research centers


Search results: Found 3

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by

Article
Traumatic Dental Injuries Among 6 – 13 – Year - Old - School Children in Tikrit City

Author: Dr. Azhar Ammash Hussien B.D.S., H. D. D., M.SC. د.ازهار عماش
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 46-51
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: An injury to both primary and permanent teeth and the supportingstructures is one of the most common dental problems seen in children. The extentof injury may vary from mild chipping of enamel to sever maxillofacial injury.The aim of this study was to find out the prevalence of traumatized anterior teethamong primary school children.Materials and methods: This study is a cross-sectional survey was carried outthrough clinical examination of anterior teeth among 720, 6-13 year old childrenenrolled in primary public schools of tikrit city. The prevalence of traumatizedanterior teeth was studied in relation to age, gender, type of injury in addition tothe cause of fracture. Recording and diagnosis of dental fracture were assessedaccording to Garcia-Godoy classification.Results: Males were more affected than females with odds ratio was 2.53 andstatistically was significant. The higher prevalence of dental trauma was recordedamong the age 10-11 year old. The permanent maxillary central incisors were themost frequent injured tooth and the most frequent type of fracture was the Class IIEnamel-Dentine, fracture without pulp exposure. Fall and playing were the mostfrequent causes of dental injury.Conclusion: data of the present study clearly show the need for dental healtheducation of children and their parents, so prevention programs are needed toimprove the dental health of Iraqi children.


Article
Oral Health Status among 9 years old school Children in Al-Diwaniyah City/Iraq

Authors: Zahraa A. Al-Awadi --- Baydaa Hussien بيداء حسين
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 2 Pages: 92-97
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Although they are not life threatening, dental caries and periodontal disease are the most predominant and widely spread oral diseases throughout the world. Another most common dental problem seen in children is dental trauma. The aims of the study included the investigation of the prevalence and severity of dental caries, gingivitis and dental plaque in relation to gender, furthermore, the prevalence and severity of the traumatized anterior teeth were assessed.Materials and Methods: This oral health survey was conducted among primary school children aged 9 years old in Al-Diwaniyah city in Iraq. The total sample composed of 600 child (320 males and 280 females) selected randomly from different school in Al-Diwaniyah city. Diagnosis of dental caries was according to the criteria described by WHO (1987). Plaque index of Silness and Loe (1964) was used for plaque assessment, gingival index of Loe and Silness (1963) was followed for recording gingival health condition. Diagnosis and recording of traumatic dental injuries was according to Garcia-Godoy's classification (1981).Results: Results showed that the prevalence of dental caries was 85% for 9 year-old school children. Regarding primary and permanent dentition, dental caries was higher among females compared to males with statistically significant difference (P<0.05) for primary dentition, on the other hand, males showed higher values of filled surfaces compared to females with statistically significant difference (P<0.05) for primary dentition and highly significant difference (P<0.01) for permanent dentition. Finding of this study revealed that 100% of the children had gingival inflammation. Furthermore, the values of plaque and gingival indices were higher among males compared to females with statistically highly significant differences (P<0.01). The prevalence of children with traumatized anterior teeth was 10.5% of the total sample. Males were more affected than females, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Simple enamel fracture was the most common type of injury among traumatized teeth among children. The maxillary central incisors were the most commonly injured teeth.Conclusion: A high prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis were recorded


Article
Prevalence of dental trauma of permanent anterior teeth in children visiting College of Dentistry/Hawler Medical University
انتشار صدمة الأسنان للأسنان الأمامية الدائمة عند الأطفال الذين يزورون كلية طب الأسنان / جامعة هولير الطبية

Author: Hemn M. Sarmamy
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2011 Volume: 15 Issue: 1 Pages: 43-46
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background and objectives: The aim was to study the distribution of traumatic dental injuries in the permanent anterior teeth among 7-12 years old children treated in the Department of Pediatric Dentistry/ College of Dentistry at Hawler Medical University, Erbil, Iraq.Methods: In this retrospective clinical study the case records of 1868 patients were reviewed and only patients with traumatic dental injuries were included. Type of tooth injury was classified according to modified Ellis and Davey12 crown fracture. Data on age, gender, number of injured teeth and type of injury were also collected from the dental records for the period 2007-2009.Results: Records of 1868 examined children showed that the prevalence of traumatic dental injury was 4.5% (84). Of those 84 patients, 60.7 %( 51) were boys and 39.3 % ( 33) were girls with male/female ratio 1.55: 1. The highest frequency of tooth injuries occurred among 9-10 years old children. Single tooth injury was found in 84.5% of the cases, while 15.5% had two teeth injury. Traumatic injuries affecting teeth in the upper jaw were more frequent. The most frequent injuries were class II crown fracture (47.4%), followed by class III (40.2%), class IV (11.4%) and class I (1%) respectively.Conclusion: The prevalence of dental trauma is relatively low. More attention should be paid to preventive measures, which includes wearing mouthguards, especially in the early stages of psychophysical growth of male population.

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (3)


Language

English (3)


Year
From To Submit

2018 (1)

2016 (1)

2011 (1)