research centers


Search results: Found 84

Listing 1 - 10 of 84 << page
of 9
>>
Sort by

Article
Rota virus Association diarrhea among children less than 5 years in Mosul city
علاقة الاسهال بفايروس الدوار البشري بين الاطفال الاقل من خمس سنوات في مدينة الموصل

Author: Nadya Ebraheem Salih نادية ابراهيم صالح
Journal: Tikrit Journal of Pure Science مجلة تكريت للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 18131662 Year: 2009 Volume: 14 Issue: 3 Pages: 76-80
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In a survey of rotavirus induced diarrhea in 150 child less than 5 years referred to Ibn-Al-Atheer pediatric Hospital in Mosul city from 5th July 2007 to 5th August 2007. The stool specimens were investigated by Latex agglutination test (slidex – Rota kit, France) for the presence of RV antigen. The incidence of RV infection among children hospitalized with acute diarrhea was studied . Rotavirus was detected in 28.7% (43/47) of children with acute diarrhea. The peak incidence of RV diarrhea was seen in children aged 25-36 months (40%), furthermore, the present study shows the impact of different demographic variables on the positivety of rotavirus among children.

تضمنت الدراسة لفايروس الدوار البشري المسبب للاسهال لدى150 طفل بعمر اقل من خمسة سنوات والراقدين في مستشفى ابن الأثير للأطفال في مدينة الموصل للفترة من الخامس من حزيران2007 وحتى الخامس من اب 2007 وكذلك التحري عن وجود حمة الدوار في نماذج البراز بأستخدام فحص التلازن (لاتكس). ان نسبة الاصابة بحمة الدوار في الاطفال دون سن الخامسة والذين يعانون من اعراض الاسهال الحاد هي28,7 %.وان قمة حدوث الاصابة بحمة الدوار كانت في عمر25-36 شهر(40 %). بالاضافة الى ذلك اظهرت الدراسة الاصابة بحمة الدوار وعلاقتها بالعديد من المتغيرات.

Keywords

diarrhea --- Rotavirus


Article
A Study of Vibrio Cholerae Infection in Children
دراسة الألتهابات بضمات الكوليرا عند الأطفال

Author: Basim Hameed Mohamad Saeed د. باسم حميد محمد سعيد
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2008 Volume: 21 Issue: 1 Pages: 18-23
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Objective: To study clinical presentation and antibiotics susceptibility pattern of Vibrio cholerae in children. Methods: Cases included in this study were 460 child aged from few days up to 12 years. These children were admitted to Central teaching hospital in June 2001 due to sudden onset of watery diarrhea that led to various degree of dehydration. Full examinations of each child were done to assess the degree of dehydration. Stool examinations were done macroscopically followed by culture of the stool in selective media for Vibrio then further identification by biochemical and serological test were done to confirm the diagnosis. Antibiotic susceptibility tests to different antibiotics were done to every case. Another stool samples were taken 7 days after starting treatment and cultured as well.Results: According to the degree of dehydration, these 460 patients were divided into 4 groups, of which 47.8% have sever dehydration, 40% have moderate dehydration, 9.1% have mild dehydration and only 3% are not dehydrated. On macroscopical stool examination 90% were watery in consistency and 2.6% contain blood and mucus. Out of these 460 cases having diarrhea, 160 cases (34.8%) were diagnosed as cholera cases, of which 54.4% are male and 45.6% are female. The percentage according to age of the patients were 16.3% <1 year of age, 62.5% of 1-5 years and 21.3% >5 years. Regarding residency of the patients, the highest percent were, from Al-Mahmoodyiah district (37.5%) followed by Abu-Graib district (20%). In addition to dehydration, 50% of the admitted cases have vomiting, 31% have fever which presented mainly in children below 5 years of age, 3% of the cases develop convulsion and 4.4% have stupor. Antibiotic susceptibility test were done using the following antibiotics with it’s percentage of sensitivity as fallow, Ampicillin (49.4%), Tetracycline (5%), Gentamycin (31.2%), Trimetheprim (68.8%), Erythromycin (38.7%) and Nalidixic acid (69.4%).Lastly 2nd culture and sensitivity test were done 7 days after the 1st one and noted that Vibrio cholerae were isolated from 20 patients (12.5%).Conclusion: Vibrio cholerae is one of the important causes of watery diarrhea that lead to sever dehydration and various complications if untreated. In children, the highest percent of the disease is in patients of 1-5 years of age with the highest percent were in people living in the periphery of Baghdad. Key word: Diarrhea, Vibrio.

