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Article
INDUCTION OF ABORTION IN IRAQI GOATS USING BROMOCRIPTINE
استحداث الاجهاض في الماعز العراقي باستخدام البروموكربتين

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Abstract

Twenty pregnant goats at gestation period ranged from 100 – 130 days were used in this study and divided in to four groups according to duration of gestation period. G (A) = 100 – 110 days, G (B) = 111 – 120 days, G (C) = 121 – 130 days. All of the goats were injected with a single dose of 2.5 mg / kg B.W. Bromocriptine I.M. The fourth group also 5 goats G (D) = 120 – 130 days were used as control & given 2 ml distal water I.M. Results showed that 80% of G (A) aborted after 5.12 ± 1.74 days, 60% of G (B) aborted after 4.92 ± 1.15 days and 60% of G (C) aborted after 4.97 ± 1.15 days of injection. In addition all the aborted goats showed complications represented by retention of fetal membranes and subsequent uterine infection compared to controls which showed neither abortion nor complications.

الخلاصةاستخدم في هذا البحث 20 معزة حامل وقسمت اعتمادا على طول فترة الحمل الى أربعة مجاميع متساوية، إذ كانت فترة الحمل في المجموعة (A) 100-110 يوما ً وفي المجموعة (B) 111-120 يوما ً وفي المجموعة (C) 121-130 يوما ً اعتمادا على تاريخ التسفيد. وقد حقنت جميع المعزات بجرعة واحدة من البروموكربتين 2.5 ملغم/كغم بالعضل. وقد استخدمت 5 معزات اخرى حوامل (D) 120-130 يوما ً كسيطرة بعد حقنها بــ2ملل ماء مقطر بالعضل.لقد أظهرت النتائج حدوث إجهاض في 80% من المجموعة A بعد 5.12±1.74 يوما ً من الحقن وإجهاض 60% من المجموعة B بعد 4.92±1.15 يوما ً من الحقن وإجهاض 60% من المجموعة C بعد 4.97±1.50 يوما ً من الحقن، إضافة لذلك فان جميع المعزات المجهضة قد عانت من مضاعفات تمثلت باحتباس الاغشية الجنينية ومن ثم التهابات رحمية بالمقارنة مع مجموعة السيطرة التي لم يحدث فيها مضاعفات بعد الولادة الطبيعية.

Keywords

Abortion --- Goats --- Fetal membrane


Article
GOATS RUMENAL BACTERIA, THEIR COUNT AND ANTIBACTERIAL EFFECT AGAINST-GRAM POSITIVE BACTERIA
بكتريا كرش المعز اعدادها وتاثيرها المضاد للجراثيم مقارنةمع الحيوانات المجترة الاخرى

Author: Rasha M. Othman رشا منذر عثمان
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2006 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 138-145
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The bacterial and fungal population in the rumen fluid was measured by usingdifferent cultures media and incubation temperature. The higher mean of mesophils andstaphylococci was found in the rumenal fluid of goat. While higher mean of psachrophils,,colzform and fungi count was observed in the rumenal fluid of cow. Significant meandifference among microbial population in the rumenal fluid was observed among cow, goatand buffalo concerning the mesophils bacteria. Also significant mean difference wasobserved in Escherchia coli mean count among goat, buffalo and cow rumenal fluidmicrobial population .There was no significant difference in the mean count of mesophils,coliform, staphylococci and fungi. A freshly isolated. E.coli from rumenal fluid of goat hadantibacterial activity against Streptococcus spp. and Staphylococcus aureus.

Keywords

Mesophil --- Rumenal fluid --- Goats


Article
VARIATIONS IN MILK COMPOSITION OF SOME FARM ANIMALS RESULTED BY SUB-CLINICAL MASTITIS IN AL-DIWANIA PROVINCE.
التغيرات في تركيب الحليب لبعض انواع حيوانات المزرعة نتيجة الإصابة بالتهاب الضرع تحث ألسريري في مدينة الديوانية

Author: Hassan, H.J. هيفاء جمعة حسن
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2013 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 17-24
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

