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Article
Tooth mortality in relation with diabetics and non diabetic patients

Authors: Maha S. AL-Rubeye مها شكري الربيعي --- Noori D. AL-Moussawi نوري الموسوي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 61-65
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Diabetes can affect the health of the teeth and surrounding structures. The The purpose of the present study was to compare tooth mortality of diabetics & non diabetic patients considering mainly the degree of control & the duration of diabetes.Methods: Tooth mortality of 100 adult diabetics &100 non diabetic patients of the age groups 40 – 52 & 53 – 65 y. was examined . The diabetic group was further divided according to the control & duration of diabetic state. StudentT- test was used where indicated ,the level of significance was 0.01.Results: The results revealed a highly significant difference in the mean number of lost teeth between the poorly controlled diabetic patients & the control group & a non significant difference between the well control diabetics & the control group. Also revealed a non significant differences between the control group & both sub groups of patients of more than 10y. duration & less than 10y duration .Conclusion: The results indicates that tooth mortality was greater in poorly controlled diabetics than the well controlled diabetics & the control group, with a highly significant differences. Tooth mortality was smaller in patients of more than 10 years duration than in those of less than 10 years with a non significant difference


Article
Attitudes And Knowledge Of Diabetic Patients In Kirkuk Governorate

Authors: Yassen M. Mussa --- Younis Khider Baez
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2013 Volume: 3 Issue: 2 Pages: 90-98
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

Background : Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a very serious disease affecting people of varying age and race allover the world, it is a condition in which the body produces little or none of the hormone insulin. If leftuntreated, the blood glucose levels can rise to such a point as to cause coma or possibly even death.Objectives: To assess patient’s attitude and Knowledge with diabetes mellitus in Kirkuk governorate as wellas to find out the relationship between patients knowledge and some socio-demographic characteristic suchas age and genderMethodology: A descriptive study of a quantitative design were carried out at Azadi teaching hospital andKirkuk general hospital in Kirkuk governorate for diabetic Mellitus patients from 5th of October, 2011, up tothe 27th of March, 2012. A non-probability (purposive) sample of (100) definitely diagnosed with diabeticmellitus, selected from patients who were attended to Azadi Teaching Hospital and Kirkuk General Hospitalin Kirkuk governorate. Developed questionnaire was constructed for the purpose of the study whichconsisted of three parts: the first part include the demographic data of the respondent, the second part consistsix item to measure the attitude of respondent and the third part was contained (23) questions which assessthe knowledge of the diabetic patients. The data were collected through the use of interview. They wereanalyzed through the application of descriptive statistical analysis (frequency and percentage) and inferentialstatistical data analysis (chi-square).Results: The findings of the study indicated that (36%) of the sample Age group were (50-59) year's old,(51%) were female, (49%) were illiterate, (42%) were house wives, (66%) were married, (47%) were barelysufficient monthly income and (75%) were from urban.Conclusion: The study concluded that most of the samples had negative attitude about diabetic mellitus,most of the sample have inadequate knowledge about the disease, most of them have inadequate knowledgeregarding the treatment of diabetic mellitus. Also the study concluded that there is a highly significantrelationship between diabetic patient’s age, gender and their knowledge.

الخلفیة: داء السكر مرض خطیر جدا یصیب جمیع الاعمار والاعراق في جمیع انحاء العالم، وھو الحالھ التي ینتج فیھا الجسم كمیة قلیة منھرمون الانسولین او لا ینتجھا نھائیا و اذا ترك بدون علاج یرتفع نسبة الكلوكوز في الدم ویسبب الاغماء او حتى الموت.الاھداف: تھدف الدراسة الحالیة الى تقییم اتجاھات ومعارف المرضى المصابین بداء السكري في محافظة كركوك، بالإضافة إلى إیجاد العلاقةبین معارف المرضى وبعضالخصائص الدیموغرافیة مثل العمر، الجنس.المنھجیة: اجریت دراسة وصفیة في مستشفى ازادي التعلیمي ومستشفى كركوك العام في محافظة كركوك للفترة من الخامس من تشرین الاول2011 ولغایة السابع والعشرین من اذار 2012 ، ولتحقیق اھداف الدراسة اختیرت عینة غرضیة غیر احتمالیة مكونة من ( 100 ) مریضامشخصین نھائیا بداء السكري ممن راجعوا مستشفى ازادي التعلیمي ومستشفى كركوك العام في محافظة كركوك. ولغرض جمع المعلوماتصممت استمارة الاستبانة مكونة من ( 30 ) فقرة شملت الخصائص الدیموغرافیة؛ اتجاھات ومعارف المرضى. وبطریقة المقابلة الشخصیة مععینة البحث جمعت المعلومات وتم تحلیل البیانات باستخدام اسلوب التحلیل الوصفي ( التوزیع التكراري ، النسبة المئویة) وكذلك اسلوبالتحلیل الاستنتاجي ( مربع كاي).59 ) سنة، و( 51 %) منھم كانوا من النساء، - النتائج : من خلال تحلیل البیانات تبین ان ( 36 %) من المرضى كانوا ضمن الفئة العمریة ( 50، (% و( 49 %) منھم لا یقرؤن ولا یكتبون ، و( 42 %) منھم ربات بیوت، و( 66 %) منھم متزوجون ، و كان الدخل الشھري لھم متوسط ( 47و( 75 %) منھم من سكنة مدینة كركوك.الاستنتاجات : استنتجت الدراسة ان معظم المرضى كانت لدیھم اتجاھات سلبیة حول مرض السكري، وان غالبیة المرضى كانت لدیھممعلوملت غیر كافیة حول مرضھم، وان غالبیة المرضى كانت لدیھم معلوملت غیر كافیة حول علاج مرض السكري. وكما ااستنتجت الدراسةان ھناك علاقة قویة بین عمر وجنس المرضى مع معارفھم تجاه مرض السكري