تمت دراسة 640 طفل من عمر عدة أيام و إلى 12 سنة , ممن ادخلوا المستشفى المركزي التعليمي للأطفال في شهر حزيران من سنة 2001 لإصابتهم بالإسهال. أجري فحص سريري لكل طفل ثم فحص الخروج عينيا" ومن ثم زرعه في وسط خاص لبكتريا الكوليرا , تبعه التأكد من التشخيص بواسطة الاختبارات الكيميائية و السيرولوجية و أخيرا" اختبار حساسية البكتريا للمضادات الحياتية المختلفة .تمت اعادة زرع الخروج بعد 7 أيام من الزرع الأول للمرضى اللذين شخصوا على أنهم مصابين بالكوليرا .قسم المرضى الذين أدخلوا إلى المستشفى إلى 4 مجاميع حسب درجة الجفاف, فوجد أن 47.8%كانت حالتهم شديدة و 40% حالتهم متوسطة و 9% حالتهم بسيطة و 3% فقط غير مصابين بالجفاف . من الفحص العيني للخروج تبين أن 90% كان مائي و2,6% كان يحتوي على دم و مخاط . لقد وجد أن34.8% من 460 شخصوا على انهم حالات كوليرا منهم 54.4% ذكور و 45.6% إناث . كانت نسبة الإصابة بالمرض حسب العمر كما يلي 16.3% في الأطفال دون السنة من العمر و 62.5% في الأطفال من 1-5 سنة و 21.3% للأطفال أكثر من 5 سنة و قد كانت أعلى نسبة للإصابة في أطراف بغداد فقد كانت في المحمودية 37.5% و بعدها في أبو غريب 20% . أما بالنسبة للأعراض المرضية فيما عدا الإسهال فقد كان 51.3%من الأطفال لديهم تقيؤ و 31.3% لديهم ارتفاع في درجة الحرارة وخصوصا" عند الأطفال دون سن الخامسة من العمر و 3.1% لديهم نوبات صرع و 4.4% لديهم غيبوبة.أظهر اختبار الحساسية للمضادات الحياتية أن العزلات حساسة للأمبسيلين بنسبة 49.4% ,للتتراسايكلين 5% ,للجنتمايسين 31.2% ,ترايمثبريم68.8% ,أرثرومايسين 38.7% و نالدكسيك أسد 69.4%.أخيرا" أظهر الزرع الثاني للخروج بعد 7 أيام من الزرع الأول أن 12.5% منهم ما زالوا يحملون البكتيريا

Keywords

Diarrhea --- Vibrio.


Article
Study the Causes of Parasitic Diarrhea in Children in Al-Ahded Village. Dyala governarate
دراسة عن مسببات الاسهال الطفيلي لدى الاطفال في قرية الحديد محافظة ديالى

Authors: Maha flah Nazal مها فالح نزال --- Shaba Jassim Jawad صـبا جاسم جواد --- Mohammed Khalifa Khudair محمد خليفة خضير
Journal: Baghdad Science Journal مجلة بغداد للعلوم ISSN: 20788665 24117986 Year: 2011 Volume: 8 Issue: 4 Pages: 887-890
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This study was performed during period from 1-12-2008 to 30-4-2009 in AL- Ahidded village. . Dyala governarate This study included 975 patients attending to the healthy center in the village with diarrhea symptoms in children, with age from 1 month to – 10 years . The diagnosis of diarrheal infection performed by laboratory diagnosis of stool samples . This study appeared that the number of patient what are they with diarrhea infraction was 495(50.7%) The infections with Giardia lamblia 55 (11%). and Entamoeba histolytica 93 (18.7%).The results showed that the diarrheal infections among children from 1 month to 1 year where more than in group from 8-10 years 38% The diarrhea infections increased during months, so the infection increase with increase of temperatures degree, according to month studies.

أجريت هذة الدراسة للمدة من 1 /12 / 2008 لغاية 30 /4/2009 في قرية الحديد محافظة ديالى ,شملت 975 مراجعأ من الأطفال إلى المركز الصحي في القرية ممن يعانون من علامات الإسهال وكانو بعمر واحد شهر ولغاية عشرة سنوات .شخصت مسببات حالات الإسهال لدى الأطفال من خلال الفحص المختبري لعينات الخروج. أظهرت النتائج أن عــدد المرضى المصابين بالإسهال بلغ 495. (50.7%)، شكلت الاصابة (%18.7),93 Entamoeba histolytica, و55 Giardia lamblia .(11%) ،كذلك بينت الدراسة أن نسبة الإصابة في الفئة العمرية من شهر الى سنة هي 38% اما في ما يخص علاقة تأثير درجة الحرارة على نسبة الاصابة باالاسهال لوحظ ازدياد نسبة الاصابة بارتفاع درجة الحرارة وحسب اشهر الدراسة.

