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Article
SOME HAEMATOLOGICAL VALUES IN NORMAL DOGS
دراسة بعض القيم الدمية للكلاب الطبيعية

Author: Rahman Kadhum Muhsen Saleem Amin Hasso* رحمن كاظم محسن* , سليم أمين حسو**
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 46-50
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Haematological values of sixty normal dogs aged from 2 months to 2 years of both sexes were estimated. Red blood cells count (RBCs), hemoglobin concentration (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV). Mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), total and differential leukocyte count, total plasma protein, plasma albumin, fibrinogen and globulins were determined using several laboratory techniques and equations.The results revealed that, all RBCs parameters decreased with age except Hb, MCH and MCHC. The latter two increased with age while Hb was unchanged. All other parameters increased significantly with age. There were no significant differences in all parameters between both sexes.

تم قياس الافيام الدمية لستين كلبا سليما من الناحية السريرية تراوحت أعمارها بين شهرين الى سنتين وشملت الفحوصات الدمية : حساب عدد كريات الدم الحمر ، تركيز الهيموكلوبين ، حجم الخلايا المرصوص ، معدل الحجم الكريي ، معدل خضاب الدم الكريي ، معدل تركيز خضاب الدم الكريي ، حساب العدد الكلي والتفريقي لكريات الدم البيض وحساب تركيز بروتينات بلازما الدم وذلك باستعمال عدة تقنيات مختبرية مع تطبيق بعض المعادلات الحسابية . أظهرت النتائج إن معايير كريات الدم الحمر تتناقص معنويا مع تقدم العمر عدا تركيز الهيموكلوبين، معدل خضاب الدم الكريي و معدل تركيز خضاب الدم الكريي حيث ازداد المعياران الاخيران معنويا مع تقدم العمر بينما لم يطرأ اي تغيير على تركيز الهيموكلوبين بتقدم العمر . اما المعايير الاخرى فقد ازدادت معنويا بتقدم العمر . ولم تظهر النتائج وجود أي فرقا معنويا في جميع المعايير بين كلا الجنسين

Keywords

Fibrinogen --- MCV --- Leukocyte


Article
The relationship between obesity and plasma level of factor V and fibrinogen

Authors: Haithem A. Al-Rubaie هيثم احمد الربيعي --- Jaffar N. Alalsaidissa جعفر نوري --- Halla A. Jabber هاله عبد الصمد جابر
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2017 Volume: 59 Issue: 1 Pages: 53-59
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it has an adverse effect on health.. It measured by BMI (body mass index), obesity is considered when the BMI is ≥ 30 kg/m2.It increases the risk of coronary heart disease, Diabetes Mellitus and Cancer. Chronic inflammation and impaired fibrinolysis in obesity may induce thrombosis.Aim of study: assess the effect of BMI (body mass index) on plasma level of Factor V and fibrinogen in obese and normal weight subjects.Methods:This study was started on December 2015 and completed on June 2016, and included 51 obese attended alyarmouk Teaching Hospital. As well 25 non-obese subjects, were recruited as a control, age range from18to 50 years old .The hemostatic parameters done for them included the prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, FV activity, fibrinogen level, and platelet count.Results:There were insignificant difference in the means of prothrombine time (PT),activated partial thromboplastine time(aPTT), Factor V activity( FV) and Platelet count(PLT)of obese group compared to control group with P value (0.63, 0.902, 0.44, 0.484) respectively. There was significant difference in the mean of fibrinogen of obese group compared to control group with P value (0.006).The correlation between BMI and (PT, PLT, FV and fibrinogen)in obese and control study groups were statistically insignificant with (P > 0.05) , but a significant positive correlation between BMI and PTT in obese group was found with (P=0.037). There was a significant negative correlation between FV and PT in obese and control groups (P =0.001).There was insignificant positive correlation between fibrinogen and PT in obese and control groups (P > 0.05).Conclusions: Significant difference in the mean of plasma level of fibrinogen concentration between obese group and normal weight group was found. Insignificant difference in the means of PT, aPTT, platelet count and FV activity between obese group and normal weight group were found.Keywords: obesity, FV, fibrinogen.

