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Article
Semen Quality of Infertile Couples--Comparison Between Smokers and Non-Smokers

Author: Ammar Fadil Abid
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2010 Volume: 9 Issue: 3 Pages: 293-296
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:The effect of cigarette smoking on spermatogenesis is unclear. Previous studies suggest a deleterious effect of cigarette smoking on semen on semen quality ,but their results have not been consistent.OBJECTIVE:To compare the various semen parameters of infertile cigarette smokers with infertile non-smokers, to study the effect of cigarette smoking on semen quality.METHODS:Semen samples of 66 cigarette smokers and 70 non-smokers infertile patients were included in the study. As far as possible; other factors which might influence semen quality were eliminated. Seminal parameters, when taken together, indicated the presence or absence of the three main semen variables: asthenospermia (A), oligospermia (O), and normospermia (N). Smokers were categorized as light, moderate and heavy smokers. Semen samples were examined for Asthenospermia and oligospermia, according to World Health Organization guidelines.RESULTS:In our study, 25 non-smokers had normospermia (N) with their semen parameters falling within the normal ranges. In contrast, samples from 16 smokers qualified as N. This finding underscores the fact that smoking certainly has an adverse influence on the semen quality, as concluded in several other studies.Asthenospermia (A) was the most dominant semen variable contributing to the semen quality of smokers (n = 34) as well as non-smokers (n = 31). Statistical analysis using Pearson chi-squared and t-test found no statistically significant effect of cigarette smoking on sperm density; motility or morphologic features of sperm were detected.CONCLUSION:Our study shows a limited effect of smoking on conventional sperm parameters.


Article
The Effect of Cigarette and Water Pipe Smoking on Some of Blood Parameter
تأثير تدخين السكائر والنركيلة في بعض معايير الدم

Authors: Amal K. Abbas أمال خضير عباس --- Layla Fouad Ali ليلى فؤاد علي
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2015 Volume: 56 Issue: 3C Pages: 2537-2541
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Current study aimed to investigate the effect of cigarette and water pipe smoking on smoker immunity comparing to non smoker. Twenty blood samples were collected from smoker students and twenty blood samples from non smoker students from Baghdad university in 2014.The results showed that there was increase in W.B.Cs total count in smoker group comparing to non smoker in a significant differences P<0.05. The differential W.B.Cs count results shows that there are increase was neutrophiles and Monocytes while there is decrease in lymphocytes in smoker group comparing to non smokers in a significant differences P<0.05 .Also the results revealed that there is an increase in percentage of phagocytosis to Staphyllociccus aureus bacteria by phagocytic cells in smoker group comparing to non smoker group.

تهدف الدراسة الحالية إلى دراسة تأثير السجائر والنرجيلة على مناعة المدخنين مقارنة مع غير المدخنين. تم جمع عشرين عينة دم من طلاب مدخنين وعشرين عينة دم من طلاب غير مدخنين من جامعة بغداد في 2014. أضهرت النتائج أن هناك زيادة في مجموع عدد الكريات البيضاء في مجموعة المدخنين مقارنة مع غير المدخنين بفروق معنوية. كما بينت الدراسة أن هناك زيادة في عدد الخلايا العدلة و الخلايا وحيدة النواة في حين أن هناك انخفاض في عدد الخلايا اللمفاوية في المدخنين مقارنة مع غير المدخنين وبفروق معنوية. كما أظهرت النتائج أن هناك زيادة في النسبة المئوية في عملية البلعمة لبكتريا المكورات العنقودية من قبل الخلايا البلعمية في مجموعة المدخنين مقارنة مع غير المدخين وبفروق معنوية.

Keywords

cigarette --- smoking --- immunity.


Article
Early detection of periodontitis among young adult cigarette smokers and non-smokers using cone beam computed tomography