Keywords

Study --- Diarrhea --- Dyala


Article
Incidence of Seasonal Diarrhea among Children at Child's Central Hospital

Author: Layla F. Abu- Ragheef
Journal: nursing national Iraqi specility المجلة العراقية الوطنية للعلوم التمريضية ISSN: 18122388 Year: 2007 Volume: 20 Issue: 1,2 Pages: 1-9
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

AbstractObjective: Diarrhea is a symptom of a variety of conditions may attack the child. It considered one ofmam causes of mortality rates especially in low socio- economic level countries. The child can beeasily got dehydration and pass from loss of too much body fluid and due to the Common thoueht ofincreasing the incidence of diarrhea during summer season, this study is done to find out the relationbetween the high incidences rate of diarrhea and weather variationMethodology: This survey conducted in AL- Markazi Child's Teaching Hospital for the year 2005 thedata were gathered from hospital records for the period (January - December) and age groupstaxonomy used by hospital applied. Descriptive statistical analysis and diagrams usedResults: The analysis revealed that the incidence of diarrhea happens all around the year and for thewhole age groups. Summer results pointed out high ratio in relation to the results of spring winter andautumn seasons. Also more incidence seen among the age group (<2 months- one year) then the aeegroup (<5 years) held the second rank in getting diarrhea.Recommendations: The study recommended after analysis of data statistically, orientation aboutdanger of diarrhea very necessary to whole society by different means especially the parents and issuefirm legislation to keep the environment as much as it should be free from outbreak of diarrhea.

Keywords

Diarrhea --- child --- and season


Article
Prevalence of Amoebic Dysentery among Children Attending Al-Battool Teaching Hospital in Diyala Governorate

Author: Dawood Salman Hameed Al-azzawi
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2011 Volume: 10 Issue: 2 Pages: 149-154
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:This study is carried out throughout the year 2009 to show the prevalence of amoebic dysentery among the children affected with diarrhea in Diyala who were referred from the primary health centers to the pediatric clinic in Al-Battool teaching hospital.OBJECTIVE:This study puts the light on the extent of distribution of amoebic dysentery as a cause of diarrhea among children in our community and for thorough recognition of this social problem and its important drawbacks on the general health.PATIENTSANDMETHODS: Children affected with diarrhea who were referred from the primary health centers to the pediatric clinic in Al-Battool teaching hospital, the center of Diyala province. Examination of a freshly passed stool within 30minutes was done and more than two samples for every case examined carefully by an expert laboratory personnels.RESULTS:The study includes (18450)patients who did visit the pediatric clinic during 2009 , their age is ranging from early days of life up to 15years old , the number of patients affected with diarrhea of different causes was 7752 and the patients complaining from amoebic dysentery were 2640 according to stool examination i.e.the prevalence in our community is 14.3% . 1. A total of 1563 (20.1%) of patients were affected by Entamoeba histolytica cyst and 1077 (13.9%) were affected by Entamoeba histolytica trophozoite . 2. It is more common among male (1490) than female(1150), male to female ratio is 1.3 :13. The infection is present throughout the year but it is more common during hot months from around the beginning of April to the end of September .4. It is accompanied occasionally by complications; intestinal, extra-intestinal, relapses, and even death .CONCLUSION:1. Among children in the study there is no age immune to E. histolytica infection. It is more common among age group from two months up to five years old.2. Infection is more common among male than female.3. Entamoeba histolytica infection is widely spread among our children and it is more common in sectors in the periphery ( Baladrouz and Mukdadia ) than the center of the governorate mostly explained by the bad sanitation and water pollution


