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Article
Feature Extraction Using Discrimination Power Analysis with Palmprint in Biometric System
استخراج الميزة باستخدام تحليل قوة التمييز مع بصمة راحة اليد في النظام البيومتري

Author: Suhiar M. Zeki
Journal: JOURNAL OF MADENAT ALELEM COLLEGE مجلة كلية مدينة العلم الجامعة ISSN: 2073,2295 Year: 2013 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 63-72
Publisher: City College of Science University كلية مدينة العلم الجامعة

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Abstract

There are many methods used to distinguish persons from each other using palmprints, fingerprints, giats, hand geometry, sound waves, shape of the ear, the color of the eyes and the iris, …etc. Discrimination power analysis (DPA) is powerful to extract proper feature for palmprint, after applying (DPA) on the true color image of palmprint, some of the features and coefficients are choosing to construct vectors including these value of features. DPA is a statistical analysis, based on the image coefficients properties after sequence of process on the true color image. The discrimination power of all the coefficients is not the same and some of them are discriminant than others, the higher true of recognition rate depend on feature vectors of Discriminant Coefficient (DCs). It searches for the coefficients which have large power to discriminator different classes better than other, the performance based on (DPA) and selected (DCs) is better with less complexity.

هناك العديد من الطرق المستخدمة للتمييز بين الأشخاص من بعضهم البعض باستخدام النخيل وبصمات الأصابع، المشيات، هندسة اليد، الموجات الصوتية، شكل الأذن، ولون العينين والقزحية، ... الخ.التمييز تحليل السلطة قوية لاستخراج سمة المناسبة للطباعة النخيل، بعد تطبيق (د ب أ) على الصورة اللون الحقيقي للطباعة النخيل، وبعض من ملامح ومعاملات يختارون لبناء ناقلات بما في ذلك هذه القيمة من الميزات. DPA هو التحليل الإحصائي، استنادا إلى خصائص الصورة معاملات بعد سلسلة من عملية على الصورة اللون الحقيقي. قوة التمييز من جميع معاملات ليست هي نفسها وبعضها تميز من غيرها، وارتفاع معدل الحقيقي للاعتراف تعتمد على ناقلات سمة من سمات تميز معامل (DCS). فإنه يبحث عن معاملات التي لها قوة كبيرة لفئات مختلفة الممي أفضل من الأخرى، وعلى أساس الأداء (DPA) واختيار (DCS) هو أفضل مع أقل التعقيد.

Keywords

Palmprints --- Fingerprints --- DPA --- DCs


Article
7.STUDY OF FINGER PRINT PATTERNS IN LEPROSY

Authors: Nagi A. Abdulla ناجي عبد الوهاب عبد الله --- Salwa O. Bahalah --- Maysa S. Alnoban --- AbdulBaset A. AlQbaty
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2017 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 151-158
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background:Dermatoglyphic is the study of epidermal ridge configuration on finger tips, palms and soles. Leprosy is an infectious disease due to Mycobacterium Leprae. Few report of dermatoglyphic patterns studies in patients with leprosy have shown that fingerprint patterns were also affected in leprosy.Objective: To identify the effect role of leprosy on of fingerprint patterns.Methods: A prospective case control study on 50 patients complaining from leprosy and 50 control group was conducted within 11 months period in order to study the patient fingerprint patterns.Results: In this study, male (74%) consisted high rate than female (26%) and majority of patients at age group ≥ 54 years old. The whorls and loop patterns were high in control group than cases with 36.3% and 48.9% respectively, while arch pattern was high in case group than control with 29.6% in case group. Arch patterns were high in little, ring and thumb fingers, while loop patterns were high in ring, index and thumb fingers than control one.Conclusion: The findings of this study were suggestive that there was an increase in the loop and arch patterns of individuals with leprosy and this was highly significant when compared to the control group in which the whorls pattern was higher, and to identify the patients with leprosy also to find if there are possible risk for future infection with leprosy by study the patterns of finger print.Keywords: Dermatoglyphic, fingerprints, leprosy.Citation: Nagi A. Abdulla, Salwa O. Bahalah, Maysa S. Alnoban, AbdulBaset A. AlQbaty. Study of finger print patterns in leprosy. Iraqi JMS. 2017; Vol. 15(2): 151-158. doi: 10.22578/IJMS.15.2.7


Article
7.Breast Cancer in a Sample of Yemeni Female Patients: Forensic Dermatoglyphic Traits and Clinico-Pathological Features

