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Article
Breastfeeding Patterns in an Urban Area in Baghdad

Author: Kholod Daher Habib
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2007 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 125-128
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:The World Health Organization (WHO) & UNICEF, have recommended for a decade that mothers breastfeed for at least 2 years .Recently, there has been a stress on exclusive breast feeding for the first four to six months of life .METHODS:By using the 'current status analysis method'. Mothers of 650 infants from 0 to 12 months of age attending a Health Center were interviewed about the current feedingpatterns of the infants and other socioeconomic variables. Month-wise prevalence of feeding patterns was determined.RESULTS:It was observed that breast feeding was maintained at a high level (more than 90%) throughout infancy while exclusive breast feeding showed a rapid decline.At 1st month of age 78% , and at 4th month of age 50 % of infants were exclusively breast-fed.CONCLUSION:Breast feeding as such was maintained at a high level for the first 12 months of life while the practice of exclusive breast feeding was much lower


Article
Patterns of Infant Feeding Practices in the First Six Months of Life in Fatema AL- Zahra Hospital in Baghdad

Author: Kholod Dhaher Habib *,Wafaa Toma Hurmiz ** , Nagham Kadhum Tayeh
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2018 Volume: 17 Issue: 3 Pages: 211-219
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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ABSTRACT:BACK GROUND:Breastfeeding is of great benefits to the baby and mother in so many ways. Breastfeeding has been found to provide a measure of protection against the attacks of ear infections, upper respiratory infections, and gastrointestinal disorders. Breastfeeding has an emotional benefit by initiation of bonding between mother and baby .Knowledge of when and why women discontinue breastfeeding is of great important when make a plan aimed at increasing both the initiation and duration of breastfeeding. OBJECTIVE :This study was conducted to, 1. detect Patterns of breastfeeding practice during the first 6 months of life, 2.identify the age at when bottle feeding started, and 3.to verify the causes to start bottle feeding . METHODS:Parents of 1000 infants seen during a routine visit at the Breastfeeding consultation Clinic (BCC), in the outpatient department in Fatema Al Zahra hospital were interviewed by the researchers from 1st of July 2016 to 30th of June 2017 . The mothers were asked about , the mother's age ,job, and education, infant`s age, Sex, birth order, type of feeding, when to start formula, and why. Inclusion criteria were: women, between 16-40 years who came with their infants for vaccination, and had delivered during the last 12 months.RESULTS: It was observed that breast feeding was maintained at a high level (more than 64.6%) throughout infancy while exclusive breast feeding showed a rapid decline. The rate of exclusive breast feeding at 6th month was 28.3%. The birth order of the infant, and mother`s age, job, and education were important factors determining exclusive breast feeding rate.The most common causes for adding bottle feeding were, milk insufficiency in 25.2 % of cases, Mother`s pregnancy in 19.9 %, and Infant`s crying after feeding in 14.2%. The advice of starting bottle feeding were recommended by family in 18.9% of cases , by Pediatrician in 29.1 %, by Gynecologist in 3.2 % of cases , and in 48.6 % of cases the mothers start bottle feeding by her opinion. CONCLUION:Breast feeding as such was maintained at a high level for the first 12 months of life while the practice of exclusive breast feeding(EBF) was much lower . Mother's age, job, and education have an impacts on exclusive breastfeeding rate. Medical personnel and family have great role in continuation of EBF and breastfeeding.The most common causes for adding bottle feeding, were, milk insufficiency , Mother`s pregnancy and infant`s crying after feeding..


Article
Breast feeding and the risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in Mosul-a case control study

Authors: Zaid M. Yassen زيد مؤيد ياسين --- Mazin M. Fawzi مازن محمود فوزي
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2008 Volume: 34 Issue: 2 Pages: 161-166
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Context: leukemia is the most common malignancy in childhood; many studies were conducted to explore the probable protective effect of breast feeding on childhood leukemia.
The aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of breast on the development of childhood leukemia.
Methods: A case control design was conducted at the hematology unit;Ibn Alatheer pediatrics hospital in Mosul city. A total of 71 children diagnosed to have acute lymphoblastic leukemia and 70 children diagnosed to have diseases other than malignancy were included in the study as cases and controls respectively. SPSS and excel computer programs, chi squared test and Z test of two proportions, were used in statistical analysis.
Results: The present study observed a protective association between breast feeding and the risk of childhood leukemia (OR=0.2, P<0.05). Moreover, the study showed increased risk of leukemia among children exposed to explosions near their residency (OR= 3.9, P<0.001).
Conclusions: Breast feeding might have a vital protective effect against childhood leukemia. On the other hand, exposure to explosive materials might carry a high risk for developing leukemia.

