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Article
The Normal Range of Mouth Opening in Kurdish Population and its Correlation to Age, Sex, Height, and Weight
المدى الطبيعي للفم المفتوح عند السكان الأكراد وعلاقته بالسن والجنس والطول والوزن

Authors: Handreen M. Ali --- Reiadh K . Al Kamali --- shahab A. Hamad
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2010 Volume: 14 Issue: 3 Pages: 41-46
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: to many dental disciplines, especially oral and maxillofacial surgeons to perform dental treatments and oral surgical procedures comfortably. This study was conducted to estimate the degree of mouth opening and its correlation to sex, age, height and weight.Methods: The maximum mean mouth opening of 1262 Kurdish adult was measured using a calibrated ruler, in addition to body height and weight. Student-t test was used to assess the statistical difference between males and females and Pearson correlation coefficient to assess the correlation between mouth opening and both body height and weight.Results: The mean value of mouth opening was 50.56 mm for males and 48.46 mm for females. The greatest mean mouth opening was noted in the age group of 16-24 and decreased gradually with advanced age. A significant positive correlation was noted between mouth opening and both body height and weight.Conclusions: Mouth opening was higher in males than females in all age groups and decreased gradually with advancing age. It was positively correlated with body height and weight.


Article
Management of Esophageal Foreign Bodies, retrospective study.

Authors: Uday H.Juma محمود هادي --- Abdulameer M.Hussein --- Mohammed H. Nemat
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2011 Volume: 53 Issue: 1 Pages: 35-39
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Foreign body impaction in the esophagus is a common problem. Our Objective is to draw conclusions from a retrospective over viewing a number of cases to assess current methods of management and to come out with recommendation from collected experience.Patient and method: A retrospective study of (62) patients admitted to the Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery at Medical City Teaching Hospital from January 2002 to December 2004 with history of foreign body swallowing and impaction. Six patients excluded from the (62) patients after having negative esophgoscpic findings. On presentation, history about type and time of ingestion, associated signs and symptoms were recorded, x- ray was taken. Rigid esophagoscopy or direct laryngoscopy and Magill forceps has been used. After the procedure completion, type and site of the foreign body and state of esophageal mucosa at the site of impaction were recorded. Chest X-ray done postoperatively in certain patients when we had peroperative findings of bleeding, suspicion of perforation. All patients except 2 were discharged within 24 hours after the procedure.Results: The results showed that the commonest age group was among children between 1-10 years (27) patients, and 77% of the patients presented with dysphagia as the most common presenting symptom, site of impaction mostly in upper third of esophagus 68%, and 68% of the FB were radiopaque. Types of the FB were versatile but 50% of them were metalic objects.Conclusion: Esophageal FB is a common problem especially among children; it requires urgent intervention because of its deleterious complications if left untreated.Suspecion is enough indication especially in children. Management requires good experience in using the appropriate tools like Magill forceps, which is safe and quick in good hands.Keywords: Foreign body, esophagus

Keywords

Foreign body --- esophagus


Article
Foreign Bodies Inhalation

Author: Abdulameer M. Hussain
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 3 Pages: 254-257
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: foreign bodies Inhalation still a common problem in Iraq, occurring in both lay and professional segments of our society. Their successful removal is based on a collected experience of our thoracic surgical teams.
Patients&Methods: A prospective study of two hundred forty eight patients referred to the department of thoracic surgery of the surgical subspecialties hospital of the medical city teaching complex during the year (2007) due to witnessed or suspicion of foreign body inhalation. Patients were grouped into group 1 with definite history of foreign body inhalation and group 2 with no such history.
Results: In group 1, out of 203(81.85%) patients, about 169(83.25%) patients were proved to have foreign body inhalation by rigid bronchoscopy, while in group 2,foreign body inhalation were proved in 14(31.11%) patients out of 45(18.14%) patients. The commonest age group of foreign body Inhalation was 6 months - two years (63.93%), and males to female ratio was 1.8:1. The highest peaks were encounter in July and August. The results of chest X-ray were normal in (53.55%) of cases and the most common radiological abnormality was pneumonic consolidation which was seen in (15.84%) of cases. Organic foreign bodies were representing (86.3%), the commonest organic foreign body was watermelon seed (48.65%), and the common site of foreign body lodgment was the right main bronchus.
Conclusion: The mere suspicion of a foreign body Inhalation is a justification for bronchoscopy. A negative bronchoscopy is better than to leave it inside with its serious sequels.