Keywords

Keywords: obesity --- FV --- fibrinogen.


Article
Association of Fibrinogen as a Myocardial Infraction Risk Factor in Men

Authors: Basil. N. Saeed --- Eman Sh. AL-Obeidy
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2010 Volume: 52 Issue: 4 Pages: 392-394
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an irreversible myocardial injury and necrosis caused by serious and long term ischemia. Fibrinogen is considered as
one of the probable risk factors of myocardial infarction.
Patients and methods: 1.8-mL venous blood specimen from 40 patients with MI and 50 control subjects was obtained and put it into tubes containing 0.2 mol/L trisodium citrate. Plasma fibrinogen level was determined by the method of Clauss (Diagnostic Stago, France). Results The mean age of patients was (45.2 ± 6) years in patients with premature myocardial infarction and (45.06±5) years in the control group (p =0.07). There were no statistically significant relationships between the two groups in history of premature myocardial infarction in their first-degree relatives (p =0.05), cigarette smoking (p =0.06), diabetes (p =0.08), or hypertension (p =0.071). The mean plasma fibrinogen in patients (495 ±10.2mg/dL) was elevated markedly compared with the control group (465±8.4 mg/dl) ( p =0.01) . Hyperfibrinogenemia (>450 mg/dL) was detected in 87.5% of patients and 52.0% of controls. Conclusion: This study introduced fibrinogen as a risk factor for premature coronary artery disease in Iraqi men


Article
Plasma fibrinogen and D-dimer in patients with acute myocardial infarction

Author: Muna A. Kashmoola منى كشمولة
Journal: Annals of the College of Medicine Mosul مجلة طب الموصل ISSN: 00271446 23096217 Year: 2005 Volume: 31 Issue: 2 Pages: 70-73
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the plasma fibrinogen level and D-dimer reaction in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) together with other haematological parameters.
Design: A prospective clinico-haematological study.
Setting: Intensive coronary care unit in Ibn-Sina teaching hospital in Mosul during a period of 4 months from October 2004.
Participants: Forty patients with acute myocardial infarction together with a control group of 40 subjects.
Main outcome measures: Basic haematological parameters, plasma fibinogen level and plasma D-dimer reaction tests. Biochemical tests including cardiac enzymes measurement as creatine kinase (CK) and asparate transaminase (AST) were performed.
Results: Plasma fibrinogen level, white blood cell count and neutrophils count were significantly higher in patients compared to control group with P values (<0.05) (<0.01) and (<0.05) respectively. Positive plasma D-dimer reaction was significantly more frequent in patients than in control group (p<0.05). High plasma fibrinogen level and positive plasma D-dimer reaction were seen in those with worse outcome with p-value (<0.05), (<0.05) respectively. Plasma fibrinogen was significantly higher in those with extensive infarction compared to others (p<0.05).
Conclusion: High plasma fibrinogen and positive plasma D-dimer reaction were more frequently seen in patients with complicated course of myocardial infarction.

Key words: Fibrinogen, D-dimer, acute myocardial infarction.


Article
The Relationship between Fibrinogen Level and very High Parity
العلاقة بين مستوى مولد الليفين و النساء ذوات الولادات المتعددة ، ،

Authors: Miami Abd Al-Hassan Ali ميامي عبد الحسن علي --- Hala Abd Al-Ghany هالة عبد الغني الراوي --- Hanan Noori Jalil حنان نوري
Journal: IRAQI JOURNALOF COMMUNITY MEDICINE المجلة العراقية لطب المجتمع ISSN: 16845382 Year: 2013 Volume: 26 Issue: 1 Pages: 51-55
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

