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Article
Oral health status in Najaf City

Author: Raed Al-Huwaizi رائد الحويزي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2011 Volume: 23 Issue: special issue Pages: 162-166
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: This study assessed the oral hygiene status of teenagers.Materials and methods: Three hundred and two teenagers aged 13-16 years (151 boys and 151 girls) and 291 youngadults aged 20-23 years (150 males and 141 females) collected from secondary schools and the University of Kufa inNajaf city. Oral hygiene was assessed by three indices (plaque, gingival and calculus indices).Results: Plaque free subjects represented 22.3% of males and 44.2% of females with a mean PI of 0.717±0.742 formales and 0.444±0.619 for females. While, gingivitis was found in 68.1% of males and 46.6% of females with a meanGI of 0.436±0.526 for males and 0.255±0.447 for females. The majority of the sample was calculus free (91.1% offemales and 88.7% of males) with a mean CI of 0.020±0.081 for males and 0.014±0.056 for females.Conclusion: Males showed significantly higher mean PI, GI and CI scores than females. Teenagers were found tohave significantly higher mean PI and GI than young adults. This indicates that young adults are keener on keepinga good oral hygiene than teenagers and that males neglect their oral hygiene more than females


Article
Dental health status of adult population in Yemen (Thamar City)

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Khawla M Saleh --- Aisha A Qasim
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2006 Volume: 6 Issue: 8 Pages: 144-150
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the oral health status (dental caries, periodontal disease and treatment needs) in Yemenis adult individuals. Material and Methods: The sample included 471 individuals, age rangingbetween 20–59 years of both sexes using sharp dental caries explorers with WHO periodontal probes to detect periodontal health by the use of DMFT index of WHO (1997) and CPITN by WHO (1987).Results: The mean DMFT for the total sample was 7.33 + 0.3 which was increased with increasing agefor the different age groups with a significant difference but no significant difference in the meanDMFT for total males and females has been found. The results also showed that the total number ofteeth (880) with a mean of 1.81 tooth/person in need of treatment is the most prevalent needed onesurface filling, and 581 teeth with a mean of 1.23 tooth/ person needed two or more surfaces filling.According to the highest CPITN there was significant difference between male and female in calculusat p < 0.05 and shallow pockets at p < 0.01. The results also revealed that the mean number of healthysextants for the total sample was 4.13 while for bleeding and calculus were 1.02 and 0.21, respectively.It means that the treatment needs for periodontal disease is more toward oral hygiene procedure and prophylaxis. Conclusion: Dental health education program is an essential activity for promoting optimal oral health and preventing oral diseases

Keywords

Dental health status --- DMFT --- CPITN.


Article
Periodontal health care by people of Humaidat village in Ninevah

Author: Saher S Gasgoos
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2003 Volume: 3 Issue: 1 Pages: 44-49
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

This study was a part of a field work carried out by the University of Mosul in Humaidat village which is located at the Tigris river about 25 km to the northern west from Mosul. The size of the sample was 213 individuals; 105 males and 108 females. Their ages were ranged between 10 – 59 years. Clinical dental examination was carried out using plaque index (Pl I), gingival index (GI) and calculus index (CI). Questionnaires were used to assess the level of dental health attitude and behaviour among the individuals. Results showed that a large percent of them do not brush their teeth (46.4%) and do not use interdental cleaning aids (87.3%). Also a large percent of them did not attend a dental treatment previously (45%), and most of dental attendances of the others were for teeth extraction and due to pain. Clinical examination showed that the mean scores for plaque, gingival and calculus indices were high (1.16, 1.22 and 0.54 respectively) and increased by increasing age.


Article
The pH of stimulated saliva in relation to the oral health status among children and adults

Authors: Ahlam T. Al-Mashhadani احلام طه المشهداني --- Wesal A. AL-Obaidi وصال العبيدي
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2005 Volume: 17 Issue: 1 Pages: 89-91
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: To determine the pH of stimulated saliva and its relation to the oral health status.Materials and methods: A sample of (96) children with an age of 4-5 years old and (96) adults with an age of 23-25 years old in Baghdad city was examined using plaque and gingival indices, dental caries and salivary flow rate were estimated.Results: The salivary pH reduced by increasing PII score while, it was elevated by increasing the severity of gingivitis in both groups. Mean of caries experience was found to decrease by increasing salivary pH and the latter was reported to increase with enhancement of flow rate in both groups.Conclusion: Increasing pH increased GI and flow rate and decreased PII and dental caries