Article
ASYMPTOMATIC GALLSTONES IN DIABETIC PATIENTS

Author: Shukrya K Khalaf
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2015 Volume: 21 Issue: 1 Pages: 63-68
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Diabetes was reported to be frequently associated with inflammation of biliary tract and cholelithiasis. The definite cause of gallstones in diabetics is not well clarified. However, due to autonomic neuropathy, the contraction of gallbladder is poor resulting in hypomotility, impaired gallbladder emptying and biliary stasis resulting in increased gallbladder volume, which to predispose to gallstone formation. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic gallstones and its associated factors among diabetic patients in Basrah. This cross sectional study was carried out in diabetic Centre in Al-Fayhaa Hospital, Basrah, Iraq from November 2014 to February 2015. We recruited 210 patients with diabetes (type1 and 2), 89 males and 121 females, questionnaire used to include the sociodemographic features. BMI measurement and ultrasound examination to find gallstone was done. Blood samples were taken for HbA1C, FBS, Lipid profile and the association between duration of diabetes, lipid levels, FBS, with gallstone was evaluated. Gallstone was seen in 25.2% of diabetic patients. Gallstone was higher in patients with increased duration of diabetes, in patients with BMI more than 25kg/m, with increased cholesterol and triglycerides levels and with high level of HbA1C. In conclusion, the prevalence of asymptomatic gallstones in diabetic patients in Basrah increases with increased duration of DM, high level of HbA1C, BMI, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels and with hyperglycemia. No significant association was found with; age, parity, gender and type of diabetes.


Article
THE FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE ON NERVE CONDUCTION IN DIABETIC PATIENTS

Authors: Abdul Al-Razzaq N Khudair --- Thamer A Hamdan --- Oras Kadhim Baqer,
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2015 Volume: 21 Issue: 2 Pages: 7-13
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Abstract The alteration in nerve conduction is considered one of the important complaints of patients who are suffering from diabetes mellitus nowadays. Therefore, we conduct this study which aimed to evaluate the nerve conduction velocity and amplitude in diabetic patients and assess the effects of the patients’ age, severity and duration of diabetes on nerve conduction impairment. A case control study, the studied sample were 200 persons, 150 diabetic patients (93 males and 57 females) and the control group consisted of 50 participants (32 males and 38 females). All the patients attended the neurophysiology outpatient department of Al-Sader Teaching Hospital in Basrah city. The diabetic participants were selected at random from age, diabetes duration, and sex. Regarding the ages and exclusion criteria of the controls were ranged same as the diabetic. All participants were interviewed and a questionnaire form was filled prior to examination. Both the diabetic patients and the controls were subjected to the same electrophysiological and laboratory investigations. The results of the study showed a significant decrease in nerve conduction velocity and amplitude in diabetic patients comparing to controls in all the examined nerves. Furthermore, there was a significant association between advancing age and longer-duration of diabetes with the reduction of conduction velocity and amplitude. Also, a significant inverse correlation between increased severity of diabetes disease (HbA1c level) and decreasing of both conduction velocity and amplitude. However, the study demonstrated no statistical significant difference between patients and controls regarding the gender. In conclusion, the age of the patients, duration of the disease and the severity of diabetes (hyperglycemia control) are playing a crucial role as risk factors in developing of peripheral neuropathy in diabetic patients.


