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Article
Is there a need to phase out replacement blood donors by voluntary blood donors in hospital based blood transfusion services?

Authors: Praneeta Jaswant Singh --- Hitesh Bhatt
Journal: Iraq Joural of Hematology المجلة العراقية لامراض الدم ISSN: 20728069/25432702 Year: 2017 Volume: 6 Issue: 2 Pages: 43-48
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Providing safe blood for transfusion is a responsibility of every blood bank. Screeningfor transfusion‑transmissible infections (TTI) is one of the ways to ensure safety of blood and itsproducts. Prevalence of TTI varies in different countries. It is low in developed countries whereas itis higher in developing countries.AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study was carried out to access percentage of blood collected fromthe first‑time voluntary blood donors (VBD) and family/replacement donors (RD) and to access safetyof RD by comparing seroprevalence of TTI among voluntary and RD.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over 1 year, donors were studied for the type of donation (voluntaryor replacement) made at our blood bank. All donors were screened for human immunodeficiencyvirus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), syphilis, and malaria. Comparison ofthe prevalence of TTI among voluntary and RD was done by entering data into Microsoft Excel 2007software and using Chi‑square tests.RESULTS: Out of total 850 first‑time donors, voluntary donors were 109 (12.82%) and RD were741 (87.18%). Overall seroprevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV, syphilis, and malaria was 0, 23 (2.70%),12 (1.41%), 7 (0.82%), and 0, respectively. Prevalence of TTI among voluntary donors was very low. Alldonors were seronegative HIV and malaria. Prevalence of HBV, HCV, and syphilis was higher in RD.CONCLUSION: Data highlight that RD contributed major source of blood supply in hospital‑basedblood transfusion services and the prevalence of TTI was higher among them in comparison tofirst‑time voluntary donors. Thus, efforts should be made to increase the number of VBD.


Article
Burning Mouth Syndrome in an Iraqi Sample of Patients: a preliminary study of 52 Cases

Author: Dr. Munir Y. AL – Kotany. د.منير كوتاني
Journal: MUSTANSIRIA DENTAL JOURNAL مجلة المستنصرية لطب الاسنان ISSN: 18138500 Year: 2011 Volume: 8 Issue: 3 Pages: 310-321
Publisher: Al-Mustansyriah University الجامعة المستنصرية

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Abstract

AbstractEvaluation of the clinical characteristics of burning mouth syndrome in a sampleof Iraqi patients referred to a large teaching dental clinic in Baghdad.Fifty two patients with burning mouth syndrome were followed up through aprospective study ,investigating the clinical characteristics of using pre- establishedcriteria’s and tests for each feature .Forty four women and 8 men with burning mouth syndrome ranging in age from46 – 72 years. Their cause of attendance was disturbed sleep (46.1%), fear of seriousdisease (44.2%) and anxiety (36.5%). The pain duration since it started ranged from3 – 48 months (Mean 18.17 ± 12.78) months.Twenty six patients (50%) reported precipitating event and 32 (61.9%) reported achange in taste sensation of which (56.25%) had a bitter taste. VAS pain levels were(6.13±0.02 for females and 6± 0.91for males). 25%of the patients had medicalcomorbidities that were under control.The location of pain was mostly on the tongue (76.9%) and mainly on its margins(57.7%) unilaterally. And only 25% of the patients had subjective xerostomia withstimulated parotid salivary flow rate less than 0.5 ml/ min.Estradiol levels among females were (68.18%) below 15 pg/ml and (31.72%)above that in spite of 75% of them were post–menopause. And these patients weresubject to stress ranging from 35-146 (L. c. u's) with a mean of 2.73 ± 1.28 events perpatient and about 7.69% of them had one severe stress accident .The classification of psychiatric comorbidities occurring among the patientssample were (17.3% = free), (40.38% = Depressive neurosis) and (20.08% = Anxietyneurosis) and none of the patients reached the level of psychosis.Burning mouth syndrome is possibly of high prevalence and with high range ofetiologies that should be more investigated including its relation with psychologicalstress and neurosis.

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