Authors: Mazen A. Bin Thabit --- Naji A. Abdullah ناجي عبد الوهاب عبد الله --- Maysa S. Alnoban
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2019 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 135-145
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background:Breast cancer has a major impact on health of women worldwide and Yemen is not in exception. Fingerprints play an important role, which is highly individualistic and could be recognized as a powerful tool in diagnosis of various diseases, furthermore, their medico-legal importance.Objective:To study the clinico-pathological aspects of breast cancer and the role of fingerprints as screening test.Methods:Prospective study of 68 female patients with breast cancer came to modern histopathology laboratory - Aden during the period from January - June 2018. All the patients suffering from breast lumps were referred for Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology diagnosis as well as fingerprints of their both hands were taken.Results:Most of the participants (45.6%) aged between 40-49 years old, females from urban areas consisted 57.4%, and about 51.5% of females in this study were illiterate. Females who had 1-3 child consisted 33.8%. Regarding the breast lump, 54.4% of females had tumor size 2-5 cm, while skin change and fixed tumor to skin presented in same rate (14.8%). No pain and no nipple discharge present in 85.2% and 91.2% respectively in females' study. The females with palpable axillary lymph nodes and right breast side tumor consisted the same percentage (58.8%). Regarding the result of fine needle aspiration cytology, the invasive ductal carcinoma presented with high rate (85.3%), while stage II present with 36.8%. In relation to the finger print patterns; the loop patterns presented high rate in the little digit with 30.4%, while whorls patterns presented in index digit in 33.6% of patients. The loops and whorls patterns revealed significant association with breast cancer with a P-value of 0.005 and 0.028 respectively.Conclusion:The social, behavioral, and hereditary factors play an important role in the development of breast cancer in addition to reproductive history, beside that the fingerprints are genetically determined factors that can be used as simple and cost-effective screening test for breast cancer.Keywords:Breast carcinoma, fingerprints, Dermatoglyphic, forensic, Yemeni female.Citation:Bin Thabit MA, Abdullah NA, Alnoban MS. Breast Cancer in a sample of Yemeni female patients: forensic dermatoglyphic traits and clinico-pathological features. Iraqi JMS. 2019; 17(2): 135-145. doi: 10.22578/IJMS.17.2.7


Article
New record of the carangid fish from the Iraqi marine waters, northwest Arabian Gulf

Authors: Abbas J. Al-Faisal --- Abdul-Razak M. Mohamed --- Talib A. Jaayid
Journal: Mesopotamia Environmental Journal بيئة وادي الرافدين ISSN: 24102598 Year: 2016 Issue: Special Issue A Pages: 106-114
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Two species of carangid fish, Alectis ciliaris (Bloch, 1787) and A. indica (Rüppell, 1830) were collected from Iraqi marine waters, northwest Arabian Gulf from January to November, 2014. A. ciliaris was recorded as a first time from Iraqi marine waters. A. ciliaris could be distinguished by nape, head profile broadly rounded, and gill rakers on lower limb of first arch ranged from 14-15, while the nape and head profile something angular, and gill rakers on lower limb of first arch ranged from 18-25 in A .indica. The DNA fingerprints were identified of two species using Polymerase Chain Reaction-Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (PCR-RAPD) with six primers: P1 (212), P2 (239), P3 (244), P4 (250), P5 (265), and P6 (347). The number of bands generated by primers varied between 46 in A. indica to 48 in A. ciliares. The genetic similarity and genetic distance between two examined species were 0.42 and 0.57, respectively.


Article
Constract molecular marker-based for identification some varieties of Iraqi date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) by PCR-RFLP.
بناء مؤشرات جزيئية لتمييز عدد من اصناف النخيل العراقية باستخدام تقنية PCR-RFLP

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Abstract

This study was performed on ten varieties of Iraqi dates palm (Barhi, kiara Hamra, sugary, Zuhdi, Khstawi, Khadrawi, Tbrzel, Sayer (osta omran), Prem, Maktoum) to devise specific DNA finger print for a given class using three specialized primers within the SSR markers and then use three restricted enzymes within PCR-RFLP technique to reach the goal. one band was result from all varieties with molecular size 320bp for mpdIRD28 and 200bp for mpdIRD46 , mpdIRD01 locus respectively after performing the PCR reaction within SSR markers. The PCR-RFLP techniqae was used with three restricted enzymes HinfI, TaqI, EcoRI The results reveals the presence or absence of Restriction sites for hybrid alleles (haplotypes) in date palm.

أجريت هذه الدراسة على عشرة أصناف من نخيل التمر العراقية (برحي, خياره حمره, سكري, زهدي, خستاوي, خضراوي, تبرزل, ساير(اسطة عمران), بريم, مكتوم) لاستنباط بصمة وراثية محدده لصنف معين Fingerprints باستخدام ثلاث بادئات متخصصة ضمن مؤشرات الـSSR ومن ثم استخدام ثلاث انزيمات قاطعة ضمن تقنية PCR-RFLP لبلوغ الهدف. وبعد اجراء تفاعل الـPCR حيث انتجت جميع الاصناف حزمة واحدة وبحجم جزيئي واحد وهي 320bp للموقع mpdIRD28 و 200bp للمواقع mpdIRD46 و mpdIRD01على التوالي في جميع الاصناف ضمن مؤشرات الـSSR. واعتمدت تقنية PCR-RFLP على استخدام ثلاثة انزيمات قاطعة HinfI, TaqI, EcoRI وأظهرت النتائج وجود او عدم وجود مواقع القطع Restriction site بالنسبة للاليلات الهجينة في نخيل التمر.