Article
The Prevalence of Rotavirus Infection in Baquba- Diyala Province

Authors: Mehdi SH. AL-Zuheiry --- Abbas A. Al-Duliami --- Abdul-Razak SH. Hasan --- Abdul-Kadir Y. Al-Azawi
Journal: Diyala Journal For Pure Science مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: 83732222 25189255 Year: 2010 Volume: 6 Issue: 3 Pages: 16-27
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Rotavirus infection is the leading single cause of severe diarrhea among infants and young children. More than 500,000 children under 5 years of age die from rotavirus infection each year, and almost 2 million more become severely ill.Objectives: To determine the prevalence of rotavirus infection among patients with diarrhea in Baquba- Diyala province, and to explore the effect of certain relevant factors.Materials and methods: The present study was extended from 1/July/2007 to 1/September/ 2008 in Baquba city. A total of 300 fecal specimens were collected from patients suffering from acute diarrhea. The patients include 136 (45.3%) females with mean age (7.8 ± 4.7) years, and 164 males with mean age (5.3± 3.4) years. BioRad-Rota kit is a highly sensitive agglutination test was used for detection of rotavirus in fecal specimens. Bacterial co-infections were identified by culturing on differential and selective media, and the final diagnosis followed the standard bacteriological criteria. Parasitic co-infections were detected by general stool examination. All data were statistically analyzed.Results: The results showed that the overall infection rate by rotavirus among patients was 20.3%, and the highest infection rate was among those below 5 years of age. Rotavirus infection among adult patients was also recorded. Females had an insignificantly higher infection rate compared to males (22.1% vs. 18.9%). Patients consuming river's water had significantly higher infection rate compared to those used municipal or tank water (34.5%, 14.1% and 18.5%) respectively. Patients (below 2 years) feed artificially had higher infection rate com College of Vet. Med. Diyala University pared to those on breast or mixed feeding (28.2%, 19.1% and 18.8%) respectively. Although, the rotavirus infections were recorded around the year, the highest infection rate was during spring and winter seasons (22.5% vs 21.4%). It was also found that neither bacterial nor parasitic co-infections were significantly associated with rotavirus infection.Conclusion: Rotavirus infection as a cause of acute diarrhea was common in Diyala province, and particularly affects children below 5 years of age.


Article
A Clinical Study of Vibriosis During 1999 in Al-Mansour Childrens' Teaching Hospital

Authors: Zayir H. Khalid --- Mahjoob N AL-Naddawi
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2009 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 148-152
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACK GROUND:Cholera is an acute infectious disease characterized by profuse watery diarrhea and vomiting.It is caused by Vibrio Cholerae O1and O139 sero-groupOBJECTIVE:To find out clinical variety of the admitted cases of Vibriosis..METHODS:Clinical features of the illness were studied , and fresh stool specimens were sent for culture.The stool is taken in seawater containers to the laboratory where further processing of the stool is done on alkaline peptone and TCBS medium.RESULT:All patients presented with diarrhea and the majority had vomiting ( 65%) , ( 37.5%) of the patients presented with sever dehydration and no patient died during this study .The epidemic mainly caused by Ogawa serotype (75%) , and there was different antibiotic resistance recorded especially for trimethoprim (47.5%) and tetracycline (25%) .CONCLUSION:Nearly all cases in vitro were susceptible to cefotaxime

Keywords

vibriosis --- children --- diarrhea --- vomiting


Article
The Prevalence of Rotavirus Infection in Baquba - Diyala Province
معدل الاصابة بالفيروس العجلي في مدينة بعقوبة- محافظة ديالى

Author: Abdul-Razak Sh. Hasan د.عبدالرزاق شفيق حسن
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2011 Volume: 24 Issue: 3 Pages: 200-204
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Rotavirus infection is the leading single cause of severe diarrhea among infants and young children. More than 500,000 children under 5 years of age die from rotavirus infection each year, and almost 2 million more become severely ill.Objectives: To determine the prevalence of rotavirus infection among patients with diarrhea in Baquba- Diyala province, and to explore the effect of certain relevant factors.Materials and methods: The present study was extended from 1/July/2007 to 1/September/ 2008 in Baquba city. A total of 300 fecal specimens were collected from patients suffering from acute diarrhea. The patients include 136 (45.3%) females with mean age (7.8 ± 4.7) years, and 164 males with mean age (5.3± 3.4) years. Demographic information regarding the patient's age, sex, residence, type of water supply, and type of feeding (for those below 2 years of age) were collected through a special questionnaire prepared for this study. BioRad-Rota kit is a highly sensitive agglutination test was used for detection of rotavirus in fecal specimens. All data were statistically analyzed.Results: The results showed that the overall infection rate by rotavirus among patients was 20.3%, and the highest infection rate was among those below 5 years of age. Rotavirus infection among adult patients was also recorded. Females had an insignificantly higher infection rate compared to males (22.1% vs. 18.9%). Patients consuming river's water had significantly higher infection rate compared to those used municipal or tank water (34.5%, 14.1% and 18.5%) respectively. Patients (below 2 years) feed artificially had higher infection rate compared to those on breast or mixed feeding (28.2%, 19.1% and 18.8%) respectively. Although, the rotavirus infections were recorded around the year, the highest infection rate was during spring and winter seasons (22.5% vs. 21.4%).Conclusion: Rotavirus infection as a cause of acute diarrhea was common in Baquba, and particularly affects children below 5 years of age. Keywords: Rotavirus, acute diarrhea, gastroenteritis