Keywords

Foreign body --- FB --- Bronchoscopy


Article
Concentrations of Some Minerals According to Body Condition in Local Sheep
تراكيز بعض المعادن وفقا لشرط الجسم في الاغنام المحلية

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Abstract

Calcium, magnesium, phosphorous, sodium, potassium and chloride concentrations were estimated in 150 sheep in Baghdad classified according to body condition toemaciated, weamediu and fat sheep. Concentrations of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium and chloride in emaciated sheep were 1.88, 0.896, 1.5, 9.11, 9.04, 4.60 and 86.28 mmol/L , in weak sheep were 1.88,.876,1.34,124.11,4.89,and 95.95 mmol/L ,in medium sheep were 2.09,.986,2.10,150.57,5.25,and 105.21 ,and in fat sheep were 2.14 , 9.21, 1.93, 150.33, 4.83 and 100.63 with significant difference (P<0.05) between mineral concentrations of emaciated, weak, medium and fat sheep.

تم قياس تركيزالكالسيوم ,المغنيسيوم, الفسفور, الصوديوم, البوتاسيوم والكلور في مصل 150 راسا من الاغنام في بغداد صنفت اعتمادا على قياس شرط الجسم الى هزيلة,ضعيفة, متوسطة, وسمينة .كان تركيز الكالسيوم, المغنيسيوم, الفسفور, الصوديوم, البوتاسيوم والكلور في مصل الأغنام الهزيلة وعلى التوالي 1.88 ،0.896 ،0.1.59 ،119.04 ،4.60 و86.28 ملي مول/ لتر ، وفي مصل الأغنام الضعيفة وعلى التوالي 1.88 ،0.876 ،1.34 ،124.11 ،4.98 و95 .95 ملي مول/لتر وفي مصل الأغنام المتوسطة كانت على التوالي2.09 ، 0.986 ،2.10 ،150.57 ،5.25 و105,21 ملي مول/ لتر وفي مصل الأغنام السمينة كانت على التوالي 2.14 ،0.921 ،1.93 ،150.33 ،4.83 و100.63 ملي مول/لتر وكان هناك فرقاً معنوياً مهماً بمستوى (P<0.05)في تراكيز المعادن بين الاغنام الهزيلة ، الضعيفة ،المتوسطة و السمينة .


Article
Esophageal Foreign Bodies

Author: M. F. Abdul Ghani محمد فوزي عبد الغني
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2009 Volume: 51 Issue: 3 Pages: 232-235
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Summary Background: The removal of an impacted foreign body in the esophagus is still a common practice in the Thoracic Department of the Medical City Hospital .The objective of this study is to cast a light on this rather a common phenomenon in our country , its risks and its management.Patients and Methods: This is a retrospective study of 120 patients with foreign bodies in the esophagus managed successfully in our department during five years period 1998 – 2002 inclusive .The study included 65 males and 55 females . Their ages range between I year and 75 years. The most common age group was less than 10 years , which constitutes about 30% of our patients .Varieties of foreign bodies were encountered ,their ways of presentation , clinical findings and radiological appearances will be prescribe .Results: Successful removal of the foreign bodies was done in most of the cases .In 4patients esophageal dilatation was done for an area of stricture on which the foreign body was impacted. Surgery was necessary in two patients for the removal of foreign bodies which were impossible to be removed endoscopically .Conclusion: Rigid esophagoscopy under general anesthesia is the procedure of choice for foreign body removal and nearly all the cases could be considered preventable.Key words: Foreign body (FB), Esophagoscopy


Article
HISTOMORPHOLGICAL STUDY OF CILIARY BODY AND CILIARY PROCESS IN ONE HUMPED CAMEL (CAMELUS DROMEDARIUS)
دراسة مظهريه نسجية للجسم والنتوء الهدبي في الجمل وحيد السنام

Author: Shakir Mahmood. Mirhish., Razak J. M., AL-Maliki,S.H. شاكر محمود مرهش , رزاق جاسم وصلاح حسن المالكي
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 228-236
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Ten eyes (5 right + 5 left ) of five healthy one humped camels (3 male +2 females) aged between (8-12) years old, brought from Shulla slaughter house at Baghdad governorate -Iraq. The study showed that the ciliary body located at the base of iris inside the eye ball (Topographically at limbus) in histological section of eye ball appeared as triangular area.The microscopical examination observed the ora ciliaris retinae ( line of ending Retinae and choroid ) this site represent limits and indicate the area of gradually changed choroid to ciliary body, which posses (111-115) ciliary prosses act as site of zonulary ligament attachment. That important in modification of eye lens during vision

Keywords

Ciliary Body --- Camel --- Retina.


