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Article
Are Indications For Esophago Gastro Duodenoscopy Properly Followed?

Authors: Zuhair B Kamal زهير كمال --- Mohammed A Al-Atroshi محمد التروشي --- aad H Sultan سعد سلطان --- Wisam A Hussein وسام حسين
Journal: Al-Kindy College Medical Journal مجلة كلية الطب الكندي ISSN: 18109543 Year: 2011 Volume: 7 Issue: 1 Pages: 56-60
Publisher: Baghdad University جامعة بغداد

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Abstract

Background: Symptoms related to the upper gastro-intestinal tract are very common. Attribution of these symptoms to upper G. I. T.diseases are usually done on clinical bases, which could be confirmed by Esophago Gastro Duodenoscopy (EGD). The use of such tools might increase the diagnosis accuracy for such complaints. The indications for upper G I endoscopy might decrease the negative results of endoscopies.Objective: To follow strict indications for Esophago Gastro Duodenoscopy in order to decrease the negative endoscopy results. Methods: One thousand eight hundred and ninety cases were subjected to EGD from Feb. 1999 to Feb 2009 at Alkindy Teaching Hospital and Abd-Al-Majeed private hospital in Baghdad, Iraq. A special endoscopy unit form was prepared containing data from patients, clinical complaint, indications for endoscopy request, and the endoscopic diagnosis, biopsies were taken when indicated and subjected to histopathological examination. All these data were studied and analyzed.Results: Out of the total 1890 patients there were 1114 males and 776 females with male to female ratio 3/2, the most common age group ranged from 21 to 50 years with a mean age of 32 years. Upper abdominal pain was the most common indication (30%), upper GI bleeding (27.94%), duodenal ulcer follow up (25.5%). The diagnosis of chronic DU was established in (40.21%) of cases, normal endoscopic results were found in (34.6%), duodenitis and gastritis in (15.2%).Conclusion: The high number of normal gastrointestinal endoscopies necessitates the need to follow strict indications before subjecting the patients for endoscopy.


Article
RATES OF CESAREAN SECTION IN AL-IMAMEIN AL-KADHIMEIN MEDICAL CITY

Author: Qabas K. Mahdi قبس خزعل مهدي
Journal: IRAQI JOURNAL OF MEDICAL SCIENCES المجلة العراقية للعلوم الطبية ISSN: P16816579,E22244719 Year: 2016 Volume: 14 Issue: 3 Pages: 206-214
Publisher: Al-Nahrain University جامعة النهرين

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Abstract

Background: Caesarean section rates have been increasing dramatically in the past years in Al-Imamein Al-Kadhimein Medical City.Objective:To determine the rate of caesarean section and to analyze the indications, so as to introduce measures to control the caesarean section rate.Methods:This retrospective study was conducted in Obstetrics and Gynecology Department at Al-Imamein Al-Kadhimein Medical City from 1st Jan 2012 to 30th Apr 2013. In this study, clinical records of all the patients who underwent caesarean section were analyzed. AII cases who were underwent caesarean section whatever indication and regardless the type of caesarean section (elective, urgent, scheduled, emergent) were included in this study. Clinically diagnosed cases of ruptured uterus proved on laparotomy were excluded. Data was analyzed on SPSS version 17, Microsoft excels 2010 and frequency as well as percentages were calculated.Results:There were 10,354 deliveries during the study period (16 months) and 5897 of these were caesarean section. The rate of caesarean section was 56.95%. Scheduled caesarean section was 49.31%, elective caesarean section 43.89%, urgent caesarean section 4.32% and emergency caesarean section 2.48%.Conclusions:Caesarean section rate was high (56.95%) in Al-Imamain AlKadhimein Medical City, the majority of patients who underwent caesarean section were scheduled and elective caesarean section. The commonest indication was repeat caesarean section.Key words:Cesarean section, Indications, Frequency


Article
Diagnostic Indications for Upper GIT Endoscopy Prospective Study

Authors: Riyadh Zair Alrubaie --- Haydar Talib Almousawi
Journal: Karbala Journal of Medicine مجلة كربلاء الطبية ISSN: 19905483 Year: 2016 Volume: 9 Issue: 2 Pages: 2451-2454
Publisher: Kerbala University جامعة كربلاء