الهدف: تهدف الدراسة إلى تقييم العلاقة بين الرضاعة الطبيعية وخطورة الإصابة بابيضاض الدم عند الأطفال في الموصل.طريقة الدراسة: دراسة العينة والشاهد.مكان الدراسة: وحدة أمراض الدم / مستشفى ابن الأثير للأطفال في الموصلقياس المحصلة النهائية: تم تحليل النتائج باستخدام برنامجي SPSS و excel للحاسب الإلكتروني وقد تم استخدام اختباري X2 و Z في التحليل الإحصائي.النتائج: أظهرت الدراسة إن إعطاء الأطفال حليب الأم في السنة الأولى من العمر قد يحميهم من الإصابة بابيضاض الدم (OR=0.2). بالإضافة إلى ذلك أشرت الدراسة وجود علاقة قوية بين التعرض للانفجارات والإصابة بالمرض أعلاه (OR= 3.9).الاستنتاج: في ضوء نتائج الدراسة يمكن الاستنتاج بأن حليب الأم يحمي الطفل من الإصابة بابيضاض الدم.

Keywords

Breast feeding --- all


Article
Knowledge of Breastfeeding: A descriptive study among mothers in Kirkuk Governorate

Author: Nazar A. Mahmud
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2011 Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 84-93
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Aims: The present study aims at assessing mothers’ knowledge of breastfeeding in Kirkuk governorate, besides determining the relationship between mothers’ knowledge and some of their demographic attributes. Methodolgy: A descriptive study was used the assessment approach and applied on mothers in Kirkuk governorate from January 15th 2011 to July 25th, 2011. Non-probability sampling a convenience sample of (72) mothers, attending pediatric general hospital in Kirkuk governorate for following up the health status of their children, was selected for the purpose of the study. A questionnaire was developed for the purpose of the study. It was comprised of two parts; the first part includes the mothers' demographic attributes and the second part assessed the knowledge of breastfeeding with (20) True or False questions. A pilot study was carried out for the period of January 15th to 25th, 2011 to determine the questionnaire reliability through the use of (Test – Retest). A panel of (8) experts was involved in the determination of the questionnaire content validity. Data were analyzed through the application of descriptive statistical data analysis approach (frequency and percentage), and inferential data analysis approach (chi-square). Results: The study findings revealed that more than half (58.3%) of mothers were young, (45.8%) of them had completed primary school, more than two-third (84.7%) of them were housewife mothers, (61.1%) of them have lived inside Kirkuk city, also (61.1) of mothers have more than one children, (63.9%) of them were regularly visited primary health care center during antenatal period and only (40.3%) of them have received antenatal orientation about breastfeeding. According to the level of knowledge of breastfeeding, (66.7%) of mothers answered correctly all questions about breastfeeding, and there was a highly significant relationship between health education during antenatal period and mothers’ knowledge of breastfeeding.Recommendations: The study findings highlight the need for excessive health education about breastfeeding during antenatal period and advice the mothers to comply with recommended visits during pregnancy period.