Article
Future Effects and Impacts of Biometrics Integrations on Eve-ryday Living

Author: Amjed A. Ahmed
Journal: Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science مجلة علوم المستنصرية ISSN: 1814635X Year: 2018 Volume: 29 Issue: 3 ICSSSA 2018 Conference Issue Pages: 139-144
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Identification and access has been a concept that has evolved over time as the need to con-stantly identify people and grant them access to sensitive and classified data and information became very important. The effect is felt in most organizations, especially multinational companies that deal in highly classified research that has to do with pharmaceuticals, tech-nology, power as well as the human biology coupled with security. The most common form of implementation of biometrics is facial recognition, fingerprints, iris recognition, retina scanner and voice recognition into so many applications and scenarios. The integration of this biomet-rics has had a rising effect and impact of everyday life and has practically changed some dai-ly routines. This paper will examine future integrations of biometrics and it will in time affect everyday life and routine.

يعتبر التعريف والتوصل من المفاهيم التي تطورت بمرور الوقت ، نظرًا لأن الحاجة إلى التعرف باستمرار على الأشخاص ومنحهم إمكانية الوصول إلى البيانات والمعلومات الحساسة والمُصنّفة أصبحت مهمة جدًا. ويظهر التأثير في معظم المنظمات ، لا سيما الشركات متعددة الجنسيات التي تتعامل في أبحاث سرية للغاية تتعلق بالأدوية والتكنولوجيا والطاقة بالإضافة إلى البيولوجيا البشرية المقترنة بالأمن. إن أكثر أشكال تنفيذ القياسات الحيوية شيوعاً هي التعرف على الوجه ، وبصمات الأصابع ، والتعرف على قزحية العين ، وفتحة شبكية العين ، والتعرف على الصوت في العديد من التطبيقات والسيناريوهات. حيث ان لتكامل هذه القياسات الحيوية تأثيرًا متزايدًا وتأثيرًا للحياة اليومية ، وقد غير عمليًا بعض الروتين اليومي. في هذه الورقة البحثية سيتم دراسة التكاملات المستقبلية للقياسات الحيوية وكيف ستؤثر في الوقت المناسب على الحياة اليومية والروتين.


Article
A Hybrid Algorithm to Protect Computer Networks Based on Human Biometrics and Computer Attributes
خوارزمية هجينة لحماية شبكات الكومبيوتر اعتمادا" على القياسات الانسان وسمات الكومبيوتر

Author: Rahim Abdul-Al Sahib Ogla رحيم عبد الصاحب عكلة
Journal: Ibn Al-Haitham Journal For Pure And Applied Science مجلة ابن الهيثم للعلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية ISSN: 16094042/ 25213407 Year: 2016 Volume: 29 Issue: 3 Pages: 209-221
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Objective of this work is the mixing between human biometric characteristics and unique attributes of the computer in order to protect computer networks and resources environments through the development of authentication and authorization techniques. In human biometric side has been studying the best methods and algorithms used, and the conclusion is that the fingerprint is the best, but it has some flaws. Fingerprint algorithm has been improved so that their performance can be adapted to enhance the clarity of the edge of the gully structures of pictures fingerprint, taking into account the evaluation of the direction of the nearby edges and repeat.In the side of the computer features, computer and its components like human have unique characteristics. A program has been produced in the Visual Basic environment. The goal of this program is to get the computer characteristics and merge them with human characteristics to produce powerful algorithms of authentication and authorization can be used to protect the resources that are stored in the computer networks environments through the creation of software modules and interactive interfaces to accomplish this purpose

الغرض من هذا العمل هو الخلط بين الخصائص البيومترية البشرية وخصائص الحاسوب الفريدة من اجلحماية بيئات شبكات الحاسوب ومواردها من خلال تطويرتقنيات أثبات الأصل والتفويض.في الجانب البيومتريةالبشري، تم دراسة أفضل الطرائق والخوارزميات المستعملة، وكان الأستنتاج هو إن البصمة تعد ألافضل ،ولكنها تحتوي على بعض العيوب. خوارزمية بصمة تم تحسين أدائها اذ يمكن تكيفها لتعزيز وضوح حافة واخدودهياكل صور البصمة مع الأخذ بالحسابات لتقييم إدخال الحافة القريبة وتكرار .في الجانب مميزات الكمبيوتر، الكمبيوتر ومكوناته مثل الإنسان له خصائص فريدة مشابه للخصائص البايلوجية،في هذا الجانب، تم أعداد برنامج في البيئة الفجول بسك، هدف هذا البرنامج للحصول على خصائص جهازالكمبيوتر ودمجها مع الخصائص البشرية للحصول على خوارزمية هجينة لتحقيق المصادقة والتخويل يمكنالاستفادة منها لحماية بيئات شبكات الحاسوب والمصادر المخزونة في الخوادم من خلال إنشاء وحدات برمجيةوواجهات تفاعلية لتحقيق هذا الغرض.

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