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Article
Glucose Tolerance in Pregnant Women Inflictedwith Candida Albicans

Authors: Fatma Haider K. AL-Mulla فاطمة حيدر الكلا --- Tarik Hovthy A.T. AL-Khayat طارق مفتي الخياط
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2009 Volume: 5 Issue: 1 Pages: 8-10
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Many previous studies were concerned with the relationship between gestational diabetes and the development of vaginal candidiasis in pregnant women. In this study, our aim is directed to uncover glucose tolerance status in non-diabetic pregnant women inflicted with candida albicans.Methods: Thirty-four pregnant women with vaginal condidiasis (as demonstrated by microscopy) were enrolled in this study. The patients were nearly similar in their anthropometric and demographic criteria with those of the healthy pregnant women (control group, forty –two women). Fasting plasma sugar and glucose tolerance test were alone for all patients and control group.Results: fasting plasma sugar was significantly higher in the candidiasis-positive pregnant women in comparison to those of candidiasis-negative subjects (5.09 mmol/L vs. 4.71, p <0.02). Plasma glucose level after 30 minutes of performing oral glucose tolerance test was also significant (8.47mmol/Lvs. 7.84, P <0.04). The same trend of significance was noticed after 60 minutes and 120 minutes of performing the corresponding test.The results were (8.13 mmol/L vs. 7.10, P <0.02) and (6.90mmol/L vs. 6.15, P<0.05) respectively.Conclusion: the results reveal an impaired oral glucose tolerance test in pregnant women with candida albicans


Article
IN VITRO EFFECTS OF ALCOHOL GARLIC EXTRACTION , FORMALIN AND GLUCOSE ON PROTOSCOLICES OF ECHINOCOCCUS GRANULOSUS.
تاثير مستخلص الثوم الكحولي والفورمالين وسكز الكلوكوز على الزؤيسات الأولية لطفيلي الاكياس العدرية حارج الجسم الحي

Author: Haydar Abdul Jaleel Rhadi حيدر عبد الجليل راضي
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2012 Volume: 11 Issue: 1 Pages: 137-147
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study to evaluate the protoscolicidal effects of various concentration of alcohol garlic extraction ,formalin and glucose .Liver and lung protoscolices of sheep were exposed to 100ul,200 ul,500 ul & 1000 ul of alcohol garlic extraction ;100ul ,500 ul & 1000 ul of formalin; 10%,20% ,30% &50% of glucose were used as the positive control ,while physiological saline was used as negative control. Viabilityof protoscolices was determined using 1% of aqueous eosin stain method. The percentage ( 100%) of mean of dead protoscolices after 1 hr ,2.5 hr , 3 hr& 5 hr of 1000 ul, 500 ul ,200 ul & 100 ul of alcohol garlic extraction respectively . The statistical analysis ( T- test ) showed that was significant differences between the means protoscolicidal effects of alcohol garlic extraction & physiological saline (P<0.01).The percentage average of dead protoscolices (100%) in ( 10,15,20 ) min after exposure with ( 1000 ,500 &100 ) ul of formalin respectively. The statistical analysis showed that there was significant difference between the protoscolicidal effect of formalin & physiological saline ( P < 001).The percentage average of dead protoscolices (100 %) was noticed with 50 % of glucose after exposure 10 min &3 hr,4 hr after treated with 30 % & 20 % of glucose


Article
EFFCT OF L-ARGININE ON SPERMATOGENESIS OF THE DIABETIC RAT
تأثیر (ال -أرجنیین)على عملیة تكوین النطف في الجرذ البالغ المصاب بداء السكري

