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Article
Mental Health Assessment: A Comparison between Different Completely Edentulous and Dentate Patients

Authors: Elham Kh Al–Jamas --- Monia MN Kandil --- Nadira A Hatim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 161-167
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To aid the dentist, in a more precise method for the mental health assessment of edentulous patients, and isolates those who refuse complete denture wearing for psychological reasons. Materialsand methods: The study was conducted during the period from July 2004 to November 2005. One hundred members with especial criteria were agreed to participate in this study. They were collectedrandomly from Dental College of Mosul University and Dental Health Center at Mosul city. The members were asked to answer the Mental Health Questionnaires. Results: It was found that mentalhealth score decreased with females especially who refused the prosthodontic treatment, also groups with low educational and financial levels at same group. Members that received their prosthodontictreatment at the Dental Collage with age between (55–64) years old seamed to be achieved a highestlevel within the Mental Health Scale. Finally the members with high anxiety tendency, showed less mental health scores. Conclusions: The completely edentulous who refused the prosthodontic treatment, especially females, low educational and financial groups achieved the minimum scores with Mental Health Scale.


Article
An Evaluation Of The Treatment Methods Of Denture Granuloma: A 5&#8722;Year Longitudinal Study.

Author: Nadira A Hatim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 246-254
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the prevalence of the position of denture granuloma in the oral cavity, to evaluatethe treatment methods of denture granuloma by different conservative prosthetic treatment or by surgicaltreatment, and to find if there is any relation between the length of the lesion and treatment methods.Materials and methods: Seven hundred and six (706) complete denture patients, age range between(40−70) year were treated by construction of complete maxillary and mandibular dentures, 550of them attended for adjustment after placement of the prosthesis. Patients are recalled for post insertioncare for 5 years. One hundred and seventy two (175) of the (550) patients were presented withdenture granuloma. In this study four treatment methods were applied according to the mean length ofthe lesion by using soft−liner and tissue conditioning materials. Results: Showed that 47.73% of denturegranuloma was located at the vestibule in the canine and premolar mandibular region. There was arelation with sequence of treatment with high significance of X 2 analysis. Conclusions: Tissue recoveryplays role in treatment of different an important length of denture granuloma


Article
Influence of clinical and radiographical features on complete i denture acceptance in elderly

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Abstract

One hundred fort nine edentuolus atients who were included in this studyseeking for a complete denture. Sixty five patients of them were seeking for a denture forthe first time, 45 patients had a history of one set of denture, and 39 patients had a historyof two sets of dentures. All the technical and the laboratory work for construction of thecomplete denture was followed under the supervision of one prosthodontist. Theevaluation of the dentures regarding function, comfort, appearance and generalsatisfaction was done by the patients themselves. The results indicated that patientsacceptability for wearing a new complete denture was increased in those with a histo ofprevious denture .


Article
Modified Psychological Scale for Pros-thodontic Patients

Authors: Nadira A Hatim --- Monia MN Kandil --- Elham Kh Al–Jamas
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2012 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 198-205
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

To aid the dentist in a more precise method for psychological and neurotic assessment of his patients, especially the edentulous; and to isolates those who may refuse the complete denture wearing for psychological reasons. Materials and methods: The study was conducted to include one hundred members, who agreed to participate in it. They were collected randomly from Dental College of Mosul University, and a Dental Health Center at Mosul City. Members were asked to answer these question-naires: Eysenck Personality Inventory; Hamilton Anxiety Scale; and Mental Health Questionnaires. Statistical analysis of questioner was done according to percentage, and prevalence . Results: The data collected from these scales undergone statistical and correlation analysis to show the frequency and prevalence for each question and the most effectible components to introduce new psychological case–sheet, briefed what most important psychological factors that could investigated by the dentist. Conclusions: A modified psychological scale was accomplished for edentulous patients. The results also revealed that the general somatic sensory symptoms, autonomic nervous symptoms, insomnia and gastro–intestinal symptoms; represented the most effective factors on the stress development, especially in the geriatrics


Article
Psychological Assessments for the Partially Edentulous Persons through Different Scales, According to Some Demographical Variables.

