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Article
THE ABILITY OF COMMON CARP CYPRINUS CARPIO TO DIGEST DIFFERENT CARBOHYDRATE SOURCES
قابليه سمك الكارب الاعتيادي على هضم الكاربوهيدرات من مصادر مختلفه

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Abstract

Oral carbohydrate administration tests were used to gain more insight into the ability of common carp Cyprinus Carpio to digest different sources of carbohydrates. Four carbohyd- rates were administered orally after the common carp were fasted for 24h. Blood was sampled from fish at selected time intervals from 1 to 4h. Higher blood glucose level(p<0.05) was found in fish fed on maltose. Fish fed the diet containing cellulose showed a lower glucose level. The blood glucose level of common carp peaked at 1h (373gm/dL for maltose ;81gm/dLfor celluose)and at 3h(214gm/dL for lactose;184gm/dL for agar)after the oral admin- istration of carbohydrate. The maximum blood glucose level of 373 mg/dL observed at1h period following the maltose administration was significantly different from the maximum level observed at the same period following the cellulose administration.The maximum blood glucose level of 214 mg/dL observed at 3h period following lactose administration was significantly different from the maximum level observed at same period following the agar administration. Oral maltose resulted in apersistent hyperglycemia indicative of a diabetic-like status. Lactose appeared to be poorly absorbed from the intestinal tract and did not appear to be converted into glucose and galactose.These observations are consistent with the hypothesis that certain fishes, including the Cyprinus Carpio, resemble diabetic animals by having insufficient insulin for maximum carbohydrate utilization

الخلاصةاختبرت اربع انواع من الكاربوهيدرات من عده مصادر في تغذيه لسمك الكارب عن طريق الفم بعد ان تم قطع الغذاء عن السمك مده 24 ساعه ، تم اخذ عينات من دم السمك بعد كل ساعه ،ساعتين ،ثلاث واربع ساعات . اعلى نسبه سكر في الدم تم تواجدها في السمك المغذى على المالتوز ، في حين السمك المغذى على السليلوز اظهر اقل نسبه سكر للدم. اظهر سمك الكارب المغذى على المالتوز والمغذى على السليلوز اعلى نسبه سكر للدم في الساعه الاولى (373 مالتوز ، 81 سليلوز) في حين اظهر سمك الكارب المغذى على اللاكتوز والمغذى على الاكار اعلى نسبه سكر للدم في الساعه الثالثه (214 مالتوز ، 184 اكار) . كان هناك فرق معنوي بين اعلى نسبه سكر للدم للسمك المغذى على المالتوز مع السمك المغذى على السليلوز عند نفس الفتره ومابين السمك المغذى على اللاكتوز مع السمك المغذى على الاكار


Article
Cryotherapy of 2 weeks versus 3 weeks interval for Common warts
العلاج بالتبريد لمدة أسبوعين مقارنة بثلاثة أسابيع لالثآليل الشائعة

Authors: shadan Hassan Mohammed --- Intiha Mohamed Almosuly
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 411-416
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Cryotherapy with liquid nitrogen is a widely used method for treatment of common warts by dermatologists. Traditionally, when treating warts, liquid nitrogen is applied at intervals of 3 weeks. This study was designed to compare the efficacy, and time to clearance of 2-week and 3-week interval cryotherapy of patients attending the department of dermatology and venereology at Rizgary Teaching Hospital in Erbil City.Methods: In This comparative study 80 immunocompetant patients, age range 10-55 years with common warts on the hands and/or feet were enrolled from November 2008 through May 2009. Patients were randomized to receive cryotherapy at interval of either 2 or 3 weeks. All patients allocated to have liquid nitrogen applied with a cryo-spray technique. Cure rates were evaluated in both groups after 3 months and after 6 treatments.Results: 72 patients completed the study. The mean times for clearance of all warts in both groups were 9 weeks in every 2-week treatment group and 14 weeks in every 3-week treatment group. The mean numbers of treatment sessions required to achieve clearance were similar in each group (4.5 and 4.7 treatment sessions) for 2- and 3- week interval groups respectively. Cure rates at 3 months were 64% in the 2-week interval treatment group and 45% in the 3-week group. After 6 treatment sessions cure rates were similar for both groups; 65% and 60% for 2- and 3- week interval groups respectively. Morbidity was slightly greater in the 2-week interval treatment group.Conclusion: Cryotherapy of common warts is effective and the percentage of cure is related to the number of treatments received, and independent from the period between treatments.

