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Article
Inhibition of bacterial adhesion for Ecoli by ciprofloxacin from patients suffering gingivitis
تثبيط عامل الالتصاق لبكتريا الاشريشيه القولونيه بالتركيز المثبط الأدنى للمضاد الحيوي السبروفلاكساسين لمرضى التهاب اللثه

Author: Assaist. Instructor Zahrah Adnan
Journal: journal of the college of basic education مجلة كلية التربية الاساسية ISSN: 18157467(print) 27068536(online) Year: 2013 Volume: 19 Issue: 79 / علمي Pages: 827-832
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

Gingivitis:is an inflammatory destructive disease mainly caused by microbial plaques. This study was aied isolate the pathogenic bacteria from gingival of 50 patients with oral gingivitis and 24 isolate by using. enriched and specific media used for isolation of bacteria. Identification of isolated bacteria performed by gram staining and biochemical tests. Twenty four isolate were gram negative and gram positive .The most frequent gram negative isolates were E coli 5(20.8%), Streptococcus spp 4(16.6%),Klebseilla spp 3(12.5%) ,Protus valgaris, Pseudomonas spp,Klebseilla oxytoca, Enterobacter cloacae,Escherichia alkalgance were 2(8.5%), and the last Protus mirabilis and Citrobacter spp were 1(4.1)% . Antibiotics bacterial resistant was most common in gram negative than in gram positive .The high bacterial antibiotics resistant was Ecoli Ampicillin, , Cephalexin, Ciprofloxacin and Ceftriaxone (100)% while the low bacterial resistant to antibiotics was Citrobacter spp . Bacterial gingivitis adhesion on epithelial cell and inhibition adhesion by sub MIC, used the plate test double dilution agar method for MIC & sub MIC ciprofloxacin antibiotic. The results of present study indicate that a wide range of pathogenic bacteria are responsible for destructions of gingival among patients. The diagnosis and treatment of the patients is necessary according to the public health care systems .The aim of study was isolate and identification the more pathogenic bacteria and the bacterial antibiotics resistant antibiotics and study inhibition adhesion virulence factor by sub MIC ciprofloxacin

التهاب اللثة من الإمراض الشائعة الانتشاربسبب الميكروبات الموجودة في المادة البيضاء المتراكمة والملتصقة .علما ان سبب التهاب اللثه هي البكتريا الموجبه والسالبه لصبغه غرام الكرويه و العصويه وتم عزل24 عزله بكيريه من 50مريض يعانون من اعراض التهاب اللثه وقد استعملت الاوساط الزرعيه الغنيه والمتخصصه وصبغه غرام وبعض الفحوصات البايوكميائيه في العزل .ان الاربع والعشرين عزله كانت للبكتريا الموجبه والسالبه لصبغه غرام .علما ان اعلى نسبه بكتريا سجلتها البكتريا السالبه لصبغه غرام وكانت النسب كالاتي :E coli 5(20.8%) Streptococcus spp 4(16.6%), Klebseilla spp 3(12.5%) , Klebseilla, Pseudomonas spp,Protus valgaris, oxytoca, Enterobacter cloacae,Escherichia alkalgance were 2(8.5%),Protus mirabilis and Citrobacter spp 1(4.1) %. . سجلت البكتريا القولونيه اعلى نسبه لمقاومتها للمضادات الحيوية الاتيه ,البنسلين والسيفالوسبورين والسبروفلوكساسين والسيفالوتراكزون 100% بينما سجلت الستروبكتر اقل نسبه بكتريا مقاومه للمضادات الحيوية المستعملة.في هده الدراسة تم تثبيط التصاق البكتريا القولونيه بالخلايا الطلائيه بالتركيز المثبط الأدنى لمضاد السبروفلاكساسين وباستعمال طريقه تخفيف الإطباق المضاعفة للأوساط الصلبة. ان هدف الدراسة هو كشف المدى الواسع من البكتريا المرضية المسؤوله عن التهاب اللثة حيث يعتبر التشخيص والعلاج ضروري للصحة ألعامه وكذلك عزل وتشخيص أكثر الأنواع البكترياالمرضية ومقاومه بكتريا التهاب اللثة لبعض المضادات الحيوية ودراسة التصاق البكتريا بالخلايا الطلائيه للثة وتثبيط التصاقها بالتركيز المثبط الأدنى للمضاد السبروفلاكساسين.