الهـدف: تهدف الدراسة الحالية الى تقييم معارف الأمهات حول الرضاعة الطبيعية في محافظة كركوك، وتحديد العلاقة بين هذه المعارف وبعض الخواص الديموغرافية لأولئك الأمهات.المنهجيّة: أجريت دراسة وصفية استعمل فيها أسلوب التقييم طُبّق على الأمهات في محافظة كركوك للمُدّة من الخامس عشر من كانون الثاني لسنة 2011 ولغاية الخامس والعشرين من تموز، 2011. أختيرت عينة غرضية "غير أحتمالية" مكونة من (72) من الأمهات اللواتي راجعن مستشفى الأطفال العام في محافظة كركوك لمتابعة الحالة الصحية لأطفالهن. تمّ بناء استمارة استبيانية خاصة لغرض الدراسة، تضمنت الإستمارة الإستبيانية جزئين: جزء له علاقة بالخواص الديموغرافية للأمهات والجزء الآخر يتكون من مجموعة من الأسئلة (20 سؤال) المتعلقة بالرضاعة الطبيعية. تمّ إجراء دراسة تجريبية للمُدّة من الخامس عشر إلى الخامس والعشرين من كانون الثاني، 2011 لتحديد ثبات الإستمارة الإستبيانية بإستعمال طريقة (الإختبار وإعادة الإختبار). كما تمّ شمول (8) خبراء لتحديد مصداقية محتوى الإستمارة الإستبيانية. تمّ تحليل البيانات من خلال تطبيق أسلوب التحليل الإحصائي الوصفي للبيانات (التكرارات والنسب المؤية)، كما أستعمل أسلوب التحليل الإحصائي الإستنتاجي للبيانات (مربع كاي).النتائـج: أشارت نتائج الدراسة إلى أنّ أكثر من نصف الأمهات وبنسبة (58,3%) تتراوح أعمارهن بين (18-25) سنة، (45,8%) منهن أكملن الدراسة الإبتدائية وأكثر من ثلثي الأمهات (84,7%) كنّ ربات بيوت، (61,1%) من الأمهات كنّ يعشنّ داخل مدينة كركوك وكان لديهنّ أكثر من طفل، (63,9%) منهن كنّ يراجعن مراكز الرعاية الصحية الأولية بصورة منتظمة. بينما فقط (40,3%) منهن تلقينَ التوعية الصحية حول الرضاعة الطبيعية. أمّا بخصوص مستوى معارف الأمهات حول الرضاعة الطبيعية، فقد تبين أنّ (66,7%) منهن كانت إجاباتهنّ صحيحة. التوصيـات: أوصتْ الدراسةَ بالحاجة الماسة للتوعية الصحية حول الرضاعة الطبيعية للأمهات خلال فترة الحمل وكذلك ضرورة التزام الأمهات بمواعيد الزيارات الموصاة خلال فترة الحمل.


Article
Effect of maternal factors on breast feeding pattern among women in holy Karbala

Authors: Sulfa .A .Hussein --- Suhair .M. Husoon --- Suha attea
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2013 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 176-181
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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The aim of the present study is to determine variables, which associate with the breast feeding.Background: Maternal milk is considered the best and mostimportant nutritional source for the infant during thefirst six months of life.It is a unique process that inaddition to supplying the ideal nutrition for lactatinginfants, contributes to their healthy growth anddevelopment.Results: most mothers give breast feeding and the highest rate was among age group 30-34years.Analysis of data shows that breast feeding was higher among women who had of older age group, and older age at marriage, as well as illiterate mothers, and those who do not use contraception .Recommendation: Antenatal counselling on breastfeeding and postnatal lactation support are likely to improve rates of exclusive breastfeeding as well as health.

الهدف :من هذه الدراسةهو تحديدالعوامل التي تتعلق بالرضاعة الطبيعيةالمنهجية:يعتبر حليب الأم اهم واحسن مصدر غذائي للرضيع خلال الستة اشهر الاولى. تعد الرضاعة الطبيعية عملية فريدة من نوعها فبالأضافة الى كونها المجهز المثالي لغذاء الرضيع فان الرضاعة الطبيعية تساهم بتوفير نمو وتطور صحي.النتائج:اظهرت النتائج أن معظم الأمهات تعطي الرضاعة الطبيعية، وأعلى معدل كان من بين الفئة العمرية الأكبر سنا و الأمهات الأميات وكذلك تبين ان عدم استخدام وسائل منع الحمل و كون الأم أكبر سنا عند الزواج هي من اكثرالعوامل التي تزيد معدلات الرضاعة الطبيعية عند الزواج.التوصيات: تقديم المشورة بشأن الرضاعة الطبيعية قبل الولادة وبعدها وذلك من خلال دعم الرضاعة و تشجيع معدلات الرضاعة الطبيعية الخالصة، فضلا عن التوعية الصحية للأمهات في كل زيارة


