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Article
Semen Quality of Infertile Couples--Comparison Between Smokers and Non-Smokers

Author: Ammar Fadil Abid
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2010 Volume: 9 Issue: 3 Pages: 293-296
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:The effect of cigarette smoking on spermatogenesis is unclear. Previous studies suggest a deleterious effect of cigarette smoking on semen on semen quality ,but their results have not been consistent.OBJECTIVE:To compare the various semen parameters of infertile cigarette smokers with infertile non-smokers, to study the effect of cigarette smoking on semen quality.METHODS:Semen samples of 66 cigarette smokers and 70 non-smokers infertile patients were included in the study. As far as possible; other factors which might influence semen quality were eliminated. Seminal parameters, when taken together, indicated the presence or absence of the three main semen variables: asthenospermia (A), oligospermia (O), and normospermia (N). Smokers were categorized as light, moderate and heavy smokers. Semen samples were examined for Asthenospermia and oligospermia, according to World Health Organization guidelines.RESULTS:In our study, 25 non-smokers had normospermia (N) with their semen parameters falling within the normal ranges. In contrast, samples from 16 smokers qualified as N. This finding underscores the fact that smoking certainly has an adverse influence on the semen quality, as concluded in several other studies.Asthenospermia (A) was the most dominant semen variable contributing to the semen quality of smokers (n = 34) as well as non-smokers (n = 31). Statistical analysis using Pearson chi-squared and t-test found no statistically significant effect of cigarette smoking on sperm density; motility or morphologic features of sperm were detected.CONCLUSION:Our study shows a limited effect of smoking on conventional sperm parameters.


Article
Studying The Effect of Smoking on Some Blood Parameters in Young Adult Male Smokers

Author: Saba Ibrahim Salih
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 2287-2291
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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background: The effect of smoking of cigarette on human health is serious and sometimes deadly.Aim of the study was to study the effect of smoking on some hematological parameters in young adult male smokers.Materials and methods: fifty males participated in this study, smokers (n=30) and nonsmokers (n=20). Complete Blood Cell Count was measured by Humacount 30 (fully automatic hematological analyzer).Results and discussion: the results showed that the smokers had significantly higher levels of WBCs, RBCs, Hb, PCV and platelets count ,whereas no significant difference was observed in MCV,MCH,MCHC between the two group. This result is due to the inflammatory and irritant effects of cigarette smoking on the body organs.In conclusion :the continuous cigarette smoking has sever adverse effects on hematological parameters and these effects may lead to increased risk of developing physiologic polycythemia, atherosclerosis and as a results cardiovascular disease.Key words: cigarette smoking, hematological parameters , Humacount


Article
Influence of smoking on lipid profile in Iraqi men

Author: Safa W. Azize
Journal: Muthanna Medical Journal مجلة المثنى الطبية ISSN: 2226146x Year: 2017 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 85-91
Publisher: Al-Muthanna University جامعة المثنى

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Abstract

Cigarette smoking is generally considered as associated with increased risk of a variety of medical disorders. Several studies provide the evidences that a smoking is strongly associated with change the normal status of the lipid profile. The present study aimed to compare the lipid profile between smokers and non-smokers and to determine the influence smoking on the lipid profile in our community. Forty smoking males and thirty non-smoking males from different areas of Babylon governorate were included in this study. Their age was ranged between 20 and 40 years. Fasting blood was withdrawn from all groups and used for determination of lipid profile [Cholesterol, Triglyceride (TG), High density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)]. Significantly increased of serum Cholesterol,Triglyceride and Low density lipoprotein with significant decreased in serum High density lipoprotein level in smokers as compared to nonsmokers . These results showed that the mean levels of TC, TG and LDL were elevated with increase in the duration of smoking while HDL showed a decreased with the increases duration of smoking. This study concluded that smoking causes alteration in lipid profile. This smoking might be related in the alteration in serum lipids levels and increases risk for coronary artery disease and other diseases.