Article
Salivary magnesium during pregnancy and laborand its relation to gingivitis

Author: Wesal A. Al-Obaidi
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2006 Volume: 48 Issue: 4 Pages: 387-390
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Changes in the level of salivary magnesium could be of great clinical interest not only because of its relation with oral health but also with the physiological alteration occurring during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of pregnancy on the salivary magnesium level and their relations to gingivitis.Materials and methods: Salivary samples were taken from 24 pregnant women, 17 non pregnant and 14 lactating women. Flow rate was calculated. The supernatant salivary samples were assayed using atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Gingival Index was applied for the assessment of gingival inflammation.
Results: Salivary magnesium concentration was significantly the lowest mean value during pregnancy, with decrease in concentration in the third trimester followed by a marked increase after labor reaching the normal level. Pregnant women had a significantly highest Gingival Index mean than other control groups. Very weak correlations were found between flow rate and (pregnancy and salivary magnesium). A positive correlation was recorded between gingivitis and pregnancy and a negative correlation between gingivitis and salivary magnesium. However, statistically all correlations were not significant.
Conclusion: The salivary magnesium is influenced by female sex hormone during pregnancy. Analysis of saliva may be applicable as an investigation means of the physiological alterations that occur during and after pregnancy.


Article
A clinical study evaluating the effect of 0.4% stannous fluoride gel in controlling plaque and gingivitis
دراسة سريرية لتقييم تأثير جل 0,4 % فلوريد القصدير في السيطرة على الصفائح الجرثومية والتهاب اللثة.

Author: Suzan Ali Salman سوزان علي سلمان
Journal: Al-Rafidain University College For Sciences مجلة كلية الرافدين الجامعة للعلوم ISSN: 16816870 Year: 2011 Issue: 28 Pages: 17-30
Publisher: Rafidain University College كلية الرافدين الجامعة

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Abstract

Background: Stannous fluoride is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent. It has been incorporated into dentifrice formulations and shown to be effective in the prevention and reduction of gingivitis (17, 18, 20), the aim of the study was to determine whether conventional tooth brushing and twice daily use of a brush on 0.4% stannous fluoride (SnF2) gel would be more effective for controlling plaque accumulation and gingivitis than conventional tooth brushing alone.Materials and Methods: A randomized, six month, single examiner blind. Gingivitis study conducted according to the guide lines for evaluating chemotherapeutic products for the control of gingivitis. 0.4% stannous fluoride gel was tested against a commercially available negative control dentifrice (Crest Complete, KSA). The sample of the study included two groups, the first; control group (N=30) used tooth brushing with standard fluoride tooth paste( Crest Complete ,KSA),while the second; study group (N=30) used tooth brushing with the same tooth paste, supplemented with a 0.4% stannous fluoride gel used twice daily for the entire six month-study period. Clinical assessment involved plaque index(1) gingival index(2) and bleeding on probing index(3) were performed at base line, three and six months post-treatment. Result: The stannous fluoride gel (SnF2) group had highly significant lower scores for plaque index (PL.I, p< 0.01), gingival index (GI, p< 0.01) and bleeding tendency at all examinations than did the control group. For the study group, mean baseline PL.I score was 1.83, at three months it was reduced to 0.84and after six months it was 0.54.For the GI. Mean baseline GI. was 1.60, at three months it was 0.82 and after six months it was reduced to 0.57. Conclusion: It is concluded that the use of 0.4% SnF2 gel is an effective adjunct to mechanical tooth cleaning in decreasing plaque and gingivitis.Key words: Stannous fluoride, plaque, gingivitis.