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L-Arginine has hypoglycemic and antioxidant effect in Alloxan diabetic animalsand reduce effect of diabetes complication on spermatogenesis. antioxidant haveessential effect on spermatogenesis, L-Arginine has antioxidant and hypoglycemiceffect. Enhanced oxidative stress and changes in antioxidant capacity are consideredto play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic diabetes mellitus.Sixteen mature male rats aged 10 weeks ,were randomly divided into four equalgroups as follows 1st diabetic group (DG) that received 150 mg/kg (IP) Alloxansingle dose ;2nd group diabetic group treated with (L-Arginine-Hcl)(DAG) received150mg/kg (IP) Alloxan as single dose plus L-Arginine-Hcl 200mg/kg(IP)-per day, 3edgroup treated with(L-Arginine-Hcl)(AG) received 200mg/kg-(IP) perday ,and 4th werecontrol group(CG) non treated .In 60 day the blood samples collected from heart tomake serological parameters (glucose level) and testes removed to observe theirHistopathological.Serum Glucose concentration showed a significant increase (p<0.05) in diabeticgroup (DG) compared with other groups while diabetic treatment group that hasreceived L-Arginine 200 mg/kg(IP) (DAG) showed a significant (p<0.05) decreasecompared with (DG).

یعتبر الحامض الامیني (ال- ارجینین) من الحوامض الامینیة التي لھا فعالیة مخفضة للسكر ویعملكمضاد للجذور الحرة المتزایدة نتیجة للداء السكري والتي تعتبر السبب الرئیسي للمضاعفات المصاحبة لھذهالمتلازمة ومن ھذه المضاعفات الخلل الحاصل في عملیة انتاج النطف. استخدمت في ھذه التجربة ستة عشر جرذامن الذكور البالغة الخالیة من الامراض وبعمر 10 اسبوع , والتي قسمت عشوائیا الى اربعة مجامیع تتكون كلمجموعة من اربعة ذكور بالغھ.(المجموعھ الاولى DG ) والتي اعطیت جرعة مفرده من الالوكسان وبجرعة150 ملغمكغم حقنا في غشاء الخلب,(المجموعة الثانیھ DAG )والتي جرعة بلالوكسان بجرعة 150 ملغمكغم ثماعطیت الحامض الامیني (ال- ارجینین) بجرعة 200 ملغمكغم في غشاء الخلب بشكل یومي لمدة 60 یومالمجموعھ الثالثھ ), AG ) والتي جرعة (ال- ارجینین) فقط بجرعھ 200 ملغمكغم في غشاء الخلب بشكل یومي اماالمجموعة الرابعة ھي مجموعھ السیطره بعد 60 یوم من التجریع جمعت نماذج الدم من القلب مباشرة لغرضمعرفة مستوى السكر في الدم في كل المجامیع وكذلك تم ازالة الخصى لغرض معرفة التغیرات النسجیة الحاصلةفي كل مجامیع التجربة.


Article
BlOُNERGET‘lC OF OSMOREGULATION IN Liza abu .JUVINlLES DURING SALINITY .ACCUMULATION
استهلاك الطاقة للتنظيم الازموزي في صغار اسماك الخشني اثناء الاقلمة الملحية

Author: Sumaya M.Ahmed سمية محمد احمد
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2005 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 9-16
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Several physiological variables related to salinity acclimation in Liza abu wereexamined, using oxygen consumption rate and glucose level as an indication ofosmoregulatory energetic. l~'reshwater acclimated I.. aim were transferred to two salinity (7and 15 g/L) oxygen consumption rates. glucose levels and plasma ion concentrations (Na i.K’) were measured after three days of transfer to higher salinity. Plasma ion concentrationswere elevated after transfer. Blood glucose level increased after transfer to salinity 7 g/Lwhile its level decreased in salinity 15 g/L compared to its level in freshwater. Oxygenconsumption rate increased one and half time of that in freshwater but no significantdifference were noticed in oxygen consumption rates between fish in both salinities (7 and15 g/L) .'l'he amount of metabolic energy consumed during salinity acclimation were alsodetermined. The result showed that the physiological changes associated with salinityacclimation impose a significant short - term energetic cost.


