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Article
Salivary vitamins and total proteins, in relation to cariesexperience and gingival health, according to nutritional status of a group of five-year old children

Author: Nada J. Radhi ندى راضي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 3 Pages: 129-136
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Malnutrition influences the development of the teeth and the formation, function and secretion of thesalivary glands, which in turn influence susceptibility to dental caries and gingival disease. The aims of this study wereto assess the salivary antioxidants (vitamin A, C and E) levels as well as total protein and their relation to cariesseverity and gingival health status among mal- and well-nourished children.Materials and Methods: The sample consisted of 60 children and they divided according to nutritional status (30malnourished and 30 well nourished). The 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) growth charts wasused for assessment of nutritional status (height for age). The age was five years old. Caries severity (d1-4s) wasassessed according to Muhlemann (1976). Dental plaque recorded following the criteria described by Sillness andLöe (1964). The gingival index (GI) was used according to Löe and Sillness criteria (1963). Stimulated whole salivasamples were collected and chemically analyzed by using colorimetric method to determine the salivaryantioxidants (vitamin A, C and E) and total protein. All data were analyzed using SPSS version 18.Results: Results recorded a higher mean value of dmfs among malnourished in comparison to well nourished withstatistically highly significant difference (P< 0.001). According to grades of lesion severity, d4 was significantly thehigher among malnourished children (P< 0.001). Strong highly significant correlations were noticed between ds, dmfsand PI among malnourished and well nourished children. Significantly lower values of vitamins and total protein werenoticed among malnourished children compared to well nourished (P< 0.001). Negative highly significantcorrelations were found with all vitamins among malnourished children regarding caries-experience and GI.Conclusion: Childhood chronic malnutrition (stunting) is associated with salivary hypofunction. This may act as a riskfactor for dental caries and gingival disease in the target group.

Keywords

vitamin A --- C --- E --- total protein --- dental caries --- gingival disease


Article
Gingival health in relation to salivary vitamin C and total protein among dental students

Author: Nada J.M.H. Radhi,
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2014 Volume: 26 Issue: 3 Pages: 156-159
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The protective roles of vitamin C and total proteins in gingival inflammation were reported by severalstudies. The aim of this study was to measure the concentration of salivary vitamin C, total protein and their relationto gingival health among dental students.Materials and methods: The sample consisted of 67 dental students (33 males and 34 females) from College ofDentistry, University of Baghdad. Sillness and Löe (1964) was used for recording of dental plaque, while the gingivalindex (GI) was measured according to Löe and Sillness criteria (1963). Stimulated salivary samples were collectedand chemically analyzed in Poisoning Center/Surgical Specialty Hospital by using colorimetric method to measurethe salivary vitamin C and total protein. SPSS version 18 was used for analyzing data.Results: A higher percentage of dental students were found with mild type of gingivitis. Higher mean value of salivaryvitamin C was reported among dental students with mild type of gingival index compared to those with moderatetype, while the opposite picture was noticed for total protein, differences were statistically significant (P< 0.05).Conclusion: Significant associations between salivary vitamin C, total protein and gingivitis were found in the presentstudy. The protective rule of salivary vitamin C and total protein may offer a route to improve oral healthcare

سجلت دراسات عدیدة الدور الوقائي للفیتامین ج والبروتینات الكلیة في التھاب اللثة. الھدف من ھذه الدراسة ھو لقی اس تركی ز فیت امین ج والب روتین الكل ي ف ي اللع اب وعلاقتھم ا بص حةاللثة لدى طلبة طب الاسنان.المواد والطرق: تكونت العین ة م ن س بعة وس تین طال ب م ن طلب ة كلی ة ط ب الاس نان/جامع ة بغ داد (ثلاث ة وثلاث ون ذك ر واربع ة وثلاث ون انث ى). اس تخدم مؤش ر دلی ل اللویح ة الجرثومی ةتم جمع عینات من اللعاب المحفز وحلل ت كیمیائی ا ف ي مختب ر الس موم/مستش فى .(Löe and Sillness, بینما استخدم مؤشر اللثة تبعا لتصنیف ( 1963 ، (Sillness and Löe, 1964).SPSS لقیاس فیتامین (ج) والبروتین الكلي. حللت البیانات احصائیا باستخدام 18 (colorimetric method) الجراحات التخصصیة باستخدامالنتائج: وجد ان النسبة العالیة من طلبة طب الاسنان مصابین بالتھاب اللث ة الخفی ف، كم ا س جل ل دیھم ارتف اع قیم ة متوس ط فیت امین (ج) ف ي اللع اب مقارن ة ال ى ال ذین ل دیھم التھ اب اللث ةالمتوسط. بینما لوحظ العكس للبروتین الكلي، مع فروق معنویة احصائیا.الخلاصة: وجدت ھذه الدراسة علاقات معنویة واضحة بین فیتامین (ج)، البروتین الكلي والتھ اب اللث ة. ان ال دور الوق ائي لفیت امین (ج) والب روتین الكل ي ربم ا یك ون الطری ق ال ى العنای ةبصحة الفم.


Article
Gingival health status among patients with transfusion dependent thalassemia (TDT) in Erbil city
الحالة الصحية للثة بين مرضى الثلاسيمية التي تعتمد على نقل الدم في مدينة أربيل

Authors: Othman A. Omer --- Omer Surchi --- Dildar A. Othman
Journal: Zanco Journal of Medical Sciences مجلة زانكو للعلوم الطبية ISSN: 19955588/19955596 Year: 2013 Volume: 17 Issue: 2 Pages: 450-455
Publisher: Hawler Medical Univeristy جامعة هولير الطبية

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Abstract

Background and objective: Thalassemias constitute a form of anemia that has clear problems in relation to oral health. The purpose of this study to determine whether beta thalassemic disease is associated with increased risk of gingival disease.Methods: In this case control study, 50 transfusion dependent thalassemic patients aged 12 to 24 years compared with 50 healthy control subjects matching in age and sex. At beginning both beta thalassemic patients and healthy control subjects were receiving scaling and polishing with good oral hygiene instruction and using the same tooth paste and tooth brush in order to obtain zero score at base line. Then, the all subjects were followed up for six month at one week (base line), one month, three months and six months interval. Gingival health status was assessed through these six months by application of Silness and Loe plaque index (PI), Ramfjord calculus index (Cal I) and Loe and Silness Gingival index (GI). Data were analyzed by using chi square, fisher's exact test, student t-test and paired t-test.Results: At base line, results showed that plaque index and gingival index were higher among beta thalassemic patients than healthy control subjects with no statistical significance difference. Regarding the calculus index, there was no calculus in both groups at base line. After six month follow up (one, three and six month interval) results showed that plaque index, calculus index and gingival index were higher among beta thalassemic patients than healthy control group with statistically significant difference (P<0.05).Conclusion: Patients with beta thalassemic major showed significant difference in their gingival health status and therefore a special oral hygiene care program needed for this target group.

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