فلوريد القصدير هومضاد جرثومي واسع الطيف . تم مزجه مع مواد اخرى لتصنيع معاجين اسنان ولوحظ انه فعال في الوقاية والتقليل من التهابات اللثة.( 20,17,18). الهدف من الدراسة لتحديد فيما اذا كان تفريش الاسنان بطريقـة تقليدية او الاستعمال اليومي لهلام او جل فلوريد القصدير سيكون اكثر تأثيرا في السيطرة على تراكم الصفائح الجرثوميةوالتهابات اللثـــــة من الطريقـــــة التقليدية في التفريشالمواد المستعملة وطريقة العمل: الدراسة شملت عينة عشوائية من المرضى المصابين بالتهابات اللثة واستمرت لستة اشهر وتم توزيع لتقييم تأثيرمادة كيميائية علاجية في السيطرةعلى التهابات اللثة .0,4% من جل فلوريد القصدير تمت مقارنته مع معجون اسنان اعتيادي يحتوي على الفلورايد (( Crest Complete ,KSA . الدراسة تضمنت مجموعتين هي المجموعة الضابطة وتكونت من ثلاثين شخصا , وهم اشخاص يستعملون معجون اسنان قياسي يحوي على الفلورايد ( ( Crest Complete ,KSA المجموعة الثانية : وهي المجموعة التجريبية وتكونت من ثلاثين شخصا يستعملون نفس معجون الاسنان القياسي اضافة الى التفريش بجل 0,4% فلوريد القصدير استعمال لمرتين في اليوم ولمدة ستة اشهر الفحص السريري شمل مؤشر الصفيحة الجرثومية(1) ومؤشرالتهابات اللثة (2) ومؤشر النزف عند التسمير(3) تم قياسه في الزيارة الاولى وبعد ثلاثة اشهر وبعد ستة اشهر.النتائج: بالنسبة للاشخاص الذين استعملوا فلوريد القصدير النتائج اظهرت فرقا معنويا كبيرا لمؤشر الصفيحة الجرثومية ولمؤشر التهابات اللثة ولمؤشر النزف عند التسمير عند المقارنة مع المجموعة الضابطة. وكان متوسط الصفيحة الجرثومية في الزيارة الاولى (1,83 )وبعد ثلاثة اشهر اصبحت (0,84) وبعد ستة اشهر كانت (0,54) اما لمتوسط مؤشر التهابات اللثة فكان( 1,60) في الزيارة الاولى وبعد ثلاثة اشهر قل المتوسط ليصبح (0,82) وبعد ستة اشهر اصبحت (0,57) الاستنتاج: ان استعمال 0,4% من جل فلوريد القصدير هو فعال وعامل مساعد للتفريش التقليدي الميكانيكي في تقليل تراكم الصفيحات الجرثومية والتهابات اللثة. الكلمات الدليلة: فلوريد القصدير , الصفائح الجرثومية , التهابات اللثة.


Article
Evaluation of the effect of low energy laser on gingivitis

Authors: Alaa Omran --- Ali H. Abbas
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2008 Volume: 20 Issue: 1 Pages: 69-70
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Surgical lasers have been used in medicine for over a decade in the surgical specialties of the laryngelogy, dermatology, plastic surgery, urology, gynecology and cardio-vascular surgery. All the clinical applications of laser discussed previously require the use of relatively high power laser devices. In dentistry laser research and development is in its embryogenic stage and its use on hard dental structures has been scarcely reported. The treatments of gingivitis by laser radiation has not investigated; so the aim of the present study was to shed light on the effect of low-energy laser on gingivitis, and the main indication for the therapeutic affect of laser because of its anti-edematous and anti-inflammatory actions.Materials and Methods: Twenty patients complaining from mild edematous gingivitis affecting the upper six anterior teeth were divided into two groups 1: 10 laser treated patients' group and 2- 10 patients (control group). The analysis of the results was according to the criteria of condition worsening, no change or improved and analysis of variance bleeding (G I) was performed.Results: Five out of 10 patients exhibited no change while 4 out of 10 were better than from the beginning, while 1 out of 10 was worse than the beginning.


