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Article
Prepare of Mapping the Distribution of Schools in Kut City Using Geographic Information System (GIS)
أعداد خرائط توزيع المدارس في مدينة الكوت بأستخدام نظم المعلومات الجغرافية (GIS)

Author: علي كريم شايش
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2011 Volume: 29 Issue: 16 Pages: 650-663
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

The increased rates of urbanization have resulted in doubling the number of schools inin the city randomly, which resulted in building schools lacking the most appropriatestandards required like being fit with the convenient environmental and health conditionsor being away from natural and human dangers, because of the great abilities that thegeographic information systems gives which help in finding the most appropriatesolutions and making the best decisions, especially with regard to processing and analysisof spatial information. Thus, the current research aims at using GIS in assessing thecurrent status of school sites in all stages of primary intermediate and high school,according to a set of natural, human and social standards. As well as the employment ofGIS to document the locations of the current distribution of schools in the city to producedigital maps of sites and the pattern of distribution of schools subject to update, then itsuggests amending some of the sites according to the degree of suitability criteria inresearch. To achieve these aims, the research depends on the data available at thedirectorate of education in wassit, in addition to the field survey to identify the location ofschools accurately using GPS and updating the data available. The research finds theexistence of concentration in the distribution of schools which is concentrated in someregions, random in others or regular in others. In general, this distribution may not reflecta situation similar to the distribution among all regions in the city.

Keywords

- Schools --- GIS --- Kut City.


Article
Scientific Life in Malaga City
الحياة العلمية في مدينة مالقة

Author: Faiza Hamza Abbas فائزة حمزة عباس
Journal: College Of Basic Education Researches Journal مجلة ابحاث كلية التربية الاساسية ISSN: 19927452 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 4 Pages: 477-500
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This research deals with the practical life in Malaga city. This Andalusian city wittenesed a clear scientific activity through the appearance of a number of scienticists who have a great role in figuring out the scientific life of it. The research shows the effect of political situation through which the city passed over the Arab, Islamic rule of Al-Andalus. The researcher found, by viewing these situation, that the city passed through relative peaceful settlement which has its effect on the scientific development of the city. This development is achieved through the scientific journeys, done by the scientific of Malaga, which had their importance in building civilization; travelling for science increases education completion. The scientific movement of Malaga's city was nourished clearly. This nourishment is present through many translation books in different sciences such as: religious sciences ,literature, Grammar, linguistics, history, and experimental sciences. Moreover, education nourished in this city, in that its citizens approached education and had a number of scientists who practised teaching and presented great scientific services to this city.

تناول البحث دراسة الحياة العلمية في مدينة مالقة، اذ شهدت هذه المدينة الاندلسية نشاطاً علمياً واضحاً من خلال ظهور العديد من العلماء فيها، والذين كان لهم دور كبير في رسم صورة الحياة العلمية لها. لقد اظهر البحث تأثير الاوضاع السياسية التي مرت على مدينة مالقة عبر فترات الحكم العربي الاسلامي للأندلس، فمن خلال استعراض هذه الاوضاع وجدنا انها نعمت ولفترات بهدوء واستقرار نسبي مما كان له اثر على تطورها العلمي، وذلك من خلال الرحلات العلمية التي قام بها علماء مالقة، فقد كان لهذه الرحلات اهميتها في بناء الحضارة، فالرحلة في طلب العلم تزيد من اكتمال التعلم. ازدهرت الحركة العلمية لمدينة مالقة بشكل واضح، اذ ظهر لنا من خلال كتب التراجم العديد من العلماء الذين كان لهم شان كبير من مختلف العلوم منها العلوم الدينية والادب والنحو وعلوم ا للغة وعلم التاريخ والعلوم التجريبية، كما ازدهر التعليم في هذه المدينة اذ اقبل سكانها على التعلم وظهر فيها عدد من العلماء الذين مارسوا التدريس وقدموا خدمات علمية كبيرة لهذه المدينة.