This study was carried out to evaluate the effect of sub-clinical mastitis and sex of birth on physico chemical composition of milk for some species of farm animals (Cows, Sheep and Goats ) in Al-Diwania province during a period from March to August 2012. A total of (120) samples of raw milk includes (40) samples for cows, (35) samples for sheep and (45) samples for goats were used in this study. The results of this study revealed that there was a significantly difference (P<0.05) in fat and lactose percentages for milk of sheep and goats. Fat percentages were (3.36± 0.24) and (3.33 ±0.16) for milk of infected sheep and goats with sub clinical mastitis respectively as compared to (5.04± 0.14) and(4.20 ± 0.02) for milk of uninfected animals while, the percentages of lactose were (4.27 ±0.02) and (4.30±0.01) for milk of uninfected sheep and goats respectively as compared to (3.91±0.13) and (4.06±0.11) for milk of infected of the same animals. The results also showed a significantly (P<0.05) higher in the solid not fat (SNF) percentage for milk of infected cows. The percentage of SNF was (9.12±0.12) for milk of uninfected cows as compared to (8.78 ±0.08) for milk of infected cows . Protein percentages was a significantly (P<0.05) higher in milk of uninfected cows and sheep , in which was (3.85 ±0.11) and ( 5.75 ±0.11) in both species respectively. The results of this study showed that there was a significantly (P<0.05) higher in PH values of milk for infected of three studied species as compared with milk of uninfected of the same species animals in which was (6.94± 0.06) , (6.71±0.04) and (6.73±0.01) for the three species respectively. The results also demonstrated a significantly (P<0.05) effect of sex of birth on fat and SNF percentages for milk of goats and a significantly (P<0.05) higher of protein percentage in milk for sheep which born male as compared to that born female ( 5.21± 0.35) and (3.89±0.33) respectively.

Keywords

Milk composition --- Sheep --- Goats


Article
GROSS AND HISTOPATHOLOGICAL INVESTIGATION OF GRANULOMAS OF UNKNOWN ETIOLOGY IN SHEEP AND GOATS IN DUHOK ABATTOIR
التقييم العياني والمرضية النسجية للتنخر التجبني للاغنام والماعز في مجزرة دهوك

Author: Mahdi Ali Abdullah, Bayar N. Saeed
Journal: Basrah Journal of Veterinary Research. مجلة البصرة للابحاث البيطرية ISSN: Print:18138497 E; 24108456 Year: 2016 Volume: 15 Issue: 2 Pages: 313-320
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

Granulomas are masses of tissue reaction resulted as well from of infection, inflammation or presence of foreign bodies. The present study was conducted to investigate the gross and histopathological features of granulomas of unknown etiology.Twenty seven cases of granulomas were collected from the lung of sheep and goats. The gross lesions of granulomas were small to large nodules, white to gray in color, and hard in palpation. Histopathologically, all granulomas were undergone caseous necrosis which surrounded by inflammatory zone and most importantly presence of multinucleated giant cells. This study differentiates the granulomas from other lung lesions based on gross and histopathological finding.

Keywords

Granuloma --- necrosis --- goats.


Article
The expression of gonadotropin releasing hormone receptor gene in ovaries and uterus cells of Iraqi and Damascus goat breed

Author: Alaa kamil Abdulla
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences مجلة القادسية لعلوم الطب البيطري ISSN: 18185746 23134429 Year: 2017 Volume: 16 Issue: 1 Pages: 38-44
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Abstract

Iraqi goats have a major economic role in production of meat, milk and leather as well as it considered a financial source for owners as reproduce twice a year, yet the Damascus goats have great importance than Iraqi goats owing to the number of twin births. The gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) and its receptors have great importance in the reproduction and eugenics. To make a comparison between the Iraqi and Damascus goats in terms of this receptor gene expression in the ovaries and uterus tissue cells, the study was performed, in which used the (∆Ct Using a Reference Gene method) by quntitive -real time PCR technique. Results were found a significant difference (p<0.05), as the gene expression of (GnRH-R) higher in the ovaries and uterus tissue cells in Damascus goats compared with the Iraqi goats. In conclusion; the multiple pregnancies of twins in Damascus goats may be due to an increase gene expression of (GnRH-R) in the ovaries and uterus tissue


Article
COMPARATIVE STUDY ON GOATS SARCOCYSTOSIS DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUES IN DOHUK GOVERNORATE
دراسة مقارنة في التقنيات التشخيصية لداء الحويصلات الصنوبريةفي معز محافظة دهوك

