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Article
Oral hygiene and gingival health among adult population (21–80) years in Thamar– Yemen

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Rayia J Al–Naimi --- Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2004 Volume: 4 Issue: 7 Pages: 49-53
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the study is to evaluate the oral hygiene and gingival health and to find if there is any variation between sex and age groups among adults aged 21–80 years in Thamar–Yemen. A sample of 224 individuals aged 21– 80 years (177 males and 47 females) were examined using plaque index by Silness and Löe (1964) and gingival index by Löe and Silness (1963). The results showed that the mean plaque score for the total sample was 1.15; the plaque index was increasing with age significantly. Males reported higher means than females with statistical significant difference in the 3rd, and 5th age groups; while at the 4th age group the females reported significantly higher plaque scores than males. The mean gingival score for the total sample was low (0.84) and it was increasing with age significantly. The mean gingival score was slightly better in males than females with statistical significant difference in all age groups except the 5th age group where the females showed better gingival health. Therefore, the objective of dental health education to those adults is to improve the effectiveness of oral hygiene practice by tooth brushing and interdental aids.


Article
Periodontal health care by people of Humaidat village in Ninevah

Author: Saher S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2003 Volume: 3 Issue: 5 Pages: 44-49
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study was a part of a field work carried out by the University of Mosul in Humaidat village which is located at the Tigris river about 25 km to the northern west from Mosul. The size of the sample was 213 individuals; 105 males and 108 females. Their ages were ranged between 10 – 59 years. Clinical dental examination was carried out using plaque index (Pl I), gingival index (GI) and calculus index (CI). Questionnaires were used to assess the level of dental health attitude and behaviour among the individuals. Results showed that a large percent of them do not brush their teeth (46.4%) and do not use interdental cleaning aids (87.3%). Also a large percent of them did not attend a dental treatment previously (45%), and most of dental attendances of the others were for teeth extraction and due to pain. Clinical examination showed that the mean scores for plaque, gingival and calculus indices were high (1.16, 1.22 and 0.54 respectively) and increased by increasing age.


Article
Immunological response of gingival tissue injected by green tea

Authors: Dilyar A. Baban دليار بابان --- Lekaa Mahmood لقاء محمود --- Nabil Eelia نبيل اليا
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 4 Pages: 95-99
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Green tea has many beneficial effects on the body. The recent era is all about herbal treatment ofvarious diseases and green tea is one of the best tonics for healthy well beings. This study examined theimmunological response of sulcular injection of green tea on gingival health using a rabbit model.Methods: Twenty male rabbit weighted 1-1.5 kg of the same species. Blood samples were taken for each normalrabbits before sulcular injection with 5% green tea solution, blood drown after three days of the injection forimmunological assessment by measuring of IL-1β, TNF-α and INF-γ.Results: Study showed there was a highly significant decrease in mean concentration of IL-1β, TNF-α after injectionwith 5% green tea solution(P< 0.01), while a significant elevation was observed in mean concentration of INF-γ afterinjected with the same solution(P<0.05).Conclusion: Green tea sulcular injection had beneficial effect on the periodontal health condition, thus green teacan be used safely and successfully in oral field.


Article
Effect of preventive periodontal health education on the oral hygiene of primary school children

Author: Dr. Enas Razzoqi Naaom. B.D.S Msc. Periodontology . * د. ايناس رزوقي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2009 Volume: 6 Issue: 4 Pages: 402-407
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Teachers are believed to be the key in any educational program so they could be targeted in order to enhance the effect of dental health education. A sample of eighty eight of first year primary school children aged 6 – 7 years old were randomly chosen and allocated into two group ,control and experimental (with 44 children in each group ). Teaching staff of experimental group were submitted to oral health education program that were conducted for the children in the experimental group only. The total sample were examined using plaque index PLI (silness & Loe) & gingival index GI (Loe & silness). The first examination carried out before the program conduction and the second examination done one month after. A highly significant improvement was recorded among the children in the experimental group after the program conduction. Results of this research support the positive role of the educational programs in the improvement of dental and periodontal health. Therefore, oral health education for school children is an essential activity for promoting, establishing and marinating optimal oral health and preventing oral diseases.