AbstractObjective: To evaluate coagulation parameters in healthy pregnant grand – grand multi paras women in comparison with healthy pregnant women who had delivered two or less.Study design: cross-sectional study.Setting: Al -Yarmouk Teaching Hospital /department of Obstetrics & Gynecology for a period of twelve months from the first of May 2009 to the end of April 2010. Patient and Methods: The study included a total of hundred women, divided in 2 groups, group A (study group) included 50 pregnant women who delivered seven or more children (grand - grand multi paras) and group B control group included 50 pregnant women who had delivered up to twice .The women in both groups attended our outpatient clinic were matched for maternal age, gestational age and had normal singleton pregnancies. All patients were scheduled to undergo blood test after overnight fasting and subjected for the following investigations (complete blood count, Prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time), fibrinogen and D. Dimer level. Results: There was statistically significant difference in fibrinogen level between grand - grand multi paras's pregnant women and low parity pregnant women (P-value 0.047). In both groups D. Dimer, Prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time level were not significantly different. Conclusion: 1. The fibrinogen levels in healthy grand-grand multi paras women are lower than in age matched women with low parity 2. These changes are not associated with fibrinogen consumption /production during pregnancy. Key wards: Grand multi paras, singleton pregnancy and fibrinogen level.

الخلاصةالهدف من الدراسة: لتقييم عوامل التخثر في النساء ذوات الولادات المتعددة أثناء الحمل الطبيعي ومقارنته مع النساء ذوات الولادتين وما دون أثناء الحمل الطبيعي . التصميم: دراسة حالة مقطعية . مكان الدراسة: مستشفى اليرموك التعليمي / قسم النسائية والتوليد لمدة 12 شهر من أول مايس الى نهاية نيسان . الطريقة: شاركت في الدراسة 100 أمرأة قسمن الى مجموعتين : المجموعة ( أ ) أحتوت على 50 أمرأة حامل أنجبت 7 أطفال أو أكثر. المجموعة ( ب ) أحتوت على 50 أمرأة حامل أنجبت طفلان أو أقل. النساء في المجموعتين تم جمعهن أثناء زيارتهن الى العيادة الأستشارية النسائية، المتناظرات من حيث العمر، العمر الحملي وحوامل بطفل واحد طبيعي. بعد الصوم ليلاً على الأقل 8 ساعات خضعت المشاركات للتحاليل التالية (وقت البروثرومبين، وقت الثرمبوبلاستين الجزئي، نسبة مولد الليفين في الدم و الدي دايمر). النتائج: أظهرت النتائج أختلافات هامة في نسبة مولد الليفين بين النساء الحوامل اللاتي أنجبن 7 أطفال أو أكثر والنساء الحوامل اللاتي أنجبن طفلان أو أقل. وأظهرت الدراسة عدم وجود أختلافات بين المجموعتين في نسبة دي دايمر ، وقت البروثرومبين ، وقت الثرومبوبلاستين الجزئي). الأستنتاج: نسبة مولد الليفين في النساء الحوامل اللاتي أنجبن 7 أطفال أو أكثر أقل من النساء الحوامل اللاتي أنجبن طفلين أو أقل، الاختلال الهيموستاتيكية أكثر عند النساء اللاتي أنجبن 7 أطفال أو أكثر، هذه التغييرات لا تتأثر باستهلاك أو انتاج مولد الليفين خلال الحمل.


Article
Evaluation of Certain Acute Phase Reactants in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction

Authors: Noaman Abdullateef Abdulrazzaq --- Abdulbasit Insief Jassim --- Ali Ibrahim Kadhum
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2014 Volume: 13 Issue: 2 Pages: 176-180
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND : Acute myocardial infarction ( AMI ) is an important clinical condition which is associated with a significant inflammatory changes that result in acute-phase responses. Significantly elevated concentrations of cytokines and other acute phase reactants are the major events that accompanied such condition. Our aim was to evaluate certain acute phase reactants : Interleukin-6 ( IL-6 ) , C-Reactive Protein ( CRP ) and plasma fibrinogen in patients with AMI.OBJECTIVE: This study was focused on the evaluation of certain acute phase reactants : Interleukin-6 ( IL-6 ) , C-Reactive Protein ( CRP ) and plasma fibrinogen in patients with AMI.PATIENTS AND METHODS: Thirty patients from Baghdad city with AMI were included between July 2011 and January 2012 : 21 males and 9 females, their ages range between 40 – 73 years. Thirty healthy subjects ( 16 males, 14 females ), age matched with patients as a comparative group were included. Both groups were investigated for IL-6 , CRP , and plasma fibrinogen levels.RESULTS : IL-6 concentrations were found to be significantly higher with ( P value : 0.0001 ) –table 1- in patients with AMI) than in control subjects. CRP concentrations were also found to be significantly higher with ( P value : 0.0001 ) in patients with AMI than in control subjects. plasma fibrinogen level was significantly higher with ( P value : 0.0001 ) in patients with AMI than in control subjects. CONCLUSION : The study revealed a significant elevation in IL-6 , CRP concentrations and plasma fibrinogen level in patients with AMI.