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Abstract

background: Upper GIT endoscopy is considered a safe procedure performed by a doctor, a well-trained subspecialist who uses the endoscope to diagnose and, in some cases, treat problems of the upper digestive system.Aim: to set a guideline for indications for upper GIT endoscopy in AKadhymiah Teaching Hospital.Materials And Methods: Prospective study of 600 patients presented with upper GIT symptoms and referred for upper GIT endoscopy. Results & Discussion: The results suggest the importance of symptoms indicating upper GIT endoscopy are in the following orders, dysphagia, acidity, melaena, vomiting, haematemesis, heartburn, nausea, epigastric pain and dyspepsia. The highest age incidence with positive endoscopic findings is between 30-40years ,male more than female, (male/female ratio 2/1). Conclusion: The duration of symptoms over 1 month found to be significant indication. There is no relation between smoking, alcohol or drug intake with endoscopic findings in our study

Keywords

GIT endoscopy --- indications --- pain


Article
A Study of 100 Cases of Stomas Performed in Child’s Central Teaching Hospital in Baghdad

Authors: Ahmed Zubar Zain --- Tharwat I.Sulaiman --- Sara Zuhair Fadhi
Journal: Iraqi Academic Scientific Journal المجلة العراقية للاختصاصات الطبية ISSN: 16088360 Year: 2010 Volume: 9 Issue: 3 Pages: 300-305
Publisher: The Iraqi Borad for Medical Specialization المجلس العراقي للاختصاصات الطبية

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Abstract

ABSTRACT:BACKGROUND:Colostomy is an artificial opening made in the large bowel to divert faeces and flatus to exterior, where it can be collected in an external appliance. As a method of treating intestinal obstruction, colostomies date back to the later part of the eighteenth century, and some of the first survivors of this procedure were children with imperforate anus.OBJECTIVE:To identify the common indications and complications of stoma formation in pediatric age group below two years old.PATIENTS AND METHODS:A total number of (100) temporary colostomies and ileostomies (96 colostomies and 6 ileostomies) were preformed for (100) neonates, infants and children below two years of age in the pediatric surgical department of Child’s Central Teaching Hospital in Baghdad in the period from January 2005 to January 2007.RESULTS:Most of the colostomies and ileostomies (52%) were done in the neonatal period and mainly for imperforate anus (57.6%) and Hirschsprung’s disease (23.8%). Colostomy prolapse was the commonest complication and occurred in twenty patients 20% .the right transverse loop colostomy was the commonest stoma used in our patients and had the higher rate of complications. Prolapse ands skin excoriation were the most common complications in our study.CONCLUSION:Hirschsprung’s disease and imperforate anus were the most common indications of stoma formation in pediatric age group. Prolapse, skin excoriation and wound sepsis were the most common complications after creation of stoma.


Article
Indications of Tracheastomy in Najaf (Retrospective study 2008-2011)

Authors: Ahmed.A. Al-Zubiadi احمد الزبيدي --- Yasir L. Hasson ياسر ليث حسون
Journal: Al-Qadisiyah Medical Journal مجلة القادسية الطبية ISSN: 18170153 Year: 2012 Volume: 8 Issue: 13 Pages: 39-46
Publisher: Al-Qadisiyah University جامعة القادسية

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Tracheastomy is one of few ancient surgical procedures which is still widely used nowadays. There is an old famous statement (when you think about tracheastomy, it is time to do it). This statement is far away from reality with the emergence of new less invasive methods of securing airway.Aim: to evaluate the indications of tracheastomy in Najaf.Patients and methods: a cross-sectional analytic study of 87 tracheastomy operations had been done in the period between January 2008 to February 2011 in Al-Sadar teaching hospital in Najaf.Results : The mean age of our 87 patient was (52.4). Most of our patients were males 59(67.8%). The main indication for tracheastomy was upper airway obstruction 59 patients (67.8%), While the least indication was subglottic stenosis 2,2%. Among upper airway obstruction causes, carcinomas of the larynx and hypopharynx were the main indications for tracheastomy 67.7%. From 20 patients reqired tracheastomy for assisted ventilation 65% had head injury. In those six patients whom the main indication of tracheastomy was for bronchial toilet, 83.3% had head injuries (5patients).Conclusions : our indications for tracheastomy in Najaf is quite different from those over all the world. While still relieving of upper airway obstruction is the most common indication in our study, replacement of prolong intubation represent the first indication in developed countries.

