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Antibacterials activity from agaricus bisporus on some bacteria isolates
دراسة للفعالية التثبيطية للفطر ضد بعض العزلات البكتيريAgaricus bisporus

Author: ban musa hassan al-zubaidi بان موسى حسن الزبيدي
Journal: Albahir journal مجلة الباهر ISSN: 23125721 Year: 2015 Volume: 2 Issue: 3,4 Pages: 71-79
Publisher: AL-Abbas Holy Shrine العتبة العباسية المقدسة

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Abstract

Abstract The antimicrobial properties of cold water, hot water, ethanol and aceton extracts of mushroom Agaricus bisporus on some gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumonia, Bacillus cereus), gram negative bactaria (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi) were investigated the present showed that aceton extract (50 mg/ml) exhibited maximum antibacterial activity to all bactaria isolated. Its showed wide spectrum of antimicrobial effect against Streptococcus pneumonia (31.6 mm), Escherichia coli (27.4 mm), Bacillus cereus (12 mm), Salmonella typhi (20.6 mm), Staphylococcus aureus (18 mm), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (10.2 mm). The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) reached 6.25 mg/ml for positive bacteria and 12.5 mg/ml for negative bacteria while the (MBC) reached 12.5 mg/ml for positive bacteria and 25 mg/ml for negative bacteria except Pseudomonas aeruginosa were reached (MIC) 25mg/ml anD (MBC) 50 mg/ml.

اﳋلاﺻة ﺍﳌﺎﺋﻴﺔ )ﻣﺎﺀ ﺑﺎﺭﺩ، ﻣﺎﺀ ﺣﺎﺭ( ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺤﻮﻟﻴﺔ (Agaricus bisporus)ﺗﻢ ﰲ ﻫﺬﺍ ﺍﻟﺒﺤﺚ ﺩﺭﺍﺳﺔ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﻣﺴﺘﺨﻠﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﻟﻔﻄﺮ (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas)ﺃﻳﺜﺎﻧﻮﻝ، ﺃﺳﻴﺘﻮﻥ( ﺿﺪ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺃﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺒﻜﱰﻳﺎ ﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﻣﻨﻬﺎ ﺳﺎﻟﺒﺔ ﻟﺼﺒﻐﺔ ﻏﺮﺍﻡ (Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus. ﻭﺛﻼﺛﺔ ﺃﺧﺮ￯ ﻣﻮﺟﺒﺔ ﻟﺼﺒﻐﺔ ﻏﺮﺍﻡ aeruginosa,Salmonella typhi) ﻭﻗﺪ ﺃﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﲨﻴﻊ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﻠﺼﺎﺕ ﺍﳌﺎﺋﻴﺔ ﻭﺍﻟﻜﺤﻮﻟﻴﺔ ﺗﺄﺛﲑ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﻄﻲ ﻛﺒﲑ ﺿﺪ aureus, Streptococcus pneumonia) )ﻣﻠﻐﻢ/ﻣﻞ( ﺃﻋﲆ ﻧﺴﺒﺔ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﻂ ﻟﻜﻞ ﺍﻷﻧﻮﺍﻉ 50ﻛﻞ ﺍﻷﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﻜﺘﲑﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﻭﺳﺔ، ﺳﺠﻞ ﺍﳌﺴﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﺍﻷﺳﻴﺘﻮﲏ ﻭﺑﱰﻛﻴﺰ ﺿﺪ ﺑﻜﱰﻳﺎ (Streptococcus pneumonia) )ﻣﻠﻢ(، 27.4 )ﻣﻠﻢ( ﺿﺪ ﺑﻜﱰﻳﺎ 31.6ﺍﻟﺒﻜﺘﲑﻳﺔ ﺃﺫ ﺑﻠﻎ ﻗﻄﺮ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺘﺜﺒﻴﻂ ﺗﻠﺘﻬﺎ Salmonella typhi ﲡﺎﻩ ﺑﻜﱰﻳﺎ (Bacillus cereus) )ﻣﻠﻢ(، 20.6 ﲡﺎﻩ ﺑﻜﱰﻳﺎ (Escherichia coli) )ﻣﻠﻢ(، 21 ﺃﻗﻞ Pseudomonas aeruginosa )ﻣﻠﻢ( ﺑﻴﻨﲈ ﺳﺠﻠﺖ ﺑﻜﱰﻳﺎ 18 ﺑﻘﻄﺮ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﻂ ﻗﺪﺭﻩ Staphylococcus aureusﺑﻜﱰﻳﺎ MBC ﻭﺍﻟﱰﻛﻴﺰ ﺍﻟﻘﺎﺗﻞ MIC )ﻣﻠﻢ(، ﻭﻛﺬﻟﻚ ﺃﻇﻬﺮﺕ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺎﺋﺞ ﺃﻥ ﻗﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﱰﻛﻴﺰ ﺍﳌﺜﺒﻂ ﺍﻷﺩﻧﻰ 10.2ﻗﻄﺮ ﺗﺜﺒﻴﻂ ﻭﻗﺪﺭﻩ )ﻣﻠﻐﻢ/ﻣﻞ( 12.5 )ﻣﻠﻐﻢ/ﻣﻞ(، 6.25ﻟﻠﻤﺴﺘﺨﻠﺺ ﺍﻷﺳﻴﺘﻮﲏ ﺿﺪ ﺍﻷﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﻜﺘﲑﻳﺔ ﺍﳌﻮﺟﺒﺔ ﻟﺼﺒﻐﺔ ﻏﺮﺍﻡ ﺍﳌﺪﺭﻭﺳﺔﻫﻲ )ﻣﻠﻐﻢ/12.5 ﻗﺪﺭﻩ MICﻟﻠﱰﻛﻴﺰﻳﻦ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﱄ ﺑﻴﻨﲈ ﺳﺠﻠﺖ ﺍﻷﻧﻮﺍﻉ ﺍﻟﺒﻜﺘﲑﻳﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﺎﻟﺒﺔ ﻟﺼﺒﻐﺔ ﻏﺮﺍﻡ ﺗﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﻣﺜﺒﻂ ﺃﺩﻧﻰ )ﻣﻠﻐﻢ/25 ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺳﺠﻠﺖ Pseudomonas aeruginosa )ﻣﻠﻐﻢ/ﻣﻞ(، ﻣﺎﻋﺪﺍ ﺑﻜﱰﻳﺎ 25 ﻗﺪﺭﻩ MBCﻣﻞ( ﻭﺗﺮﻛﻴﺰ ﻗﺎﺗﻞ )ﻣﻠﻐﻢ/ﻣﻞ( ﻟﻠﱰﻛﻴﺰﻳﻦ ﻋﲆ ﺍﻟﺘﻮﺍﱄ

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