Keywords

Cryotherapy --- Common warts


Article
The common fears for the children of primary school
المخاوف الشائعة لدى أطفال المرحلة الابتدائية

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Abstract

This study aims to:1.Constructing the scale of common fears for the children of primary school.2.Measuring the lavel of common fears for the children of primary school.3.Identifying the content of differences in the common fears for the children of primary school according to two variable:a.Gender (male_female) b. Geographical place (right_left). In order to achieve the goals of the research, the researchers have constructed the tool to measure the level of the fears for the children of primary school, and found out the distinctive power, the sample of statistical analysis (distinctive power) (430) pupils, while the sample of study consisted of (1000) pupils from fifth & sixth class in Mosul city representing (4%) from the original sample were selected from (40) schools representing (10%) from the schools of two sides of the city amounting (387) primary schools, finding out the validity of tool through external validity and self validity, while the reliability through two methods, the re test on the sample of children amounting (90) pupils, as well as the coefficient of reliability for the research tool (0,82), and the internal consistency. The researchers have used the appropriate statistical tools in analyzing and statistically treating the data, such as Pearson correlation coefficient, test for multiple comparisons, strength degree, percentage weight, and the t test for two independent samples.The study has reached to several results such as:1.There are statistically differences between the achieved average and hypothetical average for the tool of common fears in favor of the achieved value.2.There are statistically differences according to gender variable in favor of female.3.As well as there are statistically differences according to geographical place variable in side favor of left side In the light of these results, the researchers have introduced several recommendations and suggestions

هدفت الدراسة إلى:- بناء مقياس المخاوف الشائعة لأطفال المرحلة الابتدائية.- قياس مستوى المخاوف الشائعة لأطفال المرحلة الابتدائية.- التعرف على دلالة الفروق في المخاوف الشائعة لأطفال المرحلة الابتدائية وفق متغيري: أ- الجنس ( ذكور – إناث ) ب-الموقع الجغرافي ( الأيمن – الأيسر ) .- من أجل تحقيق أهداف البحث قامت الباحثتان ببناء أداة تقيس مستوى مخاوف أطفال المرحلة الابتدائية واستخرجت القوة التمييزية وقد بلغت عينة التحليل الإحصائي (القوة التمييزية ) (430 ) تلميذا وتلميذة ، أما عينة الدراسة فقط تكونت من (1000) تلميذ وتلميذة من الصفين الخامس والسادس الابتدائي في مدينة الموصل ويمثلون نسبة (4%) تقريبا من المجتمع البحث الأصلي تم اختيارهم من (40) مدرسة ابتدائية ويمثلون نسبة (10% ) من مجموع المدارس للجانبين الأيمن والأيسر في مدينة الموصل والبالغة (387) مدرسة ابتدائية استخرجت صدق الأداة عن طريق الصدق الظاهري والصدق الذاتي والصدق البنائي واستخرج الثبات بطريقتين ، إعادة الاختبار على عينة من الأطفال بلغت (90) تلميذا وتلميذة وكان معامل الثبات لأداة البحث ( 0,82 ) وطريقة الاتساق الداخلي ،واستخدمت الباحثتان الوسائل الإحصائية المناسبة في تحليل البيانات ومعالجتها إحصائيا ،منها معامل ارتباط بيرسون والاختبار التائي لعينة واحدة والاختبار


Article
Surgical Management of Major Extra Hepatic Bile Ducts Calculi

Author: Mohammad Yaseen Alkhoja, Bashar A. Abdulhassan, Musafir Atea Hashim
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 252-260
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Common bile duct stones or choledocholithiasis are present in 10% of people with gall stones disease. Patients may be asymptomatic or presented with jaundice, abdominal pain and fever. CBD stones can be single or multiple. The vast majority of common bile stones are secondary to the passage of stone from the gall bladder.Pre-operative detection of choledocholithiasis is usually by imaging study, either abdominal ultrasonography (US) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Management of choledocholithiasis is usually done by means of endoscopic retrograde cholangio-pancreatography (ERCP), but sometimes this is not feasible for variable reasons and surgical exploration and stone extraction is needed.There are variable methods for surgical management of choledocholithiasis, each method has its advantage and disadvantage.OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study is to compare these surgical methods and compare the outcome of each procedureMETHODS: One hundred patients with CBD stones were included in the study and divided into five groups according to the choice of surgical intervention used, the outcome of each group was compared.CONCLUSION: There are several surgical methods to deal with CBD stones, each has its advantage and its disadvantage and there is no single best method over the other.


Article
Meat as a Food
اللحوم كغذاء

Author: Akram Motlak Siwiah أكرم مطلك صويح
Journal: Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية ISSN: 20779798 Year: 2014 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 146-150
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

We must therefore arrive at the following conclusion. Diet must be essentially a mixed one in order to obtain the maximum benefit from it, and animal matter is richer in protein and fat than most other types of food, although it is correspondingly deficient in carbohydrates. Animal protein is the best builder of body-cells, and animal fats give greater staying power.