Article
CA-125, plasma fibrinogen and C-reactive protein in correlation with severity of preeclampsia.

Authors: WasanW.Ibrahem وسن وجدي ابراهيم --- Raya Kh. Al-Assaly ريا خالد السالي --- Nada Saeed Al-Haddad ندى سعيد الحداد
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2017 Volume: 59 Issue: 1 Pages: 31-35
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Preeclampsia is most common medical disordersduring pregnancy, and the rate of hypertension ranges from 5 – 8 % f or all types of pregnancy. There was a significant difference between cancer antigen -125, plasma fibrinogen and C- reactive protein to the severity of preeclampsia.Objective: To determine the level ofserum CA-125 level, C-reactive protein and plasma fibrinogen in preeclampsia and their association with the severity of disease and progression of mild preeclampsia to severe type.Patients and method: A prospective case-control studywhich was carried out in the department of gynecology and obstetric at Baghdad teaching hospital from 1st ofJanuary 2015 to 1st of July 2015.One hundred forty pregnant women were included; they were selected and divided into three groups:Group A: Thirty five (35) pregnant women with mild preeclampsia.Group B: Thirty five(35) pregnant women with severe preeclampsia.Both group A and B are selected according to the clinical signs, symptoms and investigations and admitted to obstetrics ward for evaluation.Group C: seventy (70) pregnant women with uncomplicated singleton pregnancies as control group .Blood samples were taken for measurement of serum cancer antigen -125, C- reactive protein and plasma fibrinogen for all groupsResults: The mean level of Cancer antigen- 125in control , mild and severe preeclampsia groups was ( 14.4±4.11) , (33.60± 4.52) and ( 37.35± 4.85) respectively which was a significant difference between control ,mild groups ( p value < 0.0001) and between control and severe preeclampsia groups ( p value < 0.0001), the mean level of C-reactive protein in mild and severe preeclampsia was( 15.62± 2.6)and ( 29.3± 7.02) which was significant higher in comparison to control group which was ( 8.17 ± 1.56 ) the P value was < 0.0001 . theplasma fibrinogen levels in mild and sever preeclampsia was (470.37±51.1) and (563.14±48.28) which were markedly higher than that of control group (342. 97±56.6) in third trimester pregnant women.Conclusion:Serum Cancer antigen -125, Serum C - reactive protein and Serum plasma fibrinogen were significantly higher in preeclampsia groups in comparison to the control group and these increments was directly correlated with the severity of preeclampsia .Key Words:preeclampsia, plasma fibrinogen, CA 125, C – reactive protein.


Article
Activity assay of plasma fibrinogen in patients with diabetes.
تقييم نشاط الفايبرينوجين في بلازما الدم لدى المرضى المصابين بداء السكري

Author: Mohammed Shnain Ali محمد شنين علي
Journal: karbala journal of pharmaceutical sciences مجلة كربلاء للعلوم الصيدلانية ISSN: 70272221 Year: 2013 Issue: 6 Pages: 127-131
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Thrombosis secondary to atherosclerosis or hypercoagulability state in diabetes mellitus may be the cause of death in many patients. Patients with diabetes mellitus (n=28, 16 males and 12 females), together with 28 age and sex matched healthy individuals (as controls), were studied after their consent. For each individual (patients and controls), following medical history, 4 ml of venous blood sample was obtained and investigated for HbA1c level, fibrinogen level by doing Claus technique and blood sugar estimation. Hyperfibrinogenaemia in patients with diabetes mellitus (mean plasma fibrinogen 6.8±1.1) is statistically significant (P< 0.05) as compared to control (mean plasma fibrinogen 3.3±1.3). Plasma fibrinogen level is high in patients with diabetes mellitus, suggesting that plasma fibrinogen can contribute to vascular diseases in patients with diabetes mellitus like vascular thrombosis.