Article
Gingival response to relief and non relief removable orthodontic appliances

Authors: Nada M Al–Sayagh --- Ghada Dh Al–Sayagh --- Alaa D Al–Dawoody
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 10 Pages: 103-107
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The gingival state of thirty seven young patients (meanage 11.6 years) wearing simple removable orthodontic applianceswas assessed and followed at monthly intervals for 3months. For 17 of the patients, intentional relief of the appliancewas carried out in the upper right area. Statistically, theplaque index levels were similar in both “relief” and “non relief”groups and reached a similar score at 2 and 3 months.The gingival index was significantly higher in the “relief” group.


Article
The effect of dental educational level in adults (18–25 years old) with crowded teeth on the plaque and gingival conditions

Authors: Ne’am R Al–Saleem --- Saher S Gasgoos --- Saad S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 10 Pages: 127-131
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationbetween crowding, plaque and gingival conditions accordingto the level of dental education of the Iraqi adults.The sample was divided primarily into two groups: Thefirst group was collected from dental students whom dentallywell educated, while the second group was collected fromother population whom dentally non educated (industrialist).Each group was subdivided into two groups according to thepresence or absence of crowding, so that four groups wereobtained (educated participants with non crowded teeth, educatedpersons with crowded teeth, non educated participantswith non crowded teeth and non educated participants withcrowded teeth).The results of this study indicated that the dental educationallevel is positively affecting on the gingival health in bothcrowded and normal occlusion. However, regardless of thelevel of education, plaque accumulation and gingivitis are significantlyhigher in the crowded teeth sample.

Keywords

Crowding --- gingivitis --- plaque --- socioeconomics


Article
The Periodontal Health Status Among Patients Attending the Periodontal Department, School of Dentistry , Facualty of Medical Science, Sulaimani University,Kurdistan Region ,Iraq

Author: Abdulkareem Hussain Al- Saidy عبد الكريم حسين السعدي
Journal: Diyala Journal of Medicine مجلة ديالى الطبية ISSN: 97642219 Year: 2013 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 1-14
Publisher: Diyala University جامعة ديالى

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Abstract

Background: In our studys the sample included 672 patient (348 male and 324 female patients),who were attended the department of periodontics, school of dentistry University of Sulaimani during one academic year (2008-2009).The sample was divided into subgroups according to age and sex. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the number of patients and their chief complaints, type of periodontal diseases, and to determine the number of patients from outside and inside sulaimani city. Methods: The clinical examination was recorded, including methods of detection of bacterial plaque , according to the plaque index ( PL1) Sliness and Loe1964 ; gingival index ( G1) according to Loe and Sliness1963;attachment loss (CAL); probing pocket depth (PPD).Results: The questionnaires include general information such as, patients name; sex and age; address, visit to dentist (regular visit, irregular visit) ; chief complaints (routine checking; scaling & polishing; pain; bleeding; pre-prosthetic scaling and polishing; gingival swelling; teeth hypersensitivity; halitosis ; esthetic). There was significant relationship between: age groups and sex; patient age group and chief complain; male patients with plaque induced gingivitis and male patients with chronic periodonities; male age groups and visiting the dentist; female patients lived inside Sulaimani city and female patients lived outside Sulaimani; age groups of total patients [male and female] and visiting the dentist. In addition, there was high significant relationship between age groups and patients chief complaints; age groups of male patients and type of periodontal disease; between female age groups and type of periodontal disease.Conclusion: Otherwise no statistically significant differences between male and female patients; the address of male patient (inside and outside Sulimani),and patients with plaque induced gingivitis and female patients with chronic periodontitis were found.


Article
Study of IgA Concentration in Gingivitis Patients

Author: Baha Hamdi Hakim Al-Amiedi
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2016 Volume: 13 Issue: 3 Pages: 575 -579
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Fifty gingivitis patients were diagnosed by dentist and ten normal subjects were elected as controls. Gingivitis patients and controls were investigated for serum and salivary IgA determinations. In which, blood and salivary samples were collected from both of patients and controls. Sera, saliva and salivary proteins in five microliter amounts per each of which were applied into low and high level anti IgA partigens. The patients sera have shown elevated IgA concentration means which approximate one fold increase than that of controls. Male and female patients were of comparable serum IgA concentration levels. Individual variation plot were found of multipeak type. The age group 30– 34 and 35 – 39 years were showing optimum concentration means . Saliva and salivary concentration means were showing nullified IgA concentrations in both patients and controls. IgA may interacts with are oral available antigens (microbial ) and fix complement thus forming complex giving nullified IgA concentrations.