Authors: Maisam A. Kadhem ميسم كاظم --- Basima GH. Ali باسمه علي --- Shifa H. Al-Naimi شفاء النعيمي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2014 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 116-121
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease that affects the supporting tissues of the teeth; Smoking is animportant risk factor for periodontitis induces alveolar bone loss and cause an imbalance between bone resorptionand bone deposition. The purpose of this study is to detect and compare the presence of incipient periodontitisamong young smokers and non-smokers by measuring the distance between cement-enamel junction and alveolarcrest (CEJ-Ac) using Cone Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT).Material and methods: The total sample composed of fifty two participants, thirty one smokers and twenty one nonsmokers(age range 14-22 years). Periodontal parameters: plaque index (PLI), gingival index (GI) were recorded forall teeth except the third molar while the radiographic analysis using CBCT was recorded on the Ramfjord teeth, theunit of measurement was from cement-enamel junction to alveolar crest distance (CEJ-Ac distance) per site inmillimeters.Results: The results obtained were a non significant difference for PLI, a significant difference of mean of GI betweenyoung smokers and non smokers. There was a highly significant difference in the general mean of CEJ-Ac distancebetween both groups. There was a significant difference between maxillary and mandibular teeth, a non significantdifference between right and left sides among young smokers and non smokers.Conclusion: The CBCT device plays an important role in detection the incipient form of periodontitis among youngsmokers and non-smokers, so we concluded that there is a highly significant difference in the general mean CEJ-Acdistance between young smokers and non smokers with increase distance in the maxillary teeth than that in themandibular teeth


Article
Studying The Effect of Smoking on Some Blood Parameters in Young Adult Male Smokers

Author: Saba Ibrahim Salih
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2015 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 2287-2291
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: The effect of smoking of cigarette on human health is serious and sometimes deadly.Aim of the study was to study the effect of smoking on some hematological parameters in young adult male smokers.Materials and methods: fifty males participated in this study, smokers (n=30) and nonsmokers (n=20). Complete Blood Cell Count was measured by Humacount 30 (fully automatic hematological analyzer).Results and discussion: the results showed that the smokers had significantly higher levels of WBCs, RBCs, Hb, PCV and platelets count ,whereas no significant difference was observed in MCV,MCH,MCHC between the two group. This result is due to the inflammatory and irritant effects of cigarette smoking on the body organs.In conclusion :the continuous cigarette smoking has sever adverse effects on hematological parameters and these effects may lead to increased risk of developing physiologic polycythemia, atherosclerosis and as a results cardiovascular disease.Key words: cigarette smoking, hematological parameters , Humacount


Article
Influence of smoking on lipid profile in Iraqi men

Author: Safa W. Azize
Journal: Muthanna Medical Journal مجلة المثنى الطبية ISSN: 2226146x Year: 2017 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 85-91
Publisher: Al-Muthanna University جامعة المثنى

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Abstract

Cigarette smoking is generally considered as associated with increased risk of a variety of medical disorders. Several studies provide the evidences that a smoking is strongly associated with change the normal status of the lipid profile. The present study aimed to compare the lipid profile between smokers and non-smokers and to determine the influence smoking on the lipid profile in our community. Forty smoking males and thirty non-smoking males from different areas of Babylon governorate were included in this study. Their age was ranged between 20 and 40 years. Fasting blood was withdrawn from all groups and used for determination of lipid profile [Cholesterol, Triglyceride (TG), High density lipoprotein (HDL) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL)]. Significantly increased of serum Cholesterol,Triglyceride and Low density lipoprotein with significant decreased in serum High density lipoprotein level in smokers as compared to nonsmokers . These results showed that the mean levels of TC, TG and LDL were elevated with increase in the duration of smoking while HDL showed a decreased with the increases duration of smoking. This study concluded that smoking causes alteration in lipid profile. This smoking might be related in the alteration in serum lipids levels and increases risk for coronary artery disease and other diseases.


Article
Association of Fibrinogen as a Myocardial Infraction Risk Factor in Men

Authors: Basil. N. Saeed --- Eman Sh. AL-Obeidy
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 4 Pages: 392-394
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an irreversible myocardial injury and necrosis caused by serious and long term ischemia. Fibrinogen is considered as
one of the probable risk factors of myocardial infarction.
Patients and methods: 1.8-mL venous blood specimen from 40 patients with MI and 50 control subjects was obtained and put it into tubes containing 0.2 mol/L trisodium citrate. Plasma fibrinogen level was determined by the method of Clauss (Diagnostic Stago, France). Results The mean age of patients was (45.2 ± 6) years in patients with premature myocardial infarction and (45.06±5) years in the control group (p =0.07). There were no statistically significant relationships between the two groups in history of premature myocardial infarction in their first-degree relatives (p =&#61472;0.05), cigarette smoking (p =&#61472;0.06), diabetes (p =&#61472;0.08), or hypertension (p =&#61472;0.071). The mean plasma fibrinogen in patients (495 ±10.2mg/dL) was elevated markedly compared with the control group (465±8.4 mg/dl) ( p =&#61472;0.01) . Hyperfibrinogenemia (>450 mg/dL) was detected in 87.5% of patients and 52.0% of controls. Conclusion: This study introduced fibrinogen as a risk factor for premature coronary artery disease in Iraqi men


Article
Smoking Behavior Among School Students At Al-Doura/Al- Kurkh/Baghdad Year 2014. .