Article
Factors Influencing Breast Feeding Patterns In Thi- Qar Governorate
دراسة العوامل المؤثرة على طراز الرضاعة الطبيعية في محافظة ذي قار

Author: Dr. MOAYYAD NAJI MAJEED د. مؤيد ناجي مجيد
Journal: Thi-Qar Medical Journal مجلة ذي قار الطبية ISSN: 19929218 Year: 2009 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 25-32
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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ABSTRACTBackground: Human milk is the ideal and uniquely superior food for infant for first year of life . Some sociodemographic factor correlate most strongly with the prevalence and duration of breast feeding.Objectives: To determine the prevalence of breast feeding and factors influencing the feeding practices in a study population in Thi qar governorate.Design: Cross – sectional study.Methods: in three hospitals in Thi qar governorate , the mother of infants in the primary health care units of these hospitals , had been randomly selected and interviewed with a questionnaire which included information about the age , sex and mode of feeding for the infants , and the sociodemographic status of the mothers. The sociodemographic variables included , urban / rural residence, educational level , occupation or employment , family income , place and type of delivery and contraceptive use .Results: the prevalence of breast feeding was 90% , and bottle feeding prevalence was 10 % the mean time of weaning was 11 months .Factor that were significantly associated with duration of breast feeding were maternal age , level of education , area of residence , occupation , family income , place and type of delivery and contraceptive use . The most common reasons for refusing to breast feed were in adequate secreted and the mother employment outside the home .Conclusions: the prevalence of women nursing breast feeding was higher than the estimated national data the prevalence of the bottle – feeding was higher in women who needed to work out of their homes and in those with higher educational level

الخلاصةتمهيدا: يعتبر حليب الأم الغذاء المثالي للأطفال خلال السنة الأولى من العمر . هنالك مجموعة من الخصائص الاجتماعية توثر وبشدة على مدى انتشار الرضاعة الطبيعية . ومدة الرضاعة الأهداف: تهدف الدراسة إلى تحديد مدى انتشار الإرضاع الثديي ( الرضاعة الطبيعية ) والعوامل المؤثرة على ممارسة الإرضاع في محافظة ذي قار .طرق البحث: في دراسة المقطع العرضي هذه تم اختيار 2010 امرأة عشوائيا من الأمهات اللواتي يراجعن وحدات الرعاية الصحية الأولية في ثلاث مستشفيات رئيسية في المحافظة . وقد تم جمع المعلومات باستخدام استمارة استبان أعدت لهذا الغرض تتضمن معلومات عن الرضيع ( الجنس , العمر , نمط الرضاعة ) والحالة الاجتماعية ومنطقة السكن للأمهات.النتائج: ان معدل انتشار الرضاعة الطبيعية خلال الدراسة كان 90% ومعدل انتشار الرضاعة في القنينة كان 10 % للأطفال دون السنة من العمر . وكان الوقت الناصف للافطام من الارضاع الثديي بعد الولادة 11 شهر , وكانت العوامل المعتدة المرافقة مع فترة الإرضاع الثديي هي عمر الوالدة , ومستوى التعليم , ومكان الإقامة , والمهنة , دخل الأسرة , مكان ونمط الولادة , واستخدام مانع الحمل . وكانت أهم أسباب رفض الإرضاع الثديي هي عدم كفاية إفراز الحليب وعمل الأمهات خارج المنزل. الاستنتاجات: إن معدل انتشار الرضاعة الطبيعية أكثر من النتائج المسجلة في الدراسات العالمية الأخرى . وان نمط الرضاعة في القنينة أكثر انتشارا بين الأمهات الأعلى مستوى ثقافي والأمهات اللواتي يعملن خارج البيت مما يتطلب تنشيط برنامج الرضاعة الطبيعية في هذا الاتجاه.