في هذه الدراسة نصل الى الأستنتاج التالي , النظام الغذائي يجب ان يكون اساسا من وحدة مختلطة لأجل الحصول على اقصى فائدة منه والمنتجات الحيوانية هي الأكثر ثراء في البروتين والدهون من معظم الأنواع الأخرى من الأطعمة على الرغم من انها تعاني نقص في الكربوهيدرات . البروتين الحيواني يعتبر أفضل باني لخلايا الجسم والدهون الحيوانية تعطي اكبر قدر في بقاء الطاقة.

Keywords

Meat --- Common food --- Vitamins --- protein.


Article
The effect of the common determinants factors on the clinical aspects of pityriasis versicolor from Missan province

Author: Fadhil Abbas Abdulrassol
Journal: Misan Journal of Acodemic Studies مجلة ميسان للدراسات الاكاديمية ISSN: 1994697X Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 32 Pages: 22-33
Publisher: Misan University جامعة ميسان

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Abstract

Introduction and objective: Pityriasis (tinea) versicolor is a mild, chronic infection of the skin caused by Malassezia yeasts, and characterized by discrete or confluent, scaly oval to round macules scattered over characteristic areas of the body, including the upper trunk, neck, and upper arms. The color of patches varies from almost white to pink to reddish brown or fawn colored. The aim of the present study is to assess the effect of the common determinants factors on the clinical aspects of pityriasis versicolor in Missan province.Patients and methods: The study sample consist of 300 patients with pityriasis versicolor attending the Department of Dermatology in Al-Sader Teaching Hospital in Missan province during the period from October 2015 to March 2016.The diagnosis of pityriasis versicolor was done by clinical examination and established by woods lamp of the skin lesion and 10% KOH examination of scraping from skin lesion for suspected cases.Results: out of, 300 patients with pityriasis versicolor, there were 180 males and 120 females. The ages of patients ranged from 10 to above 60 years. The majority of cases 43% fall in age group of 20-29 years. The majority of cases came from urban areas (63.4%) compared to (36.6%) from rural areas. The indoor patients were 165 and outdoor patients were 135 with 48.3 % presented with hyperpigmentation, followed by 40% with hypopigmentation, 6.7% mixed and 5% erythematous. The time of onset in summer 55% compared to 45% in winter. Asymptomatic individuals were 56.7% while who complaining from mild pruritus were 43.3% with 51.47% were chronic cases compared to 48.3%were acute cases. The nonexposed area trunk (45%) infected more than exposed area (25%) and (30%) was mixed areas.


Article
A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON THE BIOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF THE COMMON CARP Cyprinus carpio L. COLLECTED FROM NATURAL WATERS, CULTIVATED AND IMPORTED IN BASRAH GOVERNORATE, IRAQ

Authors: Amjed K. Raesen --- Salah M. Najim --- Utor A.-K. Al-Otbi
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 2 Pages: 271-283
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The current study investigated the comparison of the biochemical composition ofthe common carp Cyprinus carpio L. which collected from four different sources inBasrah city; Shatt Al-Arab river at Abul- Khasib by using gill nets, earthen ponds atthe University of Basrah campus, fish cages at Al-Hartha district and cooled fishimported from the Islamic Republic of Iran. Fifty specimens of each fish source wereselected for analysis, half of which was stored with ice for up to ١٠days.The results indicated that higher moisture content 78.2% was in the muscular tissuesof Shatt Al-Arab fish. Highest fat content 11.9% was recorded in imported fish,highest protein 18.17% and ash 2.29% were measured in fresh pond fish. Caloricvalue of the examined fish showed variations between fresh and iced fish where thehighest value 165.62 Kcal/ 100 gm was recorded in fresh cage fish


Article
Spontaneous Common Bile Duct Perforation in Adult:A Case Report and Review

Author: Ali J. Awad علي جواد
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: PISSN: 00419419 / EISSN: 24108057 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 1 Pages: 111-112
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Case Report: Common bile duct perforation has been reported in adults after invasive procedures, spontaneous common bile duct perforation is a rare entity as a cute abdomen in adults. A few cases due to choledocholithiasis have been reported as a cause of spontaneous perforation. We report an adult patient who presented with acute abdomen after spontaneous common bile duct perforation due to unknown etiology who was treated successfully. Keywords: Common bile duct-perforation- acute abdomen.


