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Article
BacterialiInfectionsiofitheiGastrointestinaliTractiin Calves

Author: RawaaiS.iJumaa
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Biotechnology المجلة العراقية للتقانات الحياتية ISSN: 18154794 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 81-85
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Thisistudyiaimeditoiidentifyitheipathogenicicausesiofiintestinalitractincalveibyiisolationandidentificationofentericbacteriaiusingisomebiochemicaltests.iBacterialiexaminationiofifecalisamplesselectedi100diarrheicicalvesagedibetweeni(1-2iyears)ifromidifferentiareaofiBaghdadwereicarriedoutitoideterminetheibacterialcausesiassociatedwithdiarrheainicalves.iOfithei100ifecalisamplesiexamined,i78calvesiaffectediwithdifferentbacteria.Analysisiofiresultsi showed thatbacterialenteropathogensiofi100icalvesrevealedithathighestipercentagei54% ofcalvesiwereiinfectediwithProteusisp.,followedbyi26%were infected withiE.coliisp.,15% were infected withcitrobacterisp.andonlyi5%were infected with withisalmonellaisp.Theseiresultsiwereindicatedtheipresencehealthiproblemiwhichileadstoieconomicilossesandirequireditheinecessityispeedupiof implantingcontrollingiprogramonithisidisease


Article
Malignant Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors of the Stomach

Author: Zuhair Raof Al-Bahrani
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 3 Pages: 196-200
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Stromal or mesenchymal neoplasms affecting the gastrointestinal (GI) tract are divided into two groups. The less common variety includes tumors that are identical to those that arise in the soft tissues throughout the rest of the body, including lipomas, schwannomas, hemangiomas. The second more common group consists of stromal tumors that are collectively referred to as gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs).They are most often located in the stomach and proximal small intestine.OBJECTIVE:To compare the incidence, mode of presentation and management of malignant gastric GISTs of this study from Iraq with other world reports.METHODS:Retrospective study of the medical records of 1037 patients with gastric malignancies operated upon between January 1970-December 2000 were reviewed. The incidence of GISTs , their age and sex, symptomatology, diagnostic procedures, surgical management and results will be presented.RESULTS:Among 1037 patients with gastric malignancies, 13 (1.25%) were malignant GISTs. 6 were males and 7 females. Age ranges from 19-67 (median 58 +/- 13 .2397 SD) years. Mode of presentation were; upper GI bleeding 8(62%), dyspepsia 4(31%) and mass one (8%) patient. Duration of illness ranges from 2 days-8 years (median 3 months+/- 25.9207 SD ). Barium study revealed a tumor in 10 out of 11 patients. Endoscopy in 12 patients reported 4 nodular, 3 fungating and 3 ulcerative tumor and two normal. Ultrasound in 8 patients showed a mass in 7(5 intraluminal, two extraluminal) and no tumor in one. Site of tumor were the; lesser curve 4(31%), antrum 3(23%), greater curve 2(15%), fundus 2(15%), body one (8%) and cardia one (8%) patient. Grossly the tumors were; fungating 5, nodular 2, ulcerative one, nodular-cystic 3 and nodular-ulcerative in 2. The tumor size vary from 5x3 – 17x12 (mean 9.69231 +/- 3.727793 SD x 7.69231 +/- 2.95479 SD) cm.Gastric resections were; upper 5, segmental 4, subtotal 2 and lower 2 patients. Chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy were given to advance or those with metastasis. Histopathology reported low-grade malignancy in 5 and high-grade in 8 patients. According unified 1997 TNM staging were; I 2, II 4, III 3 and IV 4 cases. Two-years survival was 69% (9 out of 13) and 5-years was 46% (6 out of 13). CONCLUSION:Malignant GISTs constitute 1.25 % of all gastric malignancies. No gender predilection found. Median age 50.3 years. Recurrent upper GI bleeding in 62% and dyspepsia in 31%. No specific symptoms but abdominal mass in 4 cases. Barium study, endoscopy and US were the diagnostic procedures. Tumors were; mostly intraluminal, fungating nodular and large (median 8x8 cm). Resection was the treatment. 5 were low-grade and 8 high-grade malignancy. 2 and 5-years survival were 62% and 46% respectively.