خثرة الدم بسبب تصلب الشرايين او بسبب زيادة قابلية الجسم للتخثر الدموي يمكن ان يكون سببا للوفاة في المرضى المصابين بداء السكري. تمت دراسة 28 شخصا (16 من الذكور ؛ 12 من الاناث) مع دراسة 28 شخصا من نفس الجنس والعمر من الاصحاء للمقارنة بعد اخذ الموافقة منهم. تم سحب 4 مليليتر من الدم الوريدي من كل شخص وتم اجراء الفحوصات المختبرية الخاصة بنسبة الهيموغلوبين نوع أي وان سي الخاص بنسبة السكر التراكمي في الدم بالطريقة الكيميائية وقياس نشاط او فعالية الفايبرينوجين بطريقة التخثر باستخدام مادة الثرمبين لاجراء الاختبار بطريقة كلاوس العالمية و قياس نسبة السكر في الدم بالطريقة الكيميائية.تبين ان نشاط او فعالية الفايبرينوجين في الدم عالية بفرق احصائي مهم لدى المرضى المصابين بداء السكري(6,8±1,1) مقارنة بالاصحاء(3,3±1,3) لذا فان نشاط او فعالية الفايبرينوجين عالية لدى مرضى داء السكري ويمكن ان يسبب او يساهم مع بقية العوامل في تخثر الدم في الاوعية الدموية.


Article
Platelets Count, Indices And Fibrinogen Level In Patients With Preeclampsia Compared To Normal Pregnant Women
عدد الصفيحات الدموية , عوامل الصفيحات الدموية,ومستوىالفايبرينوجين في النساء ذوات ضغط الدم المرتفع أثناء الحمل(ما قبل الارجاج)مقارنة بذوات الحمل الطبيعي

Authors: Sawsan Talib Salman سوسن طالب سلمان --- Asil Hashim Ali أسيل هاشم علي --- Inaam Faisal انعام فيصل
Journal: Mustansiriya Medical Journal مجلة المستنصرية الطبية ISSN: 20701128 22274081 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 58-62
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy specific syndrome that affects 6–8% of pregnancies worldwide. The specific pathogenesis of preeclampsia remains incompletely elucidated. Many tests have attempted to establish the diagnosis of preeclampsia as early as possible, often even before the patients develop arterial hypertension.Objective: This study aims to identify whether the platelet indices and fibrinogen level are significantly affected by preeclampsia compared to normal pregnancy Patients and methods :This retrospective case-control study was done in AL- Batool Teaching Hospital-Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, from the 1st of September 2014 to 30th of September 2015 , 75 woman who fulfill the inclusion criteria were included in the study , they were divided into two groups 25 pregnant woman with preeclampsia & 50 normal pregnant woman as control group(were all normotensive pregnant woman with single intrauterine gestation and the obstetric history is uneventful ) . Results: Systolic, diastolic & MAP were highly different between the control & the patient groups. Regarding fibrinogen level it was lower in the patients with preeclampsia. Platelet count was also reduced in preeclamptic patients. While all platelet indices were higher in the patient group compared to the control group.Conclusion: Platelet indices and fibrinogen level can be used in predicting preeclampsia.