Author: *Abbas Fadhal Humadi
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2016 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 22-28
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Most adult smokers start smoking regularly some time before 18 years of age. Cigarette smoking is a major ‘preventable’ cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. It is well-known that smoking has hazardous effect on many systems like pulmonary and cardiovascular system.Objectives: Study the prevalence of smoking among school pupils according to the mode of smoking, age, school grade, school environment and possible health risk associated with smoking.Type of the study: A cross-sectional study.Methods: Study was conducted between 1st of March 2014 to 30th of May 2014 at Al-Doura/Al- Kurkh/Baghdad by using convenient sample, including all pupils from 6 schools. The schools were 2 secondary schools, 3 intermediate schools and 1 professional secondary school from second Al-Kurkh education directorate. A total of 1258 boy pupils were studied. An anonymous self-completion questionnaire was used. The questionnaire included 15 questions (3 open questions and 12 close questions) about sociodemographic information, smoking information, and possible health disorders associated with smoking.Results: The present study had shown that the prevalence of smoking habits both (12.1% cigarette and 2.3% shisha) increased with age, class grade, and broader school environment. Both cigarette and shisha smoking produce various health disorders among schools' pupils. The results indicate that dry cough more frequent among shisha smoking pupils which was statistically highly significant (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Age, school grade of pupils and broader school environment play the major rule in the increasing prevalence of smoking among pupils, both cigarette and shisha smoking had hazardous effect on pupils' health.


Article
Effect of cigarette smoking on serum α-L-fucose and its related parameters
تأثير تدخين السجائر على مصل α-L-fucose والمعلمات ذات الصلة

Authors: Bakhtiar Mohiadeen Ahmed --- Neewar Ahmed Yaseen
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2014 Volume: 18 Issue: 1 Pages: 596-603
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Cigarette smoke is a leading preventable cause of many diseases and death, because it contains a complex mixture of chemical compounds. Few studies about the relation between cigarette smoking and glycoconjugate were found in literature, while no study was observed regarding passive smokers. Thus this relation is obscure till now. Therefore this work was designed to study the effect of cigarette smoking on serum glycoconjugates levels.Methods: One hundred twenty one completely healthy males from different areas of Duhok governorate were included in this study. Their age was ranged between 20 and 50 years. They were classified according to the number and duration of cigarette smoking into: heavy smokers (31), moderate smokers (26), passive smokers (30) and non-smokers (control). Fasting blood was withdrawn from all groups and used for determination of serum fucose and its related parameters.Results: The results showed that there was a significant decrease in serum total protein in heavy smoker groups when compared to non-smokers. The levels of serum total fucose and protein bound fucose significantly increased in smoker groups, while the results indicated that there was a significant increase in serum lipid associated fucose levels in heavy and passive smoker groups comparing to non-smoker group. A significant decrease in serum protein bound hexoses was observed in both heavy and moderate smokers. The result also showed that serum total calcium concentration, Ca/TP and Mg/TP ratios significantly decreased in all smoker groups.Regarding to serum Manganese (Mn) and Mn/TP ratio, their values increased significantly in case of passive smokers only.Conclusion: The results revealed that cigarette smoking had significant effects on glycoconjugates status (expressed in serum fucose and its related parameters).


Article
Serum Lipids and Vitamin C Levels of Male Cigarette Smokers in Asaba, Delta State, Nigeria

Authors: Adikema, N.A --- Adu, E.M.
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2013 Volume: 10 Issue: 4 Pages: 976-984
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Two hundred male subjects were selected randomly in parts of Delta State out of which 100 were cigarette smokers and another 100 non-smokers which served as control. Serum ascorbic acid level (AA), High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C), total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and very low density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL- C) were determined in all the samples taken from the subjects. Results were compared using the T-test at p<0.001. The serum level of vitamin C in smokers (0.81 ± 0.06 mg/dl) was found to be significantly lower than for non-smokers (1.10 ± 0.05 mg/dl); HDL-C level in smokers (30.82 ± 3..08 mg/dl) was found to be significantly decreased in smokers as against non-smokers (47.48 ± 2.85mg/dl); TC level in smokers (274.84 ± 11.16mg/dl) was significantly higher than non-smokers (166.68 ± 6.78mg/dl); TG level in smokers (250.38 ± 6.79mg/dl) was significantly higher than in non-smokers (149.39 ± 4.15mg/dl); LDL-C level in smokers (194.02 ± 11.13mg/dl) was significantly higher than in non-smokers (88.99 ± 7.56mg/dl); VLDL- C level of smokers (50.07 ± 1.35 mg/dl) was significantly increased in smokers as against non-smokers (29.86 ± 0.82mg/dl). The data obtained are useful for the control of cigarette smoking which causes heart diseases and reduction in anti-oxidation capacity of the body


Article
Effect of Smoking on Semen Quality of Infertile Men in Mosul City, Iraq
تأثير التدخين على نوعية السائل المنوي من الرجل العقيم في مدينة الموصل، العراق

Authors: Khaeria H Aljebory --- Yassier T Al Watar; --- Salwa H Almukhtar --- Radhwan H Ibrahim
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2013 Volume: 3 Issue: 3 Pages: 49-53
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Aim: It's known that cigarette smoking affects semen quality. The aim of the present study is to compare the semen of infertile cigarette smokers with infertile non-smokers as well as with healthy men to examine the impact of smoking on the quality of sperm.Methodology: A case-control study was applied in the present study. For the period from 1st January till the 1st April 2011. The semen quality of men with infertility, smokers (n 150) and nonsmokers (n100), were compared with (n 100) healthy- nonsmokers men. Conventional semen analysis was performed and sperm morphology was assessed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Smoker patients were classified as mild (1 -10 cigarettes/d), moderate (10 -20 cigarettes/day), or heavy smokers (more 20 cigarettes/d).data was analyze through inferential statistics Results: The study finding showed that sperm parameters quality in smoker men was approximately lower than nonsmoker men and the cigarette smoking and the dose has significant negative effect on sperm parameters. Conclusion: The results of the present study suggest that smoking negatively affects male fertility.Recommendation: Smokers should quit smoking for the sense of responsibility for their future generation as tobacco smoke contains numerous mutagenic substances.

الهدف:من المعروف أن التدخين يؤثر على نوعية السائل المنوي. الهدف من هذه الدراسة هو مقارنة السائل المنوي من مدخني السجائر يعانون من العقم مع غير المدخنين يعانون من العقم، وكذلك مع الرجال الأصحاء لدراسة تأثير التدخين على نوعية الحيوانات المنوية.المنهجية: تم تطبيق دراسة الحالات والشواهد في الدراسة الحالية. للفترة من الاول من شباط حتى الاول من نيسان 2011 وتمت مقارنة نوعية السائل المنوي للرجال العقيمين المدخنين (150) و العقيمين غير المدخنين (100) مع (100) من الرجال الأصحاء غير المدخنين. تم إجراء تحليل السائل المنوي التقليدي و مورفولوجية الحيوانات المنوية حددت بواسطة المجهر الإلكتروني. تم تصنيف المرضى والمدخن متوسط (1 - 10 سجائر / د) ، المعتدل (11 – 20 سيجارة / يوم) ، أو المدخنين الشرهين( أكثر من 20 سيجارة / يوم). البيانات التي تم تحليلها من خلال الإحصاءات استنتاجيالنتائج: أظهرت نتائج الدراسة أن جودة معايير الحيوانات المنوية لدى المدخن كان أقل تقريبا من الرجال غير المدخنون و أن لتدخين السجائر والجرعة تأثير سلبي كبير على معايير الحيوانات المنوية.الاستنتاجات:إن نتائج هذه الدراسة تشير إلى إن التدخين يؤثر سلبا على خصوبة الرجال.التوصيات: يجب على المدخنين الإقلاع عن التدخين للشعور بالمسؤولية لأجيال المستقبلية لما لدخان التبغ أضرار بسبب مايحتويه على العديد من المواد المسببة للتشوهات الخلقية.

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