Author: Saad M. Al-Bayati سعد محي ألبياتي
Journal: Journal of university of Anbar for Pure science مجلة جامعة الانبار للعلوم الصرفة ISSN: ISSN:PISSN: 19918941/EISSN: 27066703 Year: 2008 Volume: 2 Issue: 2 Pages: 1-5
Publisher: University of Anbar جامعة الانبار

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Abstract

: Goat sarcocystosis of Dohuk governorate / north of Iraq – Kurdistan region , showed to be occur in percentage of 70 – 93 % for microscopic cysts( microcysts ) of Sarcocystis spp. of goats by several diagnostic techniques ( gross exam , trichinoscopy , squeezing method and post trichinoscopy drop exam ) which are varies in their efficiency depending on organ and the parasitic stage that can be detected by the used technique .Seasonal effect showed to be not effect in the distribution of the infection and that very important in the epidemiology of the disease by depending statistical analysis. In addition, the study confirms the suitability of used techniques, as they are not to be highly expansive which make them reliable for epidemiological study

ان داء الحويصلات الصنوبرية ينتشر في محافظة دهوك – كردستان العراق في النوع الذي يصيب المعز٩٣ % بالنوع ألمجهري اعتمادا على التقنية المستخدمة بالتشخيص و العضو المستخدم عند – بنسبة ٧٠الفحص وأوضحت الدراسة أن طريقة فحص العصارة وفحص القطرة ما بعد فحص منظار الشعريات .وأخيرا فحص منضار الشعريات هي ملائمة لملاحظة أكياس الطفيلي المجهرية أو الحوينات المتحررة منهاباعتماد مختلف أنواع عضلات المضيف الوسطي ( المعز ) . وأكدت الدراسة أن نسبه انتشار المرض لا تتأثربأشهر السنة لكون الطفيلي.وأخيرا أكدت الدراسة أن التقنيات المستخدمة يمكن اعتمادها في الدراسات الوبائيةلانخفاض كلفتها المادية ودقتها العالية فضلا عن سرعتها.


Article
Effect of long and short-term progestagen treatments combined with PMSG and PGF2α on estrus synchronization in Iraqi goats during breeding season

Authors: Nooruldeen Yaseen Khudhair --- Yaseen Mahmood Rasheed --- Mohammad Yousif Mahmood
Journal: Kufa Journal For Veterinary Medical Sciences مجلة الكوفة للعلوم الطبية البيطرية ISSN: 20779798 Year: 2014 Volume: 5 Issue: 2 Pages: 295-305
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to evaluate long and short-term protocols of estrus synchronization and their impact on the fertility in Iraqi goats. This study was conducted in the college of veterinary medicine at Diyala University for the duration extends from May - 2014 until November - 2014. The study included sixteen multiparous goats, these goats were allocated into two groups: Group I (short- term protoco),Group II (long-term protocol) treated with intravaginal sponges contain(20mg) cronolone (fluorogestone acetate) for 9 days for the Group I, and 12 days for the Group II and injection (250µg) cloprostenol for both groups in day of insertion. The goats of two groups were injected (750 IU) PMSG before 24 hours of removal the vaginal sponges and placed with one mature buck. Estrus detection was done by visual inspection. Pregnancy diagnosis was performed trans-abdominally using a real-time ultrasound examination with a 3.5MHz sector transducer, whereas, the scan was performed at 40-50day after estrus (estrus day=day 0).No significant difference was observed in the interval between the ends of the estrus synchronization protocol and standing heat amongst the goats of two groups. Whereas all goats show estrus signs after 36-48 hours from withdrawal of intravaginal sponges. The number of pregnant goats in two groups was (10/16; 62.5 %) while the number of non-pregnant goats in both groups was (6/16; 37.5%) with significant difference between these two groups at (P<0.01). The number of pregnant goats in the short-term protocol and long-term protocol was (4/8; 50%) and (6/8; 75%), respectively, with significant difference between two groups at (P<0.01). Litter size was 300% and166.7% in the short term protocol and long term protocol, respectively, with significant difference between two rates at (P<0.01). Conclusion: It was concluded that both two treatments protocols by using progestagen intravaginal sponges combined with PMSG and PGF2α were effective in estrus synchronization, and had positive effect on the fertility in Iraqi goats during breeding season.


