5.36± 11.55قيس مستوى البلروبين الكلي في المصل (المباشر وغير المباشر) بالطريقة اللونية اخذت كمجموعة سيطرة للمرضى مقارنة بالاصحاء (مجموعة TSB) قي مستوى البلروبين الكلي P<0.001 بينت النتائج زيادة معنويةاظهر تحليل الارتباط (P<0.01) بصورة ملحوظة Hb الهيموغلوبين انخفضت مستويات السيطرة ) بينما Indirect SB, (r= 0.48 P< 0.01) Direct SB علاقات ارتباطية معنوية طردية متزايدة مع العمر لكل من (r= -0.33, P< 0.05), Direct SBلكل من بينما العلاقة الارتباطية سالبة وعكسية, (0.53, P< 0.01) مع مستوى الهيموغلوبين. الاستنتاج: ان ارتفاع مستوى البيلروبين (r= -0.75, P< 0.0001) Indirect SB الكلي في مرضى الثلاسيميا وعلاقته العكسية مع مستوى الهيموغلوبين تعتبر دليل جيد على وجود فقرالدم .

Keywords

TSB --- Thalassemia --- Anemia


Article
THE POSSIBLE RELATION BETWEEN HELICOBAC T ER PYLORI I INFECTION WITH_ BLOOD GROUPS , ANEMIA ANDPERIPHERAL LYMPHOCYTE ELEVATION A
العلاقة الممكنة بين الاصابة بجرثومة الملوية البوابية ومجاميع الدم وارتفاع مستويات الخلايا اللمفاوية المحيطية

Author: Zenaa W.Atean زينة وحيد عطوان
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: 18138497 Year: 2006 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 83-87
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Biopsy were taken from 50 patients in order to cultivate Helicobacter pylori andblood samples to detect anemia , differential white blood eellcount and blood groups .The results showed that anemia was found in 48% of the patients while lymphocyteelevated in 44% of them , blood group 0 had the higher percentage ( 42% ) in thosepatients among the other blood group types" . ' . _ _INTRODUCTION -Helicobacter pylori is a gram-negative microorganism that secretes manysubstances including ammoina , mucolytic enzymes ( adhesins , catalase and urease ) andacid secrete inhibitory proteins.(8) In addition to that it secrets toxin like vacuolatingcytotoxin A (vacA).(7). - —Adhesin allows the organism to adhere , catalase might protect the organisum fromthe immune system , urease increase the secretion of gastrin which stimulate the intestinal‘tissues to grow faster , and so could result in increased cancer risk .Urease is reponsible forhydrolyzing urea to NH3 and CO2, and acts as also protective by forming an alkalinenvironment around the organism . The combination of NH3 ,_Co2 and inhibitory proteinsallows the bacteria to setup locallized pockets where it can neutralize even the acidity of' blood type 0 stomachsThe genetics of the secretor and non —-secretor system interact to alter anindividuals risk for ulcer. In several studies , non—secretors of ABO substances have beenfound to have significantly higher rate ofduodenal and peplic ulcer .( 8)fl._ pylori infection increases the percentage of peripheral lymphocytes above theupper limit of referential.values .(l0)e ' ‘Recent evidence suggests that fl_. pylori infection could cause iron deficiencyanemia ( IDA ).(2). Adolescent femal athletes may have development of [_{_.__pyloriassociated ( IDA ) which can be managed by Q pylori eradication (5 ) . H. pylori mayhave a role in causing IDA in school-age children (3 )

Keywords

Anemia --- Gastrin --- Urea


Article
Factors Associated with Anemia in A sample of Pregnant Women Attending Primary Health Centers

