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Article
The benefit of Ramfjord teeth to represent the full-mouth clinical attachment level in epidemiological study

Authors: Omar Husham Ali عمر هشام علي --- Hadeel Mazin هديل مازن
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2014 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 122-124
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Since the periodontal disease Index of Ramfjord (Ramfjord index) can potentially shorten theexamination time by almost half, many studies evaluated Ramfjord teeth in predicting full-mouth periodontal statusof an adult population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit of Ramfjord teeth in predicting the fullmouthclinical attachment level of an adult population in patients attending the college of dentistry- BaghdadUniversity.Materials and methods: The study participants were 100 patients with age range from 30-60 years old whichrepresent group zero. The patients were divided into three main groups according to the age of the patients. Group Iand group II each of them composed of 30 patients while group III composed of 40 patients. In the first time clinicalattachment level (CAL) was measured from the full mouth (FM) and then from the Ramfjord teeth (RT) (teethnumber: 16, 21, 24, 36, 41, 44) in all groups. Clinical attachment level (CAL) was measured in millimeters usingperiodontal probe.Results: The difference in the mean clinical attachment level measured from the full mouth (FM) and Ramfjord teeth(RT) by using paired t - test was non significant in all the groups. Also in all groups the correlation coefficient as well asbeta coefficient was high.Conclusion: The high agreement between Ramfjord teeth and full mouth CAL confirm the epidemiological validity ofRamfjord teeth to represent the full mouth

مؤشر رامفورد لامراضاللثة یمكن ان یقلل وقت الفحصالى النصف تقریبا، لذا الكثیر من الدراسات قیمت اسنان رامفورد في توقع الحالة الصحیة للثة لكامل الفم في السكان البالغین.ھدف ھذه الدراسة كان لتقییم اسنان رامفورد في توقع مستوى الانسجة الرابطة لكامل الفم لدى السكان البالغیین من المرضى الذین یراجعون كلیة طب الاسنان- جامعة بغداد.60 سنة ویمثلون مجموعة الصفر. تم تقسیم المشاركین في ھذه الدراسة الى ثلاث مجموعات رئیسیة وفقا للعمر. - المشاركین في ھذه الدراسة كانوا مائة مریض، تتراوح اعمارھم من 30المجموعة الاولى والثانیة تتكون كل منھما من 30 مشارك بینما المجموعة الرابعة تتكون من 40 مشارك.اسنان رامفورد: 16،21،24،36،41،44 ) في كل ) (RF) ومن ثم قیاس مستوى الانسجة الرابطة لاسنان رامفورد (FM) تم اولا قیاس مستوى الانسجة الرابطة لجمیع الاسنان في الفمالمجموعات. تم قیاس مستوى الانسجة الرابطة باستخدام مسبار اللثة.كان غیر مھم في كل المجموعات، قیاسات معامل t باختبار (RF) ومستوى الانسجة الرابطة لاسنان رامفورد (FM) الفرق بین معدل مستوى الانسجة الرابطة المقاس لكامل الفمالارتباط ومعامل بیتا في كل المجموعات كانت عالیة.الموافقة العالیة بین مستوى الانسجة الرابطة لاسنان رامفورد ولكامل الفم یؤكد صحة استخدام اسنان رامفورد لتمثیل كامل الفم في الدراسات الوبائیة


Article
Evaluation of serum anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibodies level in rheumatoid patients with and without periodontitis

Author: Fatin M. Jarallah فاتن جار الله
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 4 Pages: 83-87
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis (PD) are widely prevalent diseases and are characterized bytissue destruction due to chronic inflammation. Recently, there is growing evidence that the two diseases sharemany pathological features. An association between periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis has been consideredmany years ago. The current study was established to evaluate the serum ACCP levels in rheumatoid arthritis patientswith and without periodontitis, in addition to study the correlation between serum ACCP levels and periodontalparameters.Subjects and methods: A total of 95 subjects were enrolled in this study, age ranged (35 – 55) years divided into 3groups: Group I consist of 45 rheumatoid arthritis patients with periodontitis, while group II consist of 35 rheumatoidarthritis patients without periodontitis and group ÉÉÉ which consist of 15 apparently- healthy controls. . Periodontalparameters used in this study were plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI), probing pocket depth (PPD), clinicalattachment level (CAL) and bleeding on probing (BOP). Blood samples were collected from each subject todetermine serum concentrations of ACCP by means of enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay (ELISA).Results: present study revealed that serum ACCP levels were significantly higher in rheumatoid patients withperiodontitis (P<0.001) than that in other two groups. Regarding the correlation between serum ACCP levels andperiodontal parameters, the current study showed positive correlation between serum ACCP and each of plaqueindex, gingival index and probing pocket depth.Conclusion: The current results provide strong evidence of association between periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis,and suggested that periodontitis may play an important role in activation and triggering immune response

Keywords

Background: Rheumatoid arthritis --- RA and periodontitis --- PD are widely prevalent diseases and are characterized by tissue destruction due to chronic inflammation. Recently --- there is growing evidence that the two diseases share many pathological features. An association between periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis has been considered many years ago. The current study was established to evaluate the serum ACCP levels in rheumatoid arthritis patients with and without periodontitis --- in addition to study the correlation between serum ACCP levels and periodontal parameters. Subjects and methods: A total of 95 subjects were enrolled in this study --- age ranged --- 35 – 55 years divided into 3 groups: Group I consist of 45 rheumatoid arthritis patients with periodontitis --- while group II consist of 35 rheumatoid arthritis patients without periodontitis and group ÉÉÉ which consist of 15 apparently- healthy controls. . Periodontal parameters used in this study were plaque index --- PI --- gingival index --- GI --- probing pocket depth --- PPD --- clinical attachment level --- CAL and bleeding on probing --- BOP. Blood samples were collected from each subject to determine serum concentrations of ACCP by means of enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay --- ELISA. Results: present study revealed that serum ACCP levels were significantly higher in rheumatoid patients with periodontitis --- P<0.001 than that in other two groups. Regarding the correlation between serum ACCP levels and periodontal parameters --- the current study showed positive correlation between serum ACCP and each of plaque index --- gingival index and probing pocket depth. Conclusion: The current results provide strong evidence of association between periodontitis and rheumatoid arthritis --- and suggested that periodontitis may play an important role in activation and triggering immune response

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