Article
Oral health status and treatment needs of Iraqi and Yemeni dental students (A comparative study)

Authors: Faraed D Salman --- Aisha A Qasim --- Khawla M Saleh
Journal: Al-Rafidain Dental Journal مجلة الرافدين لطب الأسنان ISSN: 18121217 Year: 2005 Volume: 5 Issue: 5 Pages: 46-51
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to compare oral health status(dental caries, periodontal disease and treatment needs) of Iraqiand Yemeni dental students.The sample included 100 Iraqi dental students and 90Yemeni dental students of fourth grade, age ranged between22–23 years old of both sexes. The study revealed that therewas a significant difference in the DMFT between Iraqi andYemeni dental students for the total sample at p < 0.05 level,with significant difference between Iraqi and Yemeni dentalstudents for both sexes at p < 0.01 level.The results also revealed that there was no significant differencein the type of treatment required for the total samplebetween females of Iraqi and Yemeni dental students, butwith significant difference in the treatment need between malesof Iraqi and Yemeni dental students. Highest percentageof treatment need for Iraqi and Yemeni students were for 1surface restoration.The highest CPITN code percentage for Iraqi studentswas for code 2 (calculus) followed by code 1 with a significantdifference between Iraqi males and females students atp<0.01 level, while for Yemeni dental students the highestCPITN code percentage was for code 1 followed by code 2.There was a significant difference in the total sample betweenIraqi and Yemeni dental students at p<0.01 level; i.e., Iraqi studentsrequire scaling while Yemenis require oral health instruction.


Article
Periodotnal health status and treatment needs among Iraqi dental students

Author: Abdul- Karim A. A. AL- Muhamadawy* BDS, MSc د. عبد الكريم المحمداوي
Journal: Journal of the Faculty of Medicine مجلة كلية الطب ISSN: 00419419 Year: 2009 Volume: 51 Issue: 4 Pages: 378-381
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Summary: Background: periodontal disease are the major risk factors for tooth loos in aged persons. Clinically, patients with gingivitis or periodontitis usually suffer from gingival bleeding and periodontal probing. Material and method: The human sample consisted of five hundred and ninety eight students, 208 males and 390 females. Russel's periodontal index (PI) plaque index (PI. I) and the periodental treatment need system (PTNS) were scored. Results: The mean PI and P1.I for males were 1.94, 1.72 respectively. For females the corresponding values were 1.73. 1.49. From the total sample 2.4% males and 6.1% females were in no need of periodontal therapy.A comparison between first and final year students showed for all indices used a statistically highly significant differences (P<0.01).Conclusions: Although an improvement in all indices does occur, but still more emphasis should be placed on prevention through out the dental on curriculum. Key words: Periodontal health status, treatment need, Iraqi.


Article
Evaluation of oral health status in a sample of autistic male children

Authors: Mayyadah H. Rashid ميادة رشيد --- Raja H. Al-Jubouri رجاء الجبوري
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2012 Volume: 24 Issue: 2 Pages: 62-65
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Autism is a severe neurodevelopmental disorder, presents in early childhood, characterized by severeimpairments in socialization, communication and behavior. Autism is considered a multi-factorial disorder that isinfluenced by genetic, environmental, and immunological factors with oxidative stress as a mechanism linking thesefactors. Assessment of any oral manifestations has to be discovered, evaluated and measured in autistics to be usedas a potential diagnostic.Materials and methods: Oral health status:(DMFT) for permanent teeth, (dmft)for deciduous teeth and gingivalindices were estimated for 58 individuals aged (2-13) years, twenty nine of them were autistics and twenty nine weresex and age matched healthy controls.Results: The results of this study showed that Iraqi autistic children sample was more likely to be caries-free comparedwith healthy sample.Conclusion: Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were more likely to be caries-free, had lower DMFT dmftand GI scores than did their unaffected peer and can be used in autism spectrum disorder prediction to a limitedextent.