Article
effect of verapamil and metoclopramide on the migrating myoelectrical complex (MMC) of the gastrointestinal tract rats.

Author: Sajida H.Ismaiel
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2006 Volume: 48 Issue: 1 Pages: 98-101
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract


Article
THE PROFILE OF PATIENTS WITH NON-VARICEAL UPPER GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT BLEEDING IN BASRAH TEACHING HOSPITAL

Authors: Jawad R Fadhl --- Musaab A Alayoob
Journal: Basrah Journal of Surgery مجلة البصرة الجراحية ISSN: 16833589 Year: 2018 Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 39-45
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Abstract Upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding is a common emergency and life threatening condition. During the last three decades, many factors have been evolved that might change the incidence, age of presentation, site of bleeding and the outcome of patients with non variceal upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding. This study aimed to assess the profile and the mode of presentation of the patients with non-variceal upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding and to assess the etiology and the effect of different factors (demographic, mode of presentation and the treatment options) on the patient's outcome. This observational prospective study was carried out from May 2008 to October 2014 in Basrah Teaching Hospital. All adult patients who were presented with non-variceal upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding were included. All the demographic, clinical and treatment modalities in addition to the mortality rate and complications data were collected and analyzed. A total of 238 patients with non-variceal upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding were included in this study, 161 (67.6 %) patients were males and 77 (32.3 %) were females. The mean age was 50.62±17.06. Hematemesis was the commonest presentation in 125 (52.5%) followed by melena in 81 (34.03%). Duodenal ulcer was the commonest cause in 99 (41.59%) patients followed by erosive gastritis in 37 (15.5%) patients. The most common treatment modality was the medical treatment used in 186 (78.15%) patients which was successful in 179 (96.23%) with relatively low complications and rebleeding rates. Interventional endoscopy was used for 40 (16.8%) and was successful in 38 (95%) with 2 (5%) patients developed rebleeding. Surgery was done for 12 (5.04%) patients and was successful in 8(66.6%) and it was associated with highest rate of mortality (33.3%). Concerning the factors that might affect the outcome, there was a statistically significant effect of mode of treatment (odd ratio 6.42, p=0.03) and smoking (odd ratio 5.86, p=0.047) on the rate of development of complications. The mode of treatment had a statistically significant effect on mortality rate (odd ratio 20.24 p=0.001). The use of aspirin and/or NSAID affects significantly the rebleeding rate (odd ratio 7.4 p=0.025). In conclusion, the profile of our patients with non-variceal upper gastrointestinal tract bleeding was not greatly different from that of surrounding Middle East countries. We found that peptic ulcer disease was the commonest cause for which medical treatment was the most successful mode of treatment. Among many known risk factors, the mode of treatment and smoking were the factors that increase the complication rate. The mode of treatment was the only factor that affects the mortality rate. Use of aspirin or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs influenced the rebleeding rate.


Article
Prolonged Bleeding Time in Uraemia

Authors: Riyadh al- Saigh --- Fuad Al- Kasab
Journal: journal of kerbala university مجلة جامعة كربلاء ISSN: 18130410 Year: 2007 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 7-17
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

Bleeding is a common and sometime fatal event in uraemic patients. Its etiology is multifactorial.Eighty uremic patients were included in this study. 39 were males and 41 were females. Their ages ranged 18-70 years. They received haemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD) or both. Bleeding time (BT) was measured by intravenous method. BT is considered prolonged if it is > 10 minutes.This study found neither the patients' age nor their sex affect the BT. The effect of duration of the illness on BT is remarkable. HD affects BT while no effect for PD was found.The commonest clinical manifestation of uraemic bleeding tendency is epistaxis.Among the variable characters of uraemic patients that adversely affect BT were raised serum creatinine (S. cr.), low packed cell volume (PCV), and prolonged partial thromboplastin time (PTT).This study recommends measurement of BT as a simple bedside test for uraemic patients to identify the risk of bleeding at early time. Corrections of abnormal variables like:Anemia by eryhtropoiten and/or blood transfusion,azotemia by dialysis,3-DDAVP usage and/or cryoprecipitate for acute bleeding episode,and estrogen therapy and others.Have a good impact on treating bleeding in uraemics.

