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Dental anomalies associated with malocclusion among 13 year old Kurdish students

Author: Tara A. Rasheed تارا رشيد
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 2 Pages: 173-178
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The aim of this national oral health survey was to determine the prevalence of malocclusions due tosome anomalies in the dentition among the 13 years old Kurdish students in sulaimani intermediate school.Materials and methods: The total sample was 950 (455 males and 495 females) which assessed by diagnostic set andspecial instrument. The clinical examination was mainly based on the definitions of Björk et al. Some variables wererecorded as present or absent sometimes denoting the tooth or the teeth involved in malocclusion and theirdistribution according to the whole sample.Results: The results showed that 1)The most common extracted tooth was the mandibular first molar (2.9%). 2) At thisage group the most common partially erupted tooth was the maxillary canine (4.2%). 3) The most commonunerupted tooth was the maxillary second molars. 4) The most common retained deciduous tooth was the maxillarycanine (6.8%), then the maxillary second molars (5.4%).5) Hypodontia as judged clinically was found in 2.1% of thesample affecting one or more permanent teeth. The most common congenitally missing tooth was the maxillarylateral incisor (0.9%), mandibular second premolars (0.4%), and then maxillary second premolar (0.2%). 6) 29.2 % ofthe sample had one or more rotated teeth. The most common rotated tooth was the mandibular second premolars(5.3%). 7). The sample showed 30.4% with one or more displaced teeth. The most common displaced tooth was themaxillary lateral incisor (8.8%), then the maxillary canine (7.2%).Conclusion: At the age of 13 both males and females show large range of dental anomalies that are better to becontrolled.


Article
Congenitally missing and supernumerary teeth among a group of 3-12 years old children with cleft lip and/ or palate in Iraq

Authors: Zainab J. Ja'far --- Ban Ali Salih بان علي صالح
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2015 Volume: 27 Issue: 2 Pages: 148-153
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: There are many congenital anomalies associated with cleft lip and/or palate. This research is to studythe prevalence of congenitally missing teeth and supernumerary teeth in this population group.Materials and Method: One hundred eight cleft lip and/or palate Iraqi patients had participated in this study (57male, 51 female), 3-12 years of age. 26 of them had orthopantomogram were within (6-12) years of age wereinspected for congenitally missing teeth and supernumerary teeth. Patients whom age range 3-5 years werechecked for the congenitally missing teeth by clinical examination with strongly insisting the teeth were not misseddue to caries or trauma.Results: There were 19(73.076%) patients with 41 congenitally missing teeth for the 26 patients within 6-12 years agegroup who were with orthopantomogram, while there were 20(37.037%) patients with 32 congenitally missing teethfor the 54 patients within 3-5 years of age who were not indicated for orthopantomogram. There were (22) patientwith (27) supernumerary teeth.Conclusion: The most frequently congenitally missing tooth was the permanent upper lateral incisor, on the otherhand the tooth most frequently noted as extra tooth was the primary lateral incisor. Majority of them were with cleftlip and palate

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