خلفية الموضوع: إن ارتفاع ضغط الدم الشرياني أثناء الحمل (ما قبل الارجاج) هي إحدى الحالات التي تصيب ما بين 6_8% من النساء الحوامل في العالم 0 إن السبب الرئيسي للمرض غير معرف تماما0هناك عده فحوصات مختبريه أجريت في محاوله لتشخيص المرض مبكرا قدر الامكان0حتى قبل إن يرتفع ضغط الدم عند المريضه0أهداف الدراسة:الغرض من الدراسة هو لمعرفه هل إن عوامل الصفيحات الدموية ومستوى الفايبرينوجين يتأثران بشكل واضح بارتفاع ضغط الدم(ما قبل الارجاج)مقارنه بالحمل الطبيعيطريقه الدراسة: دراسة رجعيه أجريت في قسم النسائية والتوليد في مستشفى البتول التعليمي-ديالى-العراق0للفتره من الأول من ايلول2014 إلى الثلاثون من أيلول 2015. تضمنت الدراسة 75 مريضه لها نفس الصفات الديموغرافيه وقد تم تقسيم المريضات إلى مجموعتين:الاولى50 أمراه حامل مصابه بارتفاع ضغط الدم أثناء الحمل والمجموعة الثانيه25 مريضه لا تعاني من المرض إن مده الحمل قدر اعتمادا على الفحص بالأمواج فوق الصوتية(السونار)خلال الأسابيع الأولى للحمل0النتائج:لوحظ إن مستوى الفايبرينوجين كان اقل لدى المريضات اللواتي يعانين من ارتفاع الضغط أثناء الحمل وكذلك عدد الصفيحات الدمويه0بينما عوامل الصفيحات الدموية كانت أعلى لدى المريضات اللواتي لديهن ارتفاع ضغط الدم أثناء الحمل0الاستنتاج:مستوىالفايبرينوجين وعوامل الصفيحات الدموية لها قيمه تنبؤيه في حالات ارتفاع الضغط أثناء الحمل0


Article
Acute phase proteins in calves naturally infected with cryptosporidium
بروتينات الطور الحاد في العجول المصابة طبيعيا بطفيلي الابواغ الخبيئة

Author: Mohammed T. S. Al-Zubaidi محمد ثابت صالح الزبيدي
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences مجلة القادسية لعلوم الطب البيطري ISSN: 18185746 23134429 Year: 2015 Volume: 14 Issue: 2 Pages: 19-22
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

Infectious diarrhea remains one of the most important health challenges in dairy industries during the first four weeks of life, with Cryptosporidium infection as one of the main causes of this diarrhea. This study aimed to evaluate blood concentration of some acute phase proteins in calves naturally infected with Cryptosporidium. Ninety-six, 1 day to 4 week-old Holstein calves were allotted into control group (G1 n=48 healthy calves) and calves infected with Cryptosporidium (G2 n=48). Blood and fecal samples were collected from each calf at the same day. Enzyme Linked Immuno-Sorbent Assay (ELISA) was used to estimate serum levels of haptoglobin (Hp), serum amyloid A (SAA), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), while gel electrophoresis was used to determine serum level of fibrinogen. Serum SAA, Hp, and fibrinogen significantly increased in infected calves, whereas there was no significant difference in serum level of TNFα between the two groups.

يمثل الإسهال الخمجي اهم التحديات الصحية التي تواجه صناعة الألبان خلال الأسابيع الأربعة الأولى من حياة العجول، ويعد طفيلي الابواغ الخبيئة احد المسببات الرئيسية لهذا النوع من الاسهال. هدفت هذه الدراسة الى تقدير المستويات المصلية لبعض بروتينات الطور الحاد في العجول المصابة طبيعيا بالأبواغ الخبيئة. وزع (96) عجلا من سلالة الهولستين ، بعمر يوم واحد – اربع اسابيع الى مجموعتين ، ضمت المجموعة الاولى (48) عجلا مصابا بالأبواغ الخبيئة فيما ضمت المجموعة الثانية (مجموعة السيطرة) (48) عجلا سليما. جمعت عينة دم وعينة براز من كل عجل في نفس اليوم. استخدمت طريقة الأدمصاص المناعي الأنزيمي (ELISA) في تقدير المستويات المصلية للهابتوكلوبين والنشواني المصلي A والعامل المنخر للسرطان، فيما استخدمت طريقة الترحيل الكهربائي على الهلام لتحديد مستويات مولد الليفين (الفبرينوجين). أظهرت المستويات المصلية للهابتوكلوبين والنشواني المصلي A والفبرينوجين ارتفاعا معنويا في العجول المصابة في حين لم يظهر فرق معنوي في مستويات العامل المنخر للورم بين المجموعتين.

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