تمهيد: يعتبر الفيروس العجلي المسبب الرئيسي الوحيد لحالات الإسهال الشديدة لدى الرضع والأطفال يبلغ عدد الوفيات لدى الأطفال تحت سن الخامسة من العمر من جراء الإصابة بهذا الفيروس أكثر من نصف مليون حالة وفاة سنويا، فضلا عن حوالي مليوني حالة من حالات الإسهال الخطيرة.أهداف الدراسة: لتحديد مدى انتشار الاصابة بفيروس العجلي بين المرضى المصابون بالاسهال في مدينة بعقوبة- محافظة ديالى، وكذلك لمعرفة تاثير بعض العوامل ذات العلاقة بنسب الاصابة.المواد وطرق العمل: أجريت هذه الدراسة في مدينة بعقوبة للفترة من الاول من تموز/2007 الى الاول من ايلول/2008 ، جمعت نماذج البراز من 300 مريضا يعانون من الاسهال الحاد، شملت مجموعة المرضى 136 (45,3%) اناثا بمعدل عمر (7,8 ± 4,7) سنة، و 164 ( 54,7%) ذكور وبمعدل عمر (5,3 ± 3,4) سنة، جمعت المعلومات التي تخص المرضى كالعمر، الجنس، السكن، مصدر مياه الشرب، نوعية التغذية ( لمن هم دون السنتين من العمر) من خلال استمارة خاصة اعدت لهذه الدراسة0 استخدم فحص التلازن عالي الحساسية من شركة (Bio-Rad Rota Kit) للكشف عن الفيروس في نماذج البراز، جميع النتائج حللت احصائيا. النتائج: أظهرت النتائج ان نسبة الاصابة الكلية بالفيروس العجلي بين عينة الدراسة كانت 20,3%، وكانت الفئة العمرية دون الخمس سنوات من العمر الاكثر تعرضا للاصابة، سجلت الاصابة بالفيروس العجلي بين البالغين والكبار ايضا، كانت نسبة لاصابة بين الاناث اعلى بشكل غير معنوي مقارنة بالذكور (22,1% مقابل 18,9%)، كانت نسب الاصابة لدى المرضى الذين يستخدمون مياه الانهر للشرب اعلى بشكل معنوي مقارنة باولائك الذين يستخدمون مياه الاسالة او مياة الصهاريج (34,5%، 14,1% و 18,5%) على التوالي، بالرغم من ان الاصابة بالفيروس العجلي قد سجلت على مدار السنة، فان اعلى نسب الاصابة كانت في فصلي الربيع والشتاء ( 22,5% مقابل 21,4%).الاستنتاج: ان الاسهال الشديد بسبب الاصابة بالفيروس العجلي شائع في مدينة بعقوبة، وان الفئة العمرية دون الخمسة سنوات من العمر هي الاكثر تضررا.


Article
Effect Of Zinc Supplementation On Children With Diarrheal Diseases In Regard To Hospital Stay Duration And Cost-Effect Patient Residency
تأثير تزويد مادة الزنك للأطفال المصابين بالإسهال على فترة دخولهم للمستشفى وتكاليف رقودهم فيها