Article
Nutritional status in relation to oral health status among patients attending dental hospital

Authors: Eman K. Chaloob ايمان جلوب --- Alhan A. Qasim الحان قاسم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: special issue 1 Pages: 114-119
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Good Nutrition is essential for oral and dental health in children. Good eating habits and foodpreferences are established early in childhood. Oral health problems can effect dietary quality and nutrient intake inanother side increase the risk of several systemic diseases., The aim of the present study was to investigate therelation or the effect the of nutritional status in children at age of 5 to16 on the oral health status and dental caries .Materials and Methods: the total sample composed of 153 patients attending the Pedodontic and PreventiveDepartment/College of Dentistry/University of Baghdad, the assessment of nutritional status was performed by usingBody Mass Index specific for age and gender according to Chronic Disease and Prevention Center (CDC) growthchart (2000). Ramfjord index teeth were applied to assess oral cleanliness and gingival condition, Dental plaque andGingival health condition was assessed by using plaque index of Silness and Loe(1964),and gingival index of Loe andSilness( 1963), Calculus index assessment was according to Ramfjord criteria (1959). Dental caries measurement wasaccording to World Health Organization criteria (1997).Results: this study showed no significance in the nutritional status (BMI) of children at 5-16 years of age and plaqueindex, gingival index, and calculus index, as well as the correlation of significant differences was not found betweenthe nutritional status (BMI) and caries experience.Conclusion: this study reflected that the oral hygiene, gingival health and dental caries were not affected bynutritional status of children at age of 5-16years.


Article
Oral health status among patients treated with fixed orthodontic appliance at different time intervals.

Authors: Dr. Elaf AbdulKareem Alidan B.D.S د. ايلاف عبد الكريم --- Dr. Nadia A. AlRawi B.D.S, M.Sc, PhD د. نادية الراوي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 31-37
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Fixed orthodontic appliance considered a risk factor that effect oralhealth status. Aims of this study were evaluation of oral hygiene, gingival healthand caries experience among patients with fixed orthodontic appliance atdifferent time intervals of treatment.Material & Methods:- 32 patients (24 female and 8 male) included in this study andthey underwent clinical examination plaque, calculus, gingival health and cariesexperience by using Loe, 1967, Green and vermillion, 1960 and WHO, 1987indices at four time intervals: 2-3 weeks after appliance insertion, 2 months, 4months, 6 months. The statistical analysis of data was by using statisticalPackage for social Sciences (SPSS version 18).Results:- The means of all variables examined increased during six months oforthodontic treatment with high significant difference during visits. 49.6% ofpatients developed new caries lesions after six months of treatment.Conclusion:- Patients underwent orthodontic treatment at high risk for developingoral health problems.


Article
Oral health status and selected salivary physicochemical characteristics among a group of patients with acute lymphocytic leukemia undergoing chemotherapy (longitudinal study)

Authors: Dr. Baydaa Hussein B.D.S, M.Sc. د. بيداء حسين --- Dr. Estabrak Yakoob Baker B.D.S. د. استبرق يعقوبباقر
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 98-104
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Background: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia is fast growing cancer of the whiteblood cell. Chemotherapy which has been used to treat malignant conditions has anegative impact on oral health condition among cancer patients. Thisobservational study was conducted to determine the level of selected salivaryphysicochemical characteristics including flow rate and total antioxidant) inaddition to evaluation of oral health status (dental plaque and gingival healthcondition) among a group of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.Materials and methods: The present study included thirty patients with acutelymphoblastic leukemia aged (14-17) years old. Those patients attended MedicalCity in Baghdad and were admitted to the Hematological Center at TeachingBaghdad Hospital. All patients fullfitted certain inclusion criteria. Salivary samplecollection and oral examination were carried at three visits: the first visit wascarried out before receiving chemotherapy (at the day of admission)(baselinedata), while the second visit was carried out at the day 15 (after startingchemotherapy), and the third visit was done at the day 30 (after startingchemotherapy). Stimulated salivary samples were collected and salivary flow ratewas determined. Dental plaque was assessed according to criteria of plaque indexby Sillness and Lӧe (1964) and gingival health condition was assessed accordingto the criteria of Modified Gingival Index for Lobene et al (1986). Salivarysamples then were chemically analyzed for the detection of salivary totalantioxidant.Results: In this study, salivary flow rate decreased with time (visits) (1.44±0.14,1.27±0.16, 1.02±0.53) with statistically highly significant differences (p<0.01).On the other hand, the mean values of plaque and gingival indices increased withtime (visits) (0.89± 0.39, 1.22± 0.58, 1.82 ±0.75) (0.98± 0.49, 1.13± 0.46, 1.38±0.84) respectively and the differences were statistically highly significant(p<0.01). While salivary total antioxidant decreased with time (visits) (0.94±0.25,0.92±0.21, 0.82±0.21) with statistically significant differences (p<0.05).Conclusion: Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, its treatment and duration of treatmenthave direct and indirect impact on the oral health status of leukemic patients.Those patients had poor oral hygiene with high rate of gingivitis in addition tochange in salivary physicochemical properties, thus, an organized, comprehensiveoral health preventive and educational programs in addition to intense oralhygiene program before and during the first month of treatment with cytotoxicMDJdrug (chemotherapy) are essential to improve their oral health condition andprevent oral problems and complications.