Article
Effect of cigarette smoking on serum α-L-fucose and its related parameters
تأثير تدخين السجائر على مصل α-L-fucose والمعلمات ذات الصلة

Authors: Bakhtiar Mohiadeen Ahmed --- Neewar Ahmed Yaseen
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2014 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 596-603
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Cigarette smoke is a leading preventable cause of many diseases and death, because it contains a complex mixture of chemical compounds. Few studies about the relation between cigarette smoking and glycoconjugate were found in literature, while no study was observed regarding passive smokers. Thus this relation is obscure till now. Therefore this work was designed to study the effect of cigarette smoking on serum glycoconjugates levels.Methods: One hundred twenty one completely healthy males from different areas of Duhok governorate were included in this study. Their age was ranged between 20 and 50 years. They were classified according to the number and duration of cigarette smoking into: heavy smokers (31), moderate smokers (26), passive smokers (30) and non-smokers (control). Fasting blood was withdrawn from all groups and used for determination of serum fucose and its related parameters.Results: The results showed that there was a significant decrease in serum total protein in heavy smoker groups when compared to non-smokers. The levels of serum total fucose and protein bound fucose significantly increased in smoker groups, while the results indicated that there was a significant increase in serum lipid associated fucose levels in heavy and passive smoker groups comparing to non-smoker group. A significant decrease in serum protein bound hexoses was observed in both heavy and moderate smokers. The result also showed that serum total calcium concentration, Ca/TP and Mg/TP ratios significantly decreased in all smoker groups.Regarding to serum Manganese (Mn) and Mn/TP ratio, their values increased significantly in case of passive smokers only.Conclusion: The results revealed that cigarette smoking had significant effects on glycoconjugates status (expressed in serum fucose and its related parameters).


Article
Serum Lipids and Vitamin C Levels of Male Cigarette Smokers in Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria

Authors: Adikema, N.A --- Adu, E.M.
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2013 Volume: 10 Issue: 4 Pages: 976-984
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Two hundred male subjects were selected randomly in parts of Delta State out of which 100 were cigarette smokers and another 100 non-smokers which served as control. Serum ascorbic acid level (AA), High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL- C) were determined in all the samples taken from the subjects. Results were compared using the T-test at p<0.001. The serum level of vitamin C in smokers (0.81 ± 0.06 mg/dl) was found to be significantly lower than for non-smokers (1.10 ± 0.05 mg/dl); HDL-C level in smokers (30.82 ± 3..08 mg/dl) was found to be significantly decreased in smokers as against non-smokers (47.48 ± 2.85mg/dl); TC level in smokers (274.84 ± 11.16mg/dl) was significantly higher than non-smokers (166.68 ± 6.78mg/dl); TG level in smokers (250.38 ± 6.79mg/dl) was significantly higher than in non-smokers (149.39 ± 4.15mg/dl); LDL-C level in smokers (194.02 ± 11.13mg/dl) was significantly higher than in non-smokers (88.99 ± 7.56mg/dl); VLDL- C level of smokers (50.07 ± 1.35 mg/dl) was significantly increased in smokers as against non-smokers (29.86 ± 0.82mg/dl). The data obtained are useful for the control of cigarette smoking which causes heart diseases and reduction in anti-oxidation capacity of the body


Article
Effect of Smoking on Semen Quality of Infertile Men in Mosul City, Iraq
تأثير التدخين على نوعية السائل المنوي من الرجل العقيم في مدينة الموصل، العراق

Authors: Khaeria H Aljebory --- Yassier T Al Watar; --- Salwa H Almukhtar --- Radhwan H Ibrahim
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2013 Volume: 3 Issue: 3 Pages: 49-53
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Aim: It's known that cigarette smoking affects semen quality. The aim of the present study is to compare the semen of infertile cigarette smokers with infertile non-smokers as well as with healthy men to examine the impact of smoking on the quality of sperm.Methodology: A case-control study was applied in the present study. For the period from 1st January till the 1st April 2011. The semen quality of men with infertility, smokers (n 150) and nonsmokers (n100), were compared with (n 100) healthy- nonsmokers men. Conventional semen analysis was performed and sperm morphology was assessed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Smoker patients were classified as mild (1 -10 cigarettes/d), moderate (10 -20 cigarettes/day), or heavy smokers (more 20 cigarettes/d).data was analyze through inferential statistics Results: The study finding showed that sperm parameters quality in smoker men was approximately lower than nonsmoker men and the cigarette smoking and the dose has significant negative effect on sperm parameters. Conclusion: The results of the present study suggest that smoking negatively affects male fertility.Recommendation: Smokers should quit smoking for the sense of responsibility for their future generation as tobacco smoke contains numerous mutagenic substances.