Author: Monia MN Kandil
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2008 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 177-188
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To get more information about the psychological condition for the partially edentulous persons, and the effect of culture and other demographical factors on there psychological condition. Materialsand Methods: Fifty persons were diagnosed and were suitable for the criteria of the study, only 38 of them continued until completing the questionnaires; Information about members that needed for thestudy were taken. Mainly the sample group was divided to Iraqi and Egyptian sample, then sub grouped according to sex, age, education, financial and anxiety levels; Each member at this study requestedto 3 method of psychological assessments, which were: Eysenck Personality Inventory; Hamilton Anxiety Scale; And Mental Health Test, then the scales results included in statistical analysis, byusing the General Linear Models and Duncan's Multiple Range Analysis. Results: For the Iraqi group,a significant difference with Euphoria Scale related to age group variable, and with Hamilton AnxietyScale related to sex variation, as well as anxiety level differences. For Egyptian group, the results showed significant differences with Neuroticism, Hamilton Anxiety Scales with anxiety levels differences;Also with Mental Health Scale related to all demographic variables taken at this study, except with the educational variation. Duncan’s Multiple Range Test for partially Iraqis' and Egyptians' groupsaccording to sex, education, finances, age and anxiety variation; Different significant values appeared at each one except with Euphoria Scale and some variables. Conclusions: There were significant differences in all psychological traits that examined at this study, except with Euphoria Scale. The Egyptians generally tend to be more euphoric, neurotic, anxious and less in mental health than Iraqis. TheLying and anxiety scales had a reverse relationship with the education and financial variation. Usually an anxious person tends to be more neurotic and less in mental health abilities; Usually females hadmore anxiety tendency than males.


Article
Changes in oral flora of newly edentulous patients, before and after complete dentures insertion

Author: Saeed Abdul Latteef Abdul-Kareem سيد عبد اللطيف عبد الكريم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 65-69
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background Investigation of the oral flora of edentulous subjects is becoming increasingly important because of recentwide spread use of implants in the treatment of edentulism.Materials and methods Twenty eight newly edentulous patients with age ranged between (40-80) years were includedin this study. Saliva samples were collected at two intervals; before taking the primary impression, and after one monthof functional use of the complete dentures, and assessed microbiologically.Results; indicated that the total numbers of microorganisms were decreased within the post insertion period with nonsignificant variation in their types, newly edentulous mouth harbored Neisseria species which disappeared after dentureinsertion, while E coli, Klebsiella, and Moraxella (Branhamella) were observed after one month of denture wearing.Other microorganisms include Streptococci and Candida was reduced. On the other hand, Staph. aurous,Diphtheroids, Veillonella and Acinetobactor were considered as a part of the normal flora of edentulous patient thatunchanged by denture wearing.Conclusion; Although denture can serve as a colonization site for the various microorganisms with short period ofdenture use and good oral hygiene the microorganisms did not increased in the oral cavity


Article
Influence of age and gender on salivary flow rate in completely edentulous patients

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Abstract

The denture retention and stability are dependent on saliva flow rate and quality,patients with dry mouth may have problems with the stability or comfort of maxillarycomplete dentures.Dry mouth is a common feature in the elderly, but is not clear what proportion ofincidences is related to functional disturbances and whether age persue and Genderplay a role. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of age on unstimulated(Resting) whole and stimulated saliva flow rates. It was determined in 100unmedicated, healthy individuals wearing complete dentures. The subjects weredivided into two age groups: group A(< 70 years), group B(> 70 years). A significantdecrease in the secretion rates of unstimulated whole saliva in relation to age wasobserved in the study population (p< 0.001).Females had significantly lower mean flow rates than males for unstimulated(resting) whole saliva.