يعتبر النزف حدث شائع و أحيانا مميت لدى مرضى بولينية الدم وهو متعدد الأسباب . لقد تضمنت هذه الدراسة ثمانين مريضا مصابا ببولينية الدم , تسع و ثلاثون منهم ذكورا و واحد و أربعون إناثا. لقد تراوحت أعمار المرضى بين ثمانية عشر إلى سبعين سنة. لقد عولج المرضى بالديال الدموي , الديال الصفاقي أو بكلاهما معا.اعتبر زمن النزيف طويلا إذا كان اكثر من عشر دقائق بطريقة داخل الوريد. لم يؤثر كلا من عمر أو جنس المرضى على زمن النزيف , بينما كان لمدة المرض الأثر الواضح عليه. إن ديال الدم كان مؤثرا على زمن النزيف و لم يكن للديال الصفاقي اثر يذكر.اكثر المضاهر السريرية لنزعة النزف لدى مرضى بولينية الدم شيوعا هو الرعاف. إن أهم المتغيرات المؤثرة سلبيا على زمن النزيف لدى مرضى بولينية الدم هي : ارتفاع نسبة مصل لحمينين الدم ,هبوط النسبة المؤوية الحجمية لكريات الدم الحمراء و إطالة زمن الثرمبوبلاستين الجزئي.لقد زكت هذه الدراسة زمن النزيف كفحص جانب سريري بسيط لتحديد خطر النزف لدى مرضى بولينية الدم. إن لتصحيح المتغيرات غير الطبيعية الدفع الجيد في علاج النزيف لدى مرضى بولينية الدم و تشمل هذه المغيرات ما يلي:تصحيح فقر الدم بإعطاء معزز تكون الكريات الحمراء أو بنقل الدم,تصحيح تنترج الدم بالديلزة, استعمال علاج1-Deamino-S-D-Arginine vasopressin (DDAVP) أو الراسب البارد لنوبات النزيف الحادة و المعالجة بالا ستروجين أو غيره.


Article
Comparative Physiological and Anatomical and Histological study of parts of Gastroitestinal Tract Between Chicken (Gallus gallus) , Geese (Anserini domestica) and Racing Pigeon (Columba livia domestica)
دراسة فسلجية تشريحية ونسجية مقارنة لأجزاء من القناة الهضمية بين الدجاج (Gallus gallus) والاوز المحلي (Anserini domestica) والحمام الزاجل (Columba livia domestica

Author: Ahmed J. Al-yasery, أحمد جواد الياسري
Journal: Jornal of Al-Muthanna for Agricultural Sciences مجلة المثنى للعلوم الزراعية ISSN: 40862226 Year: 2017 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 91-101
Publisher: Al-Muthanna University جامعة المثنى

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Abstract

This study was carried out in the laboratories of Agriculture college, Al-Muthanna University to investigate the comparative anatomical and histological structures of gastrointestinal tract in three species of avian (local poultry, local Gees and Pigeon), A18 birds was used, in which they were divided into 6 birds for each group. The anatomical results in poultry, geese and pigeon revealed that they possesses swallowing crop numerous mucous glands. In pigeon, swallowed crop was connected with muscular part of esophagus (10-15cm) length to form crop and proventriculus, which is a thick swallowing wall of conical shape. The results showed that poultry revealed significant superiorities at (P≤0.05) over geese and pigeon in anatomical dimensions of crop and gizzard, while poultry and pigeon revealed significant superiorities at (P≤0.05) over geese in proventriculus weight, length and thickness, the poultry and geese revealed a significant superiority over pigeon, while in width, the poultry revealed significant superiority on geese and pigeon