Keywords

gingivitis --- serum --- saliva.


Article
The Prevalence of Oral Protozoa Trichomona Stenax in some Patients with Gingivitis

Author: Fadia Abd Al-Muhsin Al-Khayat فادية عبد المحسن الخياط
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2016 Volume: 28 Issue: 1 Pages: 179-182
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background:As arelationshipbetween gingivitis disease and the presence of the oral protozoa Trichomonastenax hasbeen represented byconsiderable differences among various study population.The purpose of present study isdetermining the prevalence of T.tenax in patients with gingivitis and healthy subjects.Subjects,Materials and Methods:The presence of the parasite has been diagnosed with 58 patients withgingivitisand58 healthy persons during the period of the study(April and May 2015) by taken two swabs for each one,microscopicexamination was done using saline wet mount method and stained method. Age, sex and brushing teeth habitwere in a count. Statistical analysis was done by SPSS program.Results:Gingivitis disease was observed in 58patients among the total 163 examined subjects(35.58%)with a highlysignificant differences P<0.01 recorded between males and females(40.22%,30.26% respectively).The prevalence ofT.tenax in gingivitis patients was higher than healthy(56.89%,6.89%)respectively. According to gender and age thehighly prevalence rate was demonstrated in males (62.85%)and in the age category 51-60 years old (92.8%). Dataanalysis showed that a highly significant differences P<0.01was demonstrated in the prevalence rate betweenbrushing teeth users 29.1% and non-brushing teeth users 11.9%.Conclusion:The study confirmed the existence of a relationship between parasite infection and gingivitis diseasewhere the higher prevalence of T.tenaxwas found in gingivitis patients compared with healthy controls. Peopleshould receive dental care togain high hygiene oral cavity and have low infection to T.tenax


Article
Waterpipe Smoking Effect on Clinical Periodontal Parameters, Salivary Flow Rate and Salivary pH in Chronic ‎Periodontitis Patient

Authors: Saif Mohammed T. Al-Mufti --- Saif S. Saliem سيف سهام سليم
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2018 Volume: 30 Issue: 1 Pages: 63-68
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Waterpipe tobacco smoking has become common especially among young people, Waterpipe smoking misconcepted as a safer mean of smoking, so in this study we will highlight the effect of Waterpipe smoking ‎on periodontal and oral health.‎Materials and method. The selected ‎‎‎100 male subjects of 30-40 years, ‎categorized into 4 groups (each group ‎‎25 subject): Waterpipe smoker ‎with ‎healthy periodontium, ‎Waterpipe smoker ‎‎with chronic periodontitis, Non-‎‎smoker ‎with healthy periodontium and Non-smoker ‎with chronic periodontitis. Whole ‎unstimulated ‎saliva was collected. Clinical measurements: plaque ‎index, ‎gingival index, ‎bleeding on probing, salivary flow ‎rate ‎and ‎salivary pH were recorded‎.‎ ‎Results. In the healthy groups: plaque index and salivary pH were ‎higher in smokers than non-smokers but with no ‎significant difference (P>0.05). While gingival index and salivary flow rate were ‎higher in smoker than non-smokers and with significant ‎difference (p<0.05). In the chronic periodontitis groups: plaque index, gingival index and salivary flow rate ‎were higher in the non-smokers than smokers and with ‎significant difference (p<0.05). While salivary pH was ‎higher in the non-smokers than smokers but with no ‎significant difference (P>0.05). Correlation between ‎weekly smoking hours with pH and salivary flow rate, in the ‎smoker healthy groups, showed ‎significant negative correlation, while plaque index showed ‎significant positive correlation at (p<0.05). But in the smokers with chronic periodontitis, only gingival index ‎significantly correlated with weekly smoking hours. Conclusion. Waterpipe smoking has a detrimental effect on the periodontium and overall oral health

Keywords

Waterpipe --- smoker --- gingivitis --- saliva

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