Article
Oral health status, dental knowledge and behaviors among children and adolescents (8-15) years old in the cities of Baghdad and Thamar

Author: Eman K. Chaloob ايمان جلوب
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2013 Volume: 25 Issue: 4 Pages: 100-103
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Background: Investigating dental health knowledge among children is important. Knowing what behaviors are rightin relation to dental health does not guarantee that children will practice those behaviors. However, lack ofknowledge and misconceptions about dental health may lead to behaviors that are harmful to teeth and gum.Baseline data on knowledge levels are required to determine which particular areas of dental health education arein need of improvement for high-risk children living in different geographical areas. This research was conducted tostudy the oral health status, dental knowledge and behavior in relation to two different cities, among children inBaghdad and Thamar (republic of Yemen) governorate.Materials and Methods: The sample collected was composed of two geographically different groups, first group fromBaghdad city: composed of 144 children and adolescents and the second group collected from the city of Thamar(republic of Yemen) composed of 108 of an age range 8-15 years old children. Dental plaque and Gingival healthcondition was assessed by using plaque index of Silness and Loe (1964),and gingival index of Loe and Silness (1963),Ramfjord index teeth were examined to represent the whole dentition. Oral examination was performed by a singleexaminer using mouth mirror and dental explorer for each child. Ten questions were fabricated to evaluate thedental health knowledge and behavior of the two groups.Results: This study was recorded that the age group 12-15 years old the significant difference was found in relation togingival health condition, the dental Knowledge and behaviors was the highly significant difference was foundbetween Baghdad and Thamar group. As well as highly scores of dental knowledge and behavior was significantlyrelated to the dental plaque for both Baghdad and Thamar group.Conclusion: The difference in the geographical location could affect on oral hygiene, dental health knowledge andbehavior of the children and adolescent


Article
Assessment of serum Interleukin-1β and its correlation with periodontal health status during pregnancy

Authors: Nadia M. Kazem --- Maha Sh. Mahmood مها محمود
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2014 Volume: 26 Issue: 2 Pages: 111-115
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Pregnancy is a stressful state of increased inflammatory activity, and pregnancy – associated hormonechanges can influence periodontal tissues, these inflammatory activity lead to production of inflammatorymediators. Interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β) is a potent pro-inflammatory cytokines that is consistently associated withperiodontal diseases. This study was designed to determine the periodontal health status and detect the serum levelof IL-1β in the healthy pregnant women at first, second and third trimester and compare it with healthy non pregnantwomen, and determine its correlation with different clinical periodontal parameters.Materials and Methods: Subjects included in the study were sixty six (66) healthy pregnant women with an age rangeof 20-35 years old. They were divided into three subgroups according to gestational age, as twenty two (22) womenin each trimester. Also the sample included fifteen (15) married, non pregnant women and didn’t takecontraceptive pills, as control group with same age rang of 20- 35 years. Clinical periodontal parameters weremeasured in this study (plaque index, gingival index, bleeding on probing, probing pocket depth and clinicalattachment level). Blood samples were collected from all women under study (pregnant & non pregnant women) toasses concentrations of IL-1β by mean of enzyme – linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA).Results: Highly significant statistical differences were observed among the study groups regarding the gingival index(GI)with p-value( 0.007) and the percentages of bleeding on probing (BOP) p- value(0.00), a significant differenceregarding the probing pocket depth ( PPD) with p-value (0.046) ,and non significant statistical differences regardingthe plaque index (PLI), p-value(0.6) and clinical attachment level (CAL) with p-value (0.371). Interleukin 1-beta ( IL-1β) serum level showed a highly statistical significant difference among the study groups with p-value (0.00).Apregnant women showed higher level than non pregnant with a higher value in the second trimester.Conclusions: The present result revealed that the serum level of IL-1β was higher in pregnant women than nonpregnant women with a highly significant difference. The IL-1β serum concentration reaches the maximum value inthe second trimester of pregnancy. Nevertheless there were weak correlations between clinical periodontalparameters and serum level of IL-1β

