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Article
Clinical Outcome of Azithromycin dehydrate used in treatment of acute apical periodontitis and severe chronic marginal gingivitis compared to other antibiotics

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Abstract

Ninety six patient aged between 12 – 50 years attending the college of dentistry ,Al- mustansyria university and the investigators clinics , they were divided into twoequal groups; 48 Patients suffering acute apical periodntitis ( painful ) weresubjected to different antibiotics after drainage and their prognosis towards nonpainfulchronic apical perioddontitis was observed and were as follows : 29.3% withAzithromycin, 20.8 % with ampicilline and 29.3% with ampicilline plusmetronidazole with a total of 79.4 % .The second group, were 48 students aged 12- 20 years suffering from severemarginal gingivitis ( GI-3 ) and were subjected to different antibiotics afterprophylaxis and some of them were kept on prophylaxis alone and their progress tomild marginal gingivitis ( G.I.1) was observed and were as follows :20.8 % withazithromycin , 16.7 % with ampicilline, 22.9 % with ampicilline plus metronidazoleand 20.8 % with prophylaxis and oral hygiene practice alone with a total of 81.2 %showing no significant difference between prophylaxis alone and those withprophylaxis and antibiotics .


Article
Uses of periodontal status for assessment of alveolar bone loss by clinical and radiographic analysis in smokers and non smokers

Authors: Mona Alsafi منى الصافي --- Ra'ed M. A. Al- Delayme رائد الدليمي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 4 Pages: 100-102
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: The measurement was done by liner measurement from CEJ to AC by choosing the virnia. Theradiographic land marks the CEJ and AC mere identified. CEJ can be defined as the bounder between the enameland the cementum of root. The study were carried on in Oral Surgery and Radiology department in dentistry schoolof Alyarmouk University CollegeMaterial and Methods: Forty patients with in20-24 years of age were selected for this study that attended to Surgeryand Radiology department in dentistry school of Alyarmouk University CollegeResults: The plaque index: in group 1 (the smokers) in both plaque index 1.023 + 0.308 GI = 1.004 +0.091. Comparedwith group 2 (nonsmokers) = 1.264 +2.407 in PI and GI = 1.023 +1.445.Conclusions: Dental Plaque, Gingival Index, Bleeding on Probing and Probing Pocket Depth was highly elevated insmokers group compared with non- smokers group


Article
Oral health status among secondary school students in Mosul City Centre/Iraq

Author: Aisha A Qasim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2007 Volume: 7 Issue: 2 Pages: 180-185
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the oral hygiene and gingival health among secondary school students and to find ifthere was any variation between age and sex groups in Mosul City Centre. Material and Methods: Asample of 630 students aged 16–18 years old (278 males, 352 females) were examined using plaqueindex score and gingival index. The clinical examinations were carried out in the school using planemouth mirrors, WHO periodontal probes to detect the dental plaque and gingival health. Results:Showed that the mean plaque score for the total sample was 0.96, the plaque index increased with age.Females reported less mean plaque scores than males with statistically significant difference betweenthem. The mean gingival score was 0.56 for the total sample and it increased with age. There was asignificant difference between males and females. The study revealed that 35.9% of the total sampledid not brush their teeth. Therefore the objective of dental health education to those subjects is to brushtheir teeth regularly and to improve the effectiveness of oral hygiene practice. Conclusion: Periodontaldisease is indirectly related to the exposure of bacterial plaque for long time which calls forcoordinated planning of preventive strategies and urgent priorities


Article
Periodontal Health Status among 6-12 years patients with Beta- thalassemia Major Syndrome in Baghdad –Iraq.

Author: Dr. Haraa Khairi Al-Hadithi, B.D.S, M.Sc.* د.حراء خيري
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2010 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 57-62
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

AbstractThalassemia constitutes a form of anemia that has clear problems in relation tooral and dental health.The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence and severity of periodontaldiseases among patients with β-thalassemia major (βtm) at (6-12) years of age inBaghdad city in comparison to healthy control.Our study sample comprised 50 patients of both sexes were examined ,who wereattending the thalassemia center in Al-Karama Hospital .A similar number of healthycontrol matching with age and gender were involved .Plaque index of Silness &Löe (1964) and Calculus index of Ramfjord (1959) wereused to assess oral cleanliness (dental plaque and dental calculus respectively).Gingival index of Löe &Silness (1963) was used for recording gingival healthcondition.Results were generally observed a poor oral hygiene .Highly significant differencein means of plaque index (1.902±0.68, 0.9384±0.51) and gingival index (1.390± 0.94,0.840± 0.46) between βtm and control groups respectively, while not significant inmean of calculus index (0.470± 0.63, 0.3362± 0.42) between groups.The present study showed that most patients with β-thalassemia major wereaffected by gingivitis of moderate type (38%), while most of control of mild type(76%).