Author: Aymen A . Al-bakaa
Journal: kufa Journal for Nursing sciences مجلة الكوفة لعلوم التمريض ISSN: 22234055 Year: 2013 Volume: 3 Issue: 3 Pages: 16-20
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background: Acute infectious gastroenteritis is one of the most common infectious diseases of human, ranking second to acute respiratory tract infections, and it is a worldwide cause of morbidity with a significance cause of death in children below five years, in developing countries.Objectives: to evaluate effect of zinc supplementation on children admission duration to hospital and their residency for those who had diarrheal diseases.Methods: In this study, 50 children were enrolled, having the age between 6mth-5yr, they have been admitted for diarrhea in Al-zahraa teaching hospital in Al-najaf governorate for the period of(March-June)2011 . those patients are subdivided into two group in regard to zinc supplementation as group one who constitute 25 patients managed without zinc given , while other 25 patients designed as group two who received 20 mg elemental zinc for 14 days from starting day, serum zinc level was recorded for each group , and the duration of their hospital stay was recorded .spss and chi square . Result: the study showed that using zinc tablets has a good effect on the duration of hospital stay , as 52% of those children (group-2)who received zinc were discharged after 3 days of admission in comparison to 3(12%) of those children(group-1) who have not received zinc tablet .Conclusion: using zinc tablet for every child admitted to hospital because of diarrhea will shortens patient residency and time of hospital stay.Recommendation: We recommend;(1)Adding zinc for every child presented with diarrhea whether admitted to hospital or treated as out- patient.(2)Further studies are required to assess the benefit of adding other trace element to the management such as vitamin-A and copper.

الخلفية: التهاب الأمعاء الحاد يعتبر احد أهم أسباب الالتهابات المعدية الشائعة لدى الإنسان ,والثانية بعد التهابات التنفسية الحادة ,وهي احد أسباب المراضة وسبب رئيسي للوفاة عند الأطفال دون سن الخامسة في الدول الناميةالهدف: لتقييم تأثير تزويد مادة الزنك غلى دخول الأطفال المصابين بالإسهال للمستشفى وعلى فترة رقودهم ومن ثم تقليل تكاليفهم.المنهجية: في هذه الدراسة تم تضمين(50) طفلا تتراوح أعمارهم بين (6)اشهر –(5)سنوات مصابون بالإسهال وادخلوا إلى مستشفى الزهراء في محافظة النجف ,وهؤلاء قسموا إلى مجموعتين متساويتان ,حيث أن المجموعة الأولى لم تعطى الزنك ,أما الثانية فزودت بحبوب الزنك بجرعة (20)ملغم ولمدة (14) يوما . مستوى الزنك بالدم سجل وحدد لكل مريض في المجموعتين .النتائج: الدراسة أظهرت أن استعمال حبوب الزنك في علاج الإسهال له تأثير ايجابي على مدة الرقود في المستشفى ,حيث أن (52%)من الأطفال في المجموعة الثانية التي أعطيت الزنك قد اخرجوا من المستشفى بعد ثلاثة أيام من دخولها بالمقارنة مع تحسن (12%)من أطفال المجموعة الأولى والتي لم تزود بمادة الزنك .الاستنتاجات: استعمال حبوب الزنك لكل طفل مصاب بالإسهال يقلل من احتمالية دخوله المستشفى أو فترة رقوده فيها التوصيات: نوصي (1)إضافة مادة الزنك لكل طفل مصاب بالإسهال سواء ادخل المستشفى أو يعالج خارجها .(2) مطلوب عمل دراسات لاحقة لمعرفة مدى فائدة إضافة مواد نادرة أخرى للعلاج كفيتامين -أ- و النحاس .


Article
ZINC THERAPY IN TREATMENT OF ACUTE DIARRHEA IN CHILDREN LESS THAN TWO YEARS

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Background:Diarrhea is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children in developing countries, intervention trials showed that using zinc in acute diarrhea decrease morbidity and mortality.Objective:To evaluate the role of zinc supplement in the recovery of hospitalized children with acute diarrhea.Method:The study included one hundred patients presented with acute diarrhea (age 3 months -2 years), forty eight of them were males and fifty two were females, sixty of them were infants and forty were above twelve months. Fifty patients were treated with intravenous fluid only and the other fifty patients were treated with zinc in addition to intravenous fluid.Results:The study showed that the percentage of improvement within the first three days in patients treated with zinc was 80% compared to 44% of control group with P value 0.001. Zn therapy reduce the severity of diarrhea, it is effective in infants but more effective in toddlers, it is similarly effective in both males and females, it is more effective in mixed fed babies than in those on breast or bottle feeding .Using low dose reduce the incidence of vomiting.Conclusion:Zinc therapy is useful in decreasing the duration and severity of acute diarrhea in children.Keywords:Zn (zinc), acute diarrhea.

Keywords

Zn --- zinc --- acute diarrhea

Listing 1 - 10 of 84 << page
of 9
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Resource type

article (84)


Language

English (55)

Arabic and English (13)

Arabic (10)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (7)

2018 (5)

2017 (7)

2016 (7)

2015 (7)

More...