Author: Muna A. Zeidan
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2013 Volume: 26 Issue: 3 Pages: 20-29
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Objective (s): To determine proportion of anemia among sample of Pregnant women. To identify factors associated with the anemia (Maternal age, maternal education, gestational age, parity, gravidity, birth interval, smoking, taking iron supplements and dietary habits).Methodology: A cross-sectional study conducted at Al- washash & Bab-almoadham primary health care centers. The sample was selected by (non-probability convenient sampling) and sample size was (550). The study started from 1st March 2011 to 30th of March 2012. The data was collected by direct interview using special questionnaire to obtained socio-demographic information. Results: the result shows that mean age of the subjects was 26.5± 7.5 years, 85.8% were housewives; about (45.6%) of pregnant women in the sample were anemic. About (52.2%) of the pregnant women with anemia were mainly at 3rd trimester of their pregnancy. Analysis of results by chi-square test show that (Maternal age, maternal education, gestational age, parity, gravidity, birth interval, smoking, taking iron supplements and dietary habits) were significant factors associated with anemia.Recommendations: the present study recommends that priority should be given to provide education and other social services in on the prevention of pregnancy-induced anemia.

المستخلصالهدف: الهدف من الدراسة هو تحديد نسبة فقر الدم لعينة من النساء الحوامل , وللتعرف على العوامل المرتبطة بفقر الدم ( كالعمر , تعليم الام,عمر الحمل , عدد الاطفال. عدد مرات الحمل, فترة المباعدة بين حمل واخر, التدخين, تناول الحديد, العادات الغذائية). المنهجية: : دراسة مقطعية اجريت في المركز الصحي في الوشاش والمركز الصحي في باب المعظم عينة غرضية وحجم العينة كان 550. والدراسة قد بدأت في الاول من مارس عام 2011 ولغاية 30 مارس 2012 . حيث جمعت المعلومات والبيانات باستخدام استبانة معدة مسبقا للحصول على المعلومات الاجتماعية والديموغرافية. النتائج: :اظهرت الدراسة ان متوسط اعمار عينة الدراسة هو 26,5±7,5 سنة , وحوالي 85,8 % من العينة كن ربات بيوت , وحوالي 45,6% من العينة يعانون من فقر الدم, وحوالي 52,2 % من النساء الحوامل والمصابات بفقر الدم كَانتْ بشكل رئيسي في الثُلثِ الثالثِ مِنْ مرحلة الحمل. بعد تحليل النتائج بطريقة ( مربع كاي ) تبين وجود ترابط معنوي واضح بين فقر الدم و(والعمر , تعليم الام, مرحلة الحمل, عدد الاطفال. عدد مرات الحمل, فترة المباعدة بين حمل واخر, والتدخين, تناول الحديد, العادات الغذائية). التوصيات:توصي الدراسة باهمية ان تكون الاولوية للتثقيف الصحي والخدمات الاجتماعية الاخرى في الحد من حدوث فقر الدم اثناء الحمل.

Keywords

Anemia --- Factors --- Pregnant women


Article
Association between Severity of Anemia and Maternal Factors During Pregnancy in Maternity Teaching Hospital/Erbil City
العلاقة بين شدة فقر الدم وعوامل الامومة أثناء فترة الحمل في مستشفى الولادة التعليمية / أربيل

Authors: Awaz Aziz Saeed --- Hamdia Mirkhan Ahmed --- Warda Hassan AboaAllah
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2015 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 93-98
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: Anemia is a global health issue with disproportionately high prevalence in women in developing countries. In addition to being an independent risk factor for decreased quality of life and increased morbidity and mortality, anemia in women has been linked to unfavorable outcomes of pregnancy. It is the most common nutritional disorder in the world affecting 2 billion people worldwide with pregnant women particularly at risk. This study aimed to find out the association between severity of anemia with the following maternal factors: sociodemographic, medical and obstetrical history, diet and medication and clinical manifestation.Methods: A descriptive study was conducted on 64 anemic pregnant women in Maternity Teaching Hospital/Erbil city, during the period Mar 1st to 30th June 2013. A purposive (non-probability) sampling was used. A questionnaire format was prepared by researchers which included following parts: sociodemographic data, medical and obstetrical history, diet pattern and medication, clinical manifestation and Hb level at admission.Results: 57.8% of the study sample had moderate anemia during pregnancy. The majority of the study sample aged between 18-35 years, resident in urban area and were housewives. There was significant association between severity of anemia with urban residency and number of taking leafy green vegetable/week. There was no association between severity of anemia and following maternal factors: age, occupation, monthly salary income, educational level, previous medical and obstetrical history, current obstetrical history, diet pattern and medication. Data was analyzed by using percentage and chi square Conclusions: Severity of anemia was associated with residency.Recommendations: Work to increase the awareness programs to reduce the incidence of anemia during pregnancy Further studies have to done with more sample size because anemia during pregnancy is critical condition especially in case of severe anemia that increase the rate of morbidity and mortality .