Article
Gingival health condition and salivary physical properties among a group of patients with intermaxillary fixation in tow times intervals (Follow up study)

Authors: Entiqal N. Jasim Al-Wazni --- Nadia A. Al- Rawi
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 1 Pages: 132-138
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: One of the methods used in the treatment of maxillofacial fracture is intermaxillary fixation(IMF), the most common type is the Erich arch bar with interdental wiring. This study was conducted to investigate the impact of intermaxillary fixation on gingival health condition among a group of patients with facial fracture in relation to salivary physical properties.Materials and methods: Thirty patients with an age range of (17-37) years old with facial fractures and indicated for IMF. Plaque index and gingival index (Loe, 1967) were used to assess both of them before application and after removal of IMF. Unstimulated saliva sample collection was carried out under standardized conditions according to Navazesh and Kumer (2008) before IMF application and after removal to measure salivary flow rate and viscosity. Analysis of data was carried out using SPSS (version 18).Results: A higher mean values of plaque and gingival index were recorded after IMF removal than that before IMF application, with highly significant changes (p<0.01). In regarding to salivary physical properties, salivary flow rate mean values was lower after IMF removal than before IMF application with statistically highly significant changes ( p<0.01). Concerning salivary viscosity, it has been found that a higher mean values after IMF removal than before IMF application with highly significant changes (p<0.01).Conclusion: The results of current investigation revealed that intermaxillary fixation (Arch bar) have a significant effects on gingival health in addition to disturb normal level of certain salivary physical properties


Article
Oral hygein and gingival health among adolescents and adult population (15-44) years in sharkhan village, ninevah, Iraq

Author: Layla A MAKANI
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2001 Volume: 1 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-7
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the study is to evaluate the oral hygiene and gingival health and to identify if there is any variation between sex and age group among adolescents and adult population in rural area (sharkhan village), in Ninevah governorate. A sample of 203 individuals aged 1-44 years (84 males and 119 females) were examined using plaque index score by silness and loe (1964) and gingival index by loe and silness (1963). The results show that mean plaque score for total sample is (1.29), the plaque index was increase with age, the females reported less mean plaque score than male, however, there was no statistically significant difference of oral hygiene by sex. The mean gingival score was moderate (1.26) for total sample and it was increase with age significantly, the mean gingival score was slightly better in females in females than males with statistical significant between them. The study revealed that about (50%) of the total sample did not brush their teeth or brush infrequently. Therefore the objective of dental health education to those subjects is to brush their teeth regularly and to improve the effectiveness of oral hygiene practice.


Article
Epidemiological study on prevalence of plaque and gingivitis among adolescents and adult population (15-54) years in Hamam-Allel villages, Ninevah, Iraq

Author: Tarik Y KHAMRCO
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2001 Volume: 1 Issue: SpIss Pages: S283-S290
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of periodontal disease (gingivitis) and oral hygiene condition among adolescents and adult population (15-54) years in Hamam-Allel villages in Ninevah city.A sample of (402) individuals aged (15-54) years (10 males and 292 females) were selected randomly and examined using plaque index Score by Silness and Loe and gingival index by Loe and Silness. The results revealed that mean plaque score was (1.21) for the total sample, and it was increase with age, the males reported lower mean than females with no significant difference between them. The mean gingival score was low (54) for the total sample and it was increase with age significantly, the mean gingival score was slightly better in females than males, however, there was no statistically significant differences between them.The study indicated that about 2/3 of the total sample did not brush their teeth or brush infrequently,so the population can be educated in effective and regular oral hygiece, therefore dental health education orogram for those population is an essential activity for promoting their oral health and preventing oral disease.

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