Article
Assessment of oral cleanliness and gingival condition among intermediate Thamarian school students

Author: Faraed D Salman
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 181-185
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the oral cleanliness and gingival health among intermediate school students and tofind if there was any variation between age and sex groups in Thamar–Yemen. Material andMethods: A sample of 596 students aged 13–15 years old (308 males, 288 females) were examinedusing plaque index score by Silness and Löe (1964) and gingival index by Löe and Silness (1963). Theclinical examinations were carried out in the school using plane mouth mirrors, WHO periodontalprobes to detect the dental plaque and gingival health. Results: The mean plaque score for the totalsample was 0.90. The plaque index was increasing with age, females reported less mean plaque scoresthan males with statistically significant difference between them. The mean gingival score was 0.52 forthe total sample and it was increasing with age with statistical significant difference. Females alsoreported less gingival scores than males with statistical significant difference between them. The study revealed that 45.1 % of the total sample did not brush their teeth. Conclusion: Gingival and periodontal diseases are indirectly related to the exposure of bacterial plaque for long time which calls for integrated, coordinated planning of preventive and treatment services as an urgent priority.


Article
Gingival health status among students in AL-Mustansiria University – College of Dentistry

Authors: Dr. Mohammed K. Mahmoud. B.D.S., M. Sc. د.محمد قيس --- Dr. Rand S. AL-Ubaidi. B.D.S., M. Sc. د.رند العبيدي
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2011 Volume: 8 Issue: 2 Pages: 158-163
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Gingival health status survey was conducted concerning 19-23 years old studentsin Al- Mustansiria University / college of dentistry.The total sample composed of 150 students (75 males and 75 females).The clinical examination was conducted by using blunt mouth probe, followingthe (GI) described by Silness and Loe (1963).Results of this study have shown that mean of gingivitis decreases with advancingclass level with a high significant difference between all classes due to higherawareness regarding prevention of dental diseases among finished dental students.Results also show that gingivitis among males is higher than that among females forall classes because of having better oral hygiene practices than males.


Article
Salivary Free Testosterone and Gingival Health Condition among a Group of Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Authors: AndalusAbid HassanTahir --- Baydaa Hussien
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 1 Pages: 165-169
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders affecting women in their reproductive age.It is characterized by anovulation or oligo-ovulation and hyperandrogensim.Androgen excess is the central defect in polycystic ovary syndrome. It is a complex disorder affects general health in addition to oral health.This study aimed to assess the gingival health status among a group of women with polycystic ovary syndrome as well as to estimate the levels of salivaryfree testosterone in unstimulated saliva in relation to gingival health condition.Materials and methods: Sixty two women with an age range 20-25 years old and with a body mass index range18.5-24.9 (normal weight) were included in this study. They were divided into two groups; the study group which included thirty one women with polycystic ovary syndrome, those women.nattended Babylon Teaching Hospital/ Infertility Center and the control group which included thirty one women with regular menstrual cycles,without clinical or biochemical features of hyperandrogenism and ultrasound exclusion of polycystic ovary (without polycystic ovary syndrome). Collection of unstimulated salivary samples was carried out under standardrizedconditions, salivary free testosterone levels were estimated. Plaque index of Silness and Lӧe (1964) was used to assess dental plaque. While gingival index of Lӧe and Silness (1963) was used to assess gingival inflammation. Data analysis was conducted through the application of the (SPSS version 18). The analysis of data included: Mean, Standard deviation, t-test, Pearson Correlation (r), Receiver Operative Characteristics Curve (ROC curve).Results:Results showed that the mean value of plaque index was found to be higher in the control group (1.18±0.03) than that in the study group (1.00±0.08) with statistically highly significant difference (p<0.01).While the mean value of gingival indexwas higher among the study group (1.52±0.06)than that in the control group (1.31±0.05)with statistically highly significant difference (p<0.01).Salivary levels of free testosterone among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (44.12±1.37 pg/ml) were found to be higher than that of control (18.50±0.87) with statistically highly significant difference (p<0.01).The results in this study showed that the correlations between salivary free testosterone with the oral variables (plaque index, gingival index) were statistically not significant (P>0.05).In order to assess the specificity and sensitivity of the use of salivary free testosterone as a diagnostic tool, statistical analysis of Receiver Operative Characteristics Curve (ROC) was used and predictive Value Measurmentswere done in this study. The results showed that the area under the curve for salivary free testosterone test was (1.000) with highly significant p-value (p<0.01). The best optimal cut off point for salivary free testosterone was (30.86) with (100%) sensitivity and specificity, indicating a very good predictive capacity for using salivary free testosterone as a marker for the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome.Conclusions : It was concluded that gingival inflammation was high among women with polycystic ovary syndrome. Furthermore, salivary levels of free testosterone were found to be high among women with polycystic ovary syndrome


Article
Comparison Of Oral Health Status And Behaviorbetween First And Fifth Years Of Al-Mustansiriyah Dental Students

