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Prevalence of Hydatosis in Sheeps in Thi-Qar Province South of Iraq
انتشار مرض الأكياس العدرية (المائية) في أغنام محافظة ذي قار جنوب العراق

Author: Waleed M. Hasan وليد محمد حسن
Journal: Univesity of Thi-Qar Journal مجلة جامعة ذي قار العلمية ISSN: 66291818 Year: 2013 Volume: 8 Issue: 3 Pages: 131-136
Publisher: Thi-Qar University جامعة ذي قار

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Abstract

Internal organs of 212 sheeps were examined. 96 males and 116 females, 2-5 years old, slaughtered at Al_Naisiyra city an abattoir from April to September end 2006 for detection of hydatid infection. The total rate of infection was 22.14%, 21.875% in males and 22.413% in females. The results of study showed higher prevalence of infection among aged sheeps in compression with younger animals. Distribution of cysts among organs varied from 55.319% in liver, 21.276% in lung, 21.276% in both of them and 2.127 in spleen.The results of this study showed that the higher rate of infection was in August 26.315 while the lower rate of infection was in September.

فحص 212 رأسا من الأغنام، 96 ذكر و116 أنثى، تراوحت أعمارها بين 2-5 سنة، مذبوحة في مجزرة الناصرية للمدة من نيسان لغاية نهاية أيلول 2006، للكشف عن إصابتها بالأكياس العدرية. وجد أن نسبة الاصابة 22.16%، وبلغت نسبة إصابة الذكور21.875% والإناث 22.413%. كانت الأغنام في الأعمار المتقدمة أكثر عرضه للاصابة وبنسبة 26.760% في 4-5 سنة مقارنة مع الأعمار الصغيرة. انتشرت الأكياس العدرية بين مختلف الأعضاء وبنسب 55.319% في الكبد، 21.276% في الرئة، 21.276% في الكبد والرئتين معا، 2.127% في الطحال. وبلغت أعلى نسبة للاصابة 26.315% في آب وأوطأ نسبة في أيلول.

Keywords

Hydatosis --- Echinococcus granulosus --- sheep. --- .


Article
Assessment of Immunopathological Response of Serum Immunoglobulins and Protective Role of Complement Components in Iraqi Patients with Hydatidosis

Author: Ra'ad F. Al-Awadi
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2008 Volume: 7 Issue: 4 Pages: 322-326
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Hydatid disease is a widely distributed disease caused by the larval stage of the Cestode Echinococcus. Inflammation increases the synthesis of immunoglobulins and complement components (C3 and C4) presumably through the action of interleukin 1& gamma interferon.OBJECTIVE:Assessment of immunopathotogical response of scrum immnnoglobulins and complement components fC3 and C4)in Iraqi patients that might be a fleeted as inflammatory response to hydatid disease.SUBJECT AND METHOD:A total number of 50 patients with radiological diagnosis of HD wore studied. Surgical interference had been done to 20 out of 50 patients and the results of surgery gave a clinical confirmation of the diagnosis of HD. Sera from patients with HD and 38 apparently healthy controls were obtained for measurement of immunoglobulins (lgG. IgM and IgA) and complement components (C3 and C4) by Radial Immunodiffuision Assay ( Biomaghreb).RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:Hydatid patients showed increases of IgG (P value < 0.001) IgM and IgA levels (p value <0.05) in comparison to the control group, but these variables start to decrease after surgical treatment that is significant only in case of IgM (P value <0.05). and this might be due to activation of humoral immunity against HD. Complement components were found to be insignificantly lower in patients with HD in comparison to control group (P value > 0.05) and higher in one week postoperative period in comparsion preoperative period (P value > 0.05). This might mean consumption of complement and it's activation or it might be due to anticomplementary action of the hydatid cyst.CONCLUSION:The picture that has emerged from this study is that HC wall might have anticomplementary action. And serum complement component tend to increase in postoperative period.

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