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Article
Anatomical Study of Axillary Artery Variation.

Authors: Mohammad O. Selman --- Thaer M. Farhan
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: PISSN: 00419419 / EISSN: 24108057 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 3 Pages: 322-325
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The axillary artery is a direct continuation of the subclavian artery. The axillary artery is usually described as giving off six branches. The first part gives superior thoracic artery. The second part gives lateral thoracic (LT) and thoracoacromial(TAC) arteries. The third part gives three, subscapular(SS), anterior circumflex humeral(ACH)and posterior circumflex humeral(PCH) arteries. Anatomical variations in the branching pattern of axillary artery are quiet common and typically include the subscapular artery(SS), lateral thoracic artery(LT) and the posterior circumflex humeral artery(PCH). The variation of the axillary artery branching pattern has anatomical as well as clinical and surgical relevance given the proximity to the shoulder joint and humerus.
Patients & Method: Bilateral axilla dissection was conducted on 26 embalmed axillae (13 cadavers) to allow examination of the axillary artery and its branches. The study was carried out in Department of Human Anatomy, College of Medicine.
Results: The classical branching pattern of the LT originating from the axillary artery posterior to the pectoralis minor muscle and the SS producing the circumflex scapular (CS) artery and thoracodorsal(TD) occurred in 77%. The SS was observed originating from the LT 7% of the time. The LT was observed originating from the SS 5% of the time. The LT was observed producing the circumflex scapular artery and TD in the absence of SS 2.5% of the time. The PCH originated from four different sources, from the third part of axillary artery as is classically described in 77%. From the SS 11%. From deep brachial artery DB 9% and from LT 2%.
Conclusion: Vascular variation in the axillary artery and its branches is quiet common , This variation should be considered seriously as will implicate risk of bleeding during surgery in the axilla and also the difficulty in interpretation of the angiography after axillary catheterization .


Article
Morphometric and Analytic Study of Axillary Artery Course and Its Branches
المورفومترية ودراسة تحليلية لدورة شريان إبطي وفروعه

Author: Mohammad A. Abd-alla,
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit University المجلة الطبية لجامعة تكريت ISSN: 18131638 Year: 2007 Volume: 2 Issue: 132 Pages: 132-138
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The axillary artery course shows so many variations that differ from one person to other and it becomes confusedly to assign the commonest pattern of its course. Fifty upper limbs that had been studied at Forensic Medicine Department of Tikrit Teaching Hospital in Salahaddin governorate, and dissected to explore the axially artery, freed from neighbor structures to establish the course of axillary artery, prevalence of deviations from the usual description & to analyze the data with other related studies. The axillary artery gives 5 branches in 36% of cases and 6 branches only in 28% of them; the common named branches of axillary artery arise at variable distances from point of origin of the parent trunk either directly or in common with some other branch from its different parts.

مسار الشريان الإبطية يظهر العديد من الاختلافات بحيث تختلف من شخص لآخر، ويصبح من بارتباك لتعيين أشيع نمط من مسارها. خمسون الأطراف العلوية التي تم دراستها في قسم الطب الشرعي من مستشفى تكريت في محافظة صلاح الدين، وتشريح لاستكشاف الشريان محوريا، التي تحررت من الهياكل جار لتحديد مسار الشريان الإبطية، وانتشار الانحرافات عن الوصف المعتاد وتحليل البيانات مع الدراسات الأخرى ذات الصلة. الشريان الإبطية يعطي 5 فروع في 36٪ من الحالات وفروع 6 فقط في 28٪ منهم، والفروع المشتركة المسماة شريان إبطي تنشأ على مسافات متغيرة من نقطة المنشأ من الجذع الأم إما مباشرة أو مشتركة مع بعض الفرع الآخر من في مناطق مختلفة


Article
Morphometric and analytic study of axillary artery course and its branches
المورفومترية ودراسة تحليلية بالطبع شريان إبطي وفروعه

Author: Mohammad A. Abd-alla محمد احمد عبدالله
Journal: The Medical Journal of Tikrit University المجلة الطبية لجامعة تكريت ISSN: 18131638 Year: 2007 Volume: 1 Issue: 131 Pages: 132-138
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The axillary artery course shows so many variations that differ from one person to other and it becomes confusedly to assign the commonest pattern of its course. Fifty upper limbs that had been studied at Forensic Medicine Department of Tikrit Teaching Hospital in Salah-Aldin governorate, and dissected to explore the axially artery, freed from neighbor structures to establish the course of axillary artery, prevalence of deviations from the usual description & to analyze the data with other related studies. The axillary artery gives 5 branches in 36% of cases and 6 branches only in 28% of them; the common named branches of axillary artery arise at variable distances from point of origin of the parent trunk either directly or in common with some other branch from its different parts.
Keywords:- Axillary Artery, superior (highest) thoracic, thoraco-acromial, lateral thoracic, subscapular, anterior circumflex humeral, posterior circumflex humeral

مسار الشريان الإبطية يظهر العديد من الاختلافات بحيث تختلف من شخص لآخر، ويصبح من بارتباك لتعيين أشيع نمط من مسارها. خمسون الأطراف العلوية التي تم دراستها في قسم الطب الشرعي من مستشفى تكريت في صلاح الدين محافظة، وتشريح لاستكشاف الشريان محوريا، التي تحررت من الهياكل جار لتحديد مسار الشريان الإبطية، وانتشار الانحرافات عن الوصف المعتاد وإلى تحليل البيانات مع الدراسات الأخرى ذات الصلة. الشريان الإبطية يعطي 5 فروع في 36٪ من الحالات وفروع 6 فقط في 28٪ منهم، والفروع المشتركة المسماة شريان إبطي تنشأ على مسافات متغيرة من نقطة المنشأ من الجذع الأم إما مباشرة أو مشتركة مع بعض الفرع الآخر من . أجزائه المختلفة
كلمات: - شريان إبطي، متفوقة (أعلى) الصدر، الصدري الأخرم، الجانبي، وتحت الكتف الصدري، عضدي المنعطف الأمامي، الخلفي المنعطف العضدي

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