تعتبر عملية تفويه الرغامي من الطرق الجراحية القديمة والتي لاتزال تستخدم بشكل واسع في الوقت الحاضر. ان المقولة القديمة الشهيرة(عندما تفكر بتفويه الرغامي عندها عليك أجراء العملية),هذه المقولة بعيدة كل البعد عن الواقع مع بروز الطرق الجديدة الأقل تداخلا لضمان المجاري التنفسية.الهدف من الدراسة تقييم مؤشرات اجراء عملية تفويه الرغامي في مدينة النجف الأشرف.تمت الدراسة بأثر رجعي شملت 87 عملية تفويه رغامي أجريت في الفترة الزمنية بين كانون الثاني 2008 وشباط 2011 في مستشفى الصدر التعليمي في النجف.النتائج :معدل اعمار المرضى في هذه الدراسة (52,4). معظم المرضى كانوا من الذكور(59 مريضا). المؤشر الأساسي لأجراء عملية تفويه الرغامي كان انسداد المجاري التنفسية العليا67,8 % واقل المؤشرات هو تضيق الجزء السفلي من الحنجرة(2,2%).من بين أسباب انسداد المجاري التنفسية العليا ,شكل سرطان الحنجرة وأسفل البلعوم السببالأساسي(67,7%).من بين 20 مريضا أحتاجوا أجراء عملية تفويه الرغامي لغرض مساعدة التنفس, 65% منهم كان لديهم أصابات في الرأس.6 من المرضى أجريت لهم عملية تفويه الرغامي لغرض تنظيف المجاري التنفسية ,83,3% كان لديهم أصابات بالرأس.الأستنتاجا ت: مؤشرات أجراء عملية تفويه الرغامي في النجف كانت مختلفة جدا عما هي عليه في الدول المتقدمة.ففي الوقت الذي ظل فيه تفريج أنسدلد المجاري التنفسية العليا السبب الأكثر شيوعا في النجف فأن أستبدال أنابيب التخدير الموضوعة لمدة طويلة أصبح المؤشر الأول لأجراء العملية في الدول المتقدمة.


Article
Two years experience in pacemaker implantation in AL-Kadhemia university hospital and review of its indications and related early complications.
سنتا خبرة في زرع النابض الكهربائي القلبي في مستشفى الكاظمية الجامعي وتبيان دواعي الزرع ومضاعفاته الأولية

Author: Majid abd-AL-Amee
Journal: KUFA MEDICAL JOURNAL مجلة الكوفة الطبية ISSN: 1993517X Year: 2008 Volume: 11 Issue: 2 Pages: 114-126
Publisher: University of Kufa جامعة الكوفة