Article
Role of Cinnamon Extract on Blood Glucose and Testosterone Levels
دور مستخلص القرفة على معدلات السكر والتستيسترون

Authors: Suhad A. Ahmed --- Abbas A. Mohammad --- Ali H. Saadoon
Journal: Engineering and Technology Journal مجلة الهندسة والتكنولوجيا ISSN: 16816900 24120758 Year: 2013 Volume: 31 Issue: 1 Part (B) Scientific Pages: 8-13
Publisher: University of Technology الجامعة التكنولوجية

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Abstract

This study was performed to investigate the effects of cinnamon extract on of blood glucose as well as serum insulin and testosterone hormones. The experiment was carried out on twenty four male adult mice distributed into 4 groups of 6 mice each. Group one was kept as positive control, while mice of the other three groups were given orally an aqueous cinnamon extract at 0.5, 1 and 2mg/ml respectively, daily for three weeks. The results showed that oral administration of cinnamon extract at 2 mg/ml to diabetic male mice for three weeks decreased blood glucose level and increased serum insulin and testosterone levels. This study recommends that intake of cinnamon bark as a drink may be beneficial for diabetic patients who suffer from sexual impotency as their extracts induce antidiabetic activity and enhance male fertility in diabetic mice.

صممت هذه الدراسة للتحري عن فعالية مستخلص نبات القرفة على تركيز السكر بالدم إضافة إلى الانسولين وهرمون التستيرون. تم اختبار 26 فأر موزعين على اربع مجاميع بواقع 6 فئران لكل مجموعة. المجموعة الاولى اختبرت كمعامل سيطرة في حين تم تجريع المجاميع الثلاثة المتبقية بالمستخلص المائي لنبات القرفة وبتراكيز تراوحت 0.5 ، 1 و 2ملغم/مل على التوالي يوميا ولمدة ثلاثة أسابيع.أظهرت النتائج أن التجريع الفموي للمستخلص المائي للقرفة بالتركيز 2 ملغم/مل للفئران المصابة بالسكري لمدة ثلاثة أسابيع خفضت معدل تركيز السكر في الدم وزادت معدلات هرمون الانسولين والتستيرون. لذلك ونظرا للنتائج التي تم الحصول عليها نوصي بأنه أخذ نبات القرفة وبشكل شراب قد يؤدي إلى نتائج مفيدة لمرضى السكري والذي يعانون من العجز الجنسي كون المستخلص النباتي يحفز الفعالية ضد السكري وتحسين الخصوبة في الفئران المصابة بالسكري.


Article
Estimation of Serum Osteocalcin Levels in Osteoporotic Postmenopausal Iraqi Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
تقدير مستوى الاوستيوكالسين في مصول النساء العراقيات المصابات بهشاشة العظام والسكري النوع الثاني بعد سن الياس

Authors: Sabreen A. Muzal صابرين علي مزعل --- Kismat M.Turaki قسمة محمد تركي --- Kadhim K. Ghudhaib كاظم خضيرغضيب
Journal: Baghdad Science Journal مجلة بغداد للعلوم ISSN: 20788665 24117986 Year: 2014 Volume: 11 Issue: 4 Pages: 1549-1555
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Osteoporosis (OP) is a systemic disease characterized by low bone mass and micro architectural deterioration of bone tissue, resulting in an increased risk of fractures and has touched rampant proportions. Osteocalcin, one of the osteoblast-specific proteins, showed that its functions as a hormone improves glucose metabolism and reduces fat mass ratio. This study is aimed to estimate the osteocalcin and glucose level in blood serum of osteoporotic postmenopausal Women with and without Type 2 Diabetes.Materials and methods: 60 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis divided into two groups depending on with or without T2DM, 30 patients for each. Serum samples of 30 healthy postmenopausal women were collected as control group. Osteocalcin was measured by ELISA method using a kit of (CUSABIO. China). Glucose was determined by spectrophotometric method. Results: Mean serum osteocalcin in postmenopausal osteoporotic women without Type II Diabetes is higher than control group and the group with T2DM (p ≤ 0.001). Conclusion: Bone formation marker increases at postmenopausal osteoporosis women; Hyperglycemia also induces osteoblast function and reduces of production osteocalcin at T2DM.