Article
Disability assessment of diabetic patients in Erbil city
تقييم العجز لمرضى السكري في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Saadia Ahmed Khuder --- Dara Abdulla Al-Banna
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2015 Volume: 19 Issue: 1 Pages: 902-909
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objectives: The disabling effects of diabetes mellitus are multi-factorial, which can result in the high prevalence of long term complications. The aim of this study was to assess disability levels of diabetic patients. Methods: A quantitative design descriptive study was conducted in Leila Qasim Center in Erbil City in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq from February 2012 to February 2013. A non-probability purposive sample of 400 diabetic patients for more than 5 years was selected. A questionnaire was designed and divided into three parts: sociodemographic data, clinical data, and the standardized questionnaire developed by World Health Organization for disability assessment. Results: The highest percentage (57%) of diabetic patients had a moderate level of disability, while 23% had a mild level of disability. Severe level of disability was present in 20% of sample. No one had not disability or extreme level of disability. Conclusion: More than half of diabetic patients were in the moderate level of disability.


Article
A study of diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetic patients and its relation with diabetic progression
دراسة لاعتلال الشبكية السكري في مرضى السكري من النوع 2 وعلاقته بالتقدم السكري

Author: Ikhlass Ali Hussein Al-Hilaly اخلاص علي
Journal: Al-Kufa University Journal for Biology مجلة جامعة الكوفة لعلوم الحياة ISSN: 20738854 23116544 Year: 2018 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 24-34
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The study aimed to investigate the diabetic retinopathy in type 2 diabetic patients and its relation with the glycemic control represented with the glycatedhaemoglobin (HbA1c). The study performed in the diabetic and endocrinology center at Al-Sader medical city in Al-Najaf Al-Ashraf. The study included 102 subjects, divided into a (10) healthy subjects ascontrol group and two groups of diabetic patients attended to the diabetic and endocrinology center at Al-Sader medical city and diagnosed as type 2 diabetic patients, divided into two groups with and without retinopathy. The type of retinopathy was determined by physicians, there are three retinopathy subtypes: diabetic retinopathy in early stages, proliferative retinopathy and macular edema.Most DR patients were in early stages of retinopathy 37.25%, proliferative diabetic retinopathy 11.76%, and macular edema 11.76%.The results shows a significant increase of diabetic retinopathy DR prevalence with increasing diabetic duration, the incidence of DR was highest in patients of 15-20 years of diabetes mellitus,and the highest were the proliferative , then macular edema 12.33 ± 18.6 and 14.16 ± 2.32 respectively. The level of fasting plasma glucose among control, DM and DR groups increased significantly (P < 0.05), while there was no significant differences (P < 0.05) in FPG levels between these subtypes of DR.

هدفت الدراسة إلى التحقق من اعتلال الشبكية السكري في مرضى السكري من النوع 2 وعلاقته بالسيطرة على نسبة السكر في الدم والمتمثلة في glycatedhaemoglobin (HbA1c). أجريت الدراسة في مركز السكري وأمراض الغدد الصماء في مدينة الصدر الطبية في النجف الأشرف. شملت الدراسة 102 شخصًا ، مقسمين إلى (10) أشخاص أصحاء كمجموعة للتحكم ، ومجموعتين من مرضى السكري حضروا إلى مركز السكري وأمراض الغدد الصماء في مدينة الصدر الطبية وتم تشخيصهم على أنهم مرضى السكري من النوع الثاني ، مقسمين إلى مجموعتين مع أو بدون اعتلال الشبكية. تم تحديد نوع اعتلال الشبكية من قبل الأطباء ، وهناك ثلاثة أنواع فرعية لاعتلال الشبكية: اعتلال الشبكية السكري في المراحل المبكرة ، اعتلال الشبكية التكاثري والوذمة البقعية. كان معظم مرضى الداء السكري في المراحل المبكرة من اعتلال الشبكية 37.25 ٪ ، اعتلال الشبكية السكري التكاثري 11.76 ٪ ، وذمة البقعة الصفراء 11.76 ٪ تظهر النتائج زيادة معنوية في اعتلال الشبكية السكري لدى داء البول السكري مع زيادة فترة السكري ، كان معدل الإصابة بالـ DR أعلى في المرضى الذين تتراوح أعمارهم بين 15-20 سنة من داء السكري ، وكان أعلىها التكاثري ، ثم الوذمة البقعية 12.33 ± 18.6 و 14.16 ± 2.32 على التوالي. زيادة مستوى الجلوكوز في البلازما الصيام بين السيطرة ، ومجموعات DM و DR بشكل ملحوظ (P <0.05) ، في حين لم يكن هناك اختلافات كبيرة (P <0.05) في مستويات FPG بين هذه الأنواع الفرعية من DR.