Article
Maternal knowledge & Attitude Towards Breast Feeding In Najaf
معلومات واتجاهات الأمهات حول الرضاعة الطبيعية في محافظة النجف الاشرف

Author: Rajaa jabbar kadhum
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2013 Volume: 3 Issue: 3 Pages: 114-118
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Objectives: to assess the knowledge & attitude of mothers towards breastfeeding. Methods: a random sample of 200 mothers was selected from Al-Zahraa teaching hospital & from primary health care centers in Najaf city from the period of 1st of January 2009 to 1st of January 2011. A questionnaire was used in the study, which contain information about the demographic data of the mothers & selected questions about their knowledge regarding breast-feeding .data were analyzed using SPSS 9.15 descriptive statistics.Results: it was found that 99% of mothers have the desire to breast feed their children. 83% of mothers have received the encouragement & information about breast-feeding from their families. More than half of the mothers know correctly the time of the first feed after birth, benefits of breast-feeding to the mother & the baby, benefits of colostrum, duration of breast-feeding & number of feeds per day. Only 28% of mothers know the age of complementary feeding & 47% of them know the duration of each feed. Conclusion: the study showed a considerable deficiency of the knowledge of mother about breast feeding & explore some of the practices & believes that interfere with the success of breast feeding. Recommendations :we recommend education about breast feeding be introduced in the school for learning of girls as they will eventually become future mothers, as well as education of the health professionals at all levels . Providing facilities for breast-feeding in the work place & development of community support to breast feeding mothers.

الأهداف: تقييم معلومات واتجاهات الأمهات بخصوص الرضاعة الطبيعيةالطريقة: أجريت دراسة مقطعية لعينة عشوائية تتكون من 200 أم تم اختيارهن عشوائيا من المراكز الصحية ومستشفى الزهراء التعليمي للفترة من الأول من كانون الثاني 2009 ولغاية الأول من كانون الثاني 2011 وتم استعمال استبيان يتضمن عدة أسئلة تتعلق بالرضاعة الطبيعية .أعمار الأمهات تراوحت بين 16-42 سنة وعدد الأطفال لديهن تراوح بين 1-10 طفل .النتائج: لوحظ إن 99% من الأمهات لديهن الرغبة بالرضاعة الطبيعية و83% منهن حصلن على التشجيع والمعلومات حول الرضاعة الطبيعية من العائلة. أكثر من نصف الأمهات تعرف الوقت الصحيح لأول رضعه بعد الولادة وفوائد الرضاعة الطبيعية للام والطفل وفوائد اللبا ومدة الرضاعة وعدد الرضعات في اليوم . 47% من الأمهات عرفن مدة كل رضعه .الاستنتاج : الدراسة أظهرت نقص في معلومات الأمهات حول الرضاعة الطبيعية وبعض الممارسات والمعتقدات الخاطئة في إطعام الطفل والتي تسبب فشل الرضاعة الطبيعية. وأعطيت بعض المقترحات والوصايا لإنجاح الرضاعة الطبيعية التوصيات: زيادة وعي الفتيات قبل سن الزواج حول أهمية الرضاعة الطبيعية وذلك بتدريس علم الرضاعة الطبيعية في المدارس الثانوية. ويمكن زيادة وعي الأمهات بهذا الموضوع عن طريق الندوات التثقيفية والبرامج التوعوية في وسائل الإعلام . بالإضافة إلى دور الأطباء والكوادر التمريضية في المستشفيات والمراكز الصحية.


Article
Relationship Between Hemoglobin Level and Feeding Pattern in Apparently Healthy Children Below Two Years
العلاقة بين مستوى الهيموغلوبين ونمط التغذية لدى الأطفال الأصحاء على ما يبدو دون عامين

Authors: Abdulkadir A. Alnakshabandi --- Abbas A. Al-Rabaty --- Ahmed A. Ahmed
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2010 Volume: 14 Issue: 1 Pages: 9-15
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Background and Objectives: Anemia is still one of the most common problems in the world even in developed countries, but its evaluation is still underestimated especially in developing countries like our, so it needs further planning, screening and management. This study was done in 12 primary health care centers PHCC in Erbil city – Kurdistan re-gion/Iraq during period fro 1st Feb - 31st Jul 2008. The main objectives were to determine the hemoglobin value in our children , to estimate the prevalence of anemia and correlating it with feeding pattern .Methods: This prospective study was conducted in 500 apparently healthy children col-lected randomly, visiting the vaccination centers routinely during 5 months period. Feeding. pattern were studied in relation to hemoglobin (Hb) level only.Results: From total 500 children conducted in this study, the mean Hb. of them was 10.4 g/dl. Those with normal Hb were 196 (39.2%), while 304 (60.4%) of them were anemic. Those with mild anemia were 145 (29.0%) and 159 (31.8%) of them had moderate anemia. The sex had no effect on Hb level. The anemia was lesser in children below one year Children on breast feeding had lower percent of anemia (51.9%),those on exclusive breast feeding only 6 (33.4%) while those on adult milk (74.9%) of them were anemic.Conclusions: There was a high prevalence of anemia among the investigated children and less common in children with breast feedin.