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ABSTRACTBackground: More than 400000 pacemakers are implanted each year. Subclavian vein is accessed by Seldinger technique This procedure is accomplished in catheterization laboratory or x-ray room, under local anesthesia;. Generally patients stay in hospital for one night. Aim of study: To register 2 years experience of Pace maker (PM.) implantation in Al-Kadhimiah University hospital in 290 patients, emphasizing its indications and related complications. Patients and methods: 290pat. had been retrospectively reviewed for 302 implanted PM. devices, mainly due to Complete heart Block( CHB) with wide QRS. (180 pat.). 302 PM. devices were implantedn AL-Kadhemiah university hospital by an experienced medical team, supervised by Prof. Dr. Ammar Al- Hamdi in a period of 2 year, from 82003-82005. Results: 170 of them were males (mean age 75 years); the remaining 120 pat. were females (mean age: 62 years). Their main chief complaint was syncope (135 pat.) , and dizzy spells (81 pat). Their main Echo. findings were dilated LV. (18 pat.), dilated LA. (32 pat.), and LV. wall hypokinesia (15 pat.). The main indication for implantation was CHB. (221), and SND. (45). The main implanted mode was DDD. (228) and VVI. (45). Temporary PM. has been indicated in 62 pat. presented with bradycardia with ventricular rate ≤30 bpm. (including 2 emergency procedures). Ambulatory Holter monitoring was useful in approaching recurrent unexplained syncope in 48 pat, especially to document atrial- tachycardia, sinus pauses, and to exclude ventricular arrhythmia. EPS. was helpful in approaching 4 pat. with unexplained recurrent syncope (with nondiagnostic Holter). Main and serious complication was pocket –related infection (13), 12 of their lead systems and boxe had been successfully removed by cautious gradually increasing pulling force under fluoroscopy. 5 old pacing systems were smoothly extracted due to End Of Life (EOL) of SorinTM, and new systems were reimplanted, but 2 lead coils were cut with ligation of insulating part. 3 procedures were early complicated by hematoma, managed by simple needle aspiration. System upgrading was performed in 4 SorinTM reimplanted systems (from VVI. to DDD.) Conclusions: Temporary PM. implantation is not essential, except in those presenting with ventricular rate ≤30 bpm. 24 hour ambulatory ECG. monitoring is of paramount importance in approaching pat. with recurrent unexplained syncope, especially in suspected Sinus Node Dysfunction (SND).. Diabetes mellitus(DM.) was the main pat. - related risk factor to PM. infection.

الخلاصة تمهيد:يزرع أكثر من4000 نابض سنويا في العالم , وتتم هذه العملية في مختبر القسطرة أو في غرفة الأشعة السينية, تحت التخدير الموضعي. ويدخل إلى الوريد تحت الترقوي بطريقة سلدنجر.ويبقى المريض في المستشفى ليلة واحدة بعدها. الأهداف: لتوثيق سنتين من الخبرة في زراعة النابض الكهربائي في م. الكاظمية الجامعي ل 290 مريضا,موضحا دواعي الزرع والمضاعفات الأولية. الطرق: درست حالات 290 مريضا (رجعيا)زرع فيهم 302 نابضا, لداعي انحصار الحزمة القلبية الكامل خاصة مع توسع في QRS.(عند180 مريضا). زرع هذه النوابض فريق طبي متخصص بإشراف الأستاذ الدكتورعمار الحمدى من الفترة 82003-8 2005. النتائج: 170 مريضا كانوا رجالا(معدل أعمارهم 75 سنة)؛والمتبقىمنهم0120 مريضا) كن نساء(ومعدل اعمارهن62 سنة).وكان العرض الشائع هو فقدان الوعي المؤقت(135 مريضا),ونوبات من الدوخة(81 مريضا).وأشار فحص الصدى القلبي غالبا إلى توسع البطين الأيسر (18 مريضا), وتوسع الأذين الأيسر(32 مريضا),وقلة حركة احد الجدر للبطين الأيسر(15 مريضا). وكان أهم دواعي الزرع هو انحصار الحزمة القلبية الكامل(عند221 منهم),ومرض العقدة الجيبية(عند45 منهم).أكثر صنفين زرعا هما DDD(228 مريضا),وVVI (45 منهم).زرع نابض مؤقت ل 62 مريض عانوا من بطئ النبض(>30 ن.ف.د),من ضمنهم حالتان طارئتان.استفيد من نظام هولتر لتخطيط القلب المتحرك في مقاربة48 مريضا كان يعانى من حالات متكررة وغير مفسرة لفقدان الوعي المؤقت,ولتوثيق حالات التسارع الاذينى ,والتوقف الجيبى ,ولإسقاط احتمالية التسارع البطينى.كذلك,ساعد جهاز فحص الكهربائية الفسلجية في مقاربة 4 مرضى عانوا من حالات متكررة وغير مفسرة لفقدان الوعي المؤقت( إن كان فحص الهولتر سلبيا).إن أهم واخطر المضاعفات كان التهاب الجيب الجراحي (عند 13 مريضا), أزيل 12 صندوقا مع هواديه بنجاح بواسطة قوة ساحبة تزداد تدريجيا وبحذر وبمراقبة المنظار الوهجى.وأزيل بسلاسة 5 نوابض قديمة (من نوع سورين) لانتهاء بطاريتها,وزرعت نوابض بديلة لهم,لكن قطع عمدا هاديين مع تثبيت الأجزاء العازلة.ثلاث حالات تبعتها تجمع دموي كمضاعفات أولية ,عولج تحفظيا بالسحب الابرى.أجريت 4 ترقيات للصنف (لنوع سورين) منVVI إلى DDD.