Article
Estimation of Serum Copper Concentrations in Sheep and Goats Infected with Gastrointestinal Parasites in Mosul City, Iraq
تقدير تركيز النحاس في مصل الأغنام والماعز المصابة بالطفيليات المعوية في مدينة الموصل ، العراق

Authors: Hadeel Asim Mohammed --- Eman Daham Hadi --- Dhiyaa Abdullah Moosa --- Ahmed Nawzad Flyyih
Journal: Al-Anbar Journal of Veterinary Sciences مجلة الانبار للعلوم البيطرية ISSN: 19996527/27070603 Year: 2019 Volume: 12 Issue: 2 Pages: 70-74
Publisher: University of Fallujah جامعة الفلوجة

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Abstract

The objective of the present study was to determine serum copper concentrations in sheep and goats infected with different gastrointestinal parasites. A total of 60 sheep and 30 goats were obtained from different areas in Mosul city and examined in the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of Mosul. Fecal and blood samples were collected from each animal. Animals infected with gastrointestinal parasites were diagnosed by detecting parasite eggs in fecal samples. Copper concentrations and hematological values were compared between infected and non-infected animals. Different gastrointestinal parasites were diagnosed include; Chabertia ovina, Cooperia spp., Haemonchus contortus, Marshallagia marshalli, Nematodirus spp., Oesophagostomum spp., Ostertagia ostertagia, Strongylus spp. and Trichostrongylus spp. in both single and mixed infection types. Infected sheep and goats suffered from different clinical signs such as emaciation, poor wool or hair, trembling, pale mucous membrane, loss of appetite, and diarrhea. Infected animals showed significantly (p≤0.05) lower serum copper concentrations compared to non-infected animals. Moreover, hematological parameters (RBC, Hb, PCV, MCH, MCV, and MCHC) were lower compared to non-infected animals. In conclusion, gastrointestinal parasitic infection in sheep and goats can decrease serum copper concentrations and blood parameters in infected animals, thereby exacerbating clinical signs.

هدفت الدراسة الحالية إلى تحديد تركيز النحاس في مصل الأغنام والماعز المصابة بالطفيليات المعوية. تم الحصول على ما مجموعه 60 من الأغنام و 30 من الماعز من مناطق مختلفة في مدينة الموصل وتم فحصها في المستشفى البيطري التعليمي بجامعة الموصل. تم جمع عينات البراز والدم من كل حيوان. و تم تشخيص الحيوانات المصابة بالطفيليات المعوية عن طريق الكشف عن بيض الطفيليات في عينات البراز. وتمت مقارنة مستويات النحاس والقيم الدموية بين الحيوانات المصابة وغير المصابة. و تم تشخيص الطفيليات المعدية المعوية المختلفة بما في ذلك (Chabertia ovina, Cooperia spp., Haemonchus contortus, Marshallagia marshalli, Nematodirus spp., Oesophagostomum spp., Ostertagia ostertagia, Strongylus spp. and Trichostrongylus spp.) في كل من أنواع العدوى المفردة والمختلطة. عانت الأغنام والماعز المصابة من علامات سريرية مختلفة مثل الهزال ، وسوء الصوف أو الشعر ، وشحوب الأغشية المخاطية ، وفقدان الشهية ، والإسهال. أظهرت الحيوانات المصابة مستويات أقل بكثير من النحاس في الدم مقارنة بالحيوانات غير المصابة. علاوة على ذلك ، كانت الصفات الدمية أقل مقارنة بالحيوانات غير المصابة. يمكن ان نستنتج أن الاصابة بالطفيليات المعوية في الأغنام والماعز تؤدي الى انخفاض مستويات النحاس و الصفات الدم في الحيوانات المصابة ، مما يؤدي إلى ظهور العلامات السريرية.