الخلفية: فقر الدم هو مشكلة صحية عالمية واسعة الانتشاربشكل غير متناسب بين النساء في البلدان النامية. بالإضافة إلى كونه عامل خطر مستقل لانخفاض جودة الحياة وزيادة معدلات الاعتلال والوفيات، وقد تم ربط فقر الدم لدى النساء إلى النتائج السلبية للحمل. هو اضطراب التغذية الأكثر شيوعا في العالم والؤثر على ملياري شخص في جميع أنحاء العالم مع النساء الحوامل بشكل خاص. الهدف: تهدف الدراسة الحالية إلى معرفة العلاقة بين شدة فقر الدم مع عوامل الأمومة التالية: العوامل الديموغرافية، والتاريخ الطبي والتوليد، والنظام الغذائي والأدوية والمظاهر السريرية. المنهجية: أجريت دراسة وصفية على 64 امرأة مصابة بفقر الدم في مستشفى الولادة التعليمية/ مدينة أربيل، خلال الفترة من الاول من ادارالى ال30 حزيران2013. واستخدم عينة هادفة (غير الاحتمالية). : وتم إعداد الاستبانة من قبل الباحثين التي ضمت الأجزاء التالية المعلومات الاجتماعية والديموغرافية والتاريخ الطبي والتوليد، ونمط الغذاء والدواء، والمظاهر السريرية ومستوى الهيموغلوبين.تم استخدام النسبة المئوية ومربع كاي لتحليل النتائجالنتائج: اشارت نتائج الدراسة بان نسبة57.8٪ من عينة الدراسة أثناء فترة الحمل مصابين فقر الدم المعتدل. والغالبية العظمى من عينة الدراسة تتراوح أعمارهم بين 18-35 سنة، ومقيمين في منطقة حضرية وكانت ربات بيوت. اشارت الدراسة بوجود علاقة مؤثرة بين شدة فقر الدم مع الإقامة الحضرية وتناول كمية من الخضروات الورقية الخضراء. وبينت نتائج الدراسة بان لاتوجد علاقة بين شدة فقر الدم والعوامل التالية: العمر والمهنة والدخل الراتب الشهري، والمستوى التعليمي، والتاريخ الطبي والتوليد السابق، والتاريخ التوليد الحالي، ونمط غذائي والادوية.الاستنتاجات: شدة فقر الدم كان مرتبطا مع نوع الإقامة. التوصيات: العمل على زيادة برامج التوعية للتقليل من نسبة الاصابة بفقر الدم اثناء فترة الحمل , اجراء مزيد من الدراسات حول فقر الدم اثناء الحمل لانها حالة حرجة وتؤثر على معدل الامراضية والوفيات