Author: Athraa A. Mahmood
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2017 Volume: 29 Issue: 2 Pages: 71-77
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Background:Periodontal diseases and dental caries are the most common oral diseases, but they can beadequately prevented by adopting a specific health behavior and plaque control.The study was carried out todetermine and compare oral health status; it included both caries experience, gingival health and oral hygienebehavior betweenfirst and fifth yearsof Al-Mustansiriyahdental students.Materials and methods: Total sample of the study consisted of 50 students at first year (25 males, 25 females)and 60students at fifth year (30 males, 30 females). Plaque andgingival indices,dental caries indices (DMFS and DMFT)wererecorded to evaluateoral health status for each student. Further questionnaires were given to evaluatedifferent oral hygiene habits.Results: The mean values of plaque and gingival indicesin the first year were higher than fifth year for males andfemales with highly significant difference at (P ≤0.01);whereas the mean values of plaque index were (1.17, 0.83 formales of first and fifth years respectively and 1.02, 0.47 for femaleof first and fifth years respectively)and the meanvalues of gingival index were(0.89, 0.51 for males of first and fifth years respectively and 0.78, 0.31 for femalesof firstand fifth years respectively). As well as, the mean of (DMFS and DMFT) were showed higher values among femalesthan maleswhere (8.88, 6.48 for males and 10.16, 7.08 for females)in first year, while(11.90, 8.73for males and 13.33,9.16 for females) infifth year. The percentagesof tooth brushing, mouthwash, dental floss, and tooth picks usingforfifthyear students were higher than first year students.Conclusion: Differences of oral health statusand behavior rates between first and finalyearsstudents can beattributed to low level of dental education infirst year studentswhoseneed the improvements of oral hygieneeducation in futurewhich include the importance of proper tooth brushing and using of interdental aids to preventthe periodontal diseases and dental caries


Article
Effect of Class II Amalgam and Composite Restorations on Periodontal Health of Posterior Teeth: An in vivo study

Authors: Saher S. Gasgoos --- Sarra A. AL-Sanjary
Journal: Journal of Oral and Dental Research مجلة طب الفم والاسنان ISSN: 23106417 Year: 2017 Volume: 4 Issue: 2 Pages: 82-92
Publisher: Iraqi Association for Oral Research الجمعية العراقية لبحوث طب الفم

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Abstract

Background Periodontal health at the restorative gingival interface continues to represent one of the most diffcult challenges. Unfortunately, they only mimic the physical and morphological aspects of teeth, as they are limited by the absence of the ‘ideal material’ that would provide characteristics similar to the normal tooth structure. Aims To determine the influence of class II amalgam and composite restorative materials on plaque accumulation, gingivitis and periodontal pocket depth. Materials and Methods One hundred patients were included in the study. The age ranged between (21-24) years old. The sample was composed of two groups (50 patients each), with an equal ratio of males and females. The tested restoration types were: amalgam class II (MO) and composite class II (MO) of 2-3 years. The following periodontal parameters: plaque index (PI), gingival index (GI) and pocket depth (PD) in mm were recorded for each restored tooth compared with non-restored tooth on the other side of the mouth as a control. Results The results showed that amalgam induce the higher means of plaque, gingivitis and pocket depth compared with composite. The mean of the three parameters, as compared to control group, were statistically higher in the restored amalgam surfaces (p<0.05). For composite restoration the means of the three parameters were also higher but not in signifcant levels for both plaque index and gingival Index, except for pocket depth of the restored surfaces were signifcantly higher than the controlled surfaces. However, there were no signifcant differences in the ranks of the three mesial indices of patients having amalgam in comparison with those having composite. Conclusion This study suggests that composite restorations did not have a signifcant advantage on periodontal health over amalgam restorations for Class II posterior teeth.


Article
Effect of the number of pregnancy in the dental health status of mothers.

Authors: Khawla m. saleh B.D.S., M.SC. د.خولة صالح --- Tarik y.khamrco B.D.S.,DDPH (RCS) M,SC د.طارق خمركو
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2005 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-6
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

The aim of study was to evaluate the effect ofthe number of pregnancy inthe dental health of iraqi women .Three hundred ninety nine pregnant women were included in this study, withan age range of 18-39 years old. They were attending to the Maternal and ChildHealth Care Center (MCHCC) for their monthly periodic checkup with differentpregnancy stages. The sample of the study was randomly selected from four out of 16MCHCCs in the center of Mosul city .Caries experience were diagnosed and recorded according to the criteriasuggested by WHO 1997 using CPI probe. The (DMFS) index was used to assess thedecayed, missing and filled surfaces .The periodontal health status of pregnant women was performed using thefollowing clinical parameters (gingival index, plaque index and calculus index .)To evaluate the effective of number of pregnancy on dental health status, thesample divided into three group (1-3) according to the number of pregnancy (1-3, 4-6 ,)75 respectively .The result indicated an increase in the mean of DMF S score with an increasein the number of pregnancy; also the study indicates a significant increase in the meanof periodontal parameters with an increase in the number of pregnancy

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