الهدف:من المعروف أن التدخين يؤثر على نوعية السائل المنوي. الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو مقارنة السائل المنوي من مدخني السجائر يعانون من العقم مع غير المدخنين يعانون من العقم، وكذلك مع الرجال الأصحاء لدراسة تأثير التدخين على نوعية الحيوانات المنوية.المنهجية: تم تطبيق دراسة الحالات والشواهد في الدراسة الحالية. للفترة من الاول من شباط حتى الاول من نيسان 2011 وتمت مقارنة نوعية السائل المنوي للرجال العقيمين المدخنين (150) و العقيمين غير المدخنين (100) مع (100) من الرجال الأصحاء غير المدخنين. تم إجراء تحليل السائل المنوي التقليدي و مورفولوجية الحيوانات المنوية حددت بواسطة المجهر الإلكتروني. تم تصنيف المرضى والمدخن متوسط (1 - 10 سجائر / د) ، المعتدل (11 – 20 سيجارة / يوم) ، أو المدخنين الشرهين( أكثر من 20 سيجارة / يوم). البيانات التي تم تحليلها من خلال الإحصاءات استنتاجيالنتائج: أظهرت نتائج الدراسة أن جودة معايير الحيوانات المنوية لدى المدخن كان أقل تقريبا من الرجال غير المدخنون و أن لتدخين السجائر والجرعة تأثير سلبي كبير على معايير الحيوانات المنوية.الاستنتاجات:إن نتائج هذه الدراسة تشير إلى إن التدخين يؤثر سلبا على خصوبة الرجال.التوصيات: يجب على المدخنين الإقلاع عن التدخين للشعور بالمسؤولية لأجيال المستقبلية لما لدخان التبغ أضرار بسبب مايحتويه على العديد من المواد المسببة للتشوهات الخلقية.


Article
The effect of cigarette smoking on some blood parameters, blood pressure and renal function test.
تأثير تدخين السكائر على بعض معايير الدم وضغط الدم واختبار وظيفة الكلية

Author: Shatha Q. AL-temimi
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2017 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-10
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

This study investigated the effect of cigarette smoking on some hematological test profiles which comprised of complete blood count (CBC) and blood preasure, heart rate and renal function test including blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (Scr). The study included 60 males from students and the staff at Basrah University's: (30) smokers and (30) nonsmokers aged 20-49 years old. The results Showed that white blood cell counts WBC was significantly higher (p<0.05) in 20-49 years of age smokers group compared with nonsmokers group , red blood cell RBC counts , hemoglobin (Hb) and hematocrit (Hct) were significantly higher (p<0.05) in 30-49 years of age smokers group compared with the same ages of nonsmokers, mean corpuscular volume (MCV) was significantly increased (p<0.05) in 20-49 years of age smokers compared with control group, while mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC) was significantly lower in 30-49 years of age smokers compared with the same ages of nonsmokers , but no changes significant in mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) and platelet (Plt) count were observed in all age groups (p<0.05). The results Showed that Lymphocytes (Lym) was significantly higher (p<0.05) in 20-49 years of age smokers compared with the same ages of nonsmokers, eosinophils (Eosi) was significantly higher (p<0.05) in 40-49 years of smokers compared with the same ages of nonsmokers . The neutrophil (Neut), monocyte (Mono) and basophil (Baso) showed a non-significant changes in all age groups ((p<0.05) ). Whereas systolic and diastolic blood pressures and heart rate showed a significant increases in the 30-49 years of age smokers compared with the same ages of nonsmokers, serum creatinine (Scr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) were significantly higher (p<0.05) in 20-49 years of age smokers compared with the same ages of nonsmokers. The study aims to identify the impact of cigarette smoking on some hematological test profiles which comprised of complete blood count , blood pressure, heart rate and renal function test.Conclusion: The cigarette smoking causes significant higher increases in WBC, RBC, Hb,Hct,,MCV , Lym and Eosi. count Significantly lower in MCHC ,while no significant in MCH, Plt,, Neut, Mono and Baso. Also there was a significant increases in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen

هدفت الدراسة الحالية إلى معرفة تأثير التدخين على اختبار الدم التي تتألف من تعداد الدم الكامل وضغط الدم ومعدل ضربات القلب واختبار وظيفة الكلى بما في ذلك الكرياتينين و اليوريا , شملت الدراسة 60 رجلا من الطلاب والموظفينفي جامعة البصرة: (30) مدخن و (30) غير مدخن الذين تتراوح أعمارهم بين 20-49 سنة. كان هناك ارتفاع معنوي في عدد كريات الدم البيضاء في مجموعة المدخنين بين 20- 40 سنة مقارنة مع غير المدخنين لنفس العمر وارتفاع معنوي في عدد كريات الدم الحمراء وتركيز الهيموكلوبين والهيماتوكريت في مجموعة العمر 30-49 سنة مقارنة مع غير المدخنين لنفس العمر ، اما معدل حجم كريات الدم سجل ارتفاع معنوي في مجموعة المدخنين بين 20- 40 سنة مقارنة مع غير المدخنين لنفس العمر ، بينما هناك انخفاض معنوي في معدل تركيز هيموكلوبين الخلية في مجموعة المدخنين بين 30- 49 سنة مقارنة مع غير المدخنين , و لا يوجد فرق معنوي في كل من معدل هيموكلوبين الخلية والصفائح الدموية وبينت النتائج وجود ارتفاع معنوي في الخلايا اللمفاوية في مجموعة المدخنين بين 20- 40 سنة عند مقارنتها مع غير المدخنين وكذلك وجود ارتفاع معنوي في الخلايا الحمضية في مجموعة المدخنين فوق 40 سنة مقارنة مع غير المدخنين لنفس العمر بينما لايوجد فرق معنوي في كل من الخلايا العدلة والخلايا وحيدة النواة وخلايا القاعدية , اما ضغط الدم الانبساطي والانقباضي ومعدل ضربات القلب سجل ارتفاع معنوي في المدخنين فوق 30 سنة مقارنة مع غير المدخنين لنفس العمر,وجود ارتفاع معنوي في كل من الكرياتينين واليوريا في مجموعة المدخنين بين 20- 40 سنة مقارنة مع غير المدخنين لنفس العمر.


Article
Study Effect of Cigarette Smoking on the Liver Functions and Electrolytes
دراســـــــة تأثير التدخين على وظائف الكبد والشوارد الكيميائية

Authors: Nasir Kareem Dhahir ناصر كريم ظاهر --- Aqeel Abbas Noaman عقيل عباس نومان
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2017 Volume: 58 Issue: 1B Pages: 211-215
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Smoking have a direct and indirect effects on some organs of the body, this effect is duo to inhaled the smoke and reach the alveoli and in to pulmonary veins. The main objective of this study, to investigate the changes in liver enzymes Alanine aminotransferase(ALT), Aspartate aminotransferase(AST) and Alkaline phosphatase(ALP) and electrolytes like(K+, Na+, Fe+2, Ca+2,Cl- and Po4 -3) in male smokers. In this study collect of (100) blood samples from male smokers and divided in to (3) groups according to period of smoking, and compare with (40) nonsmoker persons (group 4), the age groups are between (25-40) year, in a period between (November 2015-April 2016), within the district of Baqubah in Diyala governorate .The results show increase activity of enzymes ALT, AST and ALP (p<0.001) in smokers compared to control, and no significant differences in the electrolytes (K+, Na+, Cl-) but a significant decrease in Ca+2 level (p<0.001), while the iron concentration increased significantly in all smokers, and the phosphorus concentration increased significantly (p<0.001) in two groups of smokers (10-20) years period of smoking. From this study showed a significant effects on the activity of liver enzymes, Ca+2, Po4-3 and Fe+2in smokers compare to non-smokers while no significant effect on the Sodium, Chloride and Potassium in smokers.