الخلفیة. الحمل ھو حالة مرھقة من زیادة النشاط الالتھابي , كما ان التغیرات الھرمونیة المصاحبة للحمل تؤثر في انسجة ماحول الاسنان . یؤدي ھذا النشاط الالتھابي الى انتاج وسطاء التھابات مثلالسایتوكینات .المدور الخلوي 1 بیتا ھو من السایتوكینات الموالیة للالتھابات القویة الذي یرتبط باستمرار مع امراضانسجة ماحول الاسنان .تم تصمیم ھذه الدراسة لتحدید الحالة الصحیة لانسجة ماحول الاسنانوكشف المستوى المصلي للسایتوكین 1 بیتا في النساء الحوامل في فترات مختلفة من الحمل ومقارنتھا مع النساء غیر الحوامل , وتحدید علاقتھ مع معلمات ماحول الاسنان السریریة المختلفة .35 ) سنة تم تقسیمھن الى ثلاث مجموعات فرعیة وفقا لعمر او مرحلة الحمل الى 22 امراءة حامل في كل - المواد وطرائق العمل. شمل البحث ستة وستین( 66 ) من النساء الحوامل تراوحت اعمارھن بین ( 2035 ) سنة . كانت معلمات - فصل من فصول الحمل الثلاثة . وشملت العینة خمسة عشر( 15 ) من النساء المتزوجات غیر الحوامل ولم یاخذن حبوب منع الحمل , كمجموعة مقارنة بنفس متوسط الاعمار من ( 20ماحول الاسنان المستخدمة في ھذه الدراسة ھي مؤشر الصفیحة الجرثومیة و مؤشر التھابات اللثة والنزف عند التسمیر وعمق جیوب اللثة وفقدان الانسجة الرابطة. تم جمع عینات الدم من جمیع النساء قیدالدراسة ( الحوامل وغیر الحوامل) لتقییم التركیزات المصلیة للسایتوكین 1بیتا باستخدام تقنیة مقایسة الانزیم المرتبط الممتز المناعیةالنتائج .لوحظ وجود فروق ذات دلالة احصائیة عالیة بین مجموعات الدراسة یشأن مؤشر التھاب اللثة ومؤشر النزف عند التسمیر ,ھناك فرق كبیر فیما یتعلق بعمق جیوب اللثة . لاتوجد فروق فیما یتعلق بمؤشرالصفیحة الجرثومیة وفقدان الانسجة الرابطة. اظھر المستوى المصلي للمدور الخلوي 1بیتا فروقات ذات دلالة احصائیة عالیة بین مجموعات الدراسة مع . واظھرت.اعلى قیمة للمدور الخلوي 1بیتا في الفصل.p= الثاني من الحمل . 0.00الاستنتاج كشفت النتیجة الحالیة أن المستوى المصلي من المدور الخلوي 1بیتا كان أعلى في النساء الحوامل من النساء غیر الحوامل مع فروق ذات دلالة إحصائیة عالیة.التركیز المصلي للمدور الخلوي 1بیتایصل القیمة القصوى في الثلث الثاني من الحمل . ومع ذلك كان ھناك وجود علاقة ضعیفة بین المعلمات السریریة ومستوى المصل من المدور الخلوي 1بیتا.


Article
An Oral Health Status and Treatment Needed in Relation to Dental Knowledge, Among a Group of Children Attending Preventive Department, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad

Author: Shahba'a Munther Al-Jorrani شهباء منذر الجوراني
Journal: Journal of baghdad college of dentistry مجلة كلية طب الاسنان بغداد ISSN: 16800087 Year: 2015 Volume: 27 Issue: 4 Pages: 138-142
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Oral health represents an important base for human well-being; the heath of the body begins from oralcavity. Great deal has been applied to increase knowledge in the field of oral health in order to developappropriate preventive program. This study was conducted in order to estimate the percentage and severity ofdental caries and gingivitis among children attending Preventive Department in Collage of Dentistry, University ofBaghdad and to determine dental treatment need for those patients, further more to study the relation of thesevariables with dental knowledge.Materials and Methods: The study group consists of 163 children with an age ranged from 6 to 14 years, whoattended the preventive clinic for the first time to be involved in preventive program. Plaque index and gingivalindex were applied for examination of dental plaque and gingivitis, dental caries and treatment need was recordedaccording to criteria described by WHO. Dental knowledge of each child was evaluated by ten questions preparedfor this reason.Results: The results showed that caries-experience among permanent teeth represented by DS and DMFS were (3.22± 0.31 and 4.09 ± 0.35) respectively, while caries-experience among deciduouse teeth represented by ds and dmfswere (6.79 ± 0.61 and 9.03 ± 0.81) respectively. Analysis of variance (one way ANOVA test-) showed that cariesexperience among permanent teeth increased with age (P < 0.001), while caries-experience among deciduousteeth decreased with age (P 0.001). The majority of studied sample were in need for one surface filling (93%)followed by two or more surface filling (66%). High percentage of children involved in this study had mildaccumulation of plaque and mild gingivitis (69.93% and 83.43%) respectively. Evaluation of dental knowledgeamong those children showed that 67% of them had good dental knowledge (scores 5), but weak correlationswere recorded between good dental knowledge and caries experience for deciduous teeth(r=0.12, P > 0.05) and forpermanent teeth (r=0.22, P<0.05).The same correlation was recorded between dental plaque and dental knowledge(r=0.05, P> 0.05).Conclusion: those children need further motivation and instructions to improve their dental knowledge and toimprove their attitude to change their behavior towards further improvement of oral hygiene and oral health

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