Keywords

Syncope --- Bradycardia --- ECG. --- Holter --- PM. --- Indications --- Complications


Article
Impacted wisdom teeth, prevalence, pattern of impaction, complications and indication for extraction: A pilot clinic study in Iraqi population

Authors: Labeed Sami Hasan. --- Firas Taha Ahmad. --- Emad Hammody Abdullah.
Journal: Tikrit Journal for Dental Sciences مجلة تكريت لعلوم طب الاسنان ISSN: 20731213 Year: 2016 Volume: 4 Issue: 1 Pages: 50-62
Publisher: Tikrit University جامعة تكريت

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Introduction The third molars are the most frequently impacted teeth in the human oral cavity .The unerupted teeth are not, in themselves, pathological lesion but may induce pathology. Impaction can be present in different patterns and levels. Decision of removal or retention of impacted tooth is a matter of debate . Aim The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of impaction, angular position of impacted wisdom , level of impaction, agenesis and the indications for extraction. Materials and Methods A sample of 880 patients( 498 males and 382 females ) with age range between 18 to 40 years old with the mean of 28.8 . The study took place in the hospital of surgical specialization in which all patients were evaluated clinically and radiographically by OPG . Of 880 patients 411pstients showed impaction of at least one tooth (table 3) .The total number of impacted teeth in the sample were 1100 and 57 missing teeth (table 4). Result Among 880 patients , 411 (46.7%) patients showed impaction of at least one tooth , the total number of impaction was 1100 wisdom teeth . of which 428 ( 38.9%) were in the maxilla and 672 (61.09%) were in the mandible. The most prevalent angular position was vertical angular (59.81%) followed by mesioangular (18.45%). Concerning level of impaction , Level C was the most prevalent in maxilla and mandible . Agenesis of third molar was seen in 57 teeth (1.61%). Of 1100 impacted third molar ,663 were subjected to surgical removal .The most common reasons ”indications” for patient referral to our surgical department were orthodontic reasons followed by pericoronitis, while the lowest was fracture mandible. Conclusion impaction pattern , the mandibular impaction is more prevalent than maxilla with vertical impaction is the commonest followed by mesioangular impaction while the inverted impaction is negligible. Level C impaction is the most common in both maxilla and mandible. Concerning the indication for extraction , the most common indication was orthodontic followed by pericoronits , caries with the lowest prevalent were mandibular fracture and lesions even when the lesion represent the absolute indication for extraction. Oral surgeon should build his decision to extract or not extract third molars on the most canonical scientific guidelines and what is best for each individual case.


Article
Some Warning Structures Indicating Prevention in Terms of Nahij al Balagha
من تراكيب التحذير الدالة على المنْع في تعبير نهج البلاغة

Author: أ.د.فاخر هاشم الياسري طالب الباحث: تيسير قاسم عطية
Journal: Journal of Basra researches for Human Sciences مجلة ابحاث البصرة للعلوم الأنسانية ISSN: 18172695 Year: 2018 Volume: 43 Issue: 4 Pages: 355-370
Publisher: Basrah University جامعة البصرة

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Abstract

The current research investigates indications of some warning structures functioning as prevention in terms of Nahij al Balagha, and how these signs indicate explicit truth. The research examines a group of such structures in their co-text, and according to their serial order of occurrence in the book. The work also checks other scholar's opinions and explanations of Nahij al Balagha. It comes out with a conclusion that these structures provide indications of prevention and caution of various aspects. In addition, Imam Ali's speech helped a lot in the production of such indications.