Article
Identification of Cryptosporidium sp. in common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Tikrit city, Iraq
الكشف عن طفيلي البويغيات الخبيئة في الكارب العاديCyprinus carpio في مدينة

Author: Omaima Ibrahim Mahmood اميمة ابراهيم محمود
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Agricultural Sciences مجلة تكريت للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 18131646 Year: 2012 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 193-196
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Abstract

Abstract :The objective of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of Cryptosporidium sp. (Apicomplexa, Cryptosporidiidae) in the common carp Cyprinus carpio in Tikreet city and neighboring areas. 165 fish were examined for the presence of oocysts of Cryptosporidium sp. since 2010 until the end of May 2011 . At the time of arrival and intestinal washings with saline solution. Oocysts were concentrated by an ether-phosphate-buffered saline sedimentation technique. Smears were made with the sediment and submitted to modified acid-fast staining. The overall prevalence of Cryptosporidium sp. Oocysts was 16.9%. High prevalence of infection was in winter and spring 26.3% and 20.9% respectively.

الخلاصة تهدف الدراسة إلى الكشف عن انتشار طفيلي البويغيات الخبيئة Cryptosporidium sp. في سمك الكارب العادي Cyprinus carpio في مدينة تكريت والمناطق المجاورة لها . فحصت 165 عينة من الاسماك للكشف عن وجود اكياس بيض الطفيلي. حال وصول العينات الى المختبر غسلت الامعاء بالمحلول الفسلجي , ثم جمعت اكياس البيض باستخدام طريقة الترسيب بمحلول ether – phosphate – buffered solution .تم تحضير مسحات للراسب ثم صبغت بصبغة زيل – نلسن المحورة . كانت النسبة الكلية لانتشار اكياس بيض الطفيلي في الاسماك المفحوصة16.9 % . اعلى نسبة للخمج كانت في فصلي الشتاء والربيع حيث كانت 26.3 % و 20.9 % على التوالي .


Article
Surgical removal of impacted lower third molars ,classification and complication. A clinical study

Author: Suha mohammad sami
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2013 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 102-113
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Background Surgical extraction of third molars is often accompaniedby pain, swelling, trismus, and general oral dysfunction during the healing phase.Careful surgical technique and scrupulous preoperative care can minimize the frequency of complications and limit their severity. Aims.was to investigate classification and most common complication of surgical extraction of impacted lower third molars. Patients and methods.Eighty patients was treated 34 males and 46 females their age between (20-32) years, complaining of either pain ,badly carious lower 3rd molars , recurrent pericoronitis or cyst,The patients were gathered from January 2009 to July 2012.Results.A total eighty patients had surgical extraction of lower third molars under local anesthesia during the period of study. The mean age of the patients was( 26) years range between(20- 32). Our results reveals that Mesioangulation was the most frequently (42.5%) followed by verticalangulation (26.25%), Distoangulation was (21.25%) and horizontal angulations was (10%).Conclusion. Surgical removal of impacted lower third molars was accompanied with post-operative complication especially infection and most frequency rate was associated with mesioangulation of impaction,

عملية رفع سن العقل المطمورفي الفك الأسفل غالبا ما تكون مصحوبة بالام او تورم انتفاخي او صعوبة فتح الفم مع اضطراب وظيفة الفم العامة خلال فترة التئام الجرح .العناية بالعمل الجراحي والاهتمام بالتحضيرات قبل العمل الجراحي تقلل سلسلة المضاعفات و تقلل من خطورتها .الهدف هو معرفة التصنيف و اغلب المضاعفات فيعملية رفع سن العقل المطمورفي الفك الأسفل.المرضى و طرق العمل ثمانون مريضا أربعة وثلاثون ذكور وستة و أربعون إناث أعمارهم بين 20 -32 . يشكون إما من الآلام او التسويس الكثيرلسن العقل المطمورفي الفك الأسفل او التهاب ما حول سن العقل المتكرر او الأكياس.النتائج ثمانون مريضا اجري لهم عملية رفع سن العقل المطمورفي الفك الأسفل تحت التخدير الموضعي . معدل أعمارهم 26 سنة تتراوح بين 20 -32 . أظهرت النتائج انحراف سن العقل المطمور نحو خط الوسط ميزوانكوليشن الأكثر تكرارا (42.5%) يتبعه سن العقل المطمور عموديا ( % 26.25 ) ثم سن العقل المطمور المائل بعيدا عن خط الوسط (% 21. 25 ) ثم سن العقل المطمور افقيا ( % 10 ).الاستنتاجعملية رفع سن العقل المطمور في الفك الأسفل غالبا ما تكون مصحوبة بمضاعفات ما بعد العملية خاصة الالتهابات و اكثر تكرارا معسن العقل المطمور نحو خط الوسط ميزوانكوليشن.

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