Keywords

Severity --- anemia --- pregnancy


Article
THE VALUE OF OESOPHAGEOGASTRODUODENSCOPY (OGD) IN ASSESSMENT OF ANEMIC PATIENTS

Authors: Waseem F. Al-Tameemi وسيم فاضل التميمي --- Ali S. Mahdi علي صالح مهدي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2016 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 56-61
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background:Endoscopic evaluations are commonly included within work up of unexplained anemia.Objectives:Defining the value of the oesophageogastroduodenscopy as routine investigation in anemic patients in concern with gross pathological findings, as well as determining its importance in state of anemia in relation to age and gender.Methods:It is a retrospective study reviewed 89 anemic patient reports, at the Oesophageogastroduodenscopy clinic, Al-Imammian Al-Kadhimain Medical City throughout the period between Oct 2011-Jan 2013. The following data had been reported from the patients files and included; gender, age, referral indication (which should be anemia with or without accompanying symptom) and their gross endoscopic pathological findings.Results:The mean age was 46±17.36 years with range of 13-80 years. Male to female ratio (1:1.23). Majority of patients 50.6 %were referred due to lack of obvious cause to their anemia in absence of gastrointestinal symptoms. The most frequent finding is normal report in 33.7% followed by gastritis in 18%. Almost 82.5% of male patients were reported to have abnormal oesophageogastroduodenscopy in comparison to female patients (53.06%) (p = 0.003). Male patients at or under 45 years is statistically highly significant to undergo screening for the cause of anemia by endoscopy in comparison to same age matched counterpart females (p = 0.015).Conclusion:It is important to apply practical algorithm in deciding the indication and value of referral anemic patients for oesophageogastroduodenscopy clinic considering young male patients and those with gastrointestinal tract symptoms as priorities after attempting to exclude all other possible causes, otherwise there will be no further yield by endoscopy in addition to exhaustion of resources.Keywords:Unexplained anemia, oesophageogastroduodenscopy


Article
STUDY OF SOME BLOOD NORMAL PARAMETERS OF SHEEP IN BASRAH
دراسة بعض معايير الدم الطبيعيه في الاغنام في البصره

Author: Hassanin Husham Naser Al-Autaish
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: 18138497 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 380-385
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study was conducted in Basrah at period from September- 2012 throughoutAugust- 2013.Blood samples were collected from 480 sheep in different ages andboth genders. Haematological parameters were estimated and the result revealed that;the sheep included in this study have lower haematological parameters than thestandard ones. Young animals in this study suffering from macrocytic normochromicanaemia

Keywords

sheep --- anemia --- Basrah


Article
Prevalence of Anemia among Pregnant Women Attending Primary Health Care Center in Bab-Al-Moudham

Authors: Athraa karim Hussein --- Shatha Mahmood Niazy --- Buthaina Ateyah Rashid --- Ban yousuf yaqcoob --- et al.
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 1 Pages: 54-59
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: Anemia is define as decreased hemoglobin level, or circulating red blood cells and it is the most common hematological disorder during pregnancy.Objective(s): To identify prevalence of anemia, risk factors that contribute to the occurrence of anemia, and to explain the main types of anemia during pregnancy.Materials and methods: A descriptive cross- sectional study conducted at primary health care in Bab- Al-Moudham center in Baghdad city, the sample was selected by non- probability (convenient sampling) and sample size (150). The study started from 1nd March to 10th June 2012, the data was collected by direct interview technique. Previous questionnaire was structured by the researchers to measure the variable of the study; these information infants include (age, educational level, number of children, type of delivery, and type of feeding, .etc).Results: The results shows that most frequent age group was (2-29) years, (34.7%) of mothers were primary school graduate and about (54%) of the pregnant women with anemia had no abortion and no bleeding.Conclusions: The study concluded that higher percentage of pregnant mothers was low rate hemoglobin. Recommendations: The study recommended that encourage pregnant mothers to visit primary health care centers early and regularly and take drugs that prevent the occurrence of anemia during pregnancy period.


Article
Estimation of Hepcidin Level and Its Correlation With Iron State in Pregnant Women

Authors: Ghufran Mohammed Hussein --- Nibras Yahya Hussein
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Medical Journal مجلة القادسية الطبية ISSN: 18170153 Year: 2018 Volume: 14 Issue: 25 Pages: 103-109
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

This study aimed for determination of serum hepcidin level and its association with ‎iron ‎state in pregnant women with and without anemia. ‏This study comprises ‎86 pregnant women divided into two groups, the first ‎group comprises 49 pregnant women without iron deficiency ‎anemia‎, the second group comprises 37 pregnant women with iron ‎deficiency anemia. ‎Blood was drawn from all pregnant women for determination of serum ferritin and hepcidin concentrations. The results establish a significant decrease in serum ferritin ‎and hepcidin concentrations in pregnant women with anemia as paralleled with pregnant women without anemia. The outcomes of linear regression analysis demonstrate a significant positive association between serum ferritin ‎and hepcidin concentrations in both study groups. In conclusion, measurement of serum hepcidin level is an important parameter for ‎evaluation the iron state in pregnant women. ‎

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