Article
HAND PROBLEMS IN DIABETIC PATIENTS

Authors: Avadis A Muradian* --- Ali Iskander
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 / ONLINE 2409501X Year: 2005 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 110-115
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This present study was conducted on 436 diabetic patients, hand disorders were detected in 135 patients (180 hands). The incidence of Dupuytren�s contracture was the highest 34%, carpal tunnel syndrome was diagnosed in 21% of the patients, flexor tenosynovitis in 19%, limited joint mobility in about 15%, hand infections in 10%, tumors in less than 1%, and more than one hand abnormality observed in the same patient in 15% of the diabetics. The results of this article present the prevalence of each hand condition in this common disease in our department.


Article
Immunoglobulin Levels and their Bactericidal Activity in Serums of Diabetic Patients
مستويات الكلوبيولينات المناعية وفعاليتها المضادة للجراثيم في مصول مرضى السكري

Author: Zeenah Weheed Atwan زينة وحيد عطوان
Journal: Journal of Basrah Researches (Sciences) مجلة ابحاث البصرة ( العلميات) ISSN: 18172695 Year: 2009 Volume: 35 Issue: 3A Pages: 63-69
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Serum samples were collected from patients suffering from diabetes mellitus, the samples subjected to blood glucose test , Immunoglobulin level detection by Single Radial Immunodifussion (SRID) plates and bactericidal activity test against a reference strain of Escherichia coli ATCC25922 , IgG level decreased in about (91.6%) while IgM level decreased in about (36.11%) , and their serum showed low bactericidal activity when mixed with bacterial cells .

جمعت عينات مصل من مرضى السكري عشوائيا واجريت للعينات اختبارات تحديد مستوى الكلوكوز بالدم و تحديد مستوى الكلوبيولينات المناعية نوع IgG و IgM باستخدام اطباق الانتشار المناعي القطري البسيط وقياس مستوى الفعالية المضادة للجراثيم لهذه المصول تجاه عزلة قياسية لبكتريا Escherichia coli ATCC25922 كانت مستويات IgG منخفضة بنسبة عالية وصلت الى 91.6% بينما انخفضت نسبة IgM بمقدار 36.11% من المرضى واظهرت المصول ايضا انخفاضا ملحوظا في قابليتها المضادة للبكتريا عندما خلطت مع معلق الجراثيم .


Article
Adrenaline and Nor Adrenaline Effect on Blood Glucose Level in Diabetic Patients

Authors: Tahani A Al–Sandook --- Harith H Kaskos --- Raid M Basheer
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 3 Pages: S41-S44
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: This study was conducted to find the effect of adrenaline and nor adrenaline containing local anesthesia on the blood glucose level on non insulin dependent diabetic patients. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients were given 1.8ml of 2% lignocaine containing 1:100000 adrenaline as infiltration local anesthesia intraorally, and other thirty patients received 1.8ml of 2%lignocaine containing 0.072mg of nor–adrenaline in the same manner. Fasting blood sugar was measured before the administration of local anesthesia and 30 minutes after the administration of local anesthesia. Results: There were no significant differences in blood glucose level measured before and after the injection of adrenaline containing local anesthesia. However, there were significant differences between the results obtained with nor–adrenaline containing local anesthesia, where there is a significant increase in blood glucose level 30 minutes after the injection of local anesthesia. Conclusions: The administration of anesthesia containing adrenaline has no effect on blood glucose level of diabetic patients. While administration of anesthesia containing nor adrenaline cause a significant effect (hyperglycemic effect) in those patients.


Article
Prevalence of Teeth Loss and Its Relation to The Oral Health Behaviors among Type 2 Diabetic and Non Diabetic Patients

Author: Hawraa Khalid Aziz
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2010 Volume: 3 no.3, 4 Issue: 7 Pages: 902-909
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Background: Diabetes can affect the health of the teeth and the surrounding structures that are increased the risk of developing periodontal disease that resulting destruction of the bone and the periodontal tissues that lead to greater teeth loss than those without diabetes.
Objectives: The aim of this study to compare the teeth loss of the diabetic and non-diabetic patients considering the age, sex , duration of the disease and oral health behaviors.
Methods: Teeth loss of 67 adult diabetics and 67 non-diabetic patients of age 45-74 years old were examined also diabetic group was compared according to the duration of the disease. The oral health behavior including the frequency of the tooth brush per day, cleaning method, and tobacco use were compared among the diabetic and non-diabetic groups.
Results: There is highest significant difference in mean number of the teeth loss between the diabetics and non diabetics with non significant difference between the patients of more than 10 years and less than 10 years of the duration. The diabetics showed significantly higher frequency of the tooth brush and tobacco use than non-diabetic group and the teeth loss decreased with increased the frequency of the tooth brush.
Conclusions: The teeth loss was greater in diabetics than non-diabetics, when the duration of the disease was increased there was increased in teeth loss. The study indicated that diabetic subjects should improve their oral hygiene practices.
Keywords: Teeth loss, diabetic patients, oral hygiene.

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