Article
STUDY SOME PHYSIOLOGICAL VARIABLE OF BLOOD IN THE LACTATINGWOMEN (BREASTFEEDING) DURING LACTATION
دراسة بعض المتغيرات الفسلجية لدم النساء المرضعات (رضاعة طبيعية)خلال فترة الرضاعة.

Authors: Mohammed Q. Al-Ani محمد قيس العاني --- Naheda I. Al-Dulaymi ناهدة ابراهيم الدليمي
Journal: Journal of university of Anbar for Pure science مجلة جامعة الانبار للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: ISSN: 19918941 Year: 2008 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 25-28
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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ABSTRACT:This study was done on twenty five lactant women and twenty five as control )not marriage) from General Ramadi Hospital to study some biochemical variable such as
(PCV, Hb, sugar, cholesterol SGPT, SGOT, S.Alk.ph, and hormone of prolactin ) during lactation. The results of this study as following: no significant differences in level of PCV, Hb, SGPT,and cholesterol while significant differences in level of blood sugar, SGOT, and prolactin hormone were recorded in this study.

الخلاصة:اجريت الدراسة على ٢٥ امرأة مرضعة و ٢٥ امرأة اخرى استعملت كتجربة ضابطة (نساء غير متزوجات ) منمستشفى الرمادى للنسائية والاطفال لدراسة بعض المتغيرات الفسلجية للدم شملت ( حجم كريات الدم الحمر المضغوط،و هرمون SAlk و SGPT و SGOT الهيموكلوبين، سكر الدم ، وتركيز الكوليستيرول وانزيمات المصل شملتالبرولاكتين ) خلال فترة الرضاعة. بينت النتائج عدم وجود تغيرات معنوية فى مستوى حجم كريات الدم الحمر المضغوطةفي (P< ، الهيموكلوبين، والكوليستيرول ، كلوتاميك بايروفيت ترانس امينيز بينما كانت هناك فروقات معنوية ( 0.05و هرمون البرولاكتين. SAlk و SGOT مستوى السكر و


Article
IgE LEVEL AND EOSINOPHIL COUNT IN RELATION WITH TYPE OF FEEDING IN CHILDREN WITH ATOPIC DERMATITIS

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Abstract

Background: Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin that occurs in persons of all ages but is more common in children.Objective: To determine the effect of breast feeding on atopic dermatitis.Methods: A descriptive study carried on pediatric patients visiting asthma and allergy center and pediatrics out patient in Tikrit Teaching Hospital from March 2007 to August 2007. This study included 100 patients with AD; 58 cases (58%) were males and 42 cases (42%) were females, they all underwent full history, clinical examination and blood sampling for total WBC count, eosinophil cells count, and total serum IgE.Results: Statistical analysis was done by using (ANOVA, Chi-square test). There was significant association between severity of AD according to scorad index (S.I) and type of infant feeding, the mean severity score (S.S) for the breast fed (B.F) children was 21.48±4.96, while the mean S.S for the formula fed (F.F) children was 35.70±9.79, p value ≤ 0.05. There was a significant association between the hematological parameters of disease activity (total serum IgE level, eosinophil count) and type of infants feeding; the mean total serum IgE level for the B.F children was 211±178.7 IU/ml, was lower than mean total serum IgE level for F.F children (638.2±355.8 IU/ml). The mean eosinophil cells count for the B.F children (355.7±193.1) cell/μl was lower than the mean eosinophil cells count for the F.F children (654.8±236.3) cell/μl.Conclusions: There is significant association between the type of feeding and the level of hematological parameters (IgE and eosinophil count), and that breast feeding is protective against development of severe AD.Key words: atopic dermatitis, breast feeding, IgE, eosinophil

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