أُجريت الدراسة الحالية في مختبرات كلية الزراعة / جامعة المثنى للتعرف على التركيب التشريحي والنسيجي لأجزاء من القناة الهضمية في الطيور المحلية حيث استخدم (18) طيراً من (الدواجن Local Poultry ، الأوز المحلي Local Geese والحمام الزاجل Racing pigeon). اظهرت النتائج التشريحية في الدواجن والاوز ان الحوصلة عبارة عن انتفاخ للقناة الهضمية تحتوي عدد كبير من الغدد المخاطية mucous glands ، والمعدة الغدية الحقيقية هي تركيب بيضاوى الشكل يصل الحوصلة بالقانصة تبطن بغشاء مخاطي ، والمعدة العضلية (القانصة) هي كتلة عضلية سميكة، بينما أظهرت النتائج التشريحية في الحمام أن الحوصلة تتصل مع الجزء العضلي للمرئ وطوله 10 - 15 سم الذي ينتفخ لتكوين الحوصلة، كما أظهرت النتائج ان الدجاج كان متفوقا معنويا (P ≤ 0.05 ) على الاوز والحمام في القياسات التشريحية للحوصلة والقانصة ، بينما يظهر الدجاج والحمام تفوقا معنويا (P ≤ 0.05 ) على الاوز بوزن المعدة الحقيقية ، وفي طول المعدة الحقيقية كان الدجاج والاوز متفوقان على الحمام ، وفي عرض المعدة الغدية كان الدجاج متفوقا على الاوز والحمام وفي السمك كان الدجاج والاوز متفوقان على الحمام .


Article
Study of ELISA and antibiotic sensitivity test for Salmonella enteritidis as experimental infection in mice
دراسة اختبار الاليزا وفحص الحساسية الدوائية للسالمونيلا المعوية كأصابة تجريبية في الفئران

Authors: Haithm I. Baqir هيثم عزت باقر --- Mohammed K. Thamir محمد كاظم ثامر --- Khalid H. Znad خليل حسن زناد --- Laheeb J. Majeed لهيب جمال مجيد
Journal: Baghdad Science Journal مجلة بغداد للعلوم ISSN: 20788665 24117986 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 1 Pages: 114-122
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Salmonella enteritidis one of more important as epidemiological bacteria between other salmonella types. It is very important pathologically that cause food poising and gastrointestinal tract infections. This study includes some of immunological changes that appear by ELISA test and antibiotic sensitivity test against these bacteria in mice. ELISA test results appears high immunological response happen after 3 days of inoculation, mean titration readings beginning 0.198 and the maximum mean titration after 15 days of inoculation 1.538 and begin to decrease after this time slowly to remain about 0.297 after 40 days of inoculation. An antibiotics sensitivity test result appears, this bacteria sensitive to Chloramphenicol, Ceftriaxone, Ciprofloxacin and Cotrimaxazol. Resistance to Neomycin, Streptomycin and Rifampicin, while intermediate against Ampicilin and Amoxicillin. Another test we use Vitek system to know bacterial sensitivity against to more another types of antibiotics and to confirm between some of them.

جرثومة Salmonella enteritidis واحدة من أهم الجراثيم الوبائية من بين أنواع السالمونيلا الأخرى و مهمة جدا" من الناحية المرضية لأنها تسبب التسمم الغذائي وإصابات القناة المعدية المعوية. وهذا البحث تضمن دراسة بعض التغيرات والاستجابة المناعية للفئران بعد حقنها بهذه الجرثومة والتي تم قياسها باختبار الأليزا كما وتم فحص الحساسية لبعض من المضادات الحياتية ضد هذه الجرثومة. وأظهرت نتائج اختبار الأليزا حدوث استجابة مناعية واضحة بعد 3 أيام من الحقن ومعدل القراءات 0٫198 وأعلى معدل للقراءات كان بعد 15 يوم من الحقن وكان 1٫538 وهذا المعدل بدأ بالنقصان بعد هذا الوقت وبشكل بطيء ليكون حوالي 0٫297 بعد 40 يوم من الحقن. كما وأظهرت نتائج فحص الحساسية للمضادات الحياتية بأن هذه الجرثومة حساسة إلى كل من كلورمفنيكول وسفترياكسون وسبايروفلوكساسين وكوتريماكسازول. وكانت مقاومة إلى كل من نيومايسين وستربتومايسبن وريفامبسين. بينما كانت متوسطة الحساسية لكل من امبسيلين واموكسيسيلين. ألاختبار الآخر تم استخدام نظام فايتك لمعرفة حساسية الجرثومة تجاه أنواع أخرى من المضادات الحياتية وللمقارنة مع بعضها.

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