المعلومات الاساسية: هشاشة العظام مرض يصيب الجهاز العظمي الذي يتميز بانخفاض كتلة العظم واعتلال التركيب الهندسي الدقيق لنسيج العظم، الذي يمكن ان ينتج في زيادة خطر نسب استتشراء الاصابة بالتكسرات للعظام. وجد ان الاستيوكالسين الذي يعد احد الهرمونات المتخصصة للخلايا البانية للعظم ، يعزز من ايض الكلوكوز ويقلل من نسبة كتلة الدهن. استهدفت هذه الدراسة تحديد مستوى الاوستيوكالسين والكلوكوز في مصول دم النساء بعد سن الياس المصابات بهشاشة العظم ومرض السكري او المصابات بالهشاشة فقط. المواد وطرائق العمل: قسمت 60 مريضة بهشاشة العظم الى مجموعتين على اساس مجموعة مصابة بالهشاشة والسكري نوع II ومجموعة مصابة بالهشاشة فقط دون السكري وبواقع 30 مريضة لكل مجموعة. تم جمع نماذج من مصول الدم لـ 30 مراة صحية كمجموعة ضابطة. تم قياس الاستيوكالسين بواسطة الايلايزا وباستعمال العدة التشخيصية (CUSABIO. China) فيما استخدمت الطريقة الطيفية في تحديد الكلوكوز. النتائج: لقد وجد ان معدل الاوستيوكالسين في مصل دم مجموعة النساء المصابات بهشاشة العظم بدون السكري يكون اعلى بالمقارنة مع مجموعة المصابات بهشاشة العظم والسكري معا والمجموعة الضابطة بمستوى p ≤ 0.001) ).الاستنتاج: ازدياد دالة تكوين العظم عند النساء المصابات بالهشاشة ، كذلك يحث فرط السكر من وظيفة الخلايا البانية للعظم ويختزل من انتاج الاوستيوكالسين في حالة الاصابة بمرض السكري.

Keywords

Osteocalcin --- Glucose --- Osteoporosis --- T2DM.


Article
Asymptomatic Hypoglycemia After Hemodialysis in Non-Diabetic Patients with Use of Glucose- Free Dialysate Solutions

Authors: Ahmed Hussein Jasim --- Haider Mehdi Mueen --- Ameer Ahmed Aljubawii
Journal: Medical Journal of Babylon مجلة بابل الطبية ISSN: 1812156X 23126760 Year: 2015 Volume: 12 Issue: 1 Pages: 107-115
Publisher: Babylon University جامعة بابل

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Abstract

Hypoglycemia (HG) has been demonstrated during chronic hemodialysis (HD). These events may become more frequent with the current use of glucose-free bicarbonate dialysis solution, the standard formula in most dialysis units in our hospitals. The Aim of study is to evaluate the occurrence of HG in non-diabetic (NDM) end-stage renal failure patients during HD using dialytic solution without glucose. In Merjan teaching hospital from January to September 2013. A hospital-based cross-sectional study design has been carried out on fifty non-diabetic patients with chronic renal failure randomly selected from the dialysis unit of Merjan Teaching Hospital after their setting for HD session of the glucose- free bicarbonate solution. Serum glucose has been measured at zero hour before dialysis session and 30 minutes after dialysis session. The study duration was from January to September 2013 Categorical variables were presented as frequencies and percentages. Continuous variables were presented as means with their 95% confidence interval (CI) and standard deviation. The Pearson's chi-square test (x2) was used to determine the associations between categorical variables. Independent sample t-test was used to compare between two means. A p-value of < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.Data were expressed No patient presented any clinical evidence of HG.40 patients(74.8%) of fifty patients express serum sugar levels changes before and after HD ,serum sugar levels after HD was <80mg/dl ,which is statistically significant P value <0.01.Asymptomatic HG was frequent during HD when glucose-free dialysis solution was used. Glucose added dialysis solution at 90 mg/dl significantly reduced the number and severity of HG episodes and although it caused higher mean glycaemia in DM patients during HD, its use seems advisable in all patients.