Article
The Effect of Adding Cumin Cyminym Seeds to Concentrated Feed on Some Blood Biochemical Parameters of Black Local Goats
تأثير إضافة بذور نبات الكمون Cuminum cyminym إلى العلف المركز في بعض معايير الدم الكيموحية للماعز الأسود المحلي

Authors: Amal Nouri Awad --- Mohamed Ahmed Shwayel
Journal: Al-Anbar Journal of Veterinary Sciences مجلة الانبار للعلوم البيطرية ISSN: 19996527/27070603 Year: 2020 Volume: 13 Issue: 1 Pages: 101-105
Publisher: University of Fallujah جامعة الفلوجة

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Abstract

The current study was conducted the effect of adding cumin cyminym seeds to concentrated feed on some blood biochemical parameters of black local goats. Fifteen female black goats aged 3 years, third milk production season. The study was in a private animal field of the Department of Animal Production- College of Agriculture/ University of Diyala, during the period from 1/11/2018 to 16/4/2019. The goats were divided randomly into three equal groups, 5 for each group. The first group (T1) left without treatment as a control group. The second group (T2) was given 10 g of cumin seed powder to the concentrated feed/ animal per day. The third group (T3) was given 20 g of cumin seed powder to the concentrated feed/ animal per day. Blood samples were collected before the experiment (Zero day) and at the end of the experiment (3 months), 10 ml from jugular vein by via vacationer tubes without anticoagulant. Blood biochemical parameters were also estimated includes: Total protein, Albumin, Globulin, Glucose, Urea and Triglycerides. The results showed no significant (P>0.05) in Total protein, Albumin, Globulin, Glucose, Urea and Triglycerides between (Zero day) and at the end of the experiment (3 months) and between different treated groups during the study period. It was concluded from this study that addition of cumin seed powder to the black local goats ration have no effects on some blood biochemical parameters.

هدفت هذه الدراسة لمعرفة تأثير إضافة بذور الكمون في العليقة على بعض المعايير الكيموحيوية في إناث الماعز الأسود المحلي. استخدمت 15 ماعز محلي بعمر 3 سنوات، وفي الموسم الثالث من إنتاج الحليب. أجريت هذه الدراسة في الحقل الحيواني لقسم الإنتاج الحيواني في كلية الزراعة/ جامعة ديالى للمدة من 1/ 11/ 2018 إلى 16/ 4/ 2019. قسمت الحيوانات إلى ثلاث معاملات: المعاملة الأولى تركت بدون إضافة، المعاملة الثانية: أعطيت 10 غم من بذور نبات الكمون في العليقة لكل حيوان. والمعاملة الثالثة: أعطيت 20 غم من بذور نبات الكون في العليقة لكل حيوان. تم جمع الدم قبل إجراء التجربة (اليوم صفر) وفي نهاية التجربة (بعد 3 أشهر)، تم سحب 10 مل من الدم عن طريق الوريد الوداجي بواسطة أنبوب خالي من مانع التخثر. تم قياس المعايير الكيموحيوية والتي تشمل: البروتين الكلي، الألبومين، الكلوبيولين، الكلوكوز، اليوريا والدهون الثلاثية.أظهرت النتائج عدم وجود فروق معنوية في البروتين الكلي، الألبومين، الكلوبيولين، الكلوكوز، اليوريا والدهون الثلاثية بين اليوم صفر وفي نهاية التجربة (بعد 3 اشهر). نستنتج من الدراسة أن إضافة بذور نبات الكمون إلى علائق الماعز المحلي الأسود لم يؤثر في بعض المعايير الكيموحيوية.


Article
Use of medetomidine as a sedative in goats
إستعمال المديتوميدين كمسدر في الماعز

Authors: Fouad K. Mohammad فؤاد قاسم محمد --- Nathem A. Al-Kassim ناظم أحمد حسن --- Ihsan K. Zangana إحسان قادر زنكنة
Journal: Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences المجلة العراقية للعلوم البيطرية ISSN: 16073894/20711255 Year: 1989 Volume: 2 Issue: 1 & 2 Pages: 104-106
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Injecting goats with metetomidine (a new alpha-2 adrenergic acceptor) of 15 and 20 micrograms / kg in the muscle resulted in signs of a reduction in the central nervous system and muscle and resting for a period ranging between 1-1,5 hours. The side effects disappeared in physiological measurements within 3-4 hours of injecting the drug.

أدى حقن الماعز بالمديتوميدين (متقبل أدرينالي جديد من نوع الفا 2) ب 15 و20 ميكروغرام/كغم في العضلة إلى ظهور علامات إنخساف الجهاز العصبي المركزي وارتخاء في العضلات والرقود لمدة تتراوح بين 1-1,5 ساعة. وقد اختفت الاعراض الجانبية في القياسات الفسلجية خلال 3-4 ساعات من حقن العقار.

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