يتضمن البحث الاستقصاء عن بعض تراكيب التحذير الدالة على المنع ، في تعبير نهج البلاغة ، وما أعطت من دلالات حقيقية وصريحة ، وقد تعرض لمجموعة من تراكيب التحذير في سياق النهج وجاء ترتيبها متسلسلاً بحسب سبق ورودها في النهج ، وأستقصى فيها آراء بعض العلماء وشراح النهج وخرج بنتيجة مفادها أن توظيف هذه التراكيب في سياق النهج أعطى دلالات على المنع والحظر متنوعة وساعد على توضيح هذه الدلالات سياق كلام الإمام {u} ومقامه بينها البحث


Article
The indications of surgical management of asymptomatic unilateral unilocular ovarian cysts in non-menopausal women
كيس المبيض بتجويف أحادي عند النساء قبل سن اليأس وهل

Author: Email N. Azzo and Khalida M. Ameen أميل ناصر عزو و خالدة محمد امين
Journal: kirkuk university journal for scientific studies مجلة جامعة كركوك - الدراسات العلمية ISSN: 19920849 / 26166801 Year: 2006 Volume: 1` Issue: 2 Pages: 1-9
Publisher: Kirkuk University جامعة كركوك

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This study is a prospective study we follow - up (284) patients with a symptomatic unilateral , unilocular , ovarian cyst sized (3-8 ) cm in diameterc in non menopausal women . The results were spoutaneous regression after observation of two menstrual cycles , in (64.4) % of cases , with or ithout the use of oral contraceptives . The percentage of regression varied in versely with the size of adnexal mass , the persisted ones were (35.6) % they removed surgically and all were found benign in nature , the surgery was Laprotomy in 67 % and Laproscopy in 33 % In conclusion there is no harm in observation for a period of two menstrual cycles of a symptomatic unilocular ovarian cyst with a nechoic pattern and no sign of malignancg in non – menopausal women as there is (64.4) % spontaneous regression without the need of surgery.

تضمن هذا البحث معالجة كيس المبيض الأحادي عند النساء قبل سن اليأس ، حيث تم متابعة (284) حالة للنساء اللاتي يتراوح قطر كيس المبيض عندهن (3-8 ) سم وكانت النتائج اختفاء كيس المبيض بعد المتابعة لدورتين حيضيتين عند( 64.4 %) مع او بدون استخدام موانع الحمل الفموية ، وكانت نسبة الاختفاء عكسية مع قطر الكيس ، اما النسبة المتبقية والتي هي( 35.6 %) تم معالجتهم جراحيا" بطريقة فتح البطن او الناظور الجراحي وكانت النتيجة بعد الفحص النسيجي لهذه الأكياس بأنها أورام حميدة نستنتج من هذا البحث ليس هناك أي ضرر من متابعة حالات كيس المبيض الأحادي لدورتين حيضيتين دون تدخل جراحي لان نسبة الاختفاء التلقائي فيها عالية


Article
The philosophical Indications of Rational and Irrationality Thoughts between students of University of Mosul, for practitioners of sports Activity (Comparative analysis)
الدلالات الفلسفية للأفكار العقلانية واللاعقلانية بين طلبة جامعة الموصل الممارسين وغير الممارسين للنشاط الرياضي (دراسة وصفية مقارنة)

Author: Hadeel Dahi Abdullah هديل داهي عبدالله
Journal: Al-Rafidain Journal For Sport Sciences مجلة الرافدين للعلوم الرياضية ISSN: 19939345 Year: 2013 Volume: 19 Issue: 60 Pages: 343-362
Publisher: Mosul University جامعة الموصل