Article
The role of glucose tolerance test in Diwaniya population in relation to(who) criteria

Author: Fadhl Alzamili فاضل الزاملي
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Medical Journal مجلة القادسية الطبية ISSN: 18170153 Year: 2012 Volume: 8 Issue: 13 Pages: 95-101
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

Recent researches into diabetes and impaired glucose metabolism has created a new array terminologyAnd definitions relating to glucose metabolism in clinical practice.To study the role Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT) in diagnosis of different hyperglycemic classess.in diwaniya.Four hundred patients were studied for the existance of diabetic state using the Oral Glucose Tolerance Test.Only (37.5%) patients had frank diabetic state after 2h OGTT. (50%) patients ranging between Impaired Fasting Glucose ( IFG), and Impaired Glucose Tolerance Test. (12.5%), patients had no diabetes.Overlap between results makes these readings not applicable for all population,therfore using 2H OGTT..is warranted.

تشير البحوث الحديثة حول مرض السكري واعاقة ايض الكلوكوز الى وجود اتجاهات جديدة في تعريف المرض من الناحية السريرية.يهدف البحث لدراسة دور اختبار التحمل للكلوكوز(OGTT) في تشخيص الاصناف المختلفة لارتفاع السكر في الدم في مدينة الديوانية .تمت درست 400 حالة مرضية للكشف عن وجود حالة السكري باستخدام اختبار التحمل للكلوكوز .كانت نتائج الدراسة انه 37.5% من المصابين كانوا ايجابيين للاختبار بعد ساعتين و 50% منهم كانت نتائجهم بين اختبار اعاقة الكلوكوز للصائم(IFG) و اختبار التحمل للكلوكوز (OGTT) فيما كان 12.5% سالبين للاختبار .وقد استنتج ان هناك تداخل بين نتائج الاختبار لكل المصابين وعليه ان استخدام اختبار التحمل للسكر بعد ساعتين هو الافضل للقياس.


Article
Misoprostol treatment of dystocia due to ringwomb in Awassi ewe: a case report
علاج حالة عسر الولادة بسبب فشل توسع عنق الرحم في نعجة عواسية باستعمال

Authors: I.Y. Ibrahim --- E.S. Hussain --- E.H. Lazim --- O.I. Azawi
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences المجلة العراقية للعلوم البيطرية ISSN: 16073894 Year: 2012 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 101-102
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Two years old Awassi ewe was brought by the owner to the clinic of the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mosul and he claimed that his animal had dystocia 12 hours ago. Fetal fluid was escaped since 3 hours ago. On clinical examination, the ewe was at term, as denoted by mammary changes and relaxed edematous vulva. The ewe was in a standing position and restlessness due to abdominal discomfort, without any abdominal contractions. Vaginal examination indicated that the cervix was dilated about 1 finger and the fetal membranes ruptured. No any medications were previously given to the ewe in the near past.

يصف ھذا التقرير حالة عسر ولادة بسبب فشل توسع عنق الرحم في نعجة عواسية وعلاجھا لأول مرة باستعمال مسوبروستول

Keywords

Race horse --- Lipid profile --- Glucose.


Article
The Effect of Low to Medium Dose Inhaled Beclomethasone Dipropionate on Blood Glucose Level in patients with Bronchial Asthma

Author: Abdulla Janger Minshed Alfarttoosi
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: supplement Pages: 632-636
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND: Although inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) are the mainstay of therapy in asthma, their use raises certain safety concerns.OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of inhaled Beclomethasone dipropionate on glucose level in patients with bronchial asthma .PATIENT AND METHOD: Ninety patient with new diagnosis of bronchial asthma were included in this study. Patients divided into two groups: 1st group includes those who are controlled with inhaled salbutamol only (30 patients). The 2nd group includes those who required also regular beclomethasone (60 patients). Fasting blood glucose and HbA1c was measured for all patients in both groups before and after three months of starting treatment. RESULTS:There was significant elevation of both FBS and HbA1c in group 2 patients after starting inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate in comparison to their baseline levels and the levels in group 1.CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that inhaled beclomethasone dipropionate in asthmatic patients may disturb blood glucose level

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