Keywords

Malaga --- City --- مدينة --- مالقة


Article
Epidemiological and clinical study of leishmaniasis in Kirkuk city, Iraq

Authors: Hiro M. Obaid --- Hager A. Shareef
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Science المجلة العراقية للعلوم ISSN: 00672904/23121637 Year: 2018 Volume: 59 Issue: 3A Pages: 1195-1204
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

leishmaniasis is a disease of global concern, Leishmania types and distribution rates vary from country to another. For visceral leishmaniasis serum samples were examined by the kala-azar dipstick rapid test. Meanwhile smears were taken from lesions, air dried, fixed and Leishman stained then microscopically examined for amstigote stage in cutaneous leishmaniasis. From April 2014 to April 2015, 150 samples for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and 108 serum sample for visceral leishmaniasis (VL) from in and out patients in Pediatric, Azadi Teaching and Kirkuk General Hospitals were examined. The incidence of visceral leishmaniasis was very low (2.7%) comparing to that in cutaneous leishmaniasis (64.6%). No significant differences had appeared between the cutaneous leishmaniasis incidence in male or female. The most age group infected with cutaneous leishmaniasis in both genders was 5 ≤ years old, with rate of 26.1% in male and a rate of 15.8% in female. Significantly high frequency of the patients were presented with only one or two lesions with rate of 39.17, 25.7 % for each type of lesions respectively. The most location that infected with CL was hand (27.7%) and high rate of them being moist type (71.13%). In Kirkuk city CL is more prevalent than VL. High rate of CL is moist type locating in the limbs and face. The infection is more frequent in children than in adult. For CL a smear taken from the lesion is much worthy than a lesion blood sample or re aspirated saline injected to the lesion.


Article
Prevalence of epilepsy in Hawler city; a household survey
انتشار الصرع في مدينة هولير؛ مسح الأسرة

Authors: Aso Sabir Sheikh-Bzeni --- Azad Hasan Khidr
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2011 Volume: 15 Issue: 3 Pages: 12-18
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objectives: Epilepsy is a common neurological disorder and in spite of that, its prevalence was not studied in Hawler city before. The objective of this study is to know the prevalence of epilepsy in Hawler city.Methods: A house hold survey was carried out in Hawler city, Iraq 4623 persons selected as clustered random sample of the city population during period of April 2007 to June 2008.Results: Out of the 4623 persons studied, only 45 patients (23 female and 22 male) were found to be epileptic, with a life time prevalence of 9.7/1000 population. The commonest age group affected was childhood age (1st and 2nd decade). This study showed that partial epilepsy was more common than generalized epilepsy. There is no marked difference between genders in the disease pattern (51.1% were females, 48.9% were males).Conclusion: Epilepsy is a common disorder in Hawler city. There was no significant difference between genders in the disease pattern. In our locality children were more affected with epilepsy than other age groups.

Keywords

Epilepsy --- Hawler city --- Prevalence


Article
A STUDY OF SODIUM CONCENTRATION IN DIFFERENT BREAD CONSUMED IN DUHOK CITY - KURDISTAN REGION - IRAQ
دراسة تركيز الصوديوم في عينات من مختلف انواع الخبز المستهلك في مدينة دهوك - اقليم كوردستان العراق

Author: Masood Abdulkareem Abdulrahman مسعود عبدالكريم عبدالرحمن
Journal: Duhok Medical Journal مجلة دهوك الطبية ISSN: ISSN: 20717334 (online)/ ISSN: 20717326 (Print) Year: 2016 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 20-30
Publisher: University of Dohuk جامعة دهوك