للتدخين تأثيرات مباشرة وغير مباشرة على معظم أعضاء الجسم. هذه التأثيرات يمكن ان تحدث بسرعة عندما تستنشق وتصل الى الحويصلات الرئوية ومن ثم الى الاوردة الرئوية. الهدف من الدراسة هو التحري عن التغير في مستويات الانزيمات الكبدية مثل الانين , اماينوترانسفيريز و اسبرتيت اماينوترانسفيريز و الكلاين فوسفتيز و الشوارد الكيميائية مثل البوتاسيوم والصوديوم و الحديد و الكالسيوم و الكلوريد و الفوسفات في مصل دم المدخنين الذكور. تم جمع 100 عينة من المدخنين الذكور وتم تقسيمها الى ثلاث مجاميع اعتمادا على فترة التدخين. ومقارنتها مع 40 شخص غير مدخن (مجموعة رابعة) والاعمار المختارة هي بين (25 – 40 سنة) من الفترة ما بين (تشرين ثاني 2015 – نيسان 2016) في قضاء بعقوبة في محافظة ديالى.


Article
A Comparison between the Effect of Shisha and Cigarette Smoking on Serum Lipid Profile of Males in Nasiriyah City

Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2018 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 39-42
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to recognize the harm of shisha smoking compared to cigarettes smoking by measuring serum lipid profile inmales in AL-Nasiriya city and association lipid profile change with increase of smoking per day. Materials and Methods: This study wasconducted between June to December (2015) in Nasiriya city in Iraq ,all samples were randomly selected. Spectrophotometer was used forbiochemical analysis for each group of lipid profile. The subjects were divided into three groups, cigarette smokers (n = 35), shisha smokers(n = 20) and non-smokers groups (n = 20). Age ranged between (30 – 60) years and mean of duration smoking was (13.4±1.3) years.Results: Results showed that the increased levels of total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and lowdensity lipoprotein (LDL) were significant in all groups of smokers as compared to non-smokers. Conclusion: The study concludes that thedanger of shisha impact on human health may be similar or even worse than cigarette smoking.


Article
Effect of cigarette smoking on liver function test and some other related parameters
تأثير تدخين السجائر على اختبار وظائف الكبد وبعض العوامل الأخرى ذات الصلة

Authors: Bakhtiar M. Ahmed --- Sangar Najat Abdul-Razaq
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 3 Pages: 556-562
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Cigarette smoking is one of the 10 greatest contributors to global death and disease. Cigarette smoke consists of many chemicals, including cytotoxic, carcinogenic and free radicals, therefore it affects many organs if not all.This work is directed to evaluate the effects of dose response patterns of tobacco exposure on liver tissue, through assessing some serum biochemical parameters related with liver efficiency.Methods: This study was done in Kirkuk province. It was conducted on (110) healthy male subjects, their ages ranged from 20 to 40 years. They were divided into three groups; 40 heavy smokers, 30 moderate smokers and 40 non-smokers. Blood was withdrawn for estimation of serum liver function test, lipid profile, protein electrophoresis, and lipid peroxidation test (Serum Malondialdehyde; MAD level).Results: There were statistically significant elevations in serum alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine transaminase(GPT) and aspartate aminotransferase(GOT) activities in heavy smokers while serum total bilirubin significantly was lower comparing to non smokers. Serum total protein and albumin were significantly lower in heavy smokers comparing to non smokers. The results of serum protein agarose gel-electrohporesis showed significant changes in serum protein fractions in smoker groups. The mean level of serum total cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL, VLDL and malondialdehyde was significantly higher in heavy smoker group, while serum HDL level had a significantly lower value.Conclusion: Cigarette smoking can affect liver efficiency and functions. These effects are dose exposure depenent.

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