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Abstract

The emerging problem of research in the detection of the distribution of ideas of rationality and irrationality, and to find differences between the members of the sample as a whole, which is expected to benefit in the description and interpretation of this relationship, and thus enrich the theoretical side by building a base of qualitative and quantitative information additional to the body of knowledge exists, so that benefit from them by those on higher education to check on its input as a student outputs basic, for amendments to the plans, programs and educational projects to ensure quality of output, improvement and development based on the prevalence of ideas of rationality and irrationality and research aims to identify indications philosophical ideas of rationality and irrationality among the students of the University of Mosul and the differences in students 'scores on a scale ideas (depending on the different of gender (male, female and on the differences in students' scores on a scale of ideas irrationality and the differences in degrees of students (depending on the specialty (practitioners and non-practitioners of sports activity and the different order of ideas of rationality and irrationality in the sample by gender. Descriptive method was used with survey styles for the purpose of reaching the goals of the research, was chosen as the research community in the manner intentional and of some students of the University of Mosul, and of their number (380) students. For the purpose of processing the data statistical looks was used (percentage - the arithmetic mean _ standard deviation – t. Test-and medium-Alfred). Through the presentation and analysis and the discussion of the results the reached the following conclusions:1 - the irrational ideas were between students, practitioners and non-practitioners of the sports activity.2 - Females are more prone to irrational thoughts than males.3 - students, were participate in have sports activity irrationality ideas more than of the non-practitioners students .1 - the need to adopt educational programs in universities about the irrational thinking through lectures and various media.2 - Need to establish centers for family counseling and run by qualified specialists in the psychology of family upbringing in the family in general and females in particular to overcome the problems of family.

ظهرت مشكلة البحث في الكشف عن توزيع الافكار العقلانية واللاعقلانية ، وإيجاد الفروق بينها لدى أفراد عينة البحث ككل، الأمر الذي من المتوقع سيفيد في وصف وتفسير هذه العلاقة، ومن ثم إثراء الجانب النظري من خلال بناء قاعدة معلومات نوعية وكمية إضافية إلى الجسم المعرفي الموجود، لكي يتسنى الإفادة منها من قبل القائمين على التعليم العالي للاطمئنان على مدخلاته بوصف الطلبة مخرجاته الأساسية، لإجراء تعديلات على الخطط والبرامج والمشاريع التعليمية لضمان جودة المخرجات وتحسينها وتطويرها بناءً على نسبة انتشار الأفكار العقلانية واللاعقلانية ويهدف البحث التعرف الى الدلالات الفلسفية للأفكار العقلانية واللاعقلانية لدى طلبة جامعة الموصل وعلى الفروق في درجات الطلبة على مقياس الأفكار (تبعا لاختلاف الجنس (ذكور،إناث وعلى الفروق في درجات الطلبة على مقياس الأفكار اللاعقلانية والفروق في درجات الطلبة (تبعا للتخصص( الممارسين وغير الممارسين للنشاط الرياضي وعلى اختلاف ترتيب الأفكار العقلانية واللاعقلانية لدى أفراد العينة تبعا للجنس. وتم استخدام المنهج الوصفي بطريقة المسح لغرض الوصول إلى أهداف البحث، وتم اختيار مجتمع البحث بالطريقة العمدية والمتمثلة ببعض طلبة جامعة الموصل والبالغ عددهم (380) طالباً وطالبة. ولغرض معالجة البيانات احصائيا تم استخدام ( النسبة المئوية ،والوسط الحسابي ، والانحراف المعياري ،واختبار T والمتوسط الفرضي ). ومن خلال عرض وتحليل النتائج ومناقشتها تم التوصل الى اهم الاستنتاجات الاتية : ١- انتشار الأفكار اللاعقلانية بين لطلبة الممارسين وغير الممارسين للنشاط الرياضي . 2- الاناث اكثر ميلا للأفكار اللاعقلانية من الذكور.3- الطلبة الممارسين للنشاط الرياضي افكارهم اللاعقلانية اكبر من الطلبة غير الممارسين. وفي ضوء الاستنتاجات اوصت الباحثة بما يأتي :1- ضرورة تبني برامج تثقيفية في الجامعات حيال التفكير اللاعقلاني من خلال المحاضرات وسائل الأعلام المختلفة.2- ضرورة إنشاء مراكز للإرشاد الأسري يديرها المتخصصين والمؤهلين في علم النفس الأسري في التنشئة الاسرية عامة والاناث خاصة للتغلب على مشكلاتها الأسرية.

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