Article
Correlation of mandibular canal wall resorption with angular cortical thickness among edentulous patients using panoramic radiographs (A comparative study between male and female)

Author: Dr. Nuhad A. Hassan, B.D.S. ,M.Sc. د.نهاد حسن
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2013 Volume: 10 Issue: 1 Pages: 130-136
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

BackgroundResorption of alveolar bone is the best recognized feature of mandibular aging inthe edentate subject. The aim of this is study to evaluate the mandibular canal wallresorption using panoramic radiographs among edentulous male and female.Material and methodThe sample of this study was collected from patients who attended TeachingHospital of the College of Dentistry at Al- Mustansiria University and panoramicradiographs were taken in Al-Karama specialized center for dentistry. Forty threepatients were selected in this study with age range between 59-85 years (25 malesand 18 females) . Panoramic radiographs for all patients and sides were examinedand evaluated .ResultsChi-square between males and females of angular cortical thickness (ACT) ≥1mm and ACT ˂ 1mm was (37.06) which statistically significant with p-value(0.008) and between resorption (grades) and age of males was(34.72) which itstatistically significant p-value(0.049) also between resorption (grades) and age offemales was(15.6) which was statistically significant p-value (0.003) . Spermancorrelation showed statistically significant moderate correlation between gender andage (r=0.581,p-value=0.01) and there was a moderately statistical significantcorrelation between the grades of mandibular canal resorption and the angularcortical thickness measurements in both gender (r=0.532,p-value=0.033).ConclusionThe resorption of the wall is found more often in edentulous females than in themales due to hormonal imbalance.


Article
Incidence of different types of removable partial dentures in Sulaimania

Author: Faraidoon A. Miran
Journal: Journal of Oral and Dental Research مجلة طب الفم والاسنان ISSN: 23106417 Year: 2018 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 70-77
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research الجمعية العراقية لبحوث طب الفم

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Abstract

Background: Removable partial prosthodontics is reversible treatment method for partially edentulous patients at any age. Even thought, recent reports have shown a consistent decline in the prevalence of tooth loss during the past few decades, the remain significant variation in tooth loss distribution Objectives The aim of the study is to detect the incidence of different classes of removable partial dentures according to Kennedy classification, age range and gender. Materials and methods the work authorization forms for 102 patients requiring RPDs from the clinics of the College of Dentistry, Sulaimania University. A one-year period was reviewed for this study. The Kennedy classification with the guidelines advocated by Applegate for each partially edentulous arch was recorded, and the data was collected for RPD regarding gender and age. Results Females (60.41%) have more RPDs restorations than males (39.58%) at the total of 144 RPD100% .Kennedy class II (51.38 %) RPDs more common than other classes and the female (27.77%) more than male (23.61%)in class II And the least common is Class IV(1.38%)only .in relation of distribution of RPD by age Most of the RPD are at the age of 45-54 of age (47.22%) and least common RPDs at age of 15-24 Years (1.38%) also it is only in the female group The upper P.D. (50.69%) is more common than lower (49.30%). Conclusion In the females, the upper class II RPD was the most common incidence at age between 45-54 years.


Article
Oral Tori In Edentulous Patients
توري عن طريق الفم المرضى

Authors: Omed I. Shihab --- Hoshang Khalid Abdel-rahman --- Ali F. Alzubaidee
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2012 Volume: 16 Issue: 3 Pages: 241-247
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: This study aimed to determine the prevalence, size, shape and location of tori in partially and completely edentulous patients attending the College of Dentistry/ Hawler Medical University from 2009-2011.Methods: In a retrospective study four hundred and fifty patients case file from Erbil city were examined for the presence of oral tori in prosthodontic department, College of Den-tistry, Hawler Medical University. The size, shape and location of tori were recorded and related with the age and sex of patients.Results: The overall prevalence of tori was 14.2% (64 cases). The prevalence of torus palatinus was 60.9% (39/64), while that of torus mandibularis was significantly lesser 23.5 % (15/64).Both types of tori were associated with each other in 15.62% of cases (10/64).Conclusion: There was no statistically significant difference in the prevalence of tori be-tween males and females. There was a significant relationship between the presence of mandibular and palatal tori.

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