Article
TOXICITY OF Copper AND Cobalt IN CHICKEN (GALLUS GALLUS DOMESTICS ASSESSMENT OF BODY WEIGHT AND METAL CONTENT IN TISSUES AFTER METAL DIETARY SUPPLEMENTS
التأثيرات السمية للنحاس والكوبالت المضافة للعلائق على وزن الجسم والاعضاء الداخلية لدجاج اللحم

Author: Salwa A. Abduljaleel
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 71-82
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The toxic influence of dietary copper(Cu) and cobalt (Co) on the accumulation and body weight examined in broiler chicken. This experiment was conducted to investigate the toxic effects of dietary Cu and Co on chicks body weight and organ, content of the tissues of these two metals was also detected. One day age chicks of Gallus gallus domesticus fed diet supplemented with 500, 1000,1500ppm of Cu, second group exposure to 100,500, 1000ppm of Co in feed daily during 4 weeks. The control groups were fed without supplementation of metals. The concentrations of Cu and Co resulted in increased of Cu and Co content in liver, gizzard and muscle. Body weight of chicks was decreased by Cu and Co high concentration treatments. On the other hand, Liver weigh in chicks was significantly (P<0.05) decreased after Cu and Co treatments.

Keywords

Toxicity --- Chicken --- Body weight


Article
Nasal Foreign bodies: Review of 195 patients

Authors: Aws Adel AL-HUSSONA --- Saddam Sahib ATSHAN
Journal: JOURNAL OF THI-QAR SCIENCE مجلة علوم ذي قار ISSN: 19918690 Year: 2018 Volume: 6 Issue: 4 Pages: 106-108
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

Objectives: To assess the characteristics of 195 cases with nasal foreign bodies regarding the sex , age , types , site and complain at presentation. Materials and Methods : One hundred ninety five patients with nasal foreign bodies , their age range of 1-12 years old visiting the private clinic from March 2010 – June 2015 retrospectively analyzed. Results : The nasal foreign bodies mostly presented with males , the most common age group from 1-6 years and the most common foreign bodies were beads and plastic toys. Conclusions : Nasal foreign bodies one of the most common otolaryngological emergencies in pediatric practice , although it is not life threatening , it still need special care to prevent complications.


Article
The Effect of the Language in the Human Physique A Research in Physical Anthropology
أثر اللغة فـي جسم الانسان بحث في انثروبولوجيا الجسد

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Abstract

Addresses've marked (the impact of language on the human body) a very important issue related to the human body, and is marred by physiological changes as a result influenced by the language through the study of this relationship theoretically analyzed for some of vocabulary, triggered physiological on the human body, and the statement of the language with some variables relationship, and thus the axis interest in the study have been focused on the role of culture in general, considering that the most important elements is the language, has been focusing on language, thinking, and how they can be by which these variables influencing factors on the human body on the grounds that these variables on a large degree of important not without a culture of any society which, whatever the nature. It also sheds light on the issue we see that he has not received enough attention and scientific study organized by social anthropologists and researchers in the field of humanities

يتناول هذا البحث الموسوم (اثر اللغة في جسم الانسان) قضية مهمة جدا تتعلق بجسم الانسان وما يعتريه من تغيرات فسيولوجية نتيجة تأثره باللغة من خلال دراسة هذه العلاقة نظرياً، من خلال تحليله لبعض المفردات اللغوية واثارها الفسيولوجية على جسم الانسان، وبيان علاقة اللغة ببعض المتغيرات، وبذلك فأن محور اهتمام الدراسة قد انصب على الأثر الذي تؤديه الثقافة بصورة عامة، بوصف اللغة احد اهم عنصر فيها، وقد تم التركيز على اللغة، والتفكير، والكيفية التي يمكن ان تكون بواسطتها هذه المتغيرات عوامل مؤثرة على جسم الانسان على اعتبار ان هذه المتغيرات على درجة كبيرة من الاهمية، ولا تخلو منها ثقافة أي مجتمع منها مهما كانت طبيعته. كما انها سـلطت الضوء على موضوع نرى انه لم يحظ بالاهتمام الكافي والدراسة العلمية المنظمة من جانـب الباحثين الاجتماعيين والانثروبولوجيين في مجال الدراسات الإنسانية.


Article
Accidental penetration of screw driver in the cranial cavity

Authors: Mohammed Saeed --- Ali K. Al-Shalchy
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 2 Pages: 239-240
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: penetrating foreign body is a common problem but penetration by screw driver is very uncommonPatient & method: A nine years old boy presented with penetrating screw driver through the medial canthus of the eyeResult: the foreign body removed under GA with good result.Conclusion: minimal invasive procedure are preferred when we have penetrating head injury.

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