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Abstract

Background and Objectives: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability globally. Raised blood pressure is among the most important major risk factors and up to 62% of strokes and 49% of coronary heart disease are attributed to raised BP. There are strong evidences that present human consumption of salt is the major factor increasing BP and thereby Cardiovascular diseases. Since bread is the main element in population diet, especially in our country, the determination of sodium content of bread is of high priority and needs further investigation.Methods: (120) samples of 6 types of bread were collected from (120) different bakeries in Duhok city and thereafter assessed for sodium content in the laboratories of the Institute of Nutrition Researches in BaghdadResults: This study demonstrated that 35% of bread’s samples has sodium concentration exceeds the standard level and the remaining 65% is within the standard range. Mean percentage of bread’s sodium concentration was as 248.149 mg / 100g. Conclusions: The sodium contents of one third of studied bread samples are higher than is acceptable limit and may be contributing to adverse health outcomes. Therefore, an urgent public health intervention is highly advisable

الخلفية والأهداف: أمراض القلب والأوعية الدموية هي السبب الرئيسي للوفاة والعجز في جميع أنحاء العالم. ارتفاع ضغط الدم هو من بين أهم عوامل الخطورة الرئيسية والهامة جداَ, أن حوالى 62٪ من الجلطات الوعائية الدماغية و 49٪ من أمراض القلب التاجية تعزى الى أرتفاع ضغط الدم. وهناك أدلة قوية على أن ألأستهلاك الحالي للأنسان من الملح هو العامل الرئيسي لزيادةأرتفاع ضغط الدموبالتالي زيادة ألأصابة بأمراض القلب والأوعية الدموية. وحيث ان أستهلاك الخبز هو جزء رئيسي في الوجبات الغذائية اليومية للناس ولا سيما في بلادنا، لذا فان تحديد محتوى الصوديوم وبالتالي (الملح) في الخبز يعتبر من الأولويات القصوى ويحتاج إلى مزيد من الأبحاث.طرق البحث: تم جمع (120) عينة من ستة أنواع مختلفة من الخبز من (120) مخبزا مختلفاَ في مدينة دهوك وتم بعد ذلك دراسة تركيز(محتوى) الصوديوم في مختبرات معهد بحوث التغذية في بغداد.النتائج: أظهرت الدراسة أن 35٪ من عينات الخبز تحتوى على تركيز الصوديوم تتجاوز المستوى القياسي المسموح بها في العراق وبينما كانت النسبة المتبقية 65٪ ضمن النسب المسموحة. وكان متوسط نسبة تركيز الصوديوم في جميع عينات الخبز 248،149 ملغ / 100 غرام.الاستنتاجات: تركيز الصوديوم في ثلث عينات الخبز المفحوصة كانت أعلى من الحد المقبول ويمكن أن تؤدي الىنتائج صحية سلبية. ولذا فان تدخل الجهات المسؤولة عن الصحة العامة يعتبر في غاية ألأهمية.

Keywords

Socium --- Bread --- Duhok City


Article
A study on the Prevalence of Dyslipidemic Disorder Among Residents of Karbala City

Authors: Hedef Dhafir El-Yassin --- Zainab Abdul Razak Al- Sharifi --- Suhair Al-Jeboori
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 3 Pages: 358-366
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Dyslipidemia is a common health problem.OBJECTIVE:The present study was to estimate the prevalence of dyslipidemia as defined by the NCEP ATP3 criteria among people living in Karbala city.SUBJECTS AND METHODS:The investigations were performed on a sample of 130 subjects selected arbitrarily from those attending the public clinic in AL- Hussainy teaching hospital in Karbala for consultation and from some subjects accompanying the patients. Fasting blood samples for routine lipid analyses from each subject were obtained after informing them about the project and having their approval.RESULTS:In this sample of subjects it was found that 72.3% of them had a plasma TC level lower than 200mg/dl. This study also determined a prevalence of hypertriglyceridemias in 23.3% of study subjects who have a borderline TG level. The prevalence of high and very high TG among them were 6.9% and 4.4% respectively. The frequency of LDL-C levels above 160 mg/dl was found to be about 1% of the sample. Borderline levels of LDL-C was found in 7.3%of the sample. In the meantime the prevalence of low HDL-C levels in this study was found to be 39.2% of the subjects who had a serum level of HDL-C less than 40mg/dl.CONCLUSION:In conclusion this study demonstrated a very high prevalence of dyslipidemia among Iraqi adult subjects living in Karbala city. A public health strategy for prevention, detection and treatment of this disorder is neede


Article
Eruption Time Estimation of Permanent 1st Molar, Central &, Lateral Incisors in 5.5 - 10 Years Age Children at Al Ramadi City / Iraq

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Abstract

The Parents consider tooth eruption as an important thing in thechild's life development, and they have often showed theirconcern about the timing of eruption of teeth. The purpose ofthis study were to Estimate the average age for eruption time ofPermanent 1st molar, central & lateral incisors in upper & lowerJaw (right & left) in both gender and to Compare the eruptiontime of these teeth between upper & lower Jaw ,right & left side,male &female. This study was conducted at Al Ramadi City /Iraq, where the sample was consisted of “786” children (391male & 395 female) of age 5.5 years to 10 years were theytaken randomly from various schools. Eruption of variouspermanent teeth (1st Molar, Central & Lateral Incisors teeth)were noted in both jaws and both sides. In our study we foundthat the permanent 1st molars were the first permanent tooththat erupts in all children at the age between 5.87 – 7.96 yearson both jaws and on both right and left sides with the mean ageof eruption at 6.57 ± 0.55 years in lower jaw and 6.62 ± 0.53years in upper jaw. In addition to that our study showed that thenext permanent teeth to erupt were central incisors which eruptat the age between 6.14 – 8.93 years on both jaws and on bothright and left sides with the mean age of eruption at 7.23 ± 0.61years in lower jaw and 6.29 ± 0.57 years in upper jaw. Finally,the eruption of permanent lateral incisors were at the agebetween 7.66 – 9.93 years on both jaws and on both right andleft sides with the mean age of eruption at 8.89 ± 0.56 years inlower jaw and 8.93 ± 0.55 years in upper jaw. The teeth eruptedin female earlier than male and in the lower Jaw than upperJaw. In the most cases the right lower teeth erupted earlier thanthe other quadrant of both jaws. In general, we found that therewas delay in the time of eruption of nearly all the teeth thatwere included in this study.


Article
Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and Cytomegalovirus in Sera of Aborted Women in Samaraa city
الانتشار المصلي للمقوسات الكوندية T.Gondii والفايروس المضخم الخلايا Cytomegalovirus في النساء المجهضات في مدينة سامراء

Authors: Sheelan A. Anwar شيلان اكبر انور1 --- , Nuha S. Al-Bayati2 نهى سليم البياتي2
Journal: Tikrit Journal of Pure Science مجلة تكريت للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 18131662 Year: 2017 Volume: 22 Issue: 6 Pages: 34-38
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to detect the relationship between Toxoplasmosis, Cytomegalovirus infections and occurrence of abortion. The records of 173 aborted women between age of less than twenty years and fifty years old attending to the hospital of Samaraa general hospital from October 2015 to April 2016 were reviewed. Investigation by using VIDAS technique represented that T. Gondii antibodies showed in 54(31.2 %) of aborted women ,while 23(13.3 %) represented infected with Cytomegalovirus and 7(4.1%) were infected with both Toxoplasmosis and Cytomegalovirus. Also the study showed that 77 (44.5%) of aborted women were in aged groups between 21-30 years old ,and the anti-toxoplasmosis IgM &IgG found in 66(38.2%) and anti-cytomegalovirus IgM &IgG found only in 30(17.34%) in aborted women.

اجريت هذه الدراسة للتحري عن العلاقة بين الاصابة بداء المقوسات الكوندية Toxoplasmosis، داء الفايروس المضخم للخلايا Cytomegalovirus وحدوث الاجها ض في النساء. تم تسجيل 173 حالة اجهاض في النساء اللاتي كن يراجعن مستشفى سامراء العام للفترة ما بين تشرين الاول 2015 – نيسان 2016، وكانت اعمارهن تتراوح مابين اقل من 20 – 50 سنة واكبر. التشخيص باستخدام تقنية VIDAS اظهر وجود اجسام مضادة لطفيلي T. Gondii في 54 (31,2 %) من النساء المجهضات, بينما وجد ان 23 (13,3 %) من النساء المجهضات كن مصابات بفايروس المضخم للخلايا Cytomegalovirusو 7 (4,1 %) كن مصابات بكلا المقوسات الكوندية والفايروس المضخم للخلايا. اظهرت الدراسة ايضا ان 77(44,5 %) من النساء المجهضات كانت اعمارهن تتراوح مابين 21- 30 سنة، وان الاجسام المضادة من نوع IgM و IgG الخاصة بطفيلي المقوسات الكوندية T.Gondii شخصت في 66 (38,2 %) من النساء المجهضات، بينما الاجسام المضادة من نوع IgM و IgG الخاصة بفايروس المضخم للخلايا Cytomegalovirus فقد شخصت في 30 (17,34 %) من النساء المجهضات.


Article
A comparison between two different doses of sublingual misoprostol in the management of first trimester incomplete miscarriage
مقارنة بين جرعتين مختلفتين من الميزوبروستول تحت اللسان في إدارة الإجهاض الناقص في الأثلوث الأول

Authors: Mina J. Mustafa --- Ishraq M. Shakir
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2016 Volume: 20 Issue: 1 Pages: 1260-1266
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Various methods have been described for management of first trimester incomplete miscarriage. The active methods include surgical methods that are highly effective but are associated with anesthetics and surgical risks. Medical methods by Misoprostol had been shown to be effective, acceptable and widely used treatment for incomplete miscarriage. The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy, patients' acceptability and the side effects of sublingual administration of single dose of 400mcg with single dose of 600mcg of misoprostol in the treatment of first trimester incomplete miscarriage. Methods: This study was conducted from April 1st, 2011 to February 1st, 2012 in the Maternity Teaching Hospital in Erbil city, Kurdistan region, Iraq. The study included 120 patients with incomplete miscarriage at a gestational age ≤12 weeks. They randomly received either single dose of 400mcg or 600mcg of misoprostol sublingually. Patients returned for follow-up and re-evaluation of abortion status after 7 days. Patients with a continuous incomplete miscarriage underwent surgical evacuation. Results: The success rate in the first and second group was 90% and 91.7%, respectively, while patients' acceptability in the first and second group was 96.7% and 95%, respectively with no difference between both groups. Gastrointestinal side effects like nausea and diarrhea were more in the second group. Conclusion: Single dose of 400 mcg of sublingual misoprostol is preferred on 600mcg of sublingual misoprostol regarding the development of side effects.


Article
City Guadix (Study in public their conditions)
مدينة وادي آش (دراسة في أحوالها العامة)

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Abstract

Islamic cities studies of important topics and necessary in the date field are considered as they shed light on the city itself, The importance of a big city , being one of the late cities that fell to the Spaniards , it must highlight the Islamic its long history , either in economic terms has been characterized by the richness of its economic resources , and promised life scientific witnessed by scientific institutions wonderful model reverse the evolution of the various science and progress.

تعتبر دراسات المدن الإسلامية من المواضيع المهمة والضرورية، لأنها تسلط الضوء على مدينة بذاتها ، فأهمية مدينة وادي اش كبيرة ، كونها تعد من أواخر المدن التي سقطت بيد الأسبان ، فلابد من إبراز تاريخها الإسلامي العريق ، أضف الى ذلك أهميتها الاقتصادية فقد امتازت بغنى مواردها ، فيما عدت الحياة العلمية التي شهدتها مؤسساتها العلمية أنموذجاً رائعاً عكس مدى